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Wc\t ;Kinrarg 
pwfcsr*tig of ©artmto 



The Estate of the Late 
Wills Maclachlan, f 06 



>* 



k 

(Eleventh; Annual Report 



OF THE 

HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER 
COMMISSION 

OF THE 

PROVINCE OF ONTARIO 

FOR THE YEAR ENDED OCTOBER 31st 

1918 

VOLUME I 



PRINTED BY ORDER OF 
THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF ONTARIO 




TORONTO : 
Printed and Published by A. T. WILGRESS, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty 

19 19 






Printed by 

WILLIAM BRIGGS, 

Corner Queen and John Streets, 

TORONTO. 



LIBRARY 

727477 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 



To His Honour, Colonel Sir John Hendrie, K.C.M.G., C.V.O., 

Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario. 

May it Please Your Honour: 

The undersigned has the honour to present to Your Honour the Eleventh 
Annual Report of the Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario for the fiscal 
year ending October 31st, 1918. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Adam Beck, 

Chairman. 



111 



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Toronto, Oxt., February 25th, 1919. 

Colonel Sir Adam Beck, K.B., LL.D., 

Chairman, Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, 

Toronto, Ont. 

Sir, — I have the honour to transmit herewith the Eleventh Annual Report 
of the Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario for the fiscal year ending 
October 31st, 1918. 

I have the honour to be. 

Sir, 

Your obedient servant, 

W. W. Pope, 

Secretary. 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 
OF ONTARIO 



COLONEL SIR ADAM BECK, K.B., LL.D., Chairman. 

HONOURABLE I. B. LUCAS, M.P.P. 

COLONEL W. K. McNAUGHT, C.M.G. 

W. W. POPE, Secretary. 

F. A. GABY, Chief Engineer. . 



vn 



CONTENTS 

Section. Page 

I. Legal Proceedings 1 

A. Acts 1 

B. Agreements 9 

C. Right-of-Way 106 

II. Transmission Systems 108 

A. Low Tension Transmission Lines 108 

III. Operation of the Systems . 134 

A. Niagara System . 134 

B. Severn System 139 

C. Eugenia System 140 

D. Muskoka System 141 

B. Wasdell's System 141 

F. St. Lawrence System 142 

G. Central Ontario System 143 

H. Ottawa System 144 

I. Port Arthur System 145 

J. Rideau System 145 

K. Detailed Statement of Assets and Liabilities 146 

L. iStatement showing Cost of Power, Operating Expenses, Fixed Charges 

and Revenue, also Net Surplus or Deficit for each Municipality.... 150 
M. Statement showing " Reserve for Renewals," " Reserve for Con- 
tingencies," " Reserve for Sinking Fund " and " Net Surplus " or 
" Deficit " of each Municipality . 156 

IV. Construction Work of the Commission 191 

A. Extension to the Ontario Power Company's Plant 191 

B. Queenston-Chippawa Power Development 203 

C. Niagara System . 218 

D. Severn System . 247 

E. Eugenia System 254 

F. Wasdell's System 258 

G. Central Ontario System 258 

H. Muskoka System 268 

I. St. Lawrence System 268 

J. Ottawa System 272 

K. Rideau System 272 

L. Nipissing System 275 

M. Port Arthur System 276 

N. Essex County System 277 

V. General Activities of the Commission 282 

A. Electrical Inspection 282 

B. Rural Power 287 

C. Niagara Farms 294 

D. Electric Railway Work 295 

E. Municipal Work 296 

F. Municipal and Rural Distribution 296 

G. Street Lighting 296 

H. General Engineering 297 

I. Testing and Research Laboratories 297 

J. General Construction 309 

ix 
2 H. (i) 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

Hydro-Electric Power Commission 

of Ontario 



SECTION I 
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS 

ACTS 

February 12th, 1919. 

The following Act to amend the Power Commission Act and confirm certain 
By-laws and Contracts was passed by the Legislature of the Province of Ontario 
during the Session of 1918. 



H 



An Act to amend The Power Commission Act. 

IS MAJESTY, by and with the advice and consent of the Legis- 
lative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, enacts as follows: 



1. This Act may be cited as The Poiver Commission Act, 1918. 



Short title. 



2. Subsection 2 of section 6 of The Poiver Commission Act as Re ,y- stat.. 

c. 39 s 6 

amended by section 2 of The Power Commission Act, 1916, is amended ss. 2, 

by striking out the word "persons" and inserting in lieu thereof the p ™y ^ e ® t * of 

words " chief engineer, accountant, and secretary." salaries. 

3. Section 6a of The Power Commission Act as amended by section ^Jsj, S s & la, 
4 of The Power Commission Act, 1916, and section 2 of The Power 6 9« 0- v '. 

c. 19, s. 4; 

Commission Act, 1917, is amended as follows: 7 Geo. v, 

c. 20, s. 2, 

amended. 

(a) Subsection 3 is amended by striking out the words " through Ib; ss 3) 

the comptroller " in the first line thereof ; amended. 

(b) Subsection 3, clause a is amended by striking out the wordib, ss. 3, 

" December " and substituting therefor the word " October" ; amended. 

(c) Subsection 3, clause is repealed and the following substituted Ib > ss. 3, 

therefor : repealed. 

(0) Statement of the capital costs of each system operated Cost 
by the Commission with capital investments of a non- 
operating character comprised in the same ; 

[i] 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



lb, ss. 3, 
cl. c. 
repealed. 

lb, ss. 3, 
cl. d, 
repealed. 



Statement 
of opera- 
tions of 
each 
system. 



(d) Subsection 3. clause c is repealed; 

(e) Subsection 3, clause d is repealed and the following substituted 

therefor : 

(d) Statement with respect to each system or works operated 
or controlled by the Commission showing the 
accumulated— 

1. Operating surplus or deficit (excluding charges for 

sinking fund payments and reserves for re- 
newals) of, 

2. Charges made for reserves or renewals against, 

3. Charges made for sinking fund requirements to 

each municipality comprised in such system and the total 
accumulated surplus or deficit of each such munici- 
pality on October 31st in each year, also the date when 
sinking fund payments were first made by it. 



Ib. ss. 3, 

cl. e, 

repealed. 



(/)' Subsection 3. clause e is repealed and the following substituted 
therefor : 



Profits on 
earnings 
from other 
than muni- 
cipal cor- 
porations. 



(e) Amount of profits earned by each system from sale of 
power to other than municipal corporations, showing 
the amount of such profit distributed amongst muni- 
cipalities and the amount otherwise disposed of ; 



lb. ss. 3, 
cl. f, 

repealed. 



Statement 
of indebted- 
ness to 
Commis- 
sion. 



(g) Subsection 3. clause f is repealed and the following substituted 
therefor : 

(/) Statement of amounts of the indebtedness due or owing 
by municipal or other corporations or persons to the 
Commission in respect of — 

1. Construction of works undertaken and for services 

rendered; 

2. Power bills, 

3. Sale of electrical equipment, apparatus or supplies, 

4. Debts of other nature, if any, where such debts are 

three months or more overdue. 



Ib. ss. 6. 
amended. 



(h) Subsection 6 is amended by adding at the end thereof the 
words "named in the direction of the Lieutenant-Governor 
in Council " : 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



(t) Subsection 7 is amended by striking out the words "out offaiary^and 
such moneys as may be appropriated for the purposes of the audit. 
Commission by the Legislature, as part of the costs of the 
administration" and substituting therefor the words "by 
the Commission as part of the costs of administration of the 
Commission." 

4. The Power Commission Act is amended by adding thereto the Rev. stat. 

following sections : amended. 

6b. All special funds and the income and revenue thereof and all "General 

_ ... . , ,, ." Fund" con. 

moneys and revenues which now are m or snail come into tributed. 
the hands of the Commission whether as agent, trustee, 
owner or otherwise shall form one fund to be called " General 
Fund " and the Commission shall have power from time to 
time to make any and all expenditures out of the said fund 
for the purposes and objects of the Commission without 
regard to the special trusts or purposes under which the same 
or any part thereof may come to its hands; and the Com- 
mission shall account for and from time to time pay out of 
the said funds all moneys for which it shall be so account- 
able ;. 

6c. The Commission may retain and set apart out of the moneys Reserve. 
coming into its hands from time to time such sums as may 
in the opinion of the Commission be sufficient, — 

1. To provide for the renewal, reconstruction, alteration and 

repair of the works constructed and operated by the 
Commission ; 

2. To meet interest upon working capital and for the opera- 

tion of the Commission under section 21 of this Act, 
and to met obligations, charges, and expenses arising 
from time to time in the course of such operations ; 

** 3. And to meet any unforeseen expenditures or costs caused 
by the destruction or injury to any of the works of the 
Commission or otherwise incurred or payable by the 
Commission. 

6d. Any surplus or nart thereof in the hands of the Commission surplus 

from any municipality may be retained by the Commission ipp?f c 'aTi n 
as security against future obligations to the Commission of of - 
the same municipality for so long during the continuance of 
the contract of the municipality as the Commission may 
think fit but the Commission shall allow to the municipality 
interest at the rate of four per centum per annum upon the 
amount of such surplus from time to time retained by the 
Commission ; 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



Investment 
of funds 
in Govern- 
ment 
securities. 



Rev. Stat. 
c. 39, s. 8, 
amended. 



6e. The Commission may, at its discretion, invest any funds other 
than sinking funds not required in carrying out the objects 
of the Commission in the debentures or other securities of 
the Dominion of Canada or of the Province of Ontario. 

5. Section 8 of The Power Commission Act is amended by adding 
the following clause, — 



Leasing 
or operating 
works of 
others. 



(gg) lease or operate the works for the generation, transmission, 
distribution or use of electrical energy of any person, firm or. 
corporation on such terms as the Commission may arrange 
with the owner. 



Rev. Stat., 
c. 39, 
amended. 



G. The Power Commission Act is amended by adding thereto the 
following sections : 



Guarantee 
by pro- 
vince of 
advances 
from 
banks, etc. 



14e. The Lieutenant-Governor in Council may guarantee the repay- 
ment of advances made by banks or any other indebtedness 
incurred by the Commission, and any Order in. Council here- 
tofore passed stating that the Government of Ontario does 
guarantee the repayment of any such advances or indebted- 
ness, shall be legal and valid, and be binding upon the 
the Province of Ontario. 



General 

borrowing 

powers. 



14/. Subject to the approval of the Lieutenant-Governor in Council, 
the Commission may borrow money from time to time for 
the purposes of the Commission and issue bonds, debentures, 
and other securities of the Commission therefor. 



Rev. Stat., 
c. 39, s. 15, 
s.s. 1, 
repealed. 



Applica- 
tion of 
moneys re- 
ceived to 
sinking 
fund 
account. 



7. Subsection 1 of section 15 of The Power Commission Act is re- 
pealed and the following substituted therefor: 

(1) All sums received by the Commission from municipal corpora- 
tions and others on sinking fund account shall be vested by 
the Commission in securities of the Province of Ontario, and 
also all interest accruing thereon; and such securities shall 
be delivered by the Commission to the Treasurer of Ontario 
as security for repayment of the advances made by the 
Province to the Commission; 



Interest on 
advances by 
Province. 



(la) The Commission shall pay to the Treasurer of Ontario annu- 
ally interest on the indebtedness of the Commission to the 
Province for moneys advanced to the Commission by the 
Province as may be from time to time determined by the 
Lieutenant-Governor in Council as sufficient to reimburse 
the Province the full amount of interest paid by the Govern- 
ment on moneys raised for the purposes of the Commission 
and the charges incurred by it in providing such money. 



6 Geo. v. 
c. 19, s. 8, 
amended. 



8. — (1) Subsection 1 of section 15a of The Power Commission Act, 
as enacted by section 3 of The Power Commission Act, 1916, is amended 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



.by adding at the end thereof the words " and to other persons, firms and^W^J 
corporations." 



corporations 
and others. 



(2) The said section 15a is amended by adding thereto the following c> ^9%^ 

as Subsection la : amended. ' 

la. The Lieutenant-Governor in Council from time to time upon Manufac- 
the request of the Commission specifying dealing in 

supplies. 

(a) the nature and volume of the business to be carried 
on; and 

(&) the extent of the liability which may be incurred in 
connection therewith; 

may authorize the Commission within the Province of 
Ontario to manufacture such electrical, hydraulic, or other 
machinery, appliances, apparatus, and furnishings as may be 
used in the development, transmission, distribution, supply 
or use of electrical power, and to acquire patents of invention, 
or interests in patents of invention, and to sell and dispose 
of such machinery, appliances, furnishings or patent rights, 
and the profits and losses arising from such operation shall 
be adjusted and apportioned among the municipalities hav- 
ing contracts with the Commission, or be otherwise applied 
as the Commission shall see fit. 

O. The Power Commission Act is amended by adding thereto the Rev. stat., 
following sections : amended. 

155. — (1) The Commission may purchase, lease or otherwise acquire office 
lands, by expropriation or otherwise, necessary or required etc. 
by the Commission for office, service, or other buildings and 
erect thereon such office and other buildings and equipment 
and appliances as the Commission may think fit for the pur- 
poses of the Commission; 

(2) The purchase of all lands or leaseholds heretofore acquired by Purchases, 

the Commission and the expenditure of the Commission in fore made 
the erection of office and other buildings, equipment an0 ^ valldated - 
appliances thereon, heretofore made by the Commission for 
the purposes aforesaid, are hereby confirmed; 

(3) The expenditure of the Commission in the purchase or lease mento^ex"- 

of the said lands and the erection of the said buildings penditures - 
together with such additions and extensions of the same as 
may be found necessary from time to time shall be repay- 
able to the Commission by the municipal corporations which 
have entered into contracts with the Commission by annual 
sums sufficient to form in thirty years a sinking fund for the 
repayment of the cost thereof. 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



Rev. Stat, 
c. 39, s. 22, 
repealed. 



10. Section 22 of The Power Commission Act is repealed and the 

following substituted therefor : 



Repayment 
of expendi- 
tures on 
behalf of 
munici- 
palities. 



The expenditure of the Commission upon any works undertaken 
under the provisions of this Act for the benefit of any muni- 
cipality or municipalities which have entered into contracts 
with the Commission shall be repayable to the Commission 
by such municipality or municipalities. 



Rev. stat., H- Section 23 of The Power Commission Act as amended by section 

c. 39, s. 3, 4 f T] le p ower Commission Act, 191 1+, and section 11 of The Power 

amended. 

Annual Commission Act, 1915, is amended as follows:' 

charge to 



palities. 



The clause lettered a 



Interest. 



By adding after the words " works " in the last line thereof the 
words " and upon all such other expenditures as the Commission 
may make under the powers conferred upon the Commission 
under this Act and upon working capital," — and 



The clause lettered o : 



Sinking 

fund 

charges. 



By inserting after the word " in thirty years " in the second line 
thereof, the words " with interest at four per cent, per annum " 
and by striking out the words " retirement of the securities 
issued " in the third line thereof and substituting the words 
" repayment of the advances made." 



The clause lettered c : 



Advances 
for 

working 
capital. 

Rev. Stat., 
c. 39, 
amended. 



By inserting after the words " capital account" in the 16th line 
thereof the words " advances for working capital." 

12. The Power Commission Act is amended by adding thereto the 

following section : 



Extending 
time for 
payments 
by muni- 
cipalities. 



(23) a. The Commission may from time to time during the first three 
years after any municipality shall first begin to take power 
from the Commission extend the time for payment of the 
sums payable by any municipality or any part thereof, and 
such municipality shall pay to the Commission interest on 
the amount which may be in arrear or for the payment for 
which time is extended until the payment thereof, at such 
rate not exceeding seven per cent, per annum as the Commis- 
sion may determine. 



Rev. Stat. 
c. 39, 
amended. 



13. The Power Commission 
following sections : 



Act is amended by adding thereto the 



What to 
be deemed 
a system. 



23b. Where by their contracts with the Commission a number of 
municipalities have assumed the costs of the purchase of, or 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



works for the development of, electrical energy for the supply 
of such group of municipalities, under the provisions of this 
Act, such group of municipalities shall, for the purpose of 
this Act be defined as a " system." 

23c. The Power Commission shall have the right wherever physical supplying 
connections may be made between any of the systems operat- £ ° ^ r one 
ing under this Act to make the necessary connections so as to s ystem^to 
divert power from any one system to any other system, and 
the means of such connection, and the price to be paid by 
the system receiving such power to the system supplying 
such power shall in all cases be determined by the Commis- 
sion, and the cost of the power so taken by any one system 
from any other shall be dealt with by the Commission under 
the provisions of the Act as the cost or part of the cost of the 
power to be paid by the municipalities forming part of such 
system under their contracts with the Commission ; 

23d. The price payable for power by one system to another shall be Adjustment 
collected by the Commission from the system owing the same systems, 
to the system entitled to receive the same, and all sums so 
paid to any system shall be applied to the cost of construc- 
tion, maintenance and operation of such system in such 
manner as the Commission may direct. 

14. Section 24 of The Power Commission Act is amended bv adding Rev - Stat, 

c 3 9 s 24 

thereto the following subsections : amended. 

(2) The Commission shall also annually adjust and apportion Annual 

ru • • i-r 11 i n-i i , ., adjustment 

among the municipalities all such expenditures made by the of expendi- 
Commission in exercise of the powers conferred upon themun1ci° r 
Commission by this Act as have been incurred for on behalf palities * 
of the municipalities. 

(3) The adjustment and apportionment made by the Commission ^ d ^^f nt 

shall be final and binding upon the municipal corporation. 

15. Section 37 of The Power Commission Act, as enacted by section Rev - Stat.. 

c. 39 s. 37 

10 of The Power Commission Act, 1916, is amended by adding thereto amended, 
the following subsection: 1.^1°' ' 

11. This section shall not apply to any mine as defined in The 
Mining Act of Ontario, save only as regards any dwelling- 
house or other building not connected with or required for 
mining operations or purposes or used for the treatment 
of ore or mineral. 

16. By-law No. 301 of the Corporation of the City of Chatham : confirmed. 
By-law No. 1815 of the Corporation of the City of Fort William; By- 
laws Nos. 1462 and 4380 of the Corporation of the City of Port Arthur; 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



By-laws Nos. 895 and 896 of the Corporation of the Town of Aylmer; 
By-laws Nos. 322 and 323 of the Corporation of the Town of Alliston; 
By-laws Nos. 175 and 242 of the Corporation of the Town of Hanover; 
By-law No. 1261 of the Corporation of the Town of Perth; By-law No. 
265 of the Corporation of the Town of Picton; By-law No. 588 of the 
Corporation of the Town of Parkhill; By-law No. 1301 of the Corpora- 
tion of the Town of Smith's Falls; By-laws Nos. 358 and 359 of the 
Corporation of the Village of Beeton; By-law No. 265 of the Corporation 
of the Village of Bloomfield ; By-laws Nos. 408 and 444 of the Corpora- 
tion of the Village of Bradford; By-law No. 21 of the Corporation of the 
Village of Cookstown; By-law No. 316 of the Corporation of the Village 
of Drayton; By-law No. 10 of the Corporation of the Village of Oil 
Springs; By-law No. 258 of the Corporation of the Village of Totten- 
ham; By-law No. 265 of the Corporation of the Village of Wellington; 
By-law No. 28 of the Police Village of Brigden; By-law No. 712 of the 
Police Village of Moorefield; By-laws Nos. 439 and 440 of the Police 
Village of Omemee; By-law No. 440 is amended by No. 453; By-laws 
Nos. 630 and 654 of the Corporation of the Township of Brock; By-law 
No .296 of the Corporation of the Township of Clinton; By-law No. 9 
of 1917 of the Corporation of the Township of Derby; By-law No. 470 
of the Corporation of the Township of Mara; By-law No. 23 of the 
Corporation of the Township of Stamford; By-law No. 247 of the Cor- 
poration of the Township of Thorah; By-law No. 997 of the Corporation 
of the ownship of Whitby; By-law No. 1189 of the ownship of Etobicoke, 
and By-law No. 826 ofthe Corporation of the Township of East Whitby 
are confirmed and declared to be legal, valid and binding upon such 
corporations and the ratepayers thereof, respectively, and shall not be 
open to question upon any ground whatsoever, notwithstanding the re- 
quirements of The Power Commission Act or the amendments thereto 
or any other statute. 



Certain 
corpora- 
tions added 
as parties 
to contract 
with Com- 
mission. 



17. The Municipal Corporation of the City of Chatham, the Muni- 
cipal Corporation of the Town of Aylmer, the Municipal Corporation of 
the Town of Parkhill, the Municipal Corporation of the Village of 
Drayton, the Municipal Corporation of the Village of Oil Springs, the 
Police Village of Brigden, the Police Village of Moorefield, the Muni- 
cipal Corporation of the Township of Clinton and the Municipal Cor- 
poration of the Township of Stamford are added as parties of the second 
part of the contract set out in Schedule " A " to the Power Commission 
Act, 1909, as varied, confirmed and amended by the said Act, and as 
further varied, confirmed and amended by the Act passed in the tenth 
year of the reign of His late Majesty King Edward VII, chaptered 16, 
and by subsequent Acts and by this Act, and the said contract shall be 
binding upon the parties thereto respectively, as to the City of Chat- 
ham, from the 3rd day of October, 1915 ; as to the Town of Aylmer from 
the 15th day of May, 1917; as to the Town of Parkhill from the 5th day 
of November, 1917; as to the Village of Drayton from the 5th day of 
July, 1917; as to the Village of Oil Springs from the 9th day of April, 
1917; as to the Police Village of Brigden from the 20th day of March, 
to the Police Village of Moorefield from the 25th clay of 



1917; 



as 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



September, 1917; as to the Township of Clinton from the 14th day of 
November, 1917, and as to the Township of Stamford from the 12th 
day of March, 1917. 



18. The names of the said municipal corporations are added to Additions 
Schedule u B " of the said contract, and such schedule shall be read as fo^Nia^ra 
containing the particulars set out in Schedule " A "■ to this Act. 



Falls 
system. 



SCHEDULE " A." 



Name of Municipal 
Corporation. 



a s 

S a 

<o .2 

o3 2 



g m 



H 



xn O 
© 



Pi 
t 

3 w 



a 

S "H CD 



o o 

Pi ^ 



«M >» 



tB 



o 

fcn Q^ M. 



- cc 

o3 f3 

ft £ 

fl PI 



Q w 



pi ^ 

2 o 



.2 a 

o3 O 

a "~ 

q5 



<i> ..So 



0) 03 
ft G 



o PI 



^ 13 
o3 Pl 

ft 03 



Chatham 1,000 

Aylmer 200 

Parkhill 75 

Drayton 100 

Oil Springs 75 

Brigden 50 

Moorefield 25 

Clinton Township 

Stamford Township ... 400 



$ c. 
30 78 
39 00 
75 23 
60 45 
38 54 
57 56 
63 92 

16 57 



$ c. 
1,929 70 
540 52 
408 13 
468 47 
194 72 
203 74 
125 16 



10,588 00 

2,865 00 

1,978 00 

2,259 00 

1,021 00 

1,129 00 

598 00 



123 28 



998 00 



* Number required by each Corporation. 



19. The agreements set out as Schedules " B," " C," 



"F," "G," "H," "I, 

" " R," " S," " T," and 



J) » « E "Contracts 

» «pV onfirmed ' 



a J," «K;> "L," "M,» "N," 
T," and " IT," between the City of Fort William, 
the City of Port Arthur, the Town of Alliston, the Town of Hanover, 
the Town of Perth, the Town of Picton, .the Town of Smith's Falls, the 
Village of Beeton, the Village of Bloomfield, the Village of Bradford, 
the Village of Cookstown, the Village of Tottenham, the Village of 
Wellington, the Police Village of Omemee, the Township of Brock, the 
Township of Derby, the Township of Thorah, the Township of Whitby, 
-the Township of East Whitby and the Agreement for purchase of Stock 



10 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

in Company by the Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, be- 
tween John Joseph Albright, The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of 
Ontario, His' Majesty the King, The Ontario Power Company of 
Niagara Falls, The Ontario Transmission Company, Limited, and 
Niagara, Lockport and Ontario Power Company, are hereby confirmed 
and declared to be legal, valid and binding upon the parties thereto 
respectively and shall not be open to question npon any ground what- 
soever, notwithstanding the requirements of The Power Commission Act,, 
or amendments thereto or any other statute. 

SCHEDULE " B." 

This Indenture made in duplicate the tenth day of October in the year of our 
Lord nineteen hundred and seventeen (1917). 

Between 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, hereinafter called 
the "Commission," party of the first part; 

and 

The Municipal Corporation of the City of Fort William, hereinafter 
called the " Corporation," party of the second part. 

Whereas, pursuant to an Act to provide for the transmission of electrical 
power to municipalities, known as The Power Commission Act, and amend- 
ments thereto, the Corporation has passed the necessary enabling by-law 
and received from the Commission estimates on the cost of electric power 
or energy delivered to the Corporation, and the ratepayers of the Corpora- 
tion assented to the by-laws authorizing the Corporation to enter into such 
an agreement with the Commission for such power; 

And whereas, in accordance with the powers conferred by Legislature upon 
the Commission by the said Act and amendments thereto, the Commission 
intends either to purchase, acquire or construct generating stations, hydraulic 
plants, lines, substations and all works in connection therewith required for 
the purpose of supplying power hereunder, or to enter into an agreement 
with one or more power generating companies or individuals for a supply 
of power required hereunder, and to construct the necessary stations, plant, 
lines and equipment to transmit, transform and deliver said power to the 
Corporation; 

And whereas the purchase of, acquiring of or the construction of the said 
generating station, hydraulic plant, works, lines, sub-stations and equipment, 
or the purchase of said power and the construction of the necessary stations, 
plant, lines and equipment will be made for the purpose of supplying to 
better advantage and with greater efficiency the power requirements of the 
various municipalities located in the District of Thunder Bay; 

And whereas the Corporation is now receiving electric power or energy 
under agreements with the Kaministiquia Power Company, Limited, dated 
March the fourteenth, nineteen hundred and sixteen and nineteen hundred: 
and five; 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 11 

And whereas it is the intention of the Corporation to take all excess power, 
-over and above that required by the power agreement between the Corpora- 
tion and the Kaministiquia Power Company aforesaid during the life of said 
agreement, from the Commission; 

And whereas it is the intention of the Corporation to take power exclu- 
sively from the Commission after the expiration of the said power agree- 
ments with the Kaministiquia Power Company; 

1. Now therefore this indenture witnesseth that in consideration of the 
premises and of the agreements of the Corporation herein set forth, subject 
to the provisions of the said Act and amendments thereto, the Commission 
and the Corporation mutually agree with each other as follows: — 

2. The Commission agrees: — 

(a) To reserve and deliver within a reasonable time* after the receipt of 
written notice from the Corporation three thousand horsepower (3,000 H.P.) 
or more of electrical power or energy to the Corporation. 

(&) At the expiration of reasonable notice in writing which may be 
given by the Corporation from time to time during the continuance of this 
agreement, to reserve for and deliver to the Corporation additional electric 
power when called for. 

(c) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard commercial apparatus 
and plant, and to exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure satis- 
factory operation of the plant and apparatus of the Corporation. 

(d) To deliver commercially continuous twenty-four hour (24 hour) 
power every day in the year to the Corporation at the distribution bus bars 
in the Commission's sub-station within the Corporation's limits. 

(e) To take all necessary steps and make all necessary agreements and 
do all necessary work to either purchase power or purchase, acquire or 
construct the necessary electric power-generating stations, hydraulic plants, 
lines, sub-stations and works for the purpose of this agreement. 

3. The Corporation agrees: — 

(a) To use all diligence by every lawful means in its power to prepare 
for the receipt and use of the power dealt with by this agreement so as to be 
able to receive power when the Commission is ready to deliver same. 

(6) Beginning on the date of expiration of the existing power agreement, 
dated nineteen hundred and five, between the Corporation and the Kaminis- 
tiquia Power Company, Limited, or should the Corporation hereafter order by 
written notice hereunder a supply of power to be held in reserve by the Com- 
mission prior to that date, then beginning on the date when said power 
ordered is ready for delivery to the Corporation: 

To pay annually, interest at the rate payable by the Commission upon 
the Corporation's proportionate part (based on the quantity of electrical 
energy or money taken or held in reserve for the Corporation) of all moneys 



12 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

expended by the Commission on capital account for the acquiring of proper- 
ties and rights, the acquiring and construction of generating plants, trans- 
former stations, transmission lines, distributing stations, and other works 
necessary for the delivery of said electrical energy or power to the Cor- 
poration under the terms of this contract. 

Also to pay an annual sinking fund instalment of such an amount as to 
form at the end of forty years with accrued interest, a sinking fund sufficient 
to repay the Corporation's proportionate part, based as aforesaid, of all 
moneys advanced by the Province of Ontario for the acquiring of properties 
and rights, the acquiring and construction of generating plants, transformer 
stations, transmission lines, distributing stations and other works necessary 
for the delivery of said electric energy or power, delivered to the Corporation 
under the term of this contract. 

Also to pay the Corporation's proportionate part, based as aforesaid, of 
the cost of power purchased or generated, and the cost of operating, main- 
taining, repairing, renewing and insuring said generating plants, trans- 
former stations, transmission lines, distributing stations and other necessary 
works, subject to adjustment under clause 7 of this agreement. 

(c) The amounts payable under this contract shall he paid in twelve 
monthly payments, in gold coin of the present standard of weight and fine- 
ness, at the office of the Commission at Toronto. Bills shall be rendered by 
the Commission on or before the fifth (5th) day of each month and paid by 
the Corporation on or before the last day of each month. If any bill 
remains unpaid for fifteen (15) days, the Commission may, in addition to 
all other remedies and without notice, discontinue the supply of power to 
the Corporation until such bill is paid. No such discontinuance shall relieve 
the Corporation from the performance of the covenants, provisoes and con- 
ditions herein contained. All payments in arrears shall bear interest at the 
legal rate. 

(d) To take all electric power or energy in excess of that required to be 
taken under said power agreements with the Kaministiquia Power Company, 
from the Commission, during the remaining life of said agreements. To 
cancel and terminate, at their expiration, the said agreements with the 
Kaministiquia Power Company, and thereafter take electric power exclu- 
sively from the Commission for the life of the within agreement. Nothing 
herein contained shall be construed to compel the Corporation during the 
remaining life of the said agreements with the Kaministiquia Power Company 
to order part of its power from the Commission unless the quantity desired 
to be so taken can he supplied by the Commission at a cost equal to or better 
than the cost of power from the Kaministiquia Power Company as set forth 
and contained in the present agreements with the Corporation dated nineteen 
hundred and five and March the fourteenth, nineteen hundred and sixteen. 

(e) To co-operate, by all means in its power at all times with the Com- 
mission to increase the quantity of power required from the Commission, and 
in all other respects to carry out the object of this agreement, and of the said 
Act and any amendments thereto. 

(/) To pay as a minimum for three-fourths of the power ordered from 
time to time by the Corporation and held in reserve for it as herein provided, 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 

whether it takes the same or not. When the highest average amount of 
power taken for any twenty (20) consecutive minutes during any month 
shall exceed during the twenty (20) consecutive minutes three- fourths of 
the amount ordered by the Corporation and held in reserve, then the Cor- 
poration shall pay for the greater amount during the entire month. 

(g) If the Corporation during any month takes more than the amount 
of power ordered and held in reserve for it, as determined by an integrated 
peak, or highest average for a period of twenty (20) consecutive minutes, the 
taking of such excess shall thereafter constitute an obligation on the part 
of the Corporation to pay for, and on the part of the Commission to hold in 
reserve, such increased quantity of power, in accordance with the terms and 
conditions of this contract. 

(7i) When the power factor at any time falls below ninety per cent. 
(90%) the Corporation shall pay for 90 per cent. (90%) of the kilovolt 
amperes, providing that said ninety per cent. (90%) of said kilovolt amperes 
is greater than the maximum kilowatts for any twenty (2) minute period 
during the month. 

(i) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard commercial apparatus 
and plant, to be approved by the Commission. 

(j) To exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure satisfactory 
operation of the plant and apparatus of the Commission and of the Cor- 
poration. 

4. This agreement shall remain in force for forty (40) years from the 
twenty-sixth of April, Nineteen hundred and twenty, subject to section 10 
hereof. 

5. It is further mutually agreed: — 

(a) The power shall be alternating, three-phase, having a periodicity of 
approximately sixty (60) cycles per second and shall be delivered, as afore- 
said, at a voltage suitable for local distribution. 

(b) That the meters for measuring the power supplied hereunder, with 
their series and potential transformers, shall be connected at the point of 
delivery, or at any other point as may be decided by the Commission. 

(c) That the maintenance by the Commission of approximately the agreed 
voltage at approximately the agreed frequency at the sub-station in the 
limits of the Corporation shall constitute the supply of all power involved 
herein and the fulfilment of all operating obligations hereunder, and when 
the voltage and frequency are so maintained, the amount of power, its fluc- 
tuations, load factor, power factor, distribution as to phases and all other 
electrical characteristics and qualities are under the sole control of the Cor- 
poration, their agents, customers, apparatus, appliances and circuits. 

6. The Engineers of the Commission, or one or more of them or any other 
person or persons appointed for this purpose by the Commission, shall have 
the right, from time to time, during the continuance of this agreement, to 
inspect the apparatus, plant and property of the Corporation, and take 
records at all reasonable hours. 



14 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

7. The Commission shall at least annually adjust and apportion the 
amount or amounts payable by the Municipal Corporation or Corporations 
for such power and such interest, sinking fund, cost of lost power and cost 
of generating, operating maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring said 
works. 

If at any time any other Municipal Corporation, or, pursuant to said Act, 
any railway or distributing company, or any other Corporation or person, 
applies to the Commission for a supply of power, the Commission shall 
notify the applicant and the involved Corporation or Corporations, in writing, 
of a time and place to hear all representations that may be made as to the 
terms and conditions for such supply. 

Without discrimination in favour of the applicants as to the price to be 
paid for equal quantities of power, the Commission may supply power upon 
such terms and conditions as may, having regard to the risk and expense 
incurred, and paid, and to be paid toy the Corporation, appear equitable to 
the Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

No such application shall be granted if the said works or any part thereof 
are not adequate for such supply, or if the supply of the Corporation will be 
thereby injuriously affected, and no power shall be supplied within the limits 
of a Municipal Corporation taking power from the Commission at the time 
of such application, without the written consent of such Corporation. 

In determining the quantity of power supplied to a Municipal Corpora- 
tion, the quantity supplied by the Commission within the limits of the Cor- 
poration to any applicant, other than a Municipal Corporation, shall be 
computed as part of the quantity supplied to such Corporation, but such 
Corporation shall not be liable for payment for any portion of the power 
so supplied. No power shall be supplied by the Municipal Corporation to 
any railway or distributing company, without the written consent of the 
Commission. Power shall not be sold for less than the cost, and there 
shall be no discrimination as regards price and quantity. 

8. It is hereby declared that the Commission is to be a trustee of all 
property held by the Commission under this agreement for the Corporation 
or Corporations supplied by the Commission, .but the Commission shall be 
entitled to a lien upon said property for all moneys expended by the Com- 
mission under this agreement and not repaid. At the expiration of this 
agreement the Commission shall determine and adjust the rights of the 
Corporation and any other (if any), supplied by the Commission, having 
regard to the amounts paid by them respectively under the terms of this 
agreement, and such other considerations as may appear equitable to the 
Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

9. If differences arise on power matters between Corporations to which 
the Commission is supplying power, the Commission may, upon application, 
fix a time and place to hear all representations that may be made by the 
parties, and the Commission shall, in a summary manner when possible, 
adjust such differences, and such adjustment shall be final. 

The Commission shall have all the powers that may be conferred upon 
a Commission appointed under the Act respecting Enquiries Concerning 
Public Matters. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 15 

10. Notwithstanding anything herein contained to the contrary, it is 
hereby understood and agreed that this agreement shall come into effect 
upon the date of its approval by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council, or its 
ratification by the Legislature of the Province of Ontario. 

11. This agreement shall extend to, be binding upon and enure to the 
benefit of the successors and assigns of the parties hereto. 

In witness whereof, the Commission and the Corporation have respec- 
tively affixed their corporate seals and the hands of their proper officers. 

THE HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION OF ONTARIO. 

(Signed) A. Beck, Chairman. 
(Seal.) 

(Signed) W. W. Pope, Secretary. 

MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF FORT WILLIAM. 

(Signed) H. Murphy, Mayor. 
(Seal.) 

(Signed) A. McNaughton, Clerk. 



SCHEDULE "C." 

This Indenture made in duplicate the seventh day of May, in the year of 
our Lord one thousand nine hundred and seventeen (1917), 

Between 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, hereinafter called the 
" Commission," party of the first part; 

and 

The Municipal Corporation of the City of Port Arthur, hereinafter called 
the " Corporation," party of the second part. 

Whereas, pursuant to " An Act to provide for the transmission of elec- 
trical power to Municipalities, known as the Power Commission Act," and 
amendments thereto, the Commission entered into an agreement with the 
Corporation for a supply of electrical energy dated the thirteenth day of 
January, one thousand nine hundred and ten (1910) (and the ratepayers of 
the Corporation assented to the by-laws authorizing the Corporation to enter 
into such an agreement with the Commission for such power) : 

And whereas in accordance with the powers conferred by Legislature upon 
the Commission by the said Act and amendments thereto, the Commission 
intends either to purchase, acquire or construct generating stations, hydraulic 



16 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

plants, lines, substations and all works in connection therewith required 
for the purpose of supplying power hereunder, or to enter into an agreement 
with one or more power generating companies or individuals for a supply 
of power required hereunder, and to construct the necessary stations, plant, 
lines and equipment to transmit, transform and deliver said power to the 
Corporation; 

And whereas the purchase of, acquiring of, or the construction of the 
said generation station, hydraulic plant, works, lines, sub-stations and equip- 
ment, or the purchase of said power ancl the construction of the necessary 
stations, plant, lines and equipment will be made for the purpose of sup- 
plying to better advantage and with greater efficiency the power requirements 
of the various municipalities located in the district of Thunder Bay; 

And whereas in order to meet such changed conditions it is the intention 
of both parties hereto that the present power agreement dated January thir- 
teenth, one thousand nine hundred and ten (1910) be superseded upon its 
termination by this agreement. 

1. Now, therefore, this indenture witnesseth that in consideration of the 
premises and of the agreements of the Corporation herein set forth, subject 
to the provisions of the said Act and amendments thereto, the Commission 
and the Corporation mutually agree with each other as follows: 

2. The Commission agrees: — 

(a) To reserve for and deliver to the Corporation on or before the 
twenty -sixth day of April, 1920, ten thousand horse-power (10,000 h.p.) or 
more of electrical power or energy. 

(&) At the expiration of reasonable notice in writing which may be given 
by the Corporation from time to time during the continuance of this agree- 
ment, to reserve for and deliver to the Corporation additional electric power 
when called for. 

(c) To use at all times first-class, modern standard commercial apparatus 
and plant, and to exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure satis- 
factory operation of the plant and apparatus of the Corporation. 

(d) To deliver commercially continuous twenty-four (24) hour power 
every day in the year to the Corporation at the distribution bus bars in the 
Commission's sub-station within the Corporation's limits. 

(e) To take all necessary steps and make all necessary agreements and 
do all necessary work to either purchase power or purchase, acquire or con- 
struct the necessary electric power generating stations, hydraulic plants, 
lines, sub-stations and works for the purposes of this agreement. 

3. The Corporation agrees: — 

(a) To use all diligence by every lawful means in its power to prepare 
for the receipt and use of the power dealt with by this agreement so as to 
be able to receive power when the Commission is ready to deliver same. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 17 

(&) To pay annually, interest at the rate payable by the Commission 
upon the Corporation's proportionate part (based on the quantity of elec- 
trical energy or power taken, or held in reserve for the Corporation) of all 
moneys expended by the Commission on capital account for the acquiring 
of properties and rights, the acquiring and construction of generating plants, 
transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing stations, and other 
works necessary for the delivery of said electrical energy or power to the 
Corporation under the terms of this contract. 

Also to pay an annual sinking fund instalment of such an amount as to 
form at the end of forty (40) years, with accrued interest, a sinking fund 
sufficient to repay the Corporation's proportionate part, based as aforesaid, 
of all moneys advanced by the Province of Ontario for the acquiring of 
properties and rights, the acquiring and construction of generating plants, 
transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing stations and other 
work necessary for the delivery of said electrical energy or power, delivered 
to the Corporation under the terms of this contract. 

Also to pay the Corporation's proportionate part, based as aforesaid, of 
the cost of power purchased or generated and lost power, the cost of oper- 
ating, maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring said generating plants, 
transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing stations and other 
necessary works. Subject to adjustment under clause 7 of this agreement. 

(c) The amounts payable under this contract shall be paid in twelve (12) 
monthly payments, in gold coin of the present standard of weight and fine- 
ness, at the offices of the Commission at Toronto. Bills shall be rendered 
by the Commission on or before the fifth (5th) day of each month and paid 
by the Corporation on or before the fifteenth (15th) day of each month. If 
any bill remains unpaid for fifteen (15) days, the Commission may, in addi- 
tion to all other remedies and without notice, discontinue the supply of 
power to the Corporation until such bill is paid. No such discontinuance 
shall relieve the Corporation from the performance of the covenants, pro- 
visoes and conditions herein contained. All payments in arrears shall bear 
interest at the legal rate. 

(d) To take electric power exclusively from the Commission during the 
continuance of this agreement. 

(e) To co-operate by all means in its power at all times with the Com- 
mission to increase the quantity of power required from the Commission, 
and in all other respects to carry out the objects of this agreement and of 
the said Act and any amendments thereto. 

(/) To pay as a minimum for three-fourths of the power ordered from time 
to time by the Corporation and iheld in reserve for it as herein provided, 
whether it takes the same or not. When the highest average amount of power 
taken for any twenty (20) consecutive minutes during any month shall exceed 
during the twenty (20) consecutive minutes three-fourths of the amount 
ordered by the Corporation and held in reserve, then the Corporation shall 
pay for this greater amount of power during the entire month. 

(g) If the Corporation during any month takes more than the amount 
of power ordered and held in reserve for it, as determined by an integrated 



18 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

peak, or highest average, for a period of twenty (20) consecutive minutes, 
the taking of such excess shall thereafter constitute an obligation on the 
part of the Corporation to pay for, and on the part of the Commission to hold 
in reserve, such increased quantity of power in accordance with the terms 
and conditions of this contract. 

(h) When the power factor at any time falls below ninety per cent. (90 
per cent.) the Corporation shall pay for ninety per cent. (90 per cent.) of the 
kilovolt amperes, providing that said ninety per cent. (90 per cent.) of said 
kilovolt amperes is greater than the maximum kilowatts for any twenty 
(20) minute period during the month. 

(i) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard commercial apparatus 
and plant, to be approved by the Commission. 

(/) To exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure satisfactory 
operation of the plant and apparatus of the Commission and of the 
Corporation. 

4. This agreement shall remain in force for forty (40) years from the 
expiration of the said agreement between the parties hereto and dated the 
thirteenth day of January, one thousand nine hundred and ten (1910), sub- 
ject to section 10 hereof. 

5. — (a) The power shall be alternating, three-phase, having a periodicity 
of approximately sixty (60) cycles per second and shall be delivered as afore- 
said at a voltage suitable for local distribution. 

(b) That the meters for measuring the power supplied hereunder, with 
their series and potential transformers, shall be connected at the point of 
delivery, or at any other point as may be dicided hy the Commission. 

(c) That the maintenance by the Commission of approximately the agreed 
voltage at approximately the agreed frequency at the sub-station in the limits 
of the Corporation shall constitute the supply of all power involved herein 
and the fulfilment of all operating obligations hereunder, and when the volt- 
age and frequency are so maintained, the amount of power, its fluctuations, 
load factor, power factor, distribution as to/ phases and all other electrical 
characteristics and qualities are under the sole control of the Corporation., 
their agents, customers, apparatus, appliances and circuits. 

6. The engineers of the Commission, or one or more of them, or any other 
person or persons appointed for this purpose by the Commission, shall have 
the right from time to time during the continuance of this agreement to 
inspect the apparatus, plant and property of the Corporation and take records 
at all reasonable hours. 

7. The Commission shall at least annually adjust and apportion the 
amount or amounts payable by the Municipal Corporation or Corporations 
for such power and such interest, sinking fund, cost of lost power, and cost 
of generating, operating, maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring said 
works. 

If at any time any other Municipal Corporation, or pursuant to said Act, 
any railway or distributing company, or any other Corporation or person, 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 19 

applies to the Commission for a supply of power, the Commission shall notify 
the applicant and the involved Corporation or Corporations in writing, of a 
time and place to hear all representations that may he made as to the terms 
and conditions for such supply. 

Without discrimination in favor of the applicants as to the price to be 
paid, for equal quantities of power, the Commission may supply power upon 
such terms and conditions as may, having- regard to the risk and expense 
incurred and paid, and to be paid by the Corporation, appear equitable to the 
Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

No such application shall be granted if the said works or any part thereof 
are not adequate for such supply, or if the supply of the Corporation will be 
thereby injuriously affected, and no power shall be supplied within the 
limits of a Municipal Corporation taking power from the Commission at the 
time of such application without the written consent of such Corporation. 

In determining the quantity of power supplied to a Municipal Corporation, 
the quantity supplied by the Commission within the limits of the Corpora- 
tion to any applicant, other than a Municipal Corporation, shall he computed 
as part of the quantity supplied to such Corporation, but such Corporation 
shall not be liable for payment for any portion of the power so supplied. No 
power shall be supplied by the Municipal Corporation to any railway or dis- 
tributing company without the written consent of the Commission. Power 
shall not be sold for less than the cost and there shall be no discrimination 
as regards price and quantity. 

8. It is hereby declared that the Commission is to be a trustee of all 
property held by the Commission under this agreement for the Corporation 
or Corporations supplied by the Commission, but the Commission shall be 
entitled to a lien upon said property for all moneys expended by the Com- 
mission under this agreement and not repaid. At the expiration of this 
agreement the Commission shall determine and adjust the rights of the Cor- 
poration and any other (if any) supplied by the Commission, having regard 
to the amounts paid by them respectively under the terms of this agreement, 
and such other considerations as may appear equitable to the Commission 
and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

9. If differences arise on power matters between Corporations to which 
the Commission is supplying power, the Commission may, upon application, 
fix a time and place to hear all representations that may be made by the 
parties and the Commission shall, in a summary manner, where possible, 
adjust such differences and such adjustment shall be final. 

The Commission shall have all the powers that may be conferred upon a 
Commissioner appointed under the Act Respecting Enquiries Concerning 
Public Matters. 

10. Notwithstanding anything herein contained to the contrary, it is 
hereby understood and agreed that this agreement shall come into effect upon 
the date of its approval. by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council, or its rati- 
fication by the Legislature of the Province of Ontario, and that the said agree- 
ment between the parties hereto bearing date the thirteenth day of January, 
one thousand nine hundred and ten (1910) shall he terminated on the twenty- 
sixth day of April, 1920, and be superseded by this agreement. 



20 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

11. This agreement shall extend to, be binding upon, and enure to the 
benefit of the successors and assigns of the parties hereto. 

In witness whereof the Commission and the Corporation have respectively 
affixed their corporate seals and the hands of their proper officers. 

HYDRO-EILECTRIC POWER COMMISSION OF ONTARIO. 

A. Beck, Chairman. 
(Seal.) 

W. W. Pope, Secretary. 

MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF PORT ARTHUR. 

W. Marrigan, Acting Mayor. 
(Seal.) 

T. F. Milne, Clerk. 



SCHEDULE "D." 

This Indenture made in duplicate the 7th day of June, in the year of Our 
Lord, 1917. 

Between 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, hereinafter called the 
"Commission," party of the first part; 

and 

The Municipal Corporation of the Town of Alliston, hereinafter called 
the " Corporation," party of the second part. 

Where as, pursuant to an Act to provide for the transmission of electrical 
power to municipalities, known as the Power Commission Act and amend- 
ments thereto, the Corporation applied to the Commission for a supply of 
power, and the commission furnished the Corporation with estimates of the 
total cost of such power, ready for distribution, within the limits of the 
Corporation (and the electors of the Corporation assented to the by-laws 
authorizing the Corporation to enter into a contract with the Commission 
for such power). 

1. Now, therefore, this indenture witnesseth that in consideration of the 
premises and of the agreement of the Corporation herein set forth, subject 
to the provisions of the said Act and amendments thereto, the Commission 
agrees with the Corporation: 

(a) To reserve and deliver at the earliest possible date two hundred and 
fifty (250) h.p. or more of electrical power to the Corporation. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 21 

(&) At the expiration of reasonable notice in writing, which may be 
given by the Corporation from time to time during the continuance of this 
agreement, to reserve and deliver to the Corporation additional electric 
power when called for. 

(c) To use at all time first-class, modern, standard, commercial apparatus 
and plant, and to exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure satis- 
factory operation of the plant and apparatus of the Corporation. 

(d) To deliver commercially continuously 24 hour power every day fh 
the year to the Corporation at the distribution bus bars in the Commission's 
substation within the Corporation's limits. 

2. In consderation of the premises and of the agreements herein set 
forth, the Corporation agrees with the Commission: 

(a) To use all diligence by every lawful means in its power to prepare 
for the receipt and use of the power dealt with by this agreement so as to 
be atde to receive power when the Commission is ready to deliver same. 

(b) To pay annually interest at rate payable by the Commission upon 
the Corporation's proportionate part (based on the quantity of electrical 
energy or power taken), of all monies expended by the Commission on capi- 
tal account for the acquiring of properties and rights the acquiring and 
construction of generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, 
distributing stations, and other works necessary for the delivery of said elec- 
trical energy or power to the Corporation under the terms of this contract. 

Also to pay an annual sinking fund instalment of such amount as to 
form at the end of 30 years, with accrued interest, a sinking fund sufficient 
to repay the Corporation's proportionate part, based as aforesaid, of all 
monies advanced by the Province of Ontario, for the acquiring of properties 
and rights, the acquiring and construction of generating plants, transformer 
stations, transmission lines, distributing stations and other work necessary 
for the delivery of said electrical energy or power, delivered to the Corpora- 
tion under the terms of this contract. Also to pay the Corporation's propor- 
tionate part, based as aforesaid, of the cost of lost power and of the cost of 
operating, maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring said generating 
plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing stations and 
other necessary work. Subject to adjustment under clause 6 of this agree- 
ment. 

(c) The amounts payable under this contract shall be paid in twelve 
monthly payments, in gold coin of the present standard of weight and fine- 
ness, at the offices of the Commission at Toronto. Bills shall be rendered by 
the Commission on or ibefore the 5th day and paid by the Corporation on or 
before the 15th day of each month. If any bill remains unpaid for fifteen 
days, the Commission may, in addition to all other remedies and without 
notice, discontinue the supply of power to the Corporation until said bill 
is paid. No such discontinuance shall relieve the Corporation from the per- 
formance of the covenants, provisoes and conditions herein contained. All 
payments in arrears shall bear interest at the legal rate. 

(d) To take electric power exclusively from the Commission during the 
continuance of this agreement. 



22 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

(e) To co-operate by all means in its power at all times with the Com- 
mission to increase the quantity of power required from the Commission, 
and in all other respects to carry out the objects of this agreement, and of 
the said Act. 

(/) To pay for three-fourths of the power ordered from time to time by 
the Corporation and held in reserve for it as herein provided, whether it 
takes the same or not. When the highest average amount of power taken 
for any twenty consecutive minutes during any month shall exceed during 
the twenty consecutive minutes three-fourths of the amount ordered by the 
Corporation and held in reserve, then the Corporation shall pay for this 
greater amount during the entire month. 

(g) If the Corporation during any month takes more than the amount 
of power ordered and held in reserve for it, as determined by an integrated 
peak, or highest average, for a period of twenty consecutive minutes, the 
taking of such excess shall thereafter constitute an obligation on the part 
of the Corporation to pay for, and on the part of the Commission to hold in 
reserve, such increased quantity of power in accordance with the terms and 
conditions of this contract. 

(h) When the power factor at any time falls below ninety per cent. 
(90%) the Corporation shall pay for ninety per cent. (90%) of the kilovolt 
amperes, providing that said ninety per cent. (90%) of said kilovolt amperes 
is greater than the maximum kilowatts for any twenty (20) minute period 
during the month. 

(i) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard commercial apparatus 
and plant, to be approved by the Commission. 

0') To exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure satisfactory 
operation of the plant and apparatus of the Commission and of the Corpora- 
tion. 

3. This agreement shall remain in force for thirty years from date of 
the first delivery of power under this contract. 

4. The power shall be alternating, three-phase, having a periodicity of 
approximately 60 cycles per second and shall be delivered as aforesaid at a 
voltage suitable for local distribution. 

(a) That the meters with their series and potential transformers shall 
be connected at the point of delivery. 

(b) The maintenance by the Commission of approximately the agreed 
voltage at approximately the agreed frequency at the sub-station in the 
limits of the Corporation shall constitute the supply of all power involved 
herein and the fulfilment of all operating obligations hereunder, and when 
voltage and frequency are so maintained the amount of power, its fluctua- 
tions, load factor, power factor, distribution as to phases and all other elec- 
tric characteristics and qualities, are under the sole control of the Corpora- 
tion, their agents, customers, apparatus, appliances and circuits. 

5. The engineers of the Commission, or one or more of them, or any other 
person or persons appointed for this purpose by the Commission shall have 



1919 . HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 23 

the right from time to time during the continuance of this agreement to 
inspect the apparatus, plant and property of the Corporation and take records 
at all reasonable hours. 

6. The Commission shall at least annually adjust and apportion the 
amount or amounts payable by the Municipal Corporation or Corporations 
for such power and such interest, sinking fund, cost of lost power and cost 
of generating, operating, maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring said 
works. 

If at any time any other municipal corporation, or pursuant to said Act, 
any railway or distributing company, or any other corporations or person, 
applies to the Commission for a supply of power, the Commission shall notify 
the applicant and the involved Corporation or Corporations in writing, of a 
time and place to hear all representations that may be made as to the terms 
and conditions for such supply. 

Without discrimination in favor of the applications as to the price to be 
paid, for equal quantities of power, the commission may supply power upo.i 
such terms and conditions as may, having regard to the risk and expenss 
incurred, and paid, and to be paid by the Corporation, appear equitable to 
the Commission, and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

No such application shall be granted if the said works or any part thereof 
are not adequate for such supply, or if the supply of the Corporation will be 
thereby injuriously affected, and no power shall be supplied within the limits 
of a municipal corporation taking power from the Commission at the time 
of such application without the written consent of such Corporation. 

In determining the quantity of power supplied to a municipal corporation, 
the quantity supplied by the Commission within the limits of the Corpora- 
tion to any applicant, other than a municipal corporation, shall be computed 
as part of the quantity supplied to such Corporation, but such Corporation 
shall not be liable for payment for any portion of the power so supplied. No 
power shall be supplied by the Municipal Corporation to any railway or dis- 
tributing company without the written consent of the Commission. Power 
shall not be sold for less than the cost and there shall be no discrimination 
as regards price and quantity. 

7. It is hereby declared that the Commission is to be a trustee of all 
property held by the Commission under this agreement for the Corporation 
or Corporations supplied by the Commission, but the Commission shall be 
entitled to a lien upon said property for all monies expended by the Com- 
mission under this agreement and not repaid. At the expiration of this 
agreement the Commission shall determine and adjust the rights of the 
Corporation and any other (if any) supplied by the Commission, having 
regard to the amount paid by them respectively under the terms of this 
agreement, and such other consideration as may appear equitable to the 
Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

8. If differences arise between Corporations to which the Commission is 
supplying power, the Commission may, upon application, fix a time and place 
and hear all representations that may be made by the parties and the Com- 
mission shall, in a summary manner when possible, adjust such differences 
and such adjustment shall be final. The Commission shall have all the 

3 H. (i) 



24 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

powers that may be conferred upon a commission appointed under the Act 
Respecting Enquiries Concerning Public Matters. 

9. This agreement shall extend to be binding upon, and enure to the 
benefit of the successors and assigns of the parties hereto. 

* In witness whereof the Commission and the Corporation have respectively 
affixed their corporate seals and the hands of their proper officers. 



THE HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION OF ONTARIO. 

A. Beck, Chairman. 
(Seal.) 

W. W. Pope, Secretary. 

MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF THE TOWN OF ALLISTON. 

J. H. Mitchell, Mayor. 



(Seal.) 



J. E. Addis, Clerk. 



SCHEDULE "E." 

This Indenture, made in duplicate the 8th day of June in the year of our 
Lord, one thousand nine hundred and seventeen, 

Between 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, hereinafter called 
the "Commission," party of the first part; 

and 

The Municipal Corporation of the Town of Hanover, hereinafter called 
the " Corporation," party of the second part. 

Whereas, pursuant to an Act to provide for the transmission of electrical 
power to municipalities known as The Power Commission Act and amend- 
ments thereto, the Corporation applied to the Commission for a supply of 
power, and the Commission furnished the Corporation with estimates of the 
total cost of such power, ready for distribution within the limits of the 
Corporation (and the electors of the Corporation assented to the by-laws 
authorizing the Corporation to enter into a contract with the Commission 
for such power). 

1. Now, therefore, this Indenture witnesseth that in consideration of 
the premises and of the agreement of the Corporation herein set forth, sub- 
ject to the provisions of the said Act and amendments thereto, the Commis- 
sion agrees with the Corporation: 

(a) To reserve and deliver at the earliest possible date three hundred 
(300) horse power of more of electrical power to the Corporation. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 25 

(&) At the expiration of reasonable notice in writing which may be 
given by the Corporation from time to time during the continuance of this 
agreement, to reserve and deliver to the Corporation additional electric 
power when called for. 

(c) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard, commercial appara- 
tus and plant, and to exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure 
satisfactory operation of the plant and apparatus of the Corporation. 

(d) To deliver commercially continuously 24-hour power every day in 
the year to the Corporation at the distribution bus bars in the Commission's 
substation within the Corporation's limits. 

2. In consideration of the premises and of the agreements herein set 
forth, the Corporation agrees with the Commission: 

(a) To use all diligence by every lawful means in its power to prepare 
for the receipt and use of the power dealt with by this agreement so as to 
be able to receive power when the Commission is ready to deliver same. 

(b) To pay annually, interest at rate payable by the Commission upon 
the Corporation's proportionate part (based on the quantity of electrical 
energy or power taken), of all monies expended by the Commission on capi- 
tal account for the acquiring of properties and rights the acquiring and con- 
struction of generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, dis- 
tributing stations, and other works necessary for the delivery of said elec- 
trical energy or power to the Corporation under the terms of this contract. 

Also to pay an annual sinking fund instalment of such amount as to 
form at the end of thirty years, with accrued interest, a sinking fund suffi- 
cient to repay the Corporation's proportionate part, based as aforesaid, of 
all monies advanced by the Province of Ontario, for the acquiring of pro- 
perties and rights, the acquiring and contsruction of generating plants, trans- 
former stations, transmission lines, distributing stations and other work 
necessary for the delivery of said electrical energy or power, delivered to 
the Corporation under the terms of this contract. Also to pay the Corpora- 
tion's proportionate part, based aforesaid, of the cost of lost power and of 
the cost of operating, maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring said 
generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing 
stations and other necessary work. Subject to adjustments under clause 6 
of this agreement. 

(c) The amounts payable under this contract shall be paid in twelve 
monthly payments, in gold coin of the present standard of weight and fine- 
ness, at the offices of the Commission at Toronto. Bills shall be rendered 
by the Commission on or before the 5th day and paid by the Corporation 
on or before the 15th clay of each month. If any bill remains unpaid for 
fifteen days, the Commission may, in addition to all other remedies and 
without notice .discontinue the supply of power to the Corporation until 
said bill is paid. No such discontinuance shall relieve the Corporation from 
the performance of the covenants, provisoes and conditions herein contained. 
All payments in arrears shall bear interest at the legal rate. 

(cl) To take electric power exclusively from the Commission during the 
continuance of this agreement. 



26 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

(e) To co-operate by all means in its power at all times with the Com- 
mission to increase the quantity of power required from the Commission, 
and in all other respects to carry out the objects of this agreement, and of 
the said Act. 

(/) To pay for three-fourths of the power ordered from time to time by 
the Corporation and held in reserve for it as herein provided, whether it 
takes the same or not. When the highest average amount of power taken 
for any twenty consecutive minutes during any month shall exceed during 
the twenty consecutive minutes three-fourths of the, amount ordered by the 
Corporation and held in reserve, then the Corporation shall pay for this 
greater amount during the entire month. 

(g) If the Corporation during any month takes more than, the amount 
of power ordered and held in reserve for it, as determined by an integrated 
peak, or highest average, for a period of twenty consecutive minutes, the 
taking of such excess shall thereafter constitute an obligation on the part 
of the Corporation to pay for, and on the part of the Commission to hold in 
reserve, such increased quantity of power in accordance with the terms and 
conditions of this contract. 

(h) When the power factor at any time falls below ninety per cent. 
(90%) the Corporation shall pay for ninety per cent. (90%) of the kilovolt 
amperes, providing that said ninety per cent. (90%) of said kilovolt amperes 
is greater than the maximum kilowatts for any twenty (20) minute period 
during the month. 

(i) To use at" all times first-class, modern, standard, commercial appara- 
tus and plant, to be approved by the Commission. 

(j) To exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure satisfactory 
operation of the plant and apparatus of the Commission and of the Corpora- 
tion. 

3. This agreement shall remain in force for thirty years from date of 
the first delivery of power under this contract. 

4. The power shall be alternating, three-phase, having a periodicity of 
approximately 60 cycles per second and shall be delivered as aforesaid at a 
voltage suitable for local distribution. 

(a) That the meters with their series and potential transformers shall 
be connected at the point of delivery. 

(&) The maintenance by the Commission, of approximately the agreed 
voltage at approximately the agreed' frequency at the sustation in the limits 
of the Corporation shall constitute the supply of all power involved herein 
and the fulfilment of all operating obligations hereunder, and when voltage 
and frequency are so maintained, the amount of power, its fluctuations, load 
factor, power factor, distribution as to phases and all other electric charac- 
teristics and qualities, are under the sole control of the Corporation, their 
agents, customers, apparatus, appliances and circuits. 

5. The engineers of the Commission, or one or more of them, or any 
other person or persons appointed for this purpose by the Commission shall 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 27 

have the right from time to time during the continuance of this agreement 
to inspect the apparatus, plant and property of the Corporation and take 
records at all reasonable hours. 

6. The Commission shall at least annually adjust and apportion the 
amount or amounts payable by the Municipal Corporation or Corporations 
for such power and such interest, sinking fun, cost of lost power and cost 
of generating, operating, maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring said 
works. 

If at any time any other Municipal Corporation, or pursuant to said Act, 
any railway or distributing company, or any other Corporations or person, 
applies to the Commission for a supply of power, the Commission shall 
notify the applicant and the involved Corporation or Corporations in writ- 
ing, of a time and place to hear all representations that may be made as to 
the terms and conditions for such supply. 

Without discrimination in favor of the applicants as to the price to be 
paid, for equal quantities of power, the Commission may supply power upon 
such terms and conditions, as may, having regard to the risk and expense 
incurred, and paid, and to be paid by the Corporation, appear equitable to 
the Commission, and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

No such application shall be granted if the said works or any part 
thereof are not adequate for such supply, or if the supply of the Corporation 
will be thereby injuriously affected, and no power shall be supplied within 
the limits of a Municipal Corporation taking power from the Commission at 
the time such application without the written consent of such Corporation. 

In determining the quantity of power supplied to a Municipal Corpora- 
tion, the quantity supplied by the Commission within the limits of the Cor- 
poration to any applicant other than a Municipal Corporaton shall be com- 
puted as part of the quantity supplied to such Corporation, but such Cor- 
poration shall not be liable for payment for any portion of the power so 
supplied. No power shall be supplied by the Municipal Corporation to any 
railway or distributing company without the written consent of the Com- 
mission. Power shall not be sold for less than the cost and there shall be 
no discrimination as regards price and quantity. 

7. It is hereby declared that the Commission is to be a trustee of all 
property held by the Commission under this agreement for the Corporation 
or Corporations supplied by the Commission, but the Commission shall be 
entitled to a lien upon said property for all monies expended by the Com- 
mission under this agreement and not repaid. At the expiration of this 
agreement the Commission shall determine and adjust the rights of the 
Corporation and any other (if any) supplied by the Commission having 
regard to the amounts paid iby them respectively under the terms of this 
agreements, and such other consideration as may appear equitable to the 
Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

8. If difference arise between Corporations to which the Commission is 
supplying power, the Commission may, upon application, fix a time and 
place and hear all representations that may be made by the parties and the 
Commission shall, in a summary manner, when possible, adjust such dif- 
ferences and such adjustment shall be final. The Commission shall have 



28 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

all the powers that may be conferred upon a Commissioner appointed under 
the Act respecting enquiries concerning public matters. 

9. This agreement shall extend to, be binding upon, and enure to the 
benefit of the successors and assigns of the parties hereto. 

In witness whereof the Commission and the Corporation have respectively 
affixed their corporate seals and the hands of their proper officers. 



THE HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION OF ONTARIO. 

A. Beck, Chairman. 
(Seal.) 

W. W. Pope, Secretary. 

MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF THE TOWN OF HANOVER. 

A. B. Taylor, Mayor. 



(Seal.) 



John Taylor, Clerk. 



.SCHEDULE "F." 

This Indenture, made in duplicate the 26th day of November, in the year 
of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and seventeen (1917). 

Between 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, hereinafter called 
the "Commission," party of the first part; 

and 

The Municipal Corporation of the Town of Perth, hereinafter called 
the "Corporation," party of the second part. 

Whereas the Corporation, under the provisions of The Power Commission 
Act and amendments thereto, Revised Statutes of Ontario, Chapter 39, has 
applied to the Commission for a supply of power and has passed a By-law 
No. 1261, passed the 10th day of October to authorize the execution of an 
agreement therefor. 

And whereas in accordance with the powers conferred fey Legislature 
upon the Commission by the said Act and amendments thereto, the Com- 
mission intends either to purchase, acquire or construct generating stations, 
hydraulic plants, lines, substations and all works in connection therewith 
required for the purpose of supplying power hereunder, or to enter into an 
agreement with one or more power generating companies or individuals for 
a supply of power required hereunder, and to construct the necessary 
stations, plant, lines and equipment to transit, transform and deliver power 
to the Corporation. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 29 

Now, therefore, this indenture witnesseth that in consideration of the 
premises and of the agreement of the Corporation herein set forth, subject 
to the provisions of the said Act and amendments thereto, the parties hereto 
agree each with the other as follows: 

1. The Commission agrees: — 

(a) To reserve and deliver at the earliest possible date five hundred 
(500) horse power, or more, of electrical power to the Corporation. 

(b) At the expiration of reasonable notice, in writing, which may be 
given by the Corporation from time to time during the continuance of this 
agreement, to reserve and deliver to the Corporation additional electric 
power when called for. 

(c) To use at all time first-class, modern, standard commercial appara- 
tus and plant, and to exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure 
satisfactory operation of the plant and apparatus of the Corporation. 

(d) To deliver commercially continuous twenty-four (24) hour power 
every day in the year to the Corporation at the distribution bus bars in the 
Commission's substation within the Corporation's limits. 

2. The Corporation agrees: — 

(a) To use all diligence by every lawful means in its power to prepare 
for the receipt and use of the power dealt with by this agreement so as to 
be able to receive power when the Commission is ready to deliver same. 

(b) To pay annually in twelve (12) equal monthly instalments, interest 
upon its proportionate part (based on the quantity of electrical energy or 
power taken) of all moneys expended by the Commission on capital account 
for the acquiring of properties and rights, the acquiring and construction 
of generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing 
stations, and other works necessary for the delivery of said electrical energy 
or power to the Corporation under the terms of this contract. 

To pay an annual sum for its proportionate part of all moneys expended 
"by the Commission on, capital account for the acquiring of the said proper- 
ties and rights, purchasing of power and the cost of the said construction, so 
as to form in thirty (30 years a sinking fund for the retirement of securities 
issued by the Province of Ontario. 

Also to bear its proportionate part of the line loss and pay its propor- 
tionate part of the cost to operate, maintain, repair, renew and insure the 
said generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing 
stations, and other necessary works. 

All payments under this clause shall be subject to adjustment under 
paragraph 6. 

(c) The amounts payable in accordance with clause 2 (&) shall be paid 
in gold coin of the present standard of weight and fineness, at the offices of 
the Commission at Toronto. Bills shall be rendered by the Commission on 
or before the 5th day and paid by the Corporation on or before the 15th 



30 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

day of each month. If any bills remain unpaid for fifteen days the Com- 
mission may, in addition to all other remedies and without notice, discon- 
tinue the supply of power to the Corporation until said bill is paid. No such 
discontinuance shall relieve the Corporation from the performance of the 
covenants, provisoes and conditions herein contained. All payments in 
arrears shall bear interest at the legal rate. 

(d) To take power exclusively from the Commission during the con- 
tinuance of this agreement. 

(e) To pay for three-fourths of the power ordered from time to time by 
the Corporation and held in reserve for it as herein provided, whether it takes 
the same or not. When the highest average amount of power taken for any 
twenty consecutive minutes during any month exceeds during the twenty 
consecutive minutes three-fourths of the amount ordered by the Corporation 
and held in reserve, then the Corporation shall pay for this greater amount 
during the entire month. 

If the Corporation during any month takes more than the amount of 
power ordered and held in reserve for it, as determined by an integrated 
peak, or the contract average, for a period of twenty consecutive minutes, 
the taking of such excess shall thereafter constitute an obligation on the 
part of the Corporation to pay for, and on the part of the Commission to 
hold in reserve such increased quantity of power in accordance with the 
terms and conditions of this contract. 

(/) To take and use the three-phase power at all times in such manner 
that the power factor, i.e., the ratio of the kilowatts to the kilovolt-amperes 
is a maximum, but, in any event, the Corporation shall pay for 90 per cent, 
of the maximum kilovolt-amperes considered as true power factor or kilo- 
watts. The maximum in kilovolt-amperes or kilowatts shall be taken as the 
maximum average of integrated demand over any twenty consecutive 
minutes. 

(g) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard commercial appara- 
tus and plant, to be approved by the Commission, and to exercise all due 
skill and diligence so as to secure satisfactory operation of the plant and 
apparatus of the Commission and of the Corporation. 

(70 To co-operate by all means in its power at all times with the Com- 
mission to increase the quantity of power required from the Commission and 
in all other respects to carry out the objects of this agreement, and of the 
said Act. 

3. This agreement shall remain in force for thirty (30) years from the 
date of the first delivery of power under this contract. 

4. The power shall be alternating, three-phase, having a periodicity of 
approximately 60 cycles per second, and shall be delivered as aforesaid at 
a voltage suitable for local distribution. 

5. The engineers of the Commission, or one of more of them, or any 
other person or persons appointed for this purpose by the Commission, shall 
have the right from time to time, during the continuance of this agreement, 
to inspect the apparatus, plant, and property of the Corporation, and take 
records at all reasonable hours. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 31 

6. The Commission shall at least annually adjust and apportion the 
amount or amounts payable by the Municipal Corporation or Corporations 
for such power and such interest, sinking fund, cost of lost power and cost 
of generating, operating, maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring said 
works. 

7. It is hereby declared that the Commission is to be a trustee of all 
property held by the Commission under this agreement for the Corporations, 
and other Municipal Corporations supplied by the Commission, but the Com- 
mission shall be entitled to a lien upon said property for all moneys ex- 
pended by the Commission under this agreement and not repaid. At the 
expiration of this agreement the Commission shall determine and adjust 
the rights of the Corporation and other Municipal Corporations, supplied by 
the Commission, having regard to the amounts paid by them, respectively, 
under the terms of this agreement, and such other considerations as may 
appear equitable to the Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant- 
Governor in Council. 

8. If at any time any other municipal corporation, or pursuant to said 
Act, any railway or distributing company, or any other Corporation or per- 
son, applies to the Commission for a supply of power, the Commission shall 
notify the applicant and the Corporation, in writing of a time and place to 
hear all representations that may be made as to the terms and conditions 
for such supply. 

Without discrimination in favor of the applicants as to the price to be 
paid, for equal quantities of power, the Commission may supply power upon 
such terms and conditions as may, having regard to the risk and expense 
incurred, and paid, and to be paid by the Corporation, appear equitable to 
the Commission, and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

No such application shall be granted if the said works, or any part 
thereof, are not adequate for such supply, or if the supply of the Corpora- 
tion will be thereby injuriously affected, and no power shall be supplied 
within the limits of a municipal corporation taking power from the Com- 
mission at the time of such application, without the written consent of such 
Corporation. 

In determining the quantity of power supplied to a municipal corpora- 
tion, the quantity supplied by the Commission within the limits of the Cor- 
poration to any applicant, other than a municipal corporation, shall be com- 
puted as part of the quantity supplied to such Corporation, but such cor- 
poration shall not be liable for payment for any portion of the power so 
p.upplied. No power shall be supplied by the Municipal Corporation to any 
railway or distributing company, without the written consent of the Com- 
mission, but the Corporation may sell power to any person or persons, or 
manufacturing companies within the limits of the Corporation, but such 
power shall not be sold for less than cost; neither shall there be any dis- 
crimination as regards price and quantity. 

! 

9. If differences arise between Corporations to which the Commission is 
supplying power, the Commission may, upon application, fix a time and 
place and hear all representations that may be made by the parties, and the 
Commission shall, in a summary manner, when possible, adjust such dif- 
ferences, and such adjustment shall be final. The Commission shall have 

4 H. (i) 



32 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

all the powers that may be conferred upon a commissioner appointed under 
The Act Respecting Enquiries Concerning Public Matters. 

10. This agreement shall extend to, be binding upon, and enure to the 
benefit of the successors and assigns of the parties hereto. 

In witness whereof the Commission and the Corporation have respec- 
tively affixed their corporate seals and the hands of their proper officers. 

HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION OF ONTARIO. 

A. Beck, Chairman. 
(Seal.) 

W. W. Pope, Secretary. 

MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF THE TOWN OF PERTH. 

Jas. J. Hands, Mayor. 
(Seal.) 

John A. Kerr, Clerk. 



SCHEDULE " G." 

This Indenture, made in duplicate the 6th day of September, in the year of 
our Lord, one thousand nine hundred and seventeen (1917), 

Between 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, hereinafter called 
the " Commission," party of the first part; 

and 

The Municipal Corporation of the Town of Picton, hereinafter called 
the " Corporation," party of the second part. 

Whereas the Corporation, under the provisions of The Power Commission 
Act and amendments thereto, Revised Statutes of Ontario, Chapter 39, has 
applied to the Commission for a supply of power and has passed a By-law 
No. 265, passed the 30th day of July, 1915, to authorize the execution of an 
agreement therefor. 

Now, therefore, this indenture witnesseth that in consideration of the 
premises and of the agreement of the Corporation herein set forth, subject 
to the provisions of the said Act and amendments thereto, the parties agre? 
each with the other as follows: 

1. The Commission agrees: — 

(a) To reserve and deliver at the earliest possible date, two hundred 
(200) horse power, or more, of electrical power to the Corporation. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 33 

(&) At the expiration of reasonable notice, in writing, which may be 
given by the Corporation from time to time during the continuance of this 
agreement, to reserve and deliver to the Corporation additional electric 
power when called for. 

(c) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard commercial appara- 
tus and plant, and to exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure 
satisfactory operation of the plant and apparatus of the Corporation. 

(d) To deliver commercially continuous twenty-four (24) hour power 
every day in the year to the Corporation at the distribution bus bars in the 
Commission's substation within the Corporation's limits. 

2. The Corporation agrees: 

(a) To use all diligence by every lawful means in its power to prepare 
for the receipt and use of the power dealt with by this agreement so as to 
be able to receive power when the Commission is ready to deliver same. 

(I)) To pay annually in twelve (12) equal monthly instalments, interest 
upon its proportionate part (based on the quantity of electrical energy or 
power taken) of all moneys expended by the Commission on capital account 
for the acquiring of properties and rights, the acquiring and construction of 
generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing 
stations, and other works necessary for the delivery of said electrical energy 
or power to the Corporation under the terms of this contract. 

To pay an annual sum for its proportionate part of all moneys expended 
by the Commission on capital account for the acquiring of the said proper- 
ties and rights, and the cost of the said construction, so as to form in thirty 
(30) years a sinking fund for the retirement of securities issued by the 
Province of Ontario. 

Also to bear its proportionate part of the line loss and, pay its propor- 
tionate part of the cost to operate, maintain, repair, renew, and insure the 
said generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, distribut- 
ing stations, and other necessary works. 

All payment under this clause shall be subject to adjustment under para- 
graph 6. 

(c) The amounts payable in accordance with clause 2 (&) shall be paid 
in gold coin of the present standard of weight and fineness, at the offices 
of the Commission at Toronto. Bills shall be rendered by the Commission 
on, or before the 5th day and paid by the Corporation on or before the 15th 
day of each month. If any bills remain unpaid for fifteen days the Com- 
mission may, in addition to all other remedies and without notice, discon- 
tinue the supply of power to the Corporation until said bill is paid. No 
such discontinuance shall relieve the Corporation from the performance of 
the covenants, provisoes and conditions herein contained. All payments in 
arrears shall bear interest at the legal rate. 

(d) To take electric power exclusively from the Commission during the 
continuance of this agreement. 



34 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

(e) To pay for three- fourths of the power ordered from time to time by 
the Corporation, and held in reserve for it as herein provided, whether it 
takes the same or not. When the highest average amount of power taken 
for any twenty consecutive minutes during any month exceeds during the 
twenty consecutive minutes three-fourths of the amount ordered by the Cor- 
poration and held in reserve, then the Corporation shall pay for this greater 
amount during the entire month. 

If the Corporation during any month takes more than the amount of 
power ordered and held in reserve for it, as determined by an integrated 
peak, or the highest average, for a period of twenty consecutive minutes, the 
taking of such excess shall thereafter constitute an obligation on the part of 
the Corporation to pay for, and on the part of the Commission to hold in 
reserve, such increased quantity of power in accordance with the terms and 
conditions of this contract. 

When the power factor of the highest average amount of power taken for 
said twenty consecutive minutes falls below 90 per cent., the Corporation 
shall pay for 90 per cent of the kilovolt amperes provided that said 90 per 
cent. (90%) of said kilovolt amperes is greater than the maximum kilowatts 
for any twenty (20) minute period during the month. 

(/) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard, commercial apparatus 
and plant, to be approved by the Commission, and to exercise all due skill 
and diligence so as to secure satisfactory operation of the plant and apparatus 
of the Commission and of the Corporation. 

(g) To co-operate by all means in its power at all times with the Com- 
mission to increase the quantity of power required from the Commission, 
and in all other respects to carry out the objects of this agreement, and of 
the said Act. 

3. This agreement shall remain in force for thirty (30) years from the 
date of the first delivery of power under this contract. 

4. The power shall be alternating, three-phase, having a periodicity of 
approximately 60 cycles per second, and shall be delivered as aforesaid at a 
voltage suitable for local distribution. 

5. The engineers of the Commission, or one or more of them, or any other 
person or persons appointed for this purpose by the Commission, shall have 
the right from time to time, during the continuance of this agreement, to 
inspect the apparatus, plant, and property of the Corporation, and take 
records at all reasonable hours. 

6. The Commission shall at least annually adjust and apportion the 
amount or amounts payable by the Municipal Corporation or Corporations 
for such power and such interest, sinking fund, cost of lost power and cost of 
generating, operating, maintaining, repairing and insuring said works. 

7. It is hereby declared that the Commission is to be a trustee of all 
property held by the Commission under this agreement for the Corporations 
and other Municipal Corporations supplied by the Commission, but the Com- 
mission shall be entitled to a lien upon said property for all moneys expended 
by the Commission under this agreement and not repaid. At the expiration 
of this agreement the Commission shall determine and adjust the rights of 
the Corporations and other Municipal Corporations, supplied by the Com- 
mission, having regard to the amounts paid by them, respectively, under 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COM MISSION 35 

the terms of this agreement, and such other considerations as may appear 
equitable to the Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor 
in Council. 

8. If at any time any other Municipal Corporation, or pursuant to said 
Act, any railway or distributing company, or any other Corporation or person, 
applies to the Commission for a supply of power, the Commission shall notify 
the applicant and the Corporation, in writing, of a time and place to hear all 
representations that may be made as to the terms and conditions for such 
supply. 

Without discrimination in favour of the applicants as to the price to be 
paid, for equal quantities of power, the Commission may supply power upon 
such terms and conditions as may, having regard to the risk and expense 
incurred, and paid, and to be paid by the Corporation, appear equitable to the 
Commission, and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

No such application shall be granted if the said works, or any part 
thereof, are not adequate for such supply, or if the supply of the Corporation 
will be thereby injuriously affected, and no power shall be supplied within 
' the limits of a Municipal Corporation taking power from the Commission 
at the time of such application, without the written consent of such Cor- 
poration. 

In determining the quantity of power supplied to a Municipal Corporation, 
the quantity supplied by the Commission within the limits of the Corporation 
to any applicant, other than a Municipal Corporation, shall be computed as 
part of the quantity supplied to such Corporation, but such Corporation shall 
not be liable for payment for any portion of the power so supplied. No power 
shall be supplied by the Municipal Corporation to any railway or distributing 
company, without the written consent of the Commission, but the Corporation 
may sell power to any person or persons, or manufacturing companies within 
the limits of the Corporation, but such power shall not be sold for less than 
cost; neither shall there he any discrimination as regards price and quantity. 

9. If differences arise between Corporations to which the Commission is 
supplying power, the Commission may, upon application, fix a time and place 
and hear all representations that may be made by the parties, and the Com- 
mission shall, in a summary manner, when possible, adjust such differences, 
and such adjustment shall be final. The Commission shall have all the 
powers that may be conferred upon a commissioner appointed under the 
Act respecting Enquiries concerning Public Matters. 

10. This agreement shall extend to, be binding upon, and enure to the 
benefit of the successors and assigns of the parties hereto. 

In witness whereof, the Commission and the Corporation have respectively 
affixed their Corporate Seals and the hands of their proper officers. 

HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION OF ONTARIO. 

A. Beck, Chairman. 
(Seal.) W. W. Pope, Secretary. 

MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF THE TOWN OF PICTON. 

A. W. Heaslip, Mayor. 
(Seal.) P. C. Macnee, Clerk. 



36 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 



SCHEDULE "H." 

This Indenture, made in duplicate the seventh day of September, in the year 
of our Lord one thousand, nine hundred and seventeen (1917), 

Between 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, hereinafter called the 
" Commission," party of the first part; 

and 

The Municipal Corporation of the Town of Smith's Falls, hereinafter 
called the " Corporation," party of the second part. 

Whereas the Corporation, under the provisions of The Power Commission 
Act and amendments thereto, Revised Statutes of Ontario, chapter 39, has 
applied to the Commission for a supply of power and has passed a by-law 
No. 1301, passed the 6th day of September, 1917, to authorize the execution 
of an agreement therefor. 

Now therefore this Indenture witnesseth that in consideration of the 
premises and of the agreement of the Corporation herein set forth, subject 
to the provisions of the said Act and amendments thereto, the parties hereto 
agree each with the other as follows: 

1. The Commission agrees: 

(a) To reserve and deliver at the earliest possible date five hundred 
(500) horse power, or more, of electrical power to the Corporation. 

(6) At the expiration of reasonable notice, in writing, which may be 
given by the Corporation from time to time during the continuance of this 
agreement, to reserve and deliver to the Corporation additional electric 
power when called for. 

(c) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard commercial apparatus 
and plant, and to exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure satis- 
factory operation of the plant and apparatus of the Corporation. 

(d) To deliver commercially continuous twenty-four (24) hour power 
every day in the year to the Corporation at the distribution bus ibars in the 
Commission's substation within the Corporation's limits. 

2. The Corporation agrees: 

(a) To use all diligence by every lawful means in its power to prepare 
for the receipt and use of the power dealt with by this agreement so as to 
be able to receive power when the Commission is ready to deliver same. 

(&) To pay annually in twelve (12) equal monthly instalments, interest 
upon its proportionate part (based on the quantity of electrical energy or 
power taken) of all moneys expended by the Commission on capital account 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 37 

for the acquiring of properties and rights, the acquiring and construction of 
generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing 
stations, and other works necessary for the delivery of said electrical energy 
or power to the Corporation under the terms of this contract. 

To pay an annual sum for its proportionate part of all moneys expended 
by the Commission on capital account for the acquiring of the said properties 
and rights, and the cost of the said construction, so as to form in thirty (30) 
years a sinking fund for the retirement of securities issued by the Province 
of Ontario. 

Also to bear its proportionate part of the line loss and pay its propor- 
tionate part of the cost to operate, maintain, repair, renew, and insure the 
said generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing 
stations, and other necessary works. 

All payments under this clause shall be subject to adjustment under 
paragraph 6. 

(c) The amounts payable in accordance with clause 2 (b) shall be paid in 
gold coin of the present standard of weight and fineness, at the offices of the 
Commission at Toronto. Bills shall be rendered by the Commission on or 
before the 5th day and paid by the Corporation on or before the 15th day 
of each month. If any bills remain unpaid for fifteen days the Commission 
may, in addition to all other remedies and without notice, discontinue the 
supply of power to the Corporation until said bill is paid. No such discon- 
tinuance shall relieve the Corporation from the performance of the covenants, 
provisoes and conditions herein contained. All payments in arrears shall 
bear interest at the legal rate. 

(d) To pay for three-fourths of the power ordered from time to time by 
the Corporation and held in reserve for it as herein provided, whether it 
takes the same or not. When the highest average amount of power taken 
for any twenty consecutive minutes during any month exceeds during the 
twenty consecutive minutes three-fourths of the amount ordered by the Cor- 
poration and held in reserve, then the Corporation shall pay for this greater 
amount during the entire month. 

If the Corporation during any month takes more than the amount of 
power ordered and held in reserve for it, as determined by an integrated 
peak, or the highest average, for a period of twenty consecutive minutes, the 
taking of such excess shall thereafter constitute an obligation on the part of 
the Corporation to pay for, and on the part, of the Commission to hold in 
reserve, such increased quantity of power in accordance with the terms and 
conditions of this contract. 

(e) To take and use the three-phase power at all times in such "manner 
that the power factor, i.e., the ratio of the kilowatts to the kilovolt-amperes 
is a miximum, but, in any event, the Corporation shall pay for 90% of the 
maximum kilovolt-amperes considered as true power factor or kilowatts. 
The maximum in kilovolt-amperes or kilowatts shall be taken as the maxi- 
mum average or integrated demand over any ten consecutive minutes. 

(/) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard commercial apparatus 
and plant, to be approved by the Commission, and to exercise all due skill 



38 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

and diligence so as to secure satisfactory operation of the plant and apparatus 
of the Commission and of the Corporation. 

(g) To co-operate by all means in its power at all times with the Com- 
mission to increase the quantity of power required from thei Commission, 
and in all other respects to carry out the objects of this agreement, and of 
the said Act. 

3. This agreement shall remain in force for thirty (30) years from the 
date of the first delivery of power under this contract. 

4. The power shall be alternating, three-phase, having a periodicity of 
approximately 60 cycles per second, and shall be delivered as aforesaid at a 
voltage suitable for local distribution. 

5. The engineers of the Commission, or one or more of them, or any other 
person or persons appointed for this purppse iby the Commission, shall have 
the right, from time to time, during the continuance of this agreement, to 
inspect the apparatus, plant, and property of the Corporation, and take 
records at all reasonable hours. 

6. The Commission shall at least annually adjust and apportion the 
amount or amounts payable by the Municipal Corporation or Corporations 
for such power and such interest, sinking fund, cost of lost power and cost 
of generating, operating, maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring said 
works. 

7. It is hereby declared that the Commission is to be a trustee of ail 
property held by the Commission under this agreement for the Corporations 
and other Municipal Corporations supplied by the Commission, but the Com- 
mission shall be entitled to a lien upon said property for all moneys expended 
by the Commission under this agreement and not repaid. At the expiration 
of htis agreement the Commission shall determine and adjust the rights of 
the Corporations and other Municipal Corporations, supplied by the Com- 
mission, having regard to the amounts paid by them, respectively, under the 
terms of this agreement, and such other considerations as may appear equit- 
able to the Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in 
Council. 

8. If at any time any other Municipal Corporation, or pursuant to said 
Act, any railway or 1 distributing company, or any other Corporation or 
person, applies to the Commission for a supply of power, the Commission 
shall notify the applicant and the Corporation in writing, of a time and 
place to hear all representations that may be made as to the terms and con- 
ditions for such supply. 

Without discrimination in favour of the applicants as to the price to be 
paid, for equal quantities of power, the Commission may supply power upon 
such terms and conditions as may, having regard to the risk and expense 
incurred, and paid, and to be paid by the Corporation, appear equitable to 
the Commission, and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

No such application shall be granted if the said works, or any part 
thereof, are not adequate for such supply, or if the supply of the Corporation 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 39 

will be thereby injuriously affected, and no power shall be supplied within 
the limits of a Municipal Corporation taking power from the Commission at 
the time of such application, without the written consent of such Corporation. 

In determining the quantity of power supplied to a Municipal Corporation, 
the quantity supplied by the Commission within the limits of the Corpora- 
tion to any applicant, other than a Municipal Corporation, shall be computed 
as part of the quantity supplied to such Corporation, but such Corporation 
shall not be liable for payment for any portion of the power so supplied. No 
power shall be supplied by the Municipal Corporation to any railway or 
distributing company, without the written consent of the Commission, but 
the Corporation may sell power to any person or persons, or manufacturing 
companies within the limits of the Corporation, but such power shall not be 
sold for less than cost; neither shall there be any discrimination as regards 
price and quantity. 

9. If differences arise between Corporations to which the Commission is 
supplying power, the Commission may, upon application, fix a time and place 
and hear all representations that may be made by the parties, and the Com- 
mission shall, in a summary manner, when possible, adjust such differences, 
and such adjustment shall be final. The Commission shall have all the 
powers that may be conferred upon a commissioner appointed under the Act 
Respecting Enquiries Concerning Public Matters. 

10. This agreement shall extend to, be binding upon, and enure to the 
benefit of the successors and assigns of the parties hereto. 

In witness whereof the Commission and the Corporation have respectively 
affixed their Corporate Seals and the hands of their proper officers. 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION OF ONTARIO. 

A. Beck, Chairman. 
(Seal.) 

W. W. Pope, Secretary. 

MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF THE TOWN OF SMITH'S- FALLS. 

J. F. Montgomery, Mayor. 
(Seal.) 

J. A. Lewis, Clerk. 



40 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 



SCHEiDULE "I." 

This Indenture, made in duplicate the 7th day of September, in the year of 
our Lord, 1917, 

Between 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, hereinafter called the 
" Commission," party of the first part; 

and 

The Village of Beeton, located in Simcoe County, Ontario, hereinafter 
called the " Corporation," party of the second part. 

Whereas, pursuant to an Act to provide for the Transmission of Electrical 
Power to Municipalities, known as the Power Commission Act and amend- 
ments thereto, the Corporation applied to the Commission for a supply of 
power, and the Commission furnished the Corporation with estimates of the 
total cost of such power, ready for distribution within the limits of the 
Corporation (and the electors of the Corporation consented to the By-law 
No. 358 authorizing the Corporation to enter into a contract with the Com- 
mission for such power). 

1. Now, therefore, this indenture witnesseth that in consideration of the 
premises and of the agreement of the Corporation herein set forth, subject 
to the provisions of the said Act and amendments thereto, the Commission 
agrees with the Corporation: 

(a) To reserve and deliver at the earliest possible date one hundred and 
twenty-five horse power (125 h.p.) or more of electrical power to the Cor- 
poration. 

(b) At the expiration of reasonable notice in writing, which may be 
given by the Corporation from time to time during the continuance of this 
agreement, to reserve and deliver to the Corporation additional electric power 
when called .for. 

(c) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard commercial apparatus 
and plant, and to exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure satis- 
factory operation of the plant and apparatus of the Corporation. 

(cl) To deliver commercially continuous twenty-four (24) hour power 
every day in the year to the Corporation at the distribution bus bars in the 
Commission's substation within the Corporation's limits. 

2. In consideration of the premises and of the agreements herein set forth, 
the Corporation agrees with the Commission: 

(a) To use all diligence by every lawful means in its power to prepare 
for the receipt and use of the power dealt with by this agreement so as to 
be able to receive power when the Commission is ready to deliver same. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COM MISSION 41 

(b) To pay annually, interest at rate payable by the Commission upon 
the Corporation's proportionate part (based on the quantity of electrical 
energy or power taken) of all moneys expended by the Commission on capital 
account for the acquiring of properties and rights, the acquiring and con- 
struction of generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, dis- 
tributing stations and other works necessary for the delivery of said elec- 
trical energy or power to the Corporation under the terms of this contract. 

Also to pay an annual sinking fund instalment of such amount as to form 
at the end of thirty (30) years, with accrued interest, a sinking fund sufficient 
to repay the Corporation's proportionate part, based as aforesaid, of all 
moneys advanced by the Province of Ontario for the acquiring of properties 
and rights, the acquiring and construction of generating plants, transformer 
stations, transmission lines, distributing stations and other work necessary 
for the delivery of said electrical energy or power, delivered to the Corpora- 
tion under the terms of this contract. Also to pay the Corporation's pro- 
portionate part, based as aforesaid, of the cost of lost power and the cost of 
operating, maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring said generating 
plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing stations and 
other necessary works. Subject to adjustment under clause 6 of this agree- 
ment. 

(c) The accounts payable under this contract shall be paid in twelve 
monthly payments, in gold coin of the present standard of. weight and fine- 
ness, at the offices of the Commission at Toronto. Bills shall be rendered by 
the Commission on or 'before the fifth day and paid by the Corporation on or 
before the fifteenth day of each month. If any bill remains unpaid for fifteen 
days the Commission may, in addition to all other remedies and without 
notice, discontinue the supply of power to the Corporation until said bill is 
paid. No such discontinuance shall relieve the Corporation from the per- 
formance of the covenants, provisoes and conditions herein contained. All 
payments in arrears shall bear interest at the legal rate. 

id) To take electric power exclusively from the Commission during the 
continuance of this agreement. 

(e) To cooperate by all means in its power at all times with the Com- 
mission to increase the quantity of power required from the Commission, 
and in all other respects to carry out the object of this agreement and of the 
said Act. 

(/) To pay for three-fourths of the power ordered from time to time by 
the Corporation and held in reserve for it as herein provided whether it 
takes the same or not. When the highest average amount of power taken 
for any twenty (20) consecutive minutes during any month shall exceed 
during the twenty (20) consecutive minutes three-fourths of the amount 
ordered by the Corporation and held in reserve, then the Corporation shall 
pay for this greater amount during the entire month. 

(g) If the Corporation during any month takes more than the amount of 
power ordered and held in reserve for it, as determined by an integrated peak, 
or highest average, for a period of twenty (20) consecutive minutes, the 
taking of such excess shall thereafter constitute an -obligation on the part of 
the Corporation to pay for, and on the part of the Commission to hold in 
reserve, such increased quantity of power in accordance with the terms and 
conditions of this contract. 



42 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

(h) When the power factor of the highest average amount of power taken 
for said twenty (20) consecutive minutes falls below ninety per cent. (90%) 
the Corporation shall pay for ninety per cent. (90%) of the kilovolt amperes, 
providing that said ninety per cent. (90%) of said kilovolt amperes is greater 
than the maximum kilowatts for any twenty (20) minutes period during the 
month. 

(i) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard, commercial apparatus 
and plant, to be approved by the Commission. 

(;) To exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure satisfactory 
operation of the plant and apparatus of the Commission and of the Cor- 
poration. 

3. This agreement shall remain in force for thirty (30) years from date 
of the first delivery of power under this contract. 

4. The power shall be alternating, three-phase, having a periodicity of 
approximately sixty (60) cycles per second and shall be delivered at a 
voltage suitable for local distribution. 

(a) The meters with their series and potential transformers shall be 
connected at the point of delivery. 

(b) The maintenance by the Commission of approximately the agreed 
voltage at approximately the agreed frequency at the sub-station in the limits 
of the- Corporation shall constitute the supply of all power involved herein 
and the fulfilment of all operating obligations hereunder, and when voltage 
and frequency are so maintained, the amount of power, its fluctuations, load 
factor, power factor, distribution as to phases and all other electric charac- 
teristics and qualities are under the sole control of the Corporation, their 
agents, customers, apparatus, appliances and circuits. 

5. The Engineers of the Commission, or one or more of them, or any 
other person or persons appointed for this purpose by the Commission, shall 
have the right from time to time during the continuance of this agreement 
to inspect the apparatus, plant and property of the Corporation and take 
records at all reasonable hours. 

6. The Commission shall, at least annually, adjust and apportion the 
amount or amounts payable by the Municipal Corporation or Corporations 
for such power and such interest, sinking fund, cost of lost power and cost 
of generating, operating, maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring said 
works. 

If at any time any other Municipal Corporation, or pursuant to said 
Act, any railway or distributing company, or any other Corporation or 
person, applies to the Commission for a supply of power, the Commission 
shall notify the applicant and the involved Corporation or Corporations in 
writing, of a time and place to hear all representations that may be made 
as to the terms and conditions for such supply. 

Without discrimination in favour of the applicants as to the price to be 
paid, for equal quantities of power, the Commission may supply power upon 
such terms and conditions as may, having regard to the risk and expense 
incurred, and paid, and to be paid by the Corporation, appear equitable to 
the Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 43 

No such application shall be granted if the said works or any part thereof 
are not adequate for such supply, or if the supply of the Corporation will 
be thereby injuriously affected, and no power shall be supplied within the 
limits of a Municipal Corporation taking power from the Commission at the 
time such application is made, without the written consent of such Cor- 
poration. 

In determining the quantity of power supplied to a Municipal Corpora- 
tion, the quantity supplied by the Commission within the limits of the Cor- 
poration to any applicant, other than a Municipal Corporation, shall be 
computed as part of the quantity supplied to such Corporation, but such 
Corporation shall not be liable for payment for any portion of the power 
so supplied. No power shall be supplied by the Municipal Corporation to 
any railway or distributing company without the written consent of the 
Commission. Power shall not be sold for less than the cost, and there shall 
be no discrimination as regards price and quantity. 

7. It is hereby declared that the Commission is to he a trustee of all 
property held by the Commission under this agreement for the Corporation 
or Corporations supplied by the Commission, but the Commission shall be 
entitled to a lien upon said property for all moneys expended by the Com- 
mission under this agreement and not repaid. At the expiration of this 
agreement the Commission shall determine and adjust the rights of the 
Corporation and any other (if any) supplied by the Commission, having 
regard to the amounts paid by them respectively under' the terms of this 
agreement, and such other considerations as may appear equitable to the 
Commission and are approved hy the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

8. If differences arise between Corporations to which the Commission is 
supplying power, the Commission may, upon application, fix a time and 
place and hear all representations that may be made by the parties, and 
the Commission shall, in a summary manner, when possible, adjust such 
differences, and such adjustment shall be final. The Commission shall have 
all the powers that may be conferred upon a Commission or appointed under 
the Act Respecting Enquiries Concerning Public Matters. 

l 

9. This agreement shall extend to, be binding upon, and enure to the 

benefit of the successors and assigns of the parties hereto. 

In witness whereof the Commission and the Corporation have respectively 
affixed their corporate seals and the hands of their proper officers. 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION OF ONTARIO. 

A. Beck, Chairman. 
(Seal.) 

W. W. Pope, Secretary. 

VILLAGE OF BEETON. 

W. T. Stewart, Reeve. 
(Seal.) 

Joseph Wright, Clerk. 



44 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 



SCHEDULE: "J." 

This Indenture, made in duplicate the 14th day of September, in the year of 
our Lord, one thousand nine hundred and seventeen (1917), 

Between 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, hereinafter called 
the "Commission," party of the first part; 

and 

The Municipal Corporation of the Village of Bloomfield, hereinafter 
called the " Corporation," party of the second part. 

Whereas the Corporation, under the provisions of The Power Commis- 
sion Act and amendments thereto, Revised Statutes of Ontario, Chapter 39, 
has applied to the Commission for a supply of power and has passed a By-law 
No. 265, passed the 30th day of July, 1915, to authorize the execution of an 
agreement therefor. 

Now therefore this indenture witnesseth that in consideration of the 
premises and of the agreement of the Corporation herein set forth, subject 
to the provisions of the said Act and amendments thereto, the parties hereto 
agree each with the other as follows: 

1. The Commission agrees: — 

(a) To reserve and deliver at the earliest possible date fifty (50) horse- 
power, or more, of electrical power to the Corporation. 

(6) At the expiration of reasonable notice, in writing, which may be 
given by the Corporation from time to time during the continuance of this 
agreement, to reserve and deliver to the Corporation additional electric 
power when called for. 

(c) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard commercial apparatus 
and plant, and to exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure satis- 
factory operation of the plant and apparatus of the Corporation. 

(d) To deliver commercially continuous twenty-four (24) hour power 
every day in the year to the Corporation at the distribution bus bars in the 
Commission's sub-station within the Corporation's limits. 

2. The Corporation agrees: — 

(a) To use all diligence by every lawful means in its power to prepare 
for the receipt and use of the power dealt with by this agreement so as to be 
able to receive power when the Commission is ready to deliver same. 

(b) To pay annually in twelve (12) equal monthly instalments interest 
upon its proportionate part (based on the quantity of electrical energy or 
power taken) of all moneys expended by the Commission on capital account 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 45 

for the acquiring of properties and rights, the acquiring and construction of 
generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing 
stations, and other works necessary for the delivery of said electrical energy 
or power to the Corporation under the terms of this contract. 

To pay an annual sum for its proportionate part of all moneys expended 
by the Commission on capital account for the acquiring of the said prop- 
erties and rights, and the cost of the said construction, so as to form in 
thirty (30) years a sinking fund for the retirement of securities issued by 
the Province of Ontario. 

Also to bear its proportionate part of the line loss and pay its propor- 
tionate part of the cost to operate, maintain, repair, renew, and insure the 
said generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing 
stations, and other necessary works. 

All payments under this clause shall be subject to adjustment under 
paragraph 6. 

(c) The amounts payable in accordance with clause 2 (&) shall be paid 
in gold coin of the present standard of weight and fineness, at the offices 
of the Commission at Toronto. Bills shall be rendered by the Commission 
on or before the 5th day and paid by the Corporation on or before the 15th 
day of each month. If any bills remain unpaid for fifteen days the Com- 
mission may, in addition to all other remedies and without notice, discon- 
tinue the supply of power to the Corporation until said bill is paid. No such 
discontinuance shall relieve the Corporation from the performance of the 
covenants, provisoes and conditions herein contained. All payments in 
arrears shall bear interest at the legal rate. 

(d) To take electric power exclusively from the Commission during the 
continuance of this agreement. 

(c) To pay for three-fourths of the power ordered from time to time by 
the Corporation and held in reserve for it as herein provided whether it 
takes the same or not. When the highest average amount of power taken 
for any twenty consecutive minutes during any month exceeds during the 
twenty consecutive minutes three-fourths of the amount ordered by the 
Corporation and held in reserve, then the Corporation shall pay for this 
greater amount during the entire month. 

If the Corporation during any month takes more than the amount of 
power ordered and held in reserve for it, as determined by an integrated peak, 
or the highest average, for a period of twenty consecutive minutes, the 
taking of such excess shall thereafter constitute an obligation on the part of 
the Corporation to pay for, and on the part of the Commission to hold in 
reserve, such increased quantity of power in accordance with the terms and 
conditions of this contract. 

When the power factor of the highest average amount of power: taken 
for said twenty consecutive minutes falls below 90 per cent., the Corporation 
shall pay for 90 per cent, of the kilovolt amperes, provided that the said 
ninety per cent. (90%) of said kilovolt amperes is greater than the maximum 
kilowatts for any twenty (20) minute period during the month. 



46 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

(/) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard commercial apparatus 
and plant, to be approved by the Commission, and to exercise all due skill 
and diligence so as to secure satisfactory operation of the plant and apparatus 
of the Commission and of the Corporation. 

(g) To co-operate by all means in its power at all times with the Com- 
mission to increase the quantity of power required from the Commission, 
and in all other respects to carry out the objects of this agreement, and of the 
said Act. 

3. This agreement shall remain in force for thirty (30) years from date 
of the first delivery of power under this contract. 

4. The power shall be alternating, three-phase, having a periodicity of 
of approximately 60 cycles per second, and shall be delivered as aforesaid 
at a voltage suitable for local distribution. 

5. The Engineers of the Commission, or one or more of them, or any 
other person or persons appointed for this purpose by the Commission, shall 
have the right from time to time during the continuance of this agreement 
to inspect the apparatus, plant and property of the Corporation and take 
records at all reasonable hours. 

6. The Commission shall, at least annually, adjust and apportion the 
amount or amounts payable by the Municipal Corporation or Corporations 
for such power and such interest, sinking fund, cost of lost power and cost 
of generating, operating, maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring said 
works. 

7. It is hereby declared that the Commission is to be a trustee of all 
property held by the Commission under this agreement for the Corporations 
and other Municipal Corporations supplied by the Commission, but the Com- 
mission shall be entitled to a lien upon said property for all moneys expended 
by the Commission under this agreement and not repaid. At the expiration 
of this agreement the Commission shall determine and adjust the rights of 
the Corporations and other Municipal Corporations, supplied by the Com- 
mission, having regard to the amounts paid by them, respectively, under the 
terms of this agreement, and such other considerations as may appear equit- 
able to the Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in 
Council. 

8. If at any time any other Municipal Corporation, or pursuant to said 
Act, any railway or distributing company, or any other Corporation or 
person, applies to the Commission for a supply of power, the Commission 
shall notify the applicant and the Corporation, in writing, of a time and 
place to hear all representations that may be made as to the terms and con- 
ditions for such supply. 

Without discrimination in favour of the applicants as to the price to be 
paid, for equal quantities of power, the Commission may supply power upon 
such terms and conditions as may, having regard to the risk and expense 
incurred, and paid, and to be paid by the Corporation, appear equitable to the 
Commission, and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 47 

No such application shall be granted if the said works or any part thereof 
are not adequate for such supply, or if the supply of the Corporation will 
be thereby injuriously affected, and no power shall be supplied within the 
limits of a Municipal Corporation taking power from the Commission at the 
time such application is made, without the written consent of such Cor- 
poration. 

In determining the quantity of power supplied to a Municipal Corpora- 
tion, the quantity supplied by the Commission within the limits of the Cor- 
poration to any applicant, other than a Municipal Corporation, shall be 
computed as part of the quantity supplied to such Corporation, but such 
Corporation shall not be liable for payment for any portion of the power 
so supplied. No power shall be supplied by the Municipal Corporation to 
any railway or distributing company without the written consent of the 
Commission, but the Corporation may sell power to any person or persons, 
or manufacturing companies within the limits of the Corporation, but such 
power shall not be sold for less than cost; neither shall there be any dis- 
crimination as regards price and quantity. 

9. If differences arise .between Corporations to which the Commission is 
supplying power, the Commission may, upon application, fix a time and 
place and hear all representations that m<ay be made by the parties, and 
the Commission shall, in a summary manner, when possible, adjust such 
differences, and such adjustment shall be final. The Commission shall have 
all the powers that may be conferred upon a commissioner appointed under 
the Act respecting Enquiries concerning Public Matters. 

10. This agreement shall extend to, be binding upon, and enure to the 
benefit of the successors and assigns of the parties hereto. 

In witness whereof the Commission and the Corporation have respectively 
affixed their corporate seals and the hands of their proper officers. 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION OF ONTARIO. 

A. Beck, Chairman. 
( Seal. ) 

W. W. Pope, Secretary. 

.MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF THE VILLAGE OF BLOOMFIELD. 

S. Edgar Masten, Reeve. 
(Seal.) 

Charles H. Taylor, Clerk. 



48 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 



SCHEDULE! "K." 

This indenture made in duplicate the 8th day of December, in the year of 
our Lord 1917. 

Between 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, hereinafter called 
the "Commission," party of the first part; 

and 

The Town of Bradford, located in Simcoe County, Ontario, hereinafter 
called the " Corporation," party of the second part. 

Whereas pursuant to an Act to provide for the Transmission of Electrical 
Power to Municipalities, known as the Power Commission Act and amend- 
ments thereto, the Corporation applied to the Commission for a supply of 
power, and the Commission furnished the Corporation with estimates of 
the total cost of such power, ready for distribution within the limits of the 
Corporation (and the electors of the Corporation consented to the By-laws 
authorizing the Corporation to enter into a contract with the Commission 
for such power). 

1. Now therefore this indenture witnesseth that in consideration of the 
premises and of the agreement of the Corporation herein set forth, subject 
to the provisions of the said Act and Amendments thereto, the Commission 
agrees with the Corporation: 

(a) To reserve and deliver at the earliest possible date two hundred 
horse-power (200 h.p.) or more of electrical power to the Corporation. 

(&) At the expiration of reasonable notice in writing, which may be 
given by the Corporation from time to time during the continuance of this 
agreement, to reserve and deliver to the Corporation additional electric 
power when called for. 

(c) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard commercial apparatus 
and plant, and to exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure satis- 
factory operation of the plant and apparatus of the Corporation. 

(d) To deliver commercially continuous twenty-four (24) hour power 
every day in the year to the Corporation at the distribution ibus bars in the 
Commission's sub-station within the Corporation's limits. 

2. In consideration of the premises and of the agreements herein set 
forth, the Corporation agrees with the Commission: 

(a) To use all diligence by every lawful means in its power to prepare 
for the receipt and use of the power dealt with by this agreement so as to be 
able to receive power when the Commission is ready to deliver same. 

(&) To pay annually, interest at rate payable by the Commission upon 
the Corporation's proportionate part (based on the quantity of electrical 
energy or power taken), of all moneys expended by the Commission on 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 49 

capital account for the acquiring of properties and rights, the acquiring and 
construction of generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, 
distributing stations and other works necessary for the delivery of said 
electrical energy or power to the Corporation under the terms of this 
contract. 

Also to pay an annual sinking fund instalment; of such amount as to 
form at the end of thirty (30) years, with accrued interest, a sinking fund 
sufficient to repay the Corporation's proportionate part, based as aforesaid, 
of all moneys advanced by the Province of Ontario for the acquiring of 
properties and rights, the acquiring and construction of generating plants, 
transformer stations transmission lines, distributing stations and other work 
necessary for the delivery of said electrical energy or power, delivered to the 
Corporation under the terms of this contract. Also to pay the Corporation's 
proportionate part, based as aforesaid, of the cost of lost power and of the 
cost of operating, maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring said gener- 
ating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing stations 
and other necessary works. Subject to adjustment under Clause 6 of this 
agreement. 

(c) The amounts payable under this contract shall be paid in twelve 
monthly payments, in gold coin of the present standard of weight and fine- 
ness, at the offices of the Commission at Toronto. Bills shall be rendered by 
the Commission on or before the fifth day and paid by the Corporation on 
or before the fifteenth day of each month. If any bill remains unpaid for 
fifteen days the Commission may, in addition to all other remedies and 
without notice, discontinue the supply of power to the Corporation until 
said bill is paid. No such discontinuance shall relieve the Corporation from 
the performance of the covenants, provisoes and conditions herein contained. 
All payments in arrears shall bear interest at the legal rate. 

(d) To take electric power exclusively from the Commission during the 
continuance of this agreement. 

(e) To co-operate by all means in its power at all times with the Com- 
mission to increase the quantity of power required from the Commission, 
and in all other respects to carry out the object of this agreement and of the 
said Act. 

(/) To pay for three fourths of the .power ordered from time to time by 
the Corporation and held in reserve fori it as herein provided whether it 
takes the same or not. When the highest average amount of power taken 
for any twenty (20) consecutive minutes during any month shall exceed 
during the twenty (20) consecutive minutes three-fourths of the amount 
ordered by the Corporation and held in reserve, then the Corporation shall 
pay for this greater amount during the entire month. 

(g) If the Corporation during any month takes more than the amount of 
power ordered and held in reserve for it, as determined by an integrated peak, 
or highest average, for a period of twenty (20)' consecutive minutes, the 
taking of such excess shall thereafter constitute an obligation on the part of 
the Corporation to pay for, and on the part of the Commission to hold in 
reserve, such increased quantity of power in accordance with the terms and 
conditions of this contract. 



50 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

(ft) When the power factor of the highest average amount of power taken 
for said twenty (20) consecutive minutes falls below ninety per cent. (90%) 
the Corporation shall pay for ninety per cent. (90%) of the kilovolt amperes, 
providing that said ninety per cent. (90%) of said kilovolt amperes is greater 
than the maximum kilowatts for any twenty (20) minute period during the 
month. 

(i) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard, commercial apparatus 
and plant, to be approved by the Commission. 

0") To exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure satisfactory 
operation of the plant and apparatus of the Commission and of the Cor- 
poration. 

3. This agreement shall remain in force for thirty (30) years from date 
of the first delivery of power under this contract. 

4. The power shall be alternating, three-phase, having a periodicity of 
approximately sixty (60) cycles per second and shall be delivered at a 
voltage suitable for local distribution. 

(a) The meters with their series and potential transformers shall be 
connected at the point of delivery. 

(&) The maintenance by the Commission of approximately the agreed 
voltage at approximately the agreed frequency at the sub-station in the limits 
of the Corporation shall constitute the supply of all power involved herein 
and the fulfilment of all operating obligations hereunder, and when voltage 
and frequency are so maintained, the amount of power, its fluctuations, load 
factor, power factor, distribution as to phases and all other electric charac- 
teristics and qualities are under the sole control of the Corporation, their 
agents, customers, apparatus, appliances and circuits. 

5. The Engineers of the Commission, or one or more of them, or any 
other person or persons appointed for this purpose by the Commission, shall 
have the right from time to time during the continuance of this agreement 
to inspect the apparatus, plant and property of the Corporation and take 
records at all reasonable hours. 

6. The Commission shall, at least annually, adjust and apportion the 
amount or amounts payable by the Municipal Corporation or Corporations 
for such power and such interest, sinking fund, cost of lost power and cost 
of generating, operating, maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring said 
works. 

If at any time any other Municipal Corporation, or pursuant to said 
Act, any railway or distributing company, or any other Corporation or 
person, applies to the Commission for a supply of power, the Commission 
shall notify the applicant and the involved Corporation or Corporations in 
writing, of a time and place to hear all representations that may be made 
as to the terms and conditions for such supply. 

Without discrimination in favour of the applicants as to the price to be 
paid, for equal quantities of power, the Commission may supply power upon 
such terms and conditions as may, having regard to the risk and expense 
incurred, and paid, and to be paid by the Corporation, appear equitable to 
the Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 51 

No such application shall be granted if the said works or any part thereof 
are not adequate for such supply, or if the supply of the Corporation will 
he thereby injuriously affected, and no power shall be supplied within the 
limits of a Municipal Corporation taking power from the Commission at the 
time such application is made, without the written consent of such Cor- 
poration. 

In determining the quantity of power supplied to a Municipal Corpora- 
tion, the quantity supplied by the Commission within the limits of the Cor- 
poration to any applicant, other than a Municipal Corporation, shall be 
computed as part of the quantity supplied to such Corporation, but such 
Corporation shall not be liable for payment for any portion of the power 
so supplied. No power shall be supplied by the Municipal Corporation to 
any railway or distributing company without the written consent of the 
Commission. Power shall not be sold for less than the cost, and there shall 
be no discrimination as regards price and quantity. 

7. It is hereby declared that the Commission is to be a trustee of all 
property held by the Commission under this agreement for the Corporation 
or Corporations supplied by the Commission, but the Commission shall be 
entitled to a lien upon said property for all moneys expended by the Com- 
mission under this agreement and not repaid. At the expiration of this 
agreement the Commission shall determine and adjust the rights of the 
Corporation and any other (if any) supplied by the Commission, having 
regard to the amounts paid by them respectively under the terms of this 
agreement, and such other considerations as may appear equitable to the 
Commission and are approved hy the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

8. If differences arise between Corporations to which the Commission is 
supplying power, the Commission may, upon application, fix a time and 
place and hear all representations that may be made by the parties, and 
the Commission shall, in a summary manner, when possible, adjust such 
differences, and such adjustment shall be final. The Commission shall have 
all the powers that may be conferred upon a Commission or appointed under 
the Act respecting Enquiries concerning Public Matters. 

9. This agreement shall extend to, be binding upon, and enure to the 
benefit of the successors and assigns of the parties hereto. 

In witness whereof the Commission and the Corporation have respectively 
affixed their corporate seals and the hands of their proper officers. 



HYDRO-ELEiCTRIC POWER COMMISSION OF ONTARIO. 

A. Beck, Chairman. 
( Seal. ) 

W. W. Pope, Secretary. 

TOWN OF BRADFORD. 

A. E. Scanlon, Mayor. 
(Seal.) 

Geo. G. Green, Clerk. . 



52 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 



SCHEDULE "L." 

This Indenture made in duplicate the 10th day of September in the year of 
our Lord 1917. 

Between 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, herinafter called the 
" Commission," party of the first part; 

and 

The Police Village of Cookstown, located in Innisfil, Essa, Tecumseh and 
West Grwillimbury Townships, Simcoe County, Ontario, hereinafter called 
the " Corporation," party of the second part. 

Whereas, pursuant to an Act to provide for the transmission of electrical 
power to municipalities, known as the Power Commission Act and amend- 
ments thereto, the Corporation applied to the Commission for a supply of 
power, and the Commission furnished the Corporation with estimates of the 
total cost of such power, ready for distribution within the limits of the 
Corporation (and the electors of the Corporation consented to the By-law 
No. 21, authorizing the Corporation to enter into a contract with the Com- 
mission for such power). 

1. Now, therefore, this indenture witnesseth that in consideration of the 
premises and of the agreement of the Corporation herein set forth subject 
to the provisions of the said Act and amendments thereto, the Commission 
agrees with the Corporation: 

(a) To reserve and deliver at the earliest possible date, seventy-five horse- 
power (75 h.p.) or more of electrical power to the Corporation. 

(&) At the expiration of reasonable notice in writing which may be 
given by the Corporation from time to time during the continuance of this 
agreement, to reserve and deliver to the Corporation additional electric power 
when called for. 

(c) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard, commercial appar- 
atus and plant, and to exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure 
satisfactory operation of the plant and apparatus of the Corporation. 

• (d) To deliver commercially continuous twenty-four (24) hour power 
every day in the year to the Corporation at the distribution bus bars in the 
Commission's sub-station within the Corporation's limits. 

2. In consideration of the premises and of the agreements herein set forth, 
the Corporation agrees with the Commission: 

(a) To use all diligence by every lawful means in its power to prepare 
for the receipt and use of the power dealt with by this agreement so as to 
be able to receive power when the Commission is ready to deliver same. 

(&) To pay annually, interest at rate payable by the Commission upon 
the Corporation's proportionate part (based on the quantity of electrical 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 53 

energy or power taken) of all moneys expended by the Commission on 
capital account for the acquiring of properties and rights, the acquiring and 
construction of generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, 
.distributing stations and other works necessary for the delivery of said 
electrical energy or power to the Corporation under the terms of this contract. 

Also to pay an annual sinking fund instalment of such amount as to 
form at the end of thirty (30) years, with accrued interest, a sinking fund 
sufficient to repay the Corporation's proportionate part, based as aforesaid, 
of all moneys advanced by the Province of Ontario for the acquiring of 
properties and rights, the acquiring and construction of generating plants, 
transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing stations and other 
work necessary for the delivery of said electrical energy or power, delivered 
to the Corporation under the terms of this contract. Also to pay the Cor- 
poration's proportionate part, based as aforesaid, of the cost of lost power 
and of the cost of operating, maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring 
said generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, distributiug 
stations and other necessary works. Subject to adjustment under clause 6 
of this agreement. 

(c) The amounts payable under this contract shall be paid in twelve 
monthly payments, in gold coin of the present standard of weight and fine- 
ness, at the offices of the Commission at Toronto. Bills shall be rendered 
by the Commission on or befere the fifth day and paid by the Corporation 
on or before the fifteenth day of each month. If any bill remains unpaid 
for fifteen days the Commission may, in addition to all other remedies and 
without notice, discontinue the supply of power to the Corporation until 
said bill is paid. No such discontinuance shall relieve the Corporation from 
the performance of the covenants, provisoes and conditions herein contained. 
All payments in arrears shall bear interest at the legal rate. 

(d) To take electric power exclusively from the Commission during the 
continuance of this agreement. 

(e) To co-operate by all means in its power at all times with the Com- 
mission to increase the quantity of power required from the Commission, 
and in all other respects to carry out the objects of this agreement and of 
the said Act. 

(/) To pay for three-fourths of the power ordered from time to time 
by the Corporation and held in reserve for it as herein provided whether it 
takes the same or not. When the highest average amount of power taken 
for any twenty (20) consecutive minutes during any month shall exceed 
during the twenty (20) consecutive minutes three-fourths of the amount 
ordered by the Corporation and held in reserve, then the Corporation shall 
pay for this greater amount during the entire month. 

(g) If the Corporation during any month takes more than the amount 
of power ordered and held in reserve for it, as determined by an integrated 
peak, or highest average, for a period of twenty (20) consecutive minutes, 
the taking of such excess shall thereafter constitute an obligation on the 
part of the Corporation to pay for, and on the part of the Commission to 
hold in reserve, such increased quantity of power in accordance with the 
terms and conditions of this contract. 



54 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No 49 

(7i) When the power factor of the highest average amount of power taken 
for said twenty (20) consecutive minutes falls below ninety per cent. (90%) 
the Corporation shall pay for ninety per cent. (90%) of the kilovolt amperes, 
providing that said ninety per cent. (90%) of said kilovolt amperes is greater 
than the maximum kilowatts for any twenty (20) minute period during the 
month. 

(i) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard, commercial apparatus 
and plant, to be approved by the Commission. 

0') To exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure satisfactory 
operation of the plant and apparatus of the Commission and of the Cor- 
poration. 

3. This agreement shall remain in force for thirty (30) years from the 
date of the first delivery of power under this contract. 

4. The power shall be alternating, three-phase, having a periodicity of 
approximately sixty (60) cycles per second, and shall be delivered at a 
voltage suitable for local distribution. 

(a) The meters, with their series and potential transformers shall be 
connected at the point of delivery. 

(&) The maintenance by the Commission of approximately the agreed 
voltage at approximately the agreed frequency at the sub-station in the limits 
of the Corporation shall constitute the supply of all power involved herein 
and the fulfilment of all operating obligations hereunder, and when voltage 
and frequency are so maintained, the amount of power, its fluctuations, load 
factor, power factor, distribution as to phases and ail other electric charac- 
teristics and qualities, are under the sole control of the Corporation, their 
agents, customers, apparatus, appliances and circuits. 

5. The Engineers of the Commission, or one or more of them, or any 
other person or persons appointed for this purpose by the Commission, shall 
have the right from time to time during the continuance of this agreement 
to inspect the apparatus, plant and property of the Corporation and take 
records at all reasonable hours. 

6. The Commission shall, at least annually, adjust and apportion the 
amount or amounts payable by the Municipal Corporation or Corporations 
for such power and such interest, sinking fund, cost of lost power and cost 
of generating, operating, maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring said 
works. 

If at any time any other Municipal Corporation, or pursuant to said Act, 
any railway or distributing company, or any other Corporation or person, 
applies to the Commission for a supply of power, the Commission shall 
notify the applicant and the involved Corporation or Corporations in writing 
of a time and place to hear all representations that may be made as to the 
terms and conditions for such supply. 

Without discrimination in favour of the applicants as to the price to be 
paid for equal quantities of power, the Commission may supply power upon 
such terms and conditions as may, having regard to the risk and expense 
incurred, and paid, and to be paid by the Corporation, appear equitable to 
the Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 55 

No such application shall be granted if the said works or any part thereof 
are not adequate for such supply, or if the supply of the Corporation will be 
thereby injuriously affected, and no power shall be supplied within the limits 
of a Municipal Corporation taking power from the Commission at the time 
such application is made, without the written consent of such Corporation. 

In determining the quantity of power supplied to a Municipal Corpora- 
tion, the quantity supplied by the Commission within the limits of the Cor- 
poration to any applicant, other than a Municipal Corporation, shall be com- 
puted as part of the quantity supplied to such Corporation, but such Cor- 
poration shall not be liable for payment for any portion of the power so 
supplied. No power shall be supplied by the Municipal Corporation to any 
railway or distributing company without the written consent of the Com- 
mission. Power shall not be sold for less than the cost, and there shall be 
no discrimination as regards price and quantity. 

7. It is hereby declared that the Commission is to be a trustee of all 
property held by the Commission under this agreement for the Corporation 
or Corporations supplied by the Commission, but the Commission shall be 
entitled to a lien upon said property for all moneys expended by the Com- 
mission under this agreement and not repaid. At the expiration of this 
agreement the Commission shall determine and adjust the rights of the 
Corporation and any other (if any) supplied by the Commission, having 
regard to the amounts paid by them respectively under the terms of this 
agreement, and such other considerations as may appear equitable to the 
Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

8. If differences arise between Corporations to which the Commission 
is supplying power, the Commission may, upon application, fix a time and 
place and hear all representations that may be made >by the parties, and the 
Commission shall, in a summary manner when possible, adjust such differ- 
ences, and such adjustment shall be final. The Commission shall have all 
the powers that may be conferred upon a Commissioner appointed under the 
Act respecting Enquiries concerning Public Matters. 

9. This agreement shall extend to, be binding upon, and enure to the 
benefit of the successors and assigns of the parties hereto. 

In witness whereof the Commission and the Corporation have respectively 
affixed their corporate seals and the hands of their proper officers. 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION OF ONTARIO. 

A. Beck, Chairman. 
(Seal.) 

W. W. Pope, Secretary. 

THE POLICE VILLAGE OP COOKSTOWN. 

H. L. Dunning. 

P. H. Robinson. 
(Seal.) 

C. H. Campbell. 

5 H. (i) 



56 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 



SCHEDULE "M." 

This indenture made in duplicate the 16th day of October, in the year of 
our Lord 1917. 

Between 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, herinafter called the 
" Commission," party of the first part; 

and 

The Village of Tottenham, located in Simcoe County, Ontario, hereinafter 
called the " Corporation," party of the second part. 

Whereas, pursuant to an Act to provide for the transmission of electrical 
power to municipalities, known as the Power Commission Act and amend- 
ments thereto, the Corporation applied to the Commission for a supply of 
power, and the Commission furnished the Corporation with estimates of the 
total cost of such power, ready for distribution within the limits of the 
Corporation (and the electors of the Corporation consented to By-law No 258, 
authorizing the Corporation to enter into a contract with the Commission 
for such power) : 

1. Now, therefore, this indenture witnesseth that in consideration of the 
premises and of the agreement of the Corporation herein set forth subject 
to the provisions of the said Act and amendments thereto, the Commission 
agrees with the Corporation: 

(a) To reserve and deliver at the earliest possible date one hundred and 
twenty-five horse-power (125 h.p.) or more of electrical power to the Cor- 
poration. 

(b) At the expiration of reasonable notice m writing which may be 
given by the Corporation from time to time during the continuance of this 
agreement, to reserve and deliver to the Corporation additional electric power 
when called for. 

(c) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard, commercial appar- 
atus and plant, and to exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure 
satisfactory operation of the plant and apparatus of the Corporation. 

(d) To deliver commercially continuous twenty-four (24) hour power 
every day in the year to the Corporation at the distribution bus bars in the 
Commission's sub-station within the Corporation's limits. 

2. In consideration of the premises and of the areements herein set forth, 
the Corporation agrees with the Commission: 

(a) To use all diligence by every lawful means in its power to prepare 
for the receipt and use of the power dealt with by this agreement so as to 
be able to receive power when the Commission is ready to deliver same. 

(&) To pay annually, interest at rate payable by the Commission upon 
the Corporation's proportionate part (based on the quantity of electrical 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 57 

energy or power taken) of all moneys expended by the Commission on 
capital account for the acquiring of properties and rights, the acquiring and 
construction of generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, 
distributing stations and other works necessary for the delivery of said 
electrical energy or power to the Corporation under the terms of this contract. 

Also to pay an annual sinking fund instalment of such amount as to 
form at the end of thirty (30) years, with accrued interest, a sinking fund 
sufficient to repay the Corporation's proportionate part, based as aforesaid, 
of all moneys advanced by the Province of Ontario for the acquiring of 
properties and rights, the acquiring and construction of generating plants, 
transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing stations and other 
work necessary for the delivery of said electrical energy or power, delivered 
to the Corporation under the terms of this contract. Also to pay the Cor- 
poration's proportionate part, based as aforesaid, of the cost of lost power 
and of the cost of operating, maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring 
said generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing 
stations and other necessary works. Subject to adjustment under clause 6 
of this agreement. 

(c) The amounts payable under this contract shall be paid in twelve 
monthly payments, in gold coin of the present standard of weight and fine- 
ness, at the offices of the Commission at Toronto. Bills shall be rendered 
by the Commission on or before the fifth day and paid by the Corporation 
on or before the fifteenth day of each month. If any bill remains unpaid 
for fifteen days the Commission may, in addition to all other remedies and 
without notice, discontinue the supply of power to the Corporation until 
said bill is paid. No such discontinuance shall relieve the Corporation from 
the performance of the covenants, provisoes and conditions herein contained. 
All payments in arrears shall bear interest at the legal rate. i 

(d) To take electric power exclusively from the Commission during the 
continuance of this agreement. 

(e) To co-operate by all means in its power at all times with the Com- 
mission to increase the quantity of power required from the Commission, 
and in all other respects to carry out the objects of this agreement and of 
the said Act. 

(/) To pay for three-fourths of the power ordered from time to time 
by the Corporation and held in reserve for it as herein provided whether it 
takes the same or not. When the highest average amount of power taken 
for any twenty (20) consecutive minutes during any month shall exceed 
during the twenty (20) consecutive minutes three-fourths of the amount 
ordered by the Corporation and held in reserve, then the Corporation shall 
pay for this greater amount during the entire month. 

(g) If the Corporation during any month takes more than the amount 
of power ordered and held in reserve for it, as determined by an integrated 
peak, or highest average, for a period of twenty (20) consecutive minutes, 
the taking of such excess shall thereafter constitute an obligation on the 
part of the Corporation to pay for, and on the part of the Commission to 
hold in reserve, such increased quantity of power in accordance with the 
terms and conditions of this contract. 



58 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

(7i) When the power factor of the highest average amount of power taken 
for said twenty (20) consecutive minutes falls below ninety per cent. (90%) 
the Corporation shall pay for ninety per cent. (90%) of the kilovolt amperes, 
providing that said ninety per cent. (90%) of said kilovolt amperes is greater 
than the maximum kilowatts for any twenty (20) minute period during the 
month. 

(i) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard, commercial apparatus 
and plant, to be approved by the Commission. 

(/) To exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure satisfactory 
operation of the plant and apparatus of the Commission and of the Cor- 
poration. 

3. This agreement shall remain in force for thirty (30) years from the 
date of the first delivery of power under this contract. 

4. The power shall be alternating, three-phase, having a periodicity of 
approximately sixty (60) cycles per second, and shall be delivered at a 
voltage suitable for local distribution. 

(a) The meters, with their series and potential transformers shall be 
connected at the point of delivery. 

(&) The maintenance by the Commission of approximately the agreed 
voltage at approximately the agreed frequency at the sub-station in the limits 
of the Corporation shall constitute the supply of all power involved herein 
and the fulfilment of all operating obligations hereunder, and when voltage 
and frequency are so maintained, the amount of power, its fluctuations, load 
factor, power factor, distribution as to phases and all other electric charac- 
teristics and qualities, are under the sole control of the Corporation, their 
agents, customers, apparatus, appliances and circuits. 

5. The Engineers of the Commission, or one or more of them, or any 
other person or persons appointed for this purpose by the Commission, shall 
have the right from time to time during the continuance of this agreement 
to inspect the apparatus, plant and property of the Corporation and take 
records at all reasonable hours. 

6. The Commission shall, at least annually, adjust and apportion the 
amount or amounts payable by the Municipal Corporation or Corporations 
for such power and such interest, sinking fund, cost of lost power and cost 
of generating, operating, maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring said 
works. 

If at any time any other Municipal Corporation, or pursuant to said Act, 
any railway or distributing company, or any other Corporation or person, 
applies to the Commission for a supply of power, the Commission shall 
notify the applicant and the involved Corporation or Corporations in writing 
of a time and place to hear all representations that may be made as to the 
terms and conditions for such supply. 

Without discrimination in favour of the applicants as to the price to be 
paid for equal quantities of power, the Commission may supply power upon 
such terms and conditions as may, having regard to the risk and expense 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 59 

incurred, and paid, and to be paid by the Corporation, appear equitable to 
the Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

No such application shall be granted if the said works or any part thereof 
are not adequate for such supply, or if the supply of the Corporation will be 
thereby injuriously affected, and no power shall be supplied within the limits 
of a Municipal Corporation taking power from the Commission at the time 
such application is made, without the written consent of such Corporation. 

In determining the quantity of power supplied to a Municipal Corpora- 
tion, the quantity supplied by the Commission within the limits of the Cor- 
poration to any applicant, other than a Municipal Corporation, shall be com- 
puted as part of the quantity supplied to such Corporation, but such Cor- 
poration shall not be liable for payment for any portion of the power so 
supplied. No power shall be supplied by the Municipal Corporation to any 
railway or distributing company without the written consent of the Com- 
mission. Power shall not be sold for less than the cost, and there shall be 
no discrimination as regards price and quantity. 

7. It is hereby declared that the Commission is to be a trustee of all 
property held by the Commission under this agreement for the Corporation 
or Corporations supplied by the Commission, but the Commission shall be 
entitled to a lien upon said property for all moneys expended by the Com- 
mission under this agreement and not repaid. At the expiration of this 
agreement the Commission shall determine and adjust the rights of the 
Corporation and any other (if any) supplied by the Commission, having 
regard to the amounts paid by them respectively under the terms of this 
agreement, and such other considerations as may appear equitable to the 
Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

8. If differences arise between Corporations to which the Commission 
is supplying power, the Commission may, upon application, fix a time and 
place and hear all representations that may be made by the parties, and the 
Commission shall, in a summary manner when possible, adjust such differ- 
ences, and such adjustment shall be final. The Commission shall have all 
the powers that may be conferred upon a Commissioner appointed under the 
Act respecting Enquiries concerning Public Matters. 

9. This agreement shall extend to, be binding upon, and enure to the 
benefit of the successors and assigns of the parties hereto. 

In witness whereof the Commission and the Corporation have respectively 
affixed their corporate seals and the hands of their proper officers. 

HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION OF ONTARIO. 

A. Beck, Chairman. 
(Seal.) 

W. W. Pope, Secretary. 

VILLAGE OF TOTTENHAM. 

John McCabe, Clerk. 
(Seal.) 

James McKnight, Reeve. 



60 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 



SCHEDULE " N." 

This indenture, made in duplicate the 13th day of September, in the year of 
our Lord one thousand nine hundred and seventeen (1917). 

Between: 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, hereinafter called 
the " Commission," party of the first part; 

and 

The Municipal Corporation of the Village of Wellington, hereinafter 
called the " Corporation," party of the second part. 

Whereas the Corporation, under the provisions of The Power Commission 
Act and amendments thereto, Revised Statutes of Ontario, chapter 39, has 
applied to the Commission for a supply of power and has passed a By-law 
No. 265, passed the 30th day of July, 1915, to authorize the execution of an 
agreement therefor. 

Now, therefore, this indenture witnesseth that in consideration of the 
premises and of the agreement of the Corporation herein set forth, subject 
to the provisions of the said Act and amendments thereto, the parties hereto 
agree each with the other as follows: 

1. The Commission agrees: 

(a) To reserve and deliver a the earliest possible date seventy-five (75) 
horse-power, or more, of electrical power to the Corporation. 

(b) At the expiration of reasonable notice, in writing, which may be 
given by the Corporation from time to time during the continuance of this 
agreement, to reserve and deliver to the Corporation additional electric power 
when called for. 

(c) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard, commercial appar- 
atus and plant, and to exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure 
satisfactory operation of the plant and apparatus of the Corporation. 

(d) To deliver commercially continuous twenty-four (24) hour power 
every day in the year to the Corporation at the distribution bus bars in the 
Commission's sub-station within the Corporation's limits. 

2. The Corporation agrees: 

(a) To use all diligence by every lawful means in its power to prepare 
for the receipt and use of the power dealt with by this agreement so as to 
be able to receive power when the Commission is ready to deliver same. 

(&) To pay annually in twelve (12) equal monthly instalments, interest 
upon its proportionate part (based on the quantity of electrical energy or 
power taken), of all moneys expended by the Commission on capital account 
for the acquiring of properties and rights, the acquiring and construction 
of generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 61 

stations, and other works necessary for the delivery of said electrical energy 
or power to the Corporation under the terms of this contract. 

To pay an annual sum for its proportionate part of all moneys expended 
by the Commission on Capital account for the acquiring of the said properties 
and rights, and the cost of the said construction, so as to form in thirty (30) 
years a sinking fund for the retirement of securities issued by the Province 
of Ontario. 

Also to bear its proportionate part of the line loss and pay its proportionate 
part of the cost to operate, maintain, repair, renew, and insure the said 
generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing 
stations, and other necessary works. 

All payments under this clause shall be subject to adjustment under 
paragraph 6. 

(c) The amounts payable in accordance with clause 2 (&) shall be paid 
in gold coin of the present standard of weight and fineness, at the offices 
of the Commission at Toronto. Bills shall be rendered by the Commission 
on or before the 5th day and paid by the Corporation on or before the 15th 
day of each month. If any bills remain unpaid for fifteen days the Com- 
mission may, in addition to all other remedies and without notice, discon- 
tinue the supply of power to the Corporation until said bill is paid. No 
such discontinuance shall relieve the Corporation from the performance of 
the covenants, provisoes and conditions herein contained. All payments 
in arrears shall bear interest at the legal rate. 

(d) To take electric power exclusively from the Commission during the 
continuance of this agreement. 

(e) To pay for three-fourths of the power ordered from time to time by 
the Corporation and held in reserve for it as herein provided, whether it 
takes the same or not. When the highest average amount of power taken 
for any twenty consecutive minutes during any month exceeds during the 
twenty consecutive minutes three-fourths of the amount ordered by the Cor- 
poration and held in reserve, then the Corporation shall. pay for this greater 
amount during the entire month. 

If the Corporation during any month takes more than the amount of 
power ordered and held in reserve for it, as determined by an integrated 
peak, or the highest average, for a period of twenty consecutive minutes, 
the taking of such excess shall thereafter constitute an obligation on the 
part of the Corporation to pay for, and on the part of the Commission to 
hold in reserve, such increased quantity of pow r er in accordance with the 
terms and conditions of this contract. 

vVhen the power factor of the highest average amount of power taken 
for said twenty consecutive minutes falls below 90 per cent., the Corpora- 
tion shall pay for 90 per cent, of the kilovolt amperes provided that the said 
ninety per cent. (90%) of said kilovolt amperes is greater than the maxi- 
mum kilowatts for any twenty (20) minute period during the month. 

(/) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard commercial appara- 
tus and plant, to be approved by the Commission, and to exercise all due 
skill and diligence so as to secure satisfactory operation of the plant and 
apparatus of the Commission and of the Corporation. 



62 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

(g) To co-operate by all means in its power at all times with the Com- 
mission to increase the quantity of power required from the Commission, 
and in all other respects to carry out the objects of this agreement, and of 
the said Act. 

3. This agreement shall remain in force for thirty (30) years from the 
date of the first delivery of power under this contract. 

4. The power shall be alternating, three-phase, having a periodicity of 
approximately 60 cycles per second, and shall be delivered as aforesaid at a 
voltage suitable for local distribution. 

5. The engineers of the Commission, or one or more of them, or any 
other persons or persons appointed for this purpose by the Commission, shall 
have the right from time to time, during the continuance of this agreement, 
to inspect the apparatus, plant and property of the Corporation, and take 
records at all reasonable hours. 

6. The Commission shall at least annually adjust and apportion the 
amount or amounts payable by the Municipal Corporation or Corporations 
for such power and such interest, sinking fund, cost of lost power and cost 
of generating, operating, maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring said 
works. 

7. It is hereby declared that the Commission is to be a trustee of all 
property held by the Commission under this agreement for the Corporations 
and other Municipal Corporations supplied by the Commission, but the Com- 
mission shall be entitled to a lien upon said property for all moneys expended 
by the Commission under this agreement and not repaid. At the expiration 
of this agreement the Commission shall determine and adjust the rights of 
the Corporations and other Municipal Corporations, supplied by the Com- 
mission, having regard to the amount paid by them, respectively, under the 
terms of this agreement, and such other considerations as may appear 
equitable to the Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor 
in Council. 

8. If at any time any other Municipal Corporation, or pursuant to said 
Act, any railway or distributing company, or any other Corporation or per- 
son, applies to the Commission for a supply of power, the Commission shall 
notify the applicant and the Corporation, in writing, of a time and place to 
hear all representations that may be made as to the terms and conditions 
for such supply. 

Without discrimination in favor of the applicants as to the price to be 
paid, for equal quantities of power, the Commission may supply power upon 
such terms and conditions as may, having regard to the risk and expense 
incurred, and paid, and to be paid by the Corporation, appear equitable to 
the Commission, and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

No such application shall be granted if the said works, or any part 
thereof, are not adequate for such supply, or if the supply of the Corporation 
will be thereby injuriously affected, and no power shall be supplied within 
the limits of a Municipal Corporation taking power from the Commission at 
the time of such application, without the written consent of such Corporation. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 63 

In determining the quantity of power supplied to a Municipal Corpora- 
tion, the quantity supplied by the Commission within the limits of the Cor- 
poration to any applicant, other than a Municipal Corporation, shall be com- 
puted as part of the quantity supplied to each Corporation, tout such Cor- 
poration shall not be liable for payment for any portion of the power so 
supplied. No power shall be supplied by the Municipal Corporation to any 
railway or distributing company, without the written consent of the Com- 
mission, but the Corporation may sell power to any person or rersons, or 
manufacturing companies within the limits of* the Corporation, but such 
power shall not be sold for less than cost; neither shall there be any dis- 
crimination as regards price and quantity. 

9. If differences arise between Corporations to which the Commission is 
supplying power, the Commission may, upon application, fix a time and place 
and hear all representations that may be made by the parties, and the Com- 
mission shall, in a summary manner, when possible, adjust such differences, 
and such adjustment shall be final. The Commission shall have all the 
powers that may be conferred upon a commissioner appointed under the 
Act Respecting Enquiries Concerning Public Matters. 

10. This agreement shall extend to, toe binding upon, and enure to the 
benefit of the successors and assigns of the parties hereto. 

In witness whereof, the Commission and the Corporation have respectively 
affixed their Corporate Seals and the hands of their proper officers. 

HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION OF ONTARIO. 

A. Beck, Chairman. 
(iSeal.) 

W. W. Pope, Secretary. 

MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF THE VILLAGE OF WELLINGTON. 

M. B. Clarke, Reeve. 



(Seal.) 



E. A. Titus, Clerk, 



SCHEDULE "O." 

This Indenture made in duplicate the 4th day of April, in the year of our 
Lord, one thousand nine hundred and seventeen (1917), 

Between 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, hereinafter called 
the "Commission," party of the first part; 

and 

The Municipal Corporation of the Village of Omemee, hereinafter called 
the "Corporation," party of the second part. 

Whereas by the Power Commission Act, passed by the Legislature of the 
Province of Ontario, Revised Statutes of Ontario, 1914, chapter 39, and 
6 H. (i) 



64 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

amendments thereto, it was, amongst other things enacted, that any Muni- 
cipal Corporation might apply to the Hydro-Electric Power Commission of 
Ontario for the transmission to such Corporation of electric power and 
energy for the use of the Corporation and the inhabitants thereof, for light- 
ing, heating and power purposes; 

And whereas the Corporation has applied to the Commission for a supply 
of electrical power or energy; 

And whereas the Commission is in possession of, and operating in trust 
for the Ontario Government, the power developments known as the Central 
Ontario System and can supply therefrom electrical energy sufficient for the 
needs of the Corporation; 

And whereas the electors of the Corporation assented to by-laws authoriz- 
ing the Corporation to enter into a contract with the Commission for such 
power. 

Now, therefore, this indenture witnesseth: 

That in consideration of the premises and of the agreements of the 
parties hereto each agree with the other as follows: : 

1. The Commission agrees: 

(a) To reserve for and deliver to the Corporation fifty (50) or more 
horse-power of electrical power or energy at the point of delivery hereinafter 
specified. 

(&) To reserve and deliver to the Corporation additional electrical power 
at the expiration of reasonable notice in writing, which may be given by the 
Corporation from time to time during the continuance of this agreement. 

(c) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard, commercial appara- 
tus and plant, and to exercise all due skill and diligence so that the service 
rendered to the Corporation hereunder shall be satisfactory. 

(d) To deliver commercially continuous twenty-four (24) hour power 
every day in the year, except as provided for herin, at the point of delivery, 
viz., at the town limits on Sturgeon Street. 

2. The Corporation agrees: 

(a) To use all diligence by every lawful means in its power to prepare 
for the receipt and use of the power covered by this agreement, so as to be 
able to receive power on the date of delivery. 

(&) To take electric power exclusively from the Commission during the 
continuance of this agreement. 

(c) To pay to the Commission for all power taken or held in reserve in 
monthly payments in gold coin at Toronto under the following schedule of 
rates : 

For fifty (50) h.p. and up to seventy-five (75) h.p. at the rate of thirty- 
nine dollars and thirty-nine cents ($39.39) per h.p. per annum. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 65 

When the amount of power taken and held in reserve for the Corporation 
has increased to seventy-fire (75) h.p. or over the rate for all power taken 
shall be thirty-five dollars ($35) per h.p. per annum. 

Each month's payments are to he made as though the maximum amount 
taken during that month was taken for the whole month, save that paragraph 
(e) hereof shall govern the minimum. 

(d) If the Corporation during any month takes more than the amount 
of power ordered and held in reserve for it for twenty (20) consecutive 
minutes, the taking of such excess power shall thereafter constitute an 
obligation on the part of the Corporation to pay for, and on the part of the 
Commission, as long as this greater amount does not exceed the maximum 
hereunder, to hold in reserve such increased quantity of power in accordance 
with the terms and conditions of this agreement. 

(e) To pay each month to the Commission as a minimum for seventy- 
five per cent. (75%) of the power held in reserve for the Corporation at the 
rates fixed herein except as provided for in clause 5 (&) hereof. 

(/) At all times to take and use the three-phase power in such a manner 
that the current will he equally taken from the three phases and in no case 
shall the difference between any two phases be greater than ten per cent. 
(10%). 

(g) At all times to so take and use the three-phase power that the ratio 
of the kilowatts to the kilovolt-amperes is a maximum, but in any event the 
customer shall pay for at least ninety per cent. (90%) of the maximum 
kilivolt-amperes considered as true power or kilowatts. The maximum 
demand in kilowatt-amperes or kilowatts shall be taken as the maximum 
average or integrated demand over any twenty consecutive minutes. 

One horse-power is defined as 0.746 kilowatts. 

One kilowatt is defined as the produce of the instantaneous current, volt- 
age and power-factor of the load as shown by a standard polyhase wattmeter 
and divided by 1,000. 

One kilovolt -ampere is defined as the produce of the simultaneous aver- 
age current per phase times the average voltage between phases, times 1.732 
and divided by 1,000. 

For the purposes of this agreement the kilivolt-amperes may be deter- 
mined either directly by current and voltage measurements or by the kilo- 
watts divided by the power-factor or by any other commercially accurate 
means as may be approved by the Commission. 

The power-factor is defined as kilowatts divided by kilovolt-amperes. 

(7i) Bills shall be rendered by the Commission to the Corporation on or 
before the tenth day, and paid by the Corporation on or before the twentieth 
day of each calendar month. 

If any bill remains unpaid for fifteent (15) days after the date thereof 
the Commission may, in addition to all other remedies, and without notice, 



66 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

discontinue the supply of power to the Corporation until the said bill is paid, 
and no such discontinuance by the Commission shall relieve the Corporation 
from the performance of the covenants, provisoes and conditions herein con- 
tained. 

Al payments in arrears shall bear interest at the legal rate. 

(i) To use at all times modern, standard, commercial apparatus and 
plant to be approved by the Commission from time to time, and to so oper- 
ate and conduct the plant and apparatus as to cause minimum disturbances 
or fluctuations to the Commission's supply, and to exercise all due skill and 
diligence so as to secure the satisfactory operation of the plant and appara- 
tus of both the Commission and the Corporation. 

0') Should it be expedient or necessary for the Commission, in order to 
deliver power hereunder, to construct or build poles, lines, cables, trans- 
formers, switches or other appliances or devices on, over or through the 
property of the Corporation, the Corporation hereby agrees to supply and 
arrange for such necessary rights-of-way free of cost, and satisfactory to 
the Commission for the life of this agreement, or renewals thereof, and for 
thirty (30) days thereafter, so that the Commission may build, erect, con- 
struct, operate, repair, maintain and remove any of said apparatus or devices 
belonging to the Commission. 

3. The power delivered hereunder shall be alternating, three-phase, having 
a periodicity of approximately 60 cycles per second and a pressure of 
approximately 4,000 volts between phase wires, subject to normal variations 
in both frequency and voltage. 

4. — (a) Measurement of the power held in reserve or taken by the Cor- 
poration hereunder shall be made by means of a standard polyphase graphic 
recording wattmeter, and other meters as required, so arranged as to 
accurately measure and record the power taken iby the Corporation. 

The greatest average or integrated power demand made by the Corpora- 
tion for twenty (20) consecutive minutes in any month, as shown by the 
aforementioned instruments, shall be used as basis of billing and paying for 
the power taken by the Corporation hereunder. 

(&) The point of measuring the power covered by this agreement shall 
be at the substation, approximately one mile north of the village, on Stur- 
geon Street, and the instruments, with necessary current and potential 
transformers for the measurements of power hereunder shall be provided, 
installed and maintained correct by the Commission. 

(c) Whenever the said measuring instruments are connected at other 
than the point of delivery their reading shall be subject to a correction and 
shall be corrected to give a reading such as would be obtained by instru- 
ments connected at the point of delivery. Such corrections shall be based 
upon tests or calculations by the Commission. 

(d) Should the point of measurement be located on the premises of the 
Corporation no rental charge shall be made to the Commission for the 
location of said instruments or transformers on the Corporation's premises. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 67 

(e) Access to said instruments and transformers belonging to the Com- 
mission shall be free to the Commission at any and all times and the Com- 
mission may test, calibrate or remove said measuring instruments and 
transformers at any reasonable time, but when possible the Corporation 
shall be advised at least seven days in advance of the Commission's inten- 
tion to recalibrate, remove or change the measuring instrumentss. 

(/) The Corporation shall have the right to test any such measuring 
instruments in the presence of a representative of the Commission, by giving 
to the Commission seven days' previous notice in writing of its desire to 
test such measuring instruments. 

(g) The Commission shall repair or replace and retest defective meters 
or measuring equipment within a reasonable time, but, during the time 
there is no meter in service it shall be assumed that the power consumed is 
the same as for other days of the same month on which a similar load 
existed. 

(h) The Corporation shall be responsible for any damage to the property 
or apparatus furnished by the Commission for the purpose of supplying or 
measuring power hereunder and installed on the Corporation's property, 
providing such damage originates from a source external to the said appara- 
tus of riie Commission, and is not due to defects in the apparatus of the 
Cimmission. 

5. — (a) The maintenance by the Commission of approximately the agreed 
voltage at approximately the agreed frequency at the point of delivery shall 
constitute the supply of power involved herein and a fulfilment of all the 
operating obligations hereunder, and when the voltage and the frequency 
are so maintained the amount of power, its fluctuations, load factor, power 
factor, distribution as to phases, and ail other characteristics and qualities 
are under the sole control of the Corporation, his agents, apparatus, appli- 
ances and circuits. 

(&) In case the Commission shali at any time or times be prevented from 
delivering said power or any part thereof by strikes, lockouts, riot, fire 
invasion, explosion, act of Gold, the King's enemies, or any other cause or 
causes reasonably beyond its control, then the Commission shall not be 
bound to deliver such power during such time and the Corporation shall 
not be bound to pay for such power during such time. 

(c) The Commission shall be prompt and diligent in removing the cause 
of such interruption, but the Corporation shall not be bound to pay for such 
power during such time. As soon as the cause of such interruption is 
removed the Commission shall, without any delay, deliver the said power as 
aforesaid, and the Corporation shall take and use the same. 

(d) It is further agreed hereby that the Commission shall have the right, 
at reasonable times and when possible, after due notice has been given to 
the Corporation, to discontinue the supply of power to the Corporation for 
the purposes of safeguarding life or property, or for the purpose of making 
repairs, renewals, or replacements to the lines or apparatus of the Commis- 
sion, but all such interruptions shall be of a minimum duration and when 
possible arranged for at a time least objectionable to the Corporation. 



68 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

Such interruptions shall not release the Corporation from his obligations 
to pay for or resume the use of power when service is restored. 

6. A representative or engineer of the Commission appointed for this 
purpose may, at any reasonable time during the continuance of this agree- 
ment, have access to the premises of the Corporation for the purpose of 
inspecting the electrical apparatus, plant or property of the Corporation and 
to take records therefrom as required. 

7. It is mutually agreed: 

That this agreement shall be binding upon both parties hereto for a 
period of twenty (20) years, beginning on the day and date when power is 
first taken hereunder, and this agreement may be extended for a further 
term of five (5) years upon the mutual agreement of both parties hereto 
before three (3) months of the expiration of this agreement or any extension 
or renewal period. 

8. The Commission' shall be entitled at the termination of this agreement 
or any extension thereof, or within thirty (30) days thereafter, to remove 
from the Corporation's premises any and all plant or equipment which may 
have been installed by the Commission for the supply or measurement of 
power hereunder. 

In witness whereof the said Commission and the said Corporation have 
duly affixed their respective seals and signatures of their respective officers 
this 4th day of April A.D., nineteen hundred. and seventeen (1917). 

Signed, sealed and delivered 

in the presence of: 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION OF ONTARIO. 

A. Beck, Chairman. 

(Seal.) 

W. W. Pope, Secretary. 

THE MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF THE VILLAGE OF OMEMEE. 

T. J. Parsons, Reeve. 

(Seal.) 

W. H. Kennedy, Clerk. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 69 

SCHEDULE "P." 

This agreement made this 10th day of March, A.D. 1917, 

Between 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, herein called the 
" Commission," party of the first part; 

and 

The Municipal Corporation of the Township of Brock, herein called 
the "Corporation," party of the second part. 

Whereas pursuant to an Act to provide for the transmission of electrical 
power to municipalities, the Corporation applied to the Commission for a 
supply of power; 

And whereas the Corporation under the provision of the Power Commis- 
sion Act and amendments thereto and the Power Commission Act Revised 
Statutes of Ontario, 191/ ( , chapter 39, part 2, being "An Act to provide for 
the supply of electrical energy or power to individual users," has, at the 
request of a number of ratepayers (petitioners) applied to the Commission 
for a supply of electrical power or energy, and has passed a By-law No. 654 
to authorize the execution of an agreement therefor; 

And whereas the Commission has entered into contracts with power 
companies for such power, or has acquired or constructed generating plants, 
transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing stations and other 
work necessary for the delivery of electrical energy or power to munici- 
palities; 

Now, therefor, this indenture witnesseth that in consideration of the 
premises and of the agreements herein set forth, subject to the provisioins 
of the said Act and amendments thereto, the parties hereto agree each with 
the other as follows: — 

1. The Commission agrees: 

(a) To reserve and deliver at the earliest possible date electrical power 
to the Corporation as required by the Corporation. 

(6) At the expiration of thirty (30) days' notice in writing, which may 
be given by the Corporation from time to time during the continuance ui 
this agreement, to reserve and deliver to the Corporation additional electrical 
power as may be required from time to time. 

(c) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard, commercial appara- 
tus and plant, and to exercise due skill and diligence so as to secure the 
most perfect operation of the plant and apparatus of the Corporation. 

(d) Power shall be delivered to the Corporation at approximately 2,200 
or 4,000 volts, or at any other primary voltage that may be available for 
the Corporation's use. 



70 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

(e) To supply and construct all 2,200, 4,000 or other lines at primary- 
voltage made necessary by contracts for electric service made between the 
Corporation and residents or users, within the township, from the Commis- 
sion's transformer station or stations to the service transformers of the 
Corporation, located at such points as the Commission may approve. 

2. The Corporation agrees: 

(a) To use all diligence by every lawful means in its power to prepare 
for the receipt and use of the power dealt with by this agreement, so as to 
be able to give notice as specified in paragraph 1 (&). 

(&) Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 (g) herein, to pay to the 
Commission monthly, for all power taken, the cost of the power delivered 
to the Commission, plus the charges in connection with the delivery of the 
power to the Municipality as outlined in clauses 2 (c) and (d). 

(c) To pay, annually, in twelve monthly instalments, interest upon its 
(proportionate part of the moneys expended by the Commission on capital 
account for the acquiring of properties and rights, and acquiring and con- 
struction of generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, dis- 
tributing stations and other necessary works for the delivery of power to 
the Corporation; to pay an anual sum for its proportionate part of all 
moneys expended by the Commission on capital account for the acquiring 
of the said properties and rights, and the cost of said construction, so as to 
form in thirty years a sinking fund for the retirement of securities issued 
by the Province of Ontario; and to bear its proportionate part of the line 
loss, and pay its proportionate part of the cost to operate, maintain, repair, 
renew and insure the said lines, generator and transformer stations and 
works. All payments under this paragraph shall be subject to adjustment 
under paragraph 7. 

(d) In addition to the cost of power and the cost of delivering it to the 
Corporation as provided for in paragraphs 2 (&) and (c), to pay to the 
Commission in half-yearly instalments interest and sinking fund on a thirty- 
year basis on all capital invested by the Commission in 2,200, 4,000 or other 
lines of primary voltage as provided for in paragraph 1 (e), and to main- 
tain, repair, renew and operate the said lines, and set aside a depreciation 
fund at the rate of five per cent, per annum on all capital expended by the 
Commission on such construction. 

(e) The amounts payable in accordance with clauses 2 (a), (c) and (d) 
shall be paid in gold coin of the present standard of weight and fineness, at 
the office of the Commission at Toronto, and bills shall be rendered by the 
Commission on or before the 15th day and paid by the Corporation on or 
before the 15th day of each month, except that payments under clause 2 -(d) 
shall be made half-yearly. If any bill remains unpaid for fifteen days, the 
Commission may, in addition to all other remedies and without notice, dis- 
continue the supply of power to the Corporation until said bill is paid. No 
such discontinuance shall relieve the Corporation from the performance of 
the covenants, provisoes and conditions herein contained. All payments in 
arrears shall bear interest at the legal rate. 

(/) To take power exclusively from the Commission during the continu- 
ance of this agreement. 






1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 71 



(g) To pay for three-fourths of the power ordered from time to time by 
the Corporation and held in reserve for it as herein provided whether it 
takes the same or not. When the highest average amount of power taken for 
any twenty consecutive minutes during any month shall exceed during the 
twenty consecutive minutes three-fourths of the amount ordered by the Cor- 
poration and held in reserve, then the Corporation shall pay for this greater 
amount during the entire month. 

If the Corporation during any month takes more than the amount of 
power ordered and held in reserve for it, as determined by an integrated 
peak, or highest average, for a period of twenty consecutive minutes, the 
Corporation shall pay for this greater amount of power during the entire 
month. The taking of such excess shall thereafter constitute an obligation 
on the part of the Corporation to pay for and on the part of the Commission 
to hold in reserve an additional block of power in accordance with the terms 
and conditions of this contract. 

When the power factor of the greatest amount of power taken for the 
said twenty consecutive minutes falls below 90 per cent., the Corporation 
shall pay for 90 per cent, of said power divided by the power factor. 

(h) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard, commercial appar- 
atus and plant to be approved by the Commission and to exercise all due skill 
and diligence so as to secure the most perfect operation of the plant and 
apparatus of the Commission and of the Corporation. 

(i) To co-operate, by all means in its power, at all times, with the Com- 
mission, to increase the quantity of power required from the Commission, 
and in all other respects to carry out the objects of this agreement and of 
the said Act. 

3. This agreement shall remain in force for thirty (30) years from the 
date of the first delivery of power under this contract. 

4. The power shall be three-phase, alternating, commercially continuous 
twenty-four hour power every day in the year except as provided in para- 
graph 6, having a periodicity of approximately 60 cycles per second, and shall 
be delivered as aforesaid at a voltage suitable for distribution within the 
Municipality. 

(a) That the meters with their series and potential transformers shall be 
connected at the point of delivery, and shall be subject to test as to accuracy 
by either party hereto. 

(&) The maintenance by the Commission of approximately the agreed 
voltage at approximately the agreed frequency at the point of delivery to 
the Corporation shall constitute the supply of all power involved herein and 
the fulfilment of all operating obligations hereunder; and when voltage and 
frequency are so maintained, the amount of the power, its fluctuations, load 
factor, power factor, distribution as to phases, and all other electric charac- 
teristics and qualities are under the sole control of the Corporation, their 
agents, customers, apparatus, appliances and circuits. 

5. The engineers of the Commission, or one or more of them, or any other 
person or persons appointed for this purpose by the Commission, shall have 



72 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

the right from time to time during the continuance of this agreement, to 
inspect the apparatus, plant and property of the Corporation and take records 
at all reasonable hours. 

6. In case the Commission should at any time or times be prevented from 
supplying said power, or any part thereof, or in case the Corporation shall 
at any time be prevented from taking said power, or any part thereof, by 
strike, lock-out, fire, invasion, explosion, act of God, or the King's enemies, 
or any other cause reasonably beyond their control, then the Commission 
shall not be bound to deliver such power during such times, and the Cor- 
poration shall not be bound to pay the price of said power during such times. 

7. The Commission shall at least annually adjust and apportion the 
amounts payable by Municipal Corporations for such power and such interest, 
sinking fund, line loss, and cost of operating, maintaining, repairing, renew- 
ing and insuring the line and works. 

8. It is hereby declared that the Commission is to be a trustee of all 
property held by the Commission under this agreement for the Corporation 
and other Municipal Corporations supplied by the Commission, but the Com- 
mission shall be entitled to a lien upon said property for all moneys expended 
by the Commission under this agreement and not repaid. At the expiration 
of this agreement the Commission shall determine and adjust the rights ot 
the Corporation and other Municipal Corporations, supplied by the Com- 
mission, having regard to the amounts paid by them respectively under the 
terms of this agreement, and such other considerations as iriay appear equit- 
able to the Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in 
Council. 

9. If at any time any other Municipal Corporation or pursuant to said 
Act any railway or distributing company, or any other Corporation or per- 
son, applies to the Commission for a supply of power, the Commission shall 
notify the applicant and the Corporation in writing of a time and place, and 
hear all representations that may be made as to the terms and conditions 
for such supply. 

Without discrimination in favour of applicants as to the price to be paid, 
for equal quantities of power, the Commission may supply ipower upon such 
terms and conditions as may, having regard to the risk and expense incurred, 
and paid, and to be paid by the Corporation, appear equitable to the Com- 
mission, and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

10. In case any Municipal Corporation or any person, firm or Corporation, 
which shall contract with the Commission or any Municipal Corporation, 
for a supply of power furnished to the Commission by a power company, 
shall suffer damages by the act or neglect of the company, and such Muni- 
cipal Corporation, person, firm or Corporation would, if the Company had 
made the said contracts directly with them, have had a right to recover such 
damages or commence any proceedings or any other remedy, the Commission 
shall be entitled to commence any such proceedings to bring such action 
for or on behalf of such Municipal Corporation, person, firm or Corporation, 
and notwithstanding any Act, decision or rule of law to the contrary, the 
Commission shall be entitled to all the rights and remedies of such Muni- 
cipal Corporation, person, firm or Corporation, including the right to recover 
such damages, but no action shall be brought by the Commission until such 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 73 

Municipal Corporation, person, firm or Corporation shall have agreed with 
the Commission to pay any costs that may be adjudged to be paid if such 
proceedings or action is unsuccessful. The rights and remedies of any such 
Municipal Corporation, person, firm or Corporation shall not be hereby 
prejudiced. 

11. If differences arise between Corporations to whom the Commission is 
supplying power, the Commission may, upon application, fix a time and 
place to hear all representations that may be made by the parties, and the 
Commission shall, in a summary manner when possible, adjust such differ- 
ences, and such adjustment shall be final. 

The Commission shall have all the powers that may be conferred upon 
a Commissioner appointed under the Act Respecting Enquiries Concerning 
Public Matters. 

12. This agreement shall extend to, be binding upon and enure to the 
benefit of the successors and assigns of the parties hereto. 

In witness whereof the Commission and the Corporation have respectively 
affixed their corporate seals and the hands of their proper officers. 

HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION OP ONTARIO. 

A. Beck, Chairman. 
(Seal.) 

W. W. Pope, Secretary. 

MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF THE TOWNSHIP OF BROCK. 

Dean Rundle, Reeve. 
(Seal.) 

Frank Doble, Clerk. 



SCHEDULE " Q." 

This agreement made this 2nd day of June, A.D. 1917. 

Between 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, herein called the 
"Commission," party of the first part; 

and 

The Municipal Corporation of the Township of Derby, in the County of 
Grey, herein called the " Corporation," party of the second part. 

Whereas, pursuant to an Act to provide for the transmission of electrical 
power to municipalities, the Corporation applied to the Commission for a 
supply of power. 

And whereas the Corporation, under the provisions of The Power Com- 
mission Act and amendments thereto and The Power Commission Act of 



74 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

1911, being " An Act to provide for the local Distribution of Electrical 
Power," has, at the request of a number or ratepayers (petitioners), applied 
to the Commission for a supply of electrical power or energy, and has passed 
a By-law, No. 9 of 1917, to authorize the execution of an agreement therefor. 

1. Now, therefore, this indenture witnesseth that in consideration of the 
premises and of the agreements of the Corporation set forth, subject to the 
provisions of said Act and amendments and of the said contract, the Com- 
mission agrees with the Corporation: 

(a) To reserve and deliver at the earliest possible date electrical power 
to the Corporation, as required by the Corporation. 

(&) At the expiration of thirty (30) days' notice in writing, which may 
be given by the Corporation from time to time during the continuance of 
this agreement, to reserve and deliver to the Corporation additional electric 
power as may be required from time to time. 

(c) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard, commercial appar- 
atus and plant, and to exercise due skill and diligence, so as to secure the 
most perfect operation of the plant and apparatus of the Corporation. 

(d) Power shall be delivered to the Corporation at approximately 2,200 
or 4,000 volts, or at any other primary voltage that may be available for the 
Corporation's use. 

(e) To supply and construct all 2,200 volt, 4,000 volt, or other lines at 
primary voltage made necessary by contracts for electric service made 
between the Corporation and residents or users within the township, from 
the Commission's power station or transformer stations to the service trans- 
formers of the Corporation located at such points as the Commission may 
approve, except in that part of the township known as Kilsyth, and it is 
hereby understood and agreed upon by both parties hereto that all of the cost 
of the primary, secondary and street lighting distribution systems located 
within the hamlet of Kilsyth and upon the streets of same shall be paid for 
direct by the Corporation, including all meters, transformers, services, 
street lighting brackets, poles, wires, cross arms, and any equipment neces- 
sary to serve the consumers within the said hamlet of Kilsyth. 

2. In consideration of the premises and of the covenants and agreements 
herein set forth, the Corporation agrees with the Commission: 

(a) To use all diligence by every lawful means in its power to prepare 
for the receipt and use of the power dealt with by this agreement, so as to 
be able to give notice, as specified in paragraph 1 (&). 

(&) Subject to the provisions of clause (g), section 2, 'herein, to pay the 
Commission monthly for all power taken, the cost of the power to be delivered 
by the Commission, plus the charges in connection with the delivery of 
power to the Municipality, as outlined in clauses 2 (c) and (d). 

(c) To pay annually interest at the rate payable by the Commission upon 
the Corporation's proportionate part (based on the quantity of electrical 
energy of power taken) of all moneys expended by the Commission on capital 
account for the acquiring. of properties and rights, and acquiring and con- 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 75 

struction of generating plants,, transformer stations, transmission lines, dis- 
tributing stations and other works necessary for the delivery of said elec- 
trical energy or power to the Corporation under the terms of this contract. 
Also to pay an annual sinking fund instalment of such amount as to form 
at the end of thirty (30) years, with accrued interest, a sinking fund suffi- 
cient to repay the Corporation's proportionate part, based as aforesaid, of 
all moneys advanced by the Province of Ontario for the acquiring of proper- 
ties and rights, the acquiring and construction of generating plant, trans- 
former stations, transmission lines, distribution stations and other works 
necessary for delivery of said electrical energy or power delivered to the 
Corporation under the terms of this contract. Also to pay the Corporation's 
proportionate part, based as aforesaid, of the cost of lost power and of the 
cost of operating, maintaining, repairing, renewing and insuring said gener- 
ating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing stations 
and other necessary works. Subject to adjustment under clause 8 of this 
agreement. 

(d) In addition to the cost of power and cost of delivering it to the Cor- 
poration, as provided for in paragraph 2 (b) and (c), to pay to the Com- 
mission, in half-yearly instalments, interest and sinking fund on a thirty 
(30) year basis on all capital invested by the Commission in 2,200 volt, 
4,000 volt, or other lines of primary voltage, as provided for in paragraph 1 
(c), and to maintain, repair, renew and operate the said lines and set aside 
a depreciation fund at the rate of 5 per cent, per annum on all capital 
expended by the Commission on such construction. 

The payments covering cost of construction of primary lines, as outlined 
in this clause 2 (d) shall not apply to the portion of the township known as 
Kilsyth, and the capital cost of all primary, secondary and street lighting 
distribution lines in this locality, including all meters, transformers, and 
other necessary equipment for the distribution system, shall be borne entirely 
by the Corporation, but shall be constructed by the Commission, and the 
Corporation shall make payment to the Commission within thirty (30) days 
after rendering of account covering moneys spent by the Commission on 
construction of said primary, secondary and street lighting distribution lines, 
including all meters, transformers and other necessary equipment as men- 
tioned above, comprising the said distribution system in the hamlet of 
Kilsyth. 

(e) The amounts payable in accordance with clauses 2 (&) (c) and (d) 
shall be paid in gold coin of the present standard of weight and fineness, at 
the office of the Commission at Toronto, and bills shall be rendered by the 
Commission on or before the 5th day and paidi by the Corporation on or 
before the 15th day of each month, except that payments under clause 2 (d) 
shall be made half-yearly. If any bill remains unpaid for 15 days the Com- 
mission may, in addition to all other remedies, and without notice, discon- 
tinue the supply of power to the Corporation until said bill is paid. No 
such discontinuance shall relieve the Corporation from the performance of 
the covenants, provisoes and conditions herein contained, and payments in 
arrears shall bear interest at the legal rate. 

(/) To take power exclusively from the Commission during the con- 
tinuance of this agreement. 

(g) To pay for three-fourths of the power ordered from time to time by 
the Corporation and held in reserve for it as herein provided, whether it 



76 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

takes the same or not. When the highest average amount of power taken 
for any twenty consecutive minutes during any month shall exceed during 
twenty consecutive minutes three-fourths of the amount of power ordered 
by the Corporation and held in reserve, then the Corporation shall pay for 
this greater amount during the entire month. If the Corporation during 
any month takes more than the amount of power ordered and held in reserve 
for it, as determined by an integrated peak, or the highest average for a 
period of twenty (20) consecutive minutes, the Corporation shall pay for 
this greater amount of power during the entire month. The taking of 
such excess shall therefore constitute an obligation on the part of the Cor- 
poration to pay for and on the part of the Commission to hold in reserve 
an additional block of power in accordance with the terms and conditions 
of this agreement. 

When the power factor at any time falls below ninety per cent. (90%) 
the Corporation shall pay for ninety per cent (90%) of the kilovolt amperes, 
providing that said ninety per cent. (90%) of said kilovolt amperes is 
greater than the miximum kilowatts for any twenty (20) minute period 
during the month. 

(7i) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard, commercial appar- 
atus and plant to be approved by the Commission, and to exercise all due 
skill and diligence so as to secure the most perfect operation of the plant 
and apparatus of the Commission and of the Corporation. 

(i) To co-operate by all means in its power, at all times, with the Com- 
mission, to increase the quantity of power required from the Commission 
and in all other respects to carry out the objects of this agreement and of 
the said Act. 

3. This agreement shall remain in force for thirty (30) years from the 
date of the first delivery of power hereunder. 

4. The power shall be three-phase, alternating, commercially continuous 
twenty-four hour power every day of the year, except as provided in para- 
graph 6, having a periodicity of approximately 60 cycles per second, and 
shall be delivered as aforesaid at a voltage suitable for distribution within 
the municipality. 

(a) That the meters with their series and potential transformers shall 
be connected at the point of delivery, and shall be subject to test as to 
accuracy by either party hereto. 

(6) The maintenance by the Commission of approximately the agreed 
voltage at approximately the agreed frequency at the point of delivery to 
the Corporation shall constitute the supply of all power involved herein and 
the fulfilment of all operating obligations hereunder; and when voltage and 
frequency are so maintained, the amount of power, its fluctuations, load 
factor, power factor, distribution as to phases, and all other electric character- 
istics and qualities are under the sole control of the Corporation, their 
agents, customers, apparatus, appliances and circuits. 

5. The engineers of the Commission, or one or more of them, or any other 
person or persons appointed for this purpose by the Commission, shall have 
the right from time to time during the continuance of this agreement, to 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 77 

inspect the apparatus, plant and property of the Corporation and take records 
at all reasonable hours. 

6. In case the Commission should at any time or times be prevented from 
supplying said power, or any part thereof, or in case the Corporation shall 
at any time be prevented from taking said power, or any part thereof, by 
strike, lock-out, fire, invasion, explosion, act of God, or the King's enemies, 
or any other cause reasonably beyond their control, then the Commission 
shall not be bound to deliver such power during such times, and the Cor- 
poration shall not be bound to pay the price of such power, during such 
times. 

7. The Commission shall at least annually adjust and; apportion the 
amounts payable by Municipal Corporations for such power and such interest, 
sinking fund, line loss, and cost of operating, maintaining, repairing, renew- 
ing and insuring the lines and works. 

8. It is hereby declared that the Commission is to be a trustee of all 
property held by the Commission under this agreement for the Corporation 
and other Municipal Corporations supplied by the Commission, but the Com- 
mission shall be etnitled to a lien upon said property for all moneys expended _§ 
by the Commission under this agreement and not repaid. At the expiration 

of this agreement the Commission shall determine and adjust the rights of 
the Corporation and other Municipal Corporations supplied by the Com- 
mission, having regard to the amounts paid by them, respectively, under the 
terms of this agreement, and such other considerations as may appear 
equitable to the Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor 
in Council. 

9. If at any time any other Municipal Corporation or, pursuant to said 
Act, any railway or distributing company, or any other corporation or 
person, applies to the Commission for a supply of power, the Commission 
shall notify the applicant and the Corporation, in writing, of a time and 
place and hear all representations that may be made as to the terms and 
conditions for such supply. 

Without discrimination in favour of the applicants as to the price to be 
paid, for equal quantities of power, the Commission may supply power upon 
such terms and conditions as may, having regard to the risk and expense 
incurred, and paid, and to be paid by the Corporation, appear equitable to 
the Commission, and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

10. If differences arise between Corporations to whom the Commission is 
supplying power, the Commission may, upon application, fix a time and place 
to hear all representations that may be made by the parties, and the Com- 
mission shall, in a summary manner, when possible, adjust such differences, 
and such adjustment shall be final. 

The Commission shall have all the powers that may be conferred upon a 
Commissioner appointed under the Act Respecting Enquiries Concerning 
Public Matters. 

11. This agreement shall extend to, be binding upon and enure to the 
benefit of the successors and assigns of the parties hereto. 



78 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

In witness whereof the Commission and the Corporation have, respec- 
tively, affixed their corporate seals and the hands of their proper officers. 

HYDRO-ELE€TRIC POWER COMMISSION OP ONTARIO. 

A. Beck, Chairman, 
(Seal.) 

W. W. Pope, Secretary. 

MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF THE TOWNSHIP OF DERBY, IN THE 

COUNTY OF GREY. 

John Leash, Reeve. 
(Seal.) 

W. H. Hilts, Clerk. 



\ 



SCHEDULE " R." 

This Agreement made this 20th day of May, A.D. 1917, 

Between 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, herein called the 
"Commission," party of the first part; 

and 

The Municipal Corporation of the Township of Thorah, herein called the 
" Corporation," party of the second part. 

Whereas, pursuant to an Act to provide for the transmission of electrical 
power to municipalities, the Corporation applied to the Commission for a 
supply of power. 

And whereas the Corporation under the provisions of The Power Com- 
mission Act and amendments thereto, and The Power Commission Act, 
Revised Statutes of Ontario, 1914, Chapter 39, Paragraph (2), being an "Act 
to Provide for the Supply of Electrical Energy and Power to Individual 
Users, has, at the request of a number of ratepayers (petitioners) applied to 
the Commission for a supply of electrical power or energy, and has passed 
a By-law No. 247 to authorize the execution of an agreement therefor. 

And whereas the Commission has entered into contracts with power com- 
panies for such power, or has acquired or constructed generating plants, 
transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing stations and other 
works necessary for the delivery of electrical energy or power' to munici- 
palities. 

Now, therefore, this indenture witnesseth that in consideration of the 
premises and of the agreement herein set forth, subject to the provisions of 
the said Act and amendments thereto, the parties hereto agree each with 
the other as follows: <* 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 79 

1. The Commission agrees: — 

(a) To reserve and deliver at the earliest possible date electrical power 
to the Corporation as required by the Corporation. 

(&) At the expiration of thirty (30) days' notice in writing, which may 
be given by the Corporation from time to time during the continuance of 
this agreement, to reserve and deliver to the Corporation additional electric 
power as may be required from time to time. 

(c) To use at all times first-class, modern, standard, commercial appar- 
atus and plant, and to exercise due skill and diligence, So as to secure the 
most perfect operation of the plant and apparatus of the Corporation. 

(d) Power shall be delivered to the Corporation at approximately 2,200 
or 4,000 volts, or at any other primary voltage that may be available for the 
Corporation's use. 

(e) To supply and construct all 2,200 volt, 4,000 volt, or other lines at 
primary voltage made necessary by contracts for electric service made 
between the Corporation and residents or users within the township, from 
the Commission's transformer station or stations to the service transformers 
of the Corporation, located at such points as the Commission may approve. 

2. The Corporation agrees: — 

(a) To use all diligence by every lawful means in its power to prepare 
for the receipt and use of the power dealt with by this agreement, so as to 
be able to give notice as specified in Paragraph 1 (&). 

(&) Subject to the provisions of Paragraph 2 (g) herein, to pay to the 
Commission monthly, for all power taken, the cost of the power delivered to 
the Commission, plus the charges in connection with the delivery of the 
power to the municipality as outlined in caluses 2 (c) and (d). 

(c) To pay, annually, in twelve monthly instalments, interest upon its 
proportionate part of the moneys expended by the Commission on capital 
account for the acquiring of properties and rights, and acquiring and con- 
struction of generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, dis- 
tributing stations and other necessary works for the delivery of power to 
the Corporation; to pay an annual sum for its proportionate part of all 
moneys expended by the Commission on capital account for the acquiring 
o£ the said properties and rights, and the cost of the said construction so as 
tc form in thirty years a sinking fund for the retirement of securities issued 
by the Province of Ontario; and to bear its proportionate part of the line 
loss, and pay its proportionate part of the cost to operate, maintain, repair, 
renew and insure the said lines, generator and transformer stations and 
works. All payments under this paragraph shall be subject to adjustment 
under paragraph 7. 

(d) In addition to the cost of power, and the cost of delivering it to the 
Corporation, as provided for in paragraph 2 (&) and (c), to pay to the Com- 
mission in half-yearly instalments, interest and sinking fund on a thirty- 
year basis on all capital invested by the Commission in 2,200, 4,000 or other 
lines of primary voltage as provided for in paragraph 1 (e), and to main- 



80 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

tain, repair, renew and operate the said lines, and set aside a depreciation 
fund at the rate of 5 per cent, per annum on all capital expended by the 
Commission on such contsruction. 

(e) The amounts payable in accordance with clause 2 (&), (c) and (d) 
shall be paid in gold coin of the present standard of weight and fineness, 
at the office of the Commission at Toronto, and bills shall be rendered by the 
Commission on or before the 5th day and paid by the Corporation on, or 
before the 15th day of each month, except that payments under clause 2 (d) 
shall be made half yearly. If any bill remains unpaid for fifteen days, the 
Commission may, in addition, to all other remedies and without notice, dis- 
continue the supply of power to the Corporation until said bill is paid: No 
such discontinuance shall relieve the Corporation from the performance of 
the covenants, provisoes and conditions herein contained. All payments in 
arrears shall bear interest at the legal rate. 

(/) To take power exclusively from the Commission during the continu- 
ance of this agreement. 

(g) To pay for three-fourths of the power ordered from time to time by 
the Corporation and held in reserve for it as herein provided whether it 
takes the same or not. When the highest average amount of power taken 
for any twenty consecutive minutes during any month shall exceed during 
the twenty consecutive minutes three-fourths of the amount ordered by the 
Corporation and held in reserve, then the Corporation shall pay for this 
greater amount during the entire month. 

If the Corporation during any month takes more than the amount of 
power ordered and held in reserve for it, as determined by an integrated 
peak, or highest average, for a period of twenty consecutive minutes, the 
Corporation shall pay for this greater amount of power during the entire 
month. The taking of such excess shall thereafter constitute an obligation 
on the part of the Corporation to pay for and on the part of the Commission 
to hold in reserve an additional block of power in accordance with the terms 
and conditions of this contract. 

When the power factor of the greatest amount of power taken for said 
twenty minutes falls below 90 per cent., the Corporation shall pay for 90 per 
cent, of the said power divided by the power factor. 

(h) To use at all time first-class, modern, standard, commercial appara- 
tus and plant to be approved by the Commission and to exercise all due 
skill and diligence so as to secure the most perfect operation of the plant 
and apparatus of the Commission and of the Corporation. 

(i) To co-operate, by all means in its power, at all times, with the Com- 
mission, to increase the quantity of power required from the Commission 
and in all other respects to carry out the objects of this agreement and of 
the said Act. 

3. This agreement shall remain in force for thirty (30) years from the 
date of the first delivery of power under this contract. 

4. The power shall be three-phase, alternating, commercially, continuous 
twenty-four hour power every day in the year except as provided in para- 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 81 

graph 6, having a periodicity of approximately 60 cycles per second, and 
shall be delivered as aforesaid at a voltage suitable for distribution within 
the municipality. 

(a) That the meters with their series and potential transformers shall 
be connected at the point of delivery, and shall be subject to test as to 
accuracy by either party hereto. 

(&) The maintenance by the Commission, of approximately the agreed 
voltage at approximately the agreed frequency at the point of delivery to 
the Corporation shall constitute the supply of all power involved herein and 
the fulfilment of all operating obligations hereunder; and when voltage and 
frequency are so maintained, the amount of the power, its fluctuations, load 
frctor, power factor, distribution as to phases, and all other electric charac- 
teristics and qualities are under the sole control of the Corporation, their 
agents, customers, apparatus, appliances and circuits. 

5. The engineers of the Commission, or one or more of them, or any 
person or persons appointed for this purpose by the Commission, shall have 
the right from time to time during the continuance of this agreement, to 
inspect the apparatus, plant and property of the Corporation and take 
records at all reasonable hours. 

6. In case the Commission should at any time or times be prevented from 
supplying said power, or any part thereof, or in case the Corporation shall 
at any time be prevented from taking said power, or any part thereof, by 
strike, lock-out, fire, invasion, explosion, act of God, or the King's enemies, 
or any other couse reasonably beyond their control, then the Commission 
shall not be bound to deliver such power during such times, and the Cor- 
poration shall not be bound to pay the price of said power, during such times. 

7. The Commission shall at least annually adjust and apportion the 
amounts payable by Municipal Corporations for such power and such In- 
terest, sinking fund, line loss, and cost of operating, maintaining," repairing, 
renewing and insuring the line and works. 

8. It is hereby declared that the Commission is to be a trustee of all 
property held by the Commission under this agreement for the Corporation 
and other Municipal Corporations supplied by the Commission, but the Com- 
mission shall be entitled to a lien upon said property for all moneys expended 
by the Commission under this agreement and not repaid. At the expiration 
of this agreement the Commission shall determine and adjust the rights of 
the Corporation and other Municipal Corporations, supplied by the Commis- 
sion, having regard to the amounts paid them, respectively, under the terms 
of this agreement, and such other considerations as may appear equitable 
to the Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

9. It at any time ony other Municipal Corporation or pursuant to said 
Act, any railway or distributing company, or any other Corporation or per- 
son, applies to the Commission for a supply of power, the Commission shall 
notify the applicant and the Corporation in writing, of a time and place and 
hear all representations that may be made as to the terms and conditions 
for such supply. 

Without discrimination in favour of the applicants as to the price to be 
paid for equal quantities of power the Commission may supply power upon 



82 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

audi terms and condtions as may, having regard to the risk and expense 
incurred, and paid, and to be paid by the Corporation, appear equitable to 
the Commission, and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

10. In. case any Municipal Corporation or any person, firm or Corpora- 
tion, which shall contract with the Commission or any Municipal Corpora- 
tion, for a supply of power furnished to the Commission by a power company 
shall suffer damages by the act or neglect of the company, and such Muni- 
cipal Corporation, person, firm or Corporation would, if the company had 
made the said contracts directly with them, have had a right to recover 
such damages or commence any proceedings or any other remedy, the Com- 
mission shall be entitled to commence any such proceedings to bring such 
action for or on behalf of such Municipal Corporation, person, firm, or Cor- 
poration, and notwithstanding any act, decision or rule of law to the con- 
trary, the Commission shall be entitled to all the rights and remedies of 
such Municipal Corporation, person, firm or Corporation, including the right 
to recover such damages, but no action shall be brought by the Commission 
until such Municipal Corporation, person, firm or Corporation shall have 
agreed with the Commission to pay any costs that may be adjudged to be 
paid if such proceedings or action is unsuccessful. The rights and remedies 
of any such Municipal Corporation, person, firm or Corporation shall not 
be hereby prejudiced. 

11. If differences arise between Corporations to whom the Commission ia 
supplying power, the Commission may, upon application, fix a time and place 
to hear all representations that may be made by the parties and the Com- 
mission shall, in a summary manner when possible, adjust such differences 
and such adjustment shall be final. 

The Commission shall have all the powers that may be conferred upon 
a Commissioner appointed under the Act Respecting Enquiries Concerning 
Public Matters. 

12. This agreement shall extend to, be binding uponj and enure to the 
benefit of the successors and assigns of the parties hereto. 

In witness whereof the Commission and the Corporation have respectively 
affixed their Corporate seals and the hands of their proper officers. 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION OP ONTARIO. 

A. Beck, Chairman. 
(Seal.) 

W. W. Pope, Secretary. 

MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF THE TOWNSHIP OF THORAH. 

Geo. Will, Reeve. 
(Seal.) 

John McArthur, Clerk, 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 83 

SCHEDULE "S." 
This agreement made this 20th day of September, A.D. 1917. 
Between 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, herein called the 
" Commission," party of the first part, 

and 

The Municipal Corporation of the Township of Whitby, herein called the 
" Corporation," party of the second part. 

Whereas pursuant to an Act to provide for the transmission of electrical 
power to municipalities, the Corporation applied to the Commission for a 
supply of power; 

And whereas the Corporation, under the provisions of The Power Com- 
mission Act and amendments thereto and the Power Commission Act, Revised 
Statutes of Ontario, 1914, chapter 39, part 2, being " An Act to Provide for 
the Supply of Electrical Energy or Power to Individual Users," has, at the 
request of a number of ratepayers (petitioners) applied to the Commission 
for a supply of electrical power or energy, and has passed a by-law No. 997, to 
authorize the execution of an agreement therefor; 

And whereas the Commission has entered into contracts with power com- 
panies for such power, or has acquired or constructed generating plants, 
transformer stations, trasmission. lines, distributing stations and other works 
necesary for the delivery of electrical energy or power to municipalities. 

Now, therefore, this indenture witnesseth that in consideration of the 
premises and of the agreement herein, set forth, subject to the provisoes of 
the said Act and amendments thereto, the parties hereto agree each with 
the other as follows: 

1. The Commission agrees: 

(a) To reserve and deliver at the earliest possible date electrical power 
to the Corporation as required by the Corporation. 

(&) At the expiration of thirty (30) days' notice in writing which may 
be given by the Corporation from time to time during the continuance of 
this agreement, to reserve and deliver to the Corporation additional electrical 
power as may be required from time to time. 

(c) To use at all times first class, modern, standard, commercial apparatus 
and plant, and to exercise due skill and diligence so as to secure the most 
perfect operation of the plant and apparatus of the Corporation. 

(d) Power shall be delivered to the Corporation at approximately 2,200 or 
4,000 volts, or at any other primary voltage that may be available for the 
Corporation's use. 



84 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

(e) To supply and construct all 2,200 and 4,000 or other lines at primary 
voltage made necessary by contracts for electric service made between the 
Corporation and residents or users, within the township, from the Commis- 
sion's transformer station or stations to the service transformers of the 
Corporation, located at such points as the Commission may approve. 

2. The Corporation agrees: 

(a) To use all diligence by every lawful means in its power to prepare 
for the receipt and use of the power dealt with by this agreement, so as to 
be able to give notice as specified in paragraph 1 (&). 

(ft) Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 (g) herein, to pay to the 
Commission monthly, for all power taken, the cost of the power delivered 
to the Commission, plus the charges in connection with the delivery of the 
power to the municipality as outlined in clauses 2 (c) and (d). 

(c) To pay, annually, in twelve monthly instalments, interest upon its 
proportionate part of the moneys expended by the Commission on capital 
account for the acquiring of the properties and rights, and acquiring and 
construction of generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, 
distributing stations and other necessary works for the delivery of power to 
the Corporation; to pay an annual sum for its proportionate part of all 
moneys expended by the Commission on capital account for the acquiring of 
the said properties and rights, and the cost of the said construction, so as to 
form in thirty years a sinking fund for the retirement of the securities issued 
by the Province of Ontario; and to bear its proportionate part of the line 
loss, and pay its proportionate part of the cost to operate, maintain, repair, 
renew, and insure the said lines, generator and transformer stations and 
works. All payments under this paragraph shall be subject to adjustment 
under paragraph 7. 

(d) In addition to the cost of power, and the cost of delivering it to the 
Corporation as provided for in paragraphs 2 (&) and (c), to pay to the Com- 
mission in half-yearly instalments, interest and sinking fund on a thirty-year 
basis on all capital invested by the Commission in 2,200, 4,000 or other lines 
of primary voltage as provided for in paragraph 1 (e), and to maintain, 
repair, renew and operate the said lines, and set aside a depreciation fund at 
the rate of five per cent, per annum on all capital expended by the Commission 
on such construction. 

• 

(e) The amounts payable in accordance with Clause 2 (&), (c) and (d) 
shall be paid in gold coin of the present standard of weight and fineness, at 
the office of the Commission at Toronto, and bills shall be rendered by the 
Commission on or before the 5th day and paid by the Corporation on or before 
the 15th day of each month, except that payments under clause 2 (d) shall be 
made half yearly. If any bill remains unpaid for fifteen days, the Com- 
mission may, in addition to all other remedies and without notice, discontinue 
the supply of power to the Corporation until said bill is paid. No such dis- 
continuance shall relieve the Corporation from the performance of the cov- 
enants, provisoes and conditions herein contained. All payments in arrears 
shall bear interest at the legal rate. 

(/) To take power exclusively from the Commission during the continu- 
ance of this agreement. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 85 

(g) To pay for three-fourths of the power ordered from time to time by 
the Corporation and held in reserve for it as herein provided whether it takes 
the same or not. 

When the highest average amount of power taken for any twenty con- 
secutive minutes during any month shall exceed during the twenty consecu- 
tive minutes three-fourths of the amount ordered by the Corporation and 
held in reserve, then the Corporation shall pay for this greater amount during 
the entire month. 

If the Corporation during any month takes more than the amount ot 
power ordered and held in reserve for it, as determined by an integrated 
peak, or highest average, for a period of twenty consecutive minutes, the 
Corporation shall pay for this greater amount of power during the entire 
month. The taking of such excess shall thereafter constitute an obligation 
on the part of the Corporation to pay for and on the part of the Commission 
to hold in reserve an additional block of power in accordance with the terms 
and conditions of this contract. 

When the power factor of the greatest amount of power taken for said 
twenty consecutive minutes falls below 90%, the Corporation shall pay for 
90% of said power divided by the power factor. 

(h) To use at all times first class, modern, standard commercial apparatus 
and plant to be approved by the Commission and to exercise all due skill and 
diligence so as to secure the most perfect operation of the plant and apparatus 
of the Commission and of the company. 

(i) To co-operate, by all means in its power, at all times, with the Com- 
mission, to increase the quantity of power required from the Commission 
and in all other respects to carry out the objects of this agreement and of 
the said Act. 

3. This agreement shall remain in force for thirty (30) years from the 
date of the first delivery of power under this contract. 

4. The power shall be three-phase, alternating, commercially continuous 
twenty-four hour power every day in the year except as provided in para- 
graph 6, having a periodicity of approximately 60 cycles per second, and shall 
be delivered as aforesaid at a voltage suitable for' distribution within the 
municipality. 

(a) That the meters with their series and potential transformers shall 
be connected at the point of delivery, and shall be subject to test as to 
accuracy by either party hereto. 

(&) The maintenance by the Commission of approximately the agreed 
voltage at approximately the agreed frequency at the point of delivery to the 
Corporation shall constitute the supply of all power involved herein and the 
fulfilment of all operating obligations hereunder; and when voltage and 
frequency are so maintained, the amount of power, its fluctuations, load 
factor, power factor, distribution as to phases, and all other electric char- 
acteristics and qualities are under the sole control of the Corporation, their 
agents, customers, apparatus, appliances and circuits. 



86 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

5. The engineers of the Commission, or one or more of them, or any other 
person or persons appointed for this purpose by the Commission, shall have 
the right from time to time during the continuance of this agreement, to 
inspect the apparatus, plant and property of the Corporation and take records 
at all reasonable hours. 

6. In case the Commission should at any time or times be prevented from 
supplying said power, or any part thereof, or in case the Corporation shall 
at any time be prevented from taking said power, or any part thereof, by 
strike, lock-out, fire, invasion, explosion, act of God, or the King's enemies, 
or any other cause reasonably beyond their control, then the Commission shall 
not be bound to deliver such power during such times, and the Corporation 
shall not be bound to pay the price of said power, during such times. 

7. The Commission shall at least annually adjust and apportion the 
amounts payable by Municipal Corporations for such power and such interest, 
sinking fund, line loss, and cost of operating, maintaining, repairing, renew- 
ing and insuring the line and works. 

8. It is hereby declared that the Commission is to be a trustee of all 
property held by the Commission under this agreement for the Corporation 
and other Municipal Corporations supplied by the Commission, but the Com- 
mission shall be entitled to a lien upon said property for all moneys expended 
toy the Commission under this agreement and not repaid. At the expiration 
of this agreement the Commission shall determine and adjust the rights of 
the Corporation and other Municipal Corporations, supplied by the Commis- 
sion, having regard to the amounts paid by them respectively, under the 
terms of this agreement, and such other considerations as may appear equit- 
able to the Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in 
Council. 

9. If at any time any other Municipal Corporation or, pursuant to said 
Act, any railway or distributing company, or any other Corporation or person, 
applies to the Commission for a supply of power, the Commission shall notify 
the applicant and the Corporation in writing, of a time and place and hear 
all representations that may be made as to the terms and conditions for such 
supply. 

Without discrimination in favor of the applicants as to the price to be 
paid, for equal quantities of power, the Commission may supply power upon 
such terms and conditions as may, having regard to the risk and expense 
incurred, and paid, and to be paid by the Corporation, appear equitable to the 
Commission, and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

10. In case any Municipal Corporation, or any person, firm or Corporation, 
which shall contract with the Commission or any Municipal Corporation, for 
a supply of power furnished to the Commission by a power company shall 
suffer damages by the act or neglect of the company, and such Municipal 
Corporation, person, firm or Corporation would, if the Company had made the 
said contracts directly with them, have had a right to recover such damages 
or commence any (proceedings or any other remedy, the Commission shall be 
entitled to commence such proceedings to bring such action for or on behalf 
of such Municipal Corporation, person, firm or Corporation, and notwith- 
standing any act, decision or rule of law to the contrary, the Commission 
shall be entitled to all the rights and remedies of such Municipal Corporation. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 87 

person, firm or Corporation including the right to recover such damages, but 
no action shall be brought by the Commission until such Municipal Cor- 
poration, person, firm or Corporation shall have agreed with the Commission 
to pay any costs that may be adjudged to be paid if such proceedings or 
action is unsuccessful. The rights and remedies of any such Municipal Cor- 
poration, person, firm or Corporation shall not be hereby prejudiced. 

11. If differences arise between Corporations to whom the Commission is 
supplying power, the Commission may upon application fix a time and place 
to hear all representations that may be made by the parties and the Com- 
mission shall, in a summary manner, when possible, adjust such differences 
and such adjustment shall be final. 

The Commission shall have all the powers that may be conferred upon a 
Commissioner appointed under the Act Respecting Enquiries Concerning 
Public Matters. 

12. This agreement shall extend to, be binding upon and enure to the 
benefit of the successors and assigns of the parties hereto. 

In witness whereof the Commission and the Corporation have respectively 
affixed their corporate seals and the hands of their proper officers. 

HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION OF ONTARIO. 

A. Beck, Chairman. 
(Seal.) 

W. W. Pope, Secretary. 

MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF THE TOWNSHIP OF WHITBY. 

Fred. F. Rowe, Reeve. 
(Seal.) 

D. Holliday. Clerk. 



SCHEDULE "T." 
This agreement made this 27th day of September, A.D. 1917, 
Between 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, herein called the 
" Commission," party of the first part; 

and 

The -Municipal Corporation of the Township of East Whitby, herein 
called the " Corporation," party of the second part. 

Whereas, pursuant to an Act to provide for the transmission of electrical 
power to municipalities, the Corporation applied to the Commission for a 
supply of power; 

; h. (i) 



88 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

And whereas the Corporation under the provisions of The Power Commis- 
sion Act and amendments thereto and The Bower Commission Act, Revised 
Statutes of Ontario, 1914, chapter 39, part 2, "being " An Act to Provide for the 
Supply of Electrical Energy or Power to Individual Users," and The Central 
Ontario Power Act, 1916, 6 Geo. V, chap. 8, has, at the request of a number of 
ratepayers (petitoners) applied to the Commission for a supply of electrical 
power or energy, and has passed a by-law, No. 826, to authorize the execution 
of an agreement therefor; 

And whereas the Commission has entered into contracts with power com- 
panies for such power, or has acquired or constructed generating plants, 
transformer stations, transmission lines, distributing stations and other 
works necessary for the delivery of electrical energy or power to munici- 
palities. 

Now, therefore, this Indenture witnesseth that in consideration of the 
premises and of the agreement herein set forth, subject to the provisions of 
the said Act and amendments thereto, the parties hereto agree each with the 
other as follows: 

1. The Commission agrees: 

(a) To reserve and deliver at the earliest possible date electrical power 
to the Corporation as required by the Corporation. 

(ft) At the expiration of thirty (30) days' notice in writing which may 
be given hy the Corporation from time to time during the continuance of this 
agreement, to reserve and deliver to the Corporation additional electrical 
power as may be required from time to time. 

(c) To use at all times first class, modern, standard commercial apparatus 
and plant, and to exercise all due skill and diligence so as to secure the most 
perfect operation of the plant and apparatus of the Corporation. 

(d) Power shall be delivered to the Corporation at approximately 2,200 
or 4,000 volts, or at any other primary voltage that may be available for the 
Corporation's use. 

(e) To supply and construct all 2,200 and 4,000 or other lines at primary 
voltage made necessary by contracts for electric service made between the 
Corporation and residents or users, within the township, from the Commis- 
sion's transformer station or stations to the service transformers of the 
Corporation, located at such points as the Commission may approve. 

2. The Corporation agrees: 

(a) To use all diligence by every lawful means in its power to prepare 
for the receipt and use of the power dealt with by this agreement, so as to 
be able to give notice as specified in paragraph 1 (&). 

(&) Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 (g) herein, to pay to the 
Commission monthly, for all power taken, the cost of the power delivered to 
the Commission, plus the charges in connection with the delivery of the 
power to the municipality as outlined in clauses 2 (c) and (d). 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 89 

(c) To pay, annually, in twelve monthly instalments, interest upon its 
proportionate part of the moneys expended by the Commission on capital 
account for the acquiring of properties and rights, and acquiring and con- 
struction of generating plants, transformer stations, transmission lines, dis- 
tributing stations and other necessary works for the delivery of power to the 
Corporation; to pay an annual sum for its proportionate part of all moneys 
expended by the Commission on capital account for the acquiring of the said 
properties and rights, and the cost of the said construction, so as to form in 
thirty years a sinking fund for the retirement of securities issued by the 
Province of Ontario; and to bear its proportionate part of the line loss, and 
pay its proportionate part of the cost to operate, maintain, repair, renew, and 
insure the said lines, generator and transformer stations and works. All 
payments under that paragraph shall be subject to adjustment under para- 
graph 7. 

(d) In addition to the cost of power, and the cost of delivering it to the 
Corporation as provided for in paragraphs 2 (b) and (c), to pay to the Com- 
mission in half yearly instalments, interest and sinking fund on a thirty year 
basis on all capital invested by the Commission in 2,200, 4,000 or other lines 
of primary voltage as provided for in paragraph 1 (e), and to maintain, 
repair, renew and operate the said lines, and set aside a depreciation fund 
at the rate of 5 per cent, per annum on all capital expended by the Com- 
mission on such construction. 

(e) The amounts payable in accordance with clause 2 (&), (c) and (d) 
shall be paid in gold coin of the present standard of weight and fineness, at 
the office of the Commission at Toronto, and bills shall be rendered by the 
Commission on or before the 5th day and paid by the Corporation or or 
before the 15th day of each month, except that payments under clause 2 (d) 
shall be made half pearly. If any bill remains unpaid for fifteen days, the 
Commission may, in addition to all other remedies and without notice, dis- 
continue the supply of power to the Corporation until said bill is paid. No 
such discontinuance shall relieve the Corporation from the performance of 
the covenants, provisoes and conditions herein contained. All payments in 
arrears shall bear interest at the legal rate. 

(/) To take power exclusively from the Commission during the continu- 
ance of this agreement. 

(g) To pay for three-fourths of the power ordered from time to time by 
the Corporation and held in reserve for it as herein provided, whether it 
takes the same or not. 

When the highest average amount of power taken for any twenty con- 
secutive minutes during any month shall exceed during the twenty con- 
secutive minutes three-fourths of the amount ordered by the Corporation 
and held in reserve, then the Corporation shall pay for this greater amount 
during the entire month. 

If the Corporation during any month takes more than the amount of 
power ordered and held in reserve for it, as determined by an integrated 
peak, or highest average, for a period of twenty consecutive minutes, the 
Corporation shall pay for this greater amount of power during the entire 
month. The taking of such excess shall thereafter constitute an obligation 
on the part of the Corporation to pay for and on the part of the Commission 



90 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

to hold in reserve an additional block of power in accordance with the terms 
and conditions of this contract. 

When the power factor of the greatest amount of power taken for said 
twenty consecutive minutes falls below 90%, the Corporation shall pay for 
90% of said power divided by the power factor. 

(70 To use at all times first class, modern, standard commercial apparatus 
and plant to be approved by the Commission and to exercise all due skill and 
diligence so as to secure the most perfect operation of the plant and apparatus 
of the Commission and of the company. 

(i) To co-operate, by all means in its power, at all times, with the Com- 
mission, to increase the quantity of power required from the Commission, 
and in all other respects to carry out the objects of this agreement and of the 
said Act. 

3. This agreement shall remain in force for thirty (30) years from the 
date of the first delivery of power under this contract. 

4. The power shall be three-phase, alternating, commercially continuous 
twenty-four hour power every day in the year except as provided in para- 
graph 6', having a periodicity of approximately 60 cycles per second, and shall 
be delivered as aforesaid at a voltage suitable for distribution within the 
municipality. 

(a) That the meters with their series and potential transformers shall 
be connected at the point of delivery, and shall be subject to test as to 
accuracy by either party hereto. 

(&) The maintenance by the Commission of approximately the agreed 
voltage at approximately the agreed frequency at the point of delivery to the 
Corporation shall constitute the supply of all power involved herein and the 
fulfilment of all operating obligations hereunder; and when voltage and 
frequency are so maintained, the amount of the power, its fluctuations, load 
factor, power factor, distribution as to phases, and all other electric char- 
acteristics and qualities are under the sole control of the Corporation, their 
agents, customers, apparatus, appliances and circuits. 

5. The engineers of the Commission, or one or more of them, or any other 
person or persons appointed for this purpose by the Commission, shall have 
the right from time to time during the continuance of this agreement, to 
inspect the apparatus, plant and property of the Corporation and to take 
records at all reasonable hours. 

6. In case the Commission should at any time or times be prevented from 
supplying said power, or any part thereof, or in case the Corporation shall at 
any time be prevented from taking said power, or any part thereof, by strike, 
lockout, fire, invasion, explosion, act of God, or the King's enemies, or any 
other cause reasonably beyond their control, then the Commission shall not 
be bound to deliver such power during such times, and the Corporation shall 
not be bound to pay the price of said power, during such time. 

7. The Commission shall at least annually adjust and apportion the 
amounts payable by Municipal Corporations for such power and such interest, 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 91 

sinking fund, line loss, and cost of operating, maintaining, repairing, renew- 
ing and insuring the line and works. 

8. It is hereby declared that the Commission is to be a trustee of all 
property held by the Commission under this agreement for the Corporation 
and other Municipal Corporations supplied by the Commission, but the Com- 
mission shall be entitled to a lien upon said property for all moneys ex- 
pended by the Commission under this agreement and not repaid. At the 
expiration of this agreement the Commission shall determine and adjust the 
rights of the Corporation and other Municipal Corporations, supplied by the 
Commission, having regard to the amounts paid by them, respectively, under 
the terms of this agreement, and such other considerations as may appear 
equitable to the Commission and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in 
Council. 

9. If at any time any other Municipal Corporation, pursuant to said Act,, 
any railway or distributing company, or any other Corporation or person, 
applies to the Commission for a supply of power, the Commission shall notify 
the applicant and the Corporation in writing of a time and place and hear all 
representations that may be made as to the terms and conditions for such 
supply. 

Without discrimination in favor of the applicants as to the price to be 
paid, for equal quantities of power, the Commission may supply power upon 
such terms and conditions as may, having regard to the risk and expense 
incurred, and paid, and to be paid by the Corporation, appear equitable to 
the Commission, and are approved by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council. 

10. In case any Municipal Corporation or any person, firm or Corporation, 
which shall contract with the Commission or any Municipal Corporation, for 
a supply of power furnished to the Commission by a power company, shall 
suffer damages by the act or neglect of the company, and such Municipal 
Corporation, person, firm or Corporation would, if the company had made the 
said contracts directly with them, have had a right to recover such damages 
or commence any proceedings or any other remedy, the Commission shall be 
entitled to commence any such proceedings to bring such action for or on 
behalf of such Municipal Corporation, person, firm or Corporation, and not- 
withstanding any act, decision or rule of law to the contrary, the Commission 
shall be entitled to all the rights and remedies of such Municipal Corpora- 
tion, person, firm or Corporation, including the right to recover such dam- 
ages, but no action shall be brought by the Commission until such Municipal 
Corporation, person, firm or Corporation shall have agreed with the Com- 
mission to pay any costs that may be adjudged to be paid if such proceed- 
ings or action is unsuccessful. The rights and remedies of any such Muni- 
cipal Corporation, person, firm or Corporation shall not hereby be prejudiced. 

11. If differences arise between Corporations to whom the Commission is 
supplying power, the Commission may upon application fix a time and place 
to hear all representations that may be made by the parties and the Com- 
mission shall, in a summary manner, when possible, adjust such differences 
and such adjustment shall be final. 

The Commission shall have all the powers that may be conferred upon a 
Commissioner appointed under the Act Respecting Enquiries Concerning 
Public Matters. 



92 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

12. This agreement shall extend to, be binding upon and enure to the 
benefit of the successors and assigns of the parties hereto. 

In witness where of the Commission and the Corporation have respectively 
affixed their corporate seals and the hands of their proper officers. 

HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION OF ONTARIO. 

A. Beck, Chairman. 
(Seal.) 

W. W. Pope, Secretary. 

MUNICIPAL CORPORATION OF THE TOWNSHIP OF EAST WHITBY. 

Warren Dearborne, Reeve. 
(Seal.) 

Wm. Purvis, Clerk. 



SCHEDULE "U." 

Agreement made this twelfth day of April, A.D. 1917, 

Between 

John Joseph Allbright, of Buffalo, in the State of New York, on behalf 
of himself and other Stockholders of The Ontario Power Company of 
Niagara Falls, hereinafter called the "Vendor," of the first part; 

and 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, hereinafter called the 
" Purchaser," of the second part; 

and 

His Majesty, the King, herein represented by the Lieutenant-Governor in 
Council of the Province of Ontario, acting by Sir William Hearst, Prime 
Minister of the said Province, hereinafter called the " Guarantor," of 
the third part; 

and 

The Ontario Power Company of Niagara Falls, hereinafter called the 
" Power Company," of the fourth part; 

and 

The Ontario Transmission Company, Limited, hereinafter called the 
"Transmission Company," of the fifth part; 

and 

Niagara, Lockport and Ontario Power Company, hereinafter called the 
" Lockport Company," of the sixth part. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 93 

Whereas, the Power Company has an issued and outstanding capital stock 
of Ten Million Dollars ($10,000,000) par, amount represented by One Hun- 
dred Thousand shares of the par value of One Hundred Dollars ($100,00) 
each — ■ 

Now this agreement witnesseth that, in consideration of the covenants, 
agreements and considerations herein contained, the parties respectively 
covenant and agree the one with the other as follows: 

APPENDIX C. 

First: The Vendor agrees to sell to the Purchaser and the Purchaser 
agrees to purchase from the Vendor, ninety thousand (90,000) shares of the 
par value of one hundred dollars ($100.00) each, of the capital stock of the 
Power Company and the remaining ten thousand (10,000) shares of said 
stock of the par value of one million dollars ($1,000,000) to the extent that 
the holders thereof put the Vendor in a position to make delivery of such 
shares to the Purchaser prior to the time for completion as hereinafter 
denned. 

Second: The consideration for the said sale shall be: 

(a) The sum of eight million dollars ($8,000,000), or such portion of said 
sum as shall equal eighty per cent. (80%) of the par amount of the shares 
of said stock of the Power Company transferred and delivered to the Pur- 
chaser at the time for completion as hereinafter defined, which sum the 
Purchaser hereby agrees to pay and satisfy by the issue and delivery to the 
Vendor of the debentures of the Purchaser guaranteed as hereinafter pro- 
vided for, bearing date on the date of the said time for completion in such 
denominations being multiples of one hundred ($100.00) dollars as the 
Vendor shall require, payable forty years from the said date and bearing 
interest at the rate of four per cent. (4%) per annum, payable half-yearly, 
said debentures being payable as to principal and interest in Toronto, Canada; 
New York, United States of America, and/or London, England, at the option 
of the holders; the said debentures as to both principal and interest to be 
payable in gold coin of the present standard of weight and fineness of the 
country where same shall be paid; and, unless otherwise agreed between the 
Vendor and the Purchaser, interest coupons to be attached to said debentures 
and the coupons attached thereto to be in the forms set out in Schedule " A " 
to this agreement, or to the like effect with any variations or additions 
which the Vendor may before the time for completion required to secure list- 
ing and quotation of same on any exchange or exchanges; said debentures 
and coupons to be engraved or lithographed, the debentures to be sealed with 
the seal of the Purchaser and signed by the Chairman and Secretary, and 
the coupons to be signed by the Secretary; the signature of the coupons to 
be either written or lithographed or engraved as the Purchaser may deter- 
mine. Provided that in lieu of delivering at the time for completion said 
lithographed or engraved debentures the Purchaser may issue and deliver 
interim debentures with or without coupons, such interim debentures and 
coupons, if any, to be in such form and in such denomination as the Vendor 
may be willing to accept and to be guaranteed as to principal and interest in 
the same manner as is provided for in respect of said lithographed or en- 
graved debentures, and to entitle the holder or holders thereof to said 
lithographed or engraved debentures as soon as the same are prepared in 
exchange for an equal amount of said interim debentures and to give the 



94 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

holder or holders thereof, or of any coupons attached thereto pending- such 
exchange every right which the holder or holders of said lithographed or 
engraved debentures would have; and if interim debentures are delivered, 
the said lithographed or engraved debentures shall be prepared and made 
ready to be exchanged therefor within two months from the time for com- 
pletion as hereinafter defined, and shall be exchanged for said interim deben- 
tures as and when said interim debentures are delivered to the Purchaser 
after said lithographed or engraved debentures are so prepared and made 
ready; and 

(7>) The execution and delivery by the Purchaser of an agreement with 
the Vendor and the Toronto General Trusts Corporation, which, unless other- 
wise agreed between the Vendor and the Purchaser, shall be in the form set 
out in Schedule " B " of this agreement, and which the Purchaser agrees with 
the Vendor to execute and deliver at the time for completion as hereinafter 
defined. 

Third: It is understood between the Vendor and the Purchaser, and the 
Purchaser agrees with the Vendor, that before the time for completion as 
hereinafter defined, the Vendor may cause or procure the Power Company to 
do and the Power Company may do all such things as may be requisite or 
proper to be done so that at the time for completion as hereinafter defined 
the respective assets of the Power Company and the Transmission Company 
will consist only of those described in Schedule " C " to this agreement. And 
it is further understood between the Vendor and the Purchaser, and the 
Vendor agrees with the Purchaser that the Vendor will cause or procure the 
Power Company and the Transmission Company to do all such things as may 
be required or proper to be done so that the respective liabilities (whether 
direct, indirect, contingent, accruing or accrued) of the said companies at the 
time for completion as hereinafter defined, shall be only those described in 
Schedule " D " to this agreement, and in default of so doing or in so far as 
he shall not so do the Vendor will pay or settle all such liabilities. 

The Power Company and the Purchaser severally agree with the Vendor 
that should the Power Company and/or the Transmission Company before 
the time for completion have sold or assigned any assets of either Company, 
such as accounts receivable or other choses in action, and should such assets 
not have been collected or reduced to possession by the owner or owners 
thereof, the Power Company and/or the Transmission Company will, from 
time to time, at the request and expense of the Vendor, use all reasonable 
means to collect and get in such of said assets or the proceeds thereof as the 
Vendor may specify, and will account for and pay and deliver over such 
assets or proceeds, as the case may be, from time to time received by the 
Power Company and/or the Transmission Company to the Vendor or the 
person or persons respectively entitled thereto. 

The Vendor agrees with the Power Company and the Purchaser that in 
addition to the assets set out in said Schedule " C " hereto, there shall be 
left in the hands of the Power Company at the time for completion a sum 
estimated by the Vendor to be equal to — 

(a) Interest and Sinking Fund payments on the bonds and debentures of 
the Power Company and the Transmission Company mentioned in the said 
Schedule " D " which shall have accrued but shall not be due at the time foi 
completion, and 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 95 

(&) The proper proportion of all rentals and payments to the Commis- 
sioners of the Queen Victoria Niagara Falls Park, and of all unpaid rates, 
taxes and assessments for the year 1917, adjusted to the time for completion, 
and if such estimate shall, after completion, prove inaccurate, the excess or 
deficiency when determined shall be paid by the Vendor to the Power Com- 
pany, or by the Power Company or the Purchaser to the Vendor as the case 
may require. 

The assets of the Power Company at the time for completion are not 
intended to include any rentals, sums or moneys payable or to become payable 
for power supplied or otherwise, under any lease or contract which shall 
have accrued or shall have been earned, but shall not be due or payable at 
the time for completion, and if they do include any such items the Purchaser 
shall use every reasonable effort to collect such items, and if and when col- 
lected shall pay, or procure to be paid, to the Vendor, the amount thereof 
adjusted to the time for completion, and the Purchaser shall also at the time 
for completion pay or procure to be paid to the Vendor the value of all pre- 
paid insurance, rentals, taxes, rates (including local improvement rates), 
assessments and payments for telephone services adjusted to the time for 
completion. 

Fourth: The Purchaser shall have thirty days from the date hereof 
within which to examine the real property titles of the Power Company and 
of the Transmission Company. The Vendor shall not be obliged to deliver 
any abstract or title or to incur any expense in connection with the investi- 
gation of said titles, but the Purchaser shall search the said titles entirely at 
its own expense. The Vendor will permit the Purchaser or procure the Pur- 
chaser to be permitted to inspect all documents relating to the titles which 
may be in the possession or power of the Power Company or the Transmission 
Company. If any objection or requisition in respect of said titles shall be 
made by the Purchaser which the Vendor may from any reason whatsoever 
be unwilling to comply with or to remove whether able to do so or not, the 
Vendor shall have the right to rescind this agreement by written notice to 
the Purchaser, of his election to do so, and such right may be exercised 
notwithstanding any attempt to remove or to comply with or any partial 
removal or compliance with any such objection Or requisition, and notwith- 
standing any negotiations which may have been had between the parties with 
reference thereto. If the Purchaser shall not have made any specific requisi- 
tion or objection to the said titles within the said period of thirty days, or if 
all specific requisitions or objections made within the said period of thirty 
days shall have been removed or complied with or waived, the Purchaser 
shall be deemed to have accepted the titles of the Power Company and of the 
Transmission Company; provided always that the Purchaser may waive all 
such objections or requisitions by giving notice in writing to that effect to 
the Vendor at any time within fifteen days from the receipt of such notice 
of rescission and upon such notice of waiver being given this agreement shall 
remain in full force and effect as though such objections or requisitions had 
never been made. 

Fifth: Upon the completion of the sale under this agreement, the Ven- 
dor agrees that he will tender or cause to be tendered the resignation of all 
members of the Boards of Directors of the Power Company and of the Trans- 
mission Company, and also that he will tender or cause to be tendered the 
resignation of all officers of said companies respectively, or will terminate, 
or cause to be terminated, their employment, and that the Boards of Direc- 

8 H. (i) \ 



96 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

tors of the Power Company and of the Transmission Company will at that 
time respectively assist the Purchaser in acceptance of such resignations and 
in the election of new directors nominated by the Purchaser. 

Sixth: The Vendor agrees that the Power Company and the Transmis- 
sion Company will, until the time for completion as hereinafter defined, 
repair and keep in repair and in good working order and condition, reason- 
able wear and tear only excepted, all the present buildings, erections, plant, 
machinery and fixtures of said company and all additions thereto, and will, 
pending said time for completion, and except as otherwise expressly provided 
for herein, carry on the respective businesses of said companies in the usual 
and ordinary manner, but in case of loss or damage which would involve an 
expenditure of more than two hundred and fifty thousand dollars ($250,000) 
shall occur, the Vendor may, by notice in writing addressed to the Purchaser, 
rescind this agreement, unless the Purchaser shall, by notice in writing, waive 
the above covenants to repair, rebuild or make good and agree to accept in 
lieu thereof, an assignment of the rights of the Vendor, the Power Company 
and the Transmission Company, or of any one of more of them (if any) to 
such insurance moneys as may be payable in respect thereof; provided that 
shall not, nor shall the Power Company or the Transmission Company pro- 
ceed with any such repairs, rebuilding or making good until one week after 
it shall have submitted the plans thereof to the Purchaser and shall have 
considered any representations or suggestions which the Purchaser may 
make in respect thereof. In case there shall be an obligation to repair, 
rebuild and make good under the foregoing provisions, and the Vendor shall 
not have rescinded this agreement under the provisions of this clause, the 
completion of this agreement shall not be thereby delayed, but the assets 
of the Power Company will be restored by the inclusion therein of a sum 
estimated in good faith by the Vendor to be equal to the reasonable cost of 
such repair, rebuilding, or making good, or so much thereof as shall not 
have been finished or paid for at the time of completion, and should said sum 
prove to be less than such reasonable cost the difference when determined 
shall be paid by the Vendor to the Power Company. Neither the Vendor, the 
Power Company nor the Transmission Company shall be obliged to make any 
betterments or improvements to the property of either company, but if any 
such improvements shall be deemed expedient by either company, the Vendor 
shall cause the Purchaser to be notified in case the expenditure in respect of 
any one item shall exceed five hundred dollars ($500.00) and the Purchaser 
shall pay the Vendor in cash at the time for completion as hereinafter 
defined, a portion of all expenditures made by either company for the better- 
ment or improvement of the property of either company from the date 
hereof up to said time for completion in respect of, — 

(a) Items not exceeding five hundred dollars ($500.00) and 

(6) All items exceeding five hundred dollars ($500.00) in respect of 
which the Purchaser shall have consented to the expenditure in writing 
which portion shall bear the same proportion to the total amount of such 
expenditure as the amount of stock of the Power Company delivered to the 
Purchaser in completing this agreement bears to the total Issued oapital 
stock of the Power Company. 

The Vendor agrees with the Purchaser that until the time for completion, 
as hereinafter defined, neither the' Power Company nor the Transmission 
Company will surrender any of the franchise rights or privileges granted 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 97 

to them, or either of them, or do omit or permit to be done or omitted any 
act or thing whereby any such particular rights or privileges may become 
forfeited or terminated, or liable to forfeiture or termination. 

Seventh: The Guarantor agrees with the Vendor and the Purchaser 
and each of them to guarantee and, hereby guarantees to the respective 
holders thereof for the time being the due payment by the Purchaser of the 
interest and principal of all debentures of the Purchaser to be delivered 
under the terms of this agreement, and the Guarantor further agrees that 
a guarantee duly executed by the Guarantor and guaranteeing to the Holder 
thereof for the time being payment of the interest and principal thereof by 
by the Purchaser, shall be endorsed upon each of said debentures of the 
Purchaser so to be delivered prior to the delivery thereof hereunder, such 
guarantee, unless altered by consent, to be in the form set out in Schedule 
"A" to this agreement or to the like effect; and the Guarantor further 
agrees with the Vendor and the Purchaser, and each of them, to guarantee 
and bereby guarantees to the Vendor and to the Toronto General Trusts 
Corporation and its successors and assigns the due performance and observ- 
ance by the Purchaser of the agreement between the Purchaser and the 
Vendor and The Toronto General Trusts Corporation to be executed by the 
Purchaser under the provisions 'of clause (&) of the second section of this 
agreement. 

Eighth: The Lockport Company, the Power Company and the Purchaser 
mutually agree: — 

(a) That on the first day of April, 1950, if all the now outstanding bonds 
of the Lockport Company shall have been paid and 'retired on or before that 
date, and otherwise as soon after the first day of April, 1950, as all of the 
said bonds of the Lockport Company shall have been ipaid and retired, and 
in any event not later than the first day of November, 1954, the existing 
contract between the Power Company and the Lockport Company, evidenced 
by ifour agreements made between the Lockport Company and the Power 
Company, and dated, respectively, the 16th day of July, 1904; the 30th day 
of December, 1904; the 21st day of October, 1905, and the 30th day of Decem- 
ber 1913, (hereinafter called the existing power supply contract) and any 
extension or renewal of or right of either party thereto to extend or renew 
the same shall cease and determine; and 

(b) That in case the Power Company shall at any time or times be pre- 
vented by any competent authority other than the Legislature or Govern- 
ment of the Province of Ontario, or by strike, lockout, riot, fire, invasion, 
explosion, act of God or the king's enemies, or any other cause, reasonably 
beyond its control, from delivering to the Lockport Company the power 
deliverable under the existing Power supply contract, /or any extension or 
renewal thereof, or any part of such power, or in case the Lockport Company 
shall at any time be so prevented from taking such power or any part thereof, 
then the Power Company shall not be bound to deliver such power during 
such time or times or be liable for any penalties or damages or deductions 
for non-delivery during such time or times, and the Lockport Company shall 
not be bound to pay for such power during such time or times, but as soon 
as the cause of such interruption is removed, the Power Company shall, with- 
out any delay, deliver the said power as aforesaid, and the Lockport Com- 
pany shall take the same, and each of the said parties (the Power Company 
and the Lockport Company), shall, so far as such party can do so, and as 



98 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

early as possible, remove and overcome such causes or causes of inter- 
ruption. 

The Lockport Company covenants with the Power Company and the 
Purchaser, and each of them, that all the said bonds of the Lockport Company 
will be paid and retired before or on the first day of November, 1954. 

The Power Company agrees with the Lockport Company and the Pur- 
chaser agrees with and guarantees to the Lockport Company, and agrees 
with and guarantees to the Vendor that the Power Company will duly 
abide by, observe and perform the existing power supply contract between 
the Power Company and the Lockport Company (as varied by this agree- 
ment) and all extensions or renewals thereof; and the Purchaser and 
the Guarantor undertake and agree with the Power Company, the Lockport 
Company, the Transmission Company and the Vendor, to use their best 
endeavours from time, to time with the Government and Parliament of 
Canada and with the Legislature of Ontario to place and keep the Power 
Company and the Transmission Company at all times in such a position that 
they and each of them may lawfully carry out the terms iof the existing 
power supply contract between the Power Company and the Lockport Com- 
pany (as varied by this agreement) and any extensions or renewals thereof 
so far as relates to the export of the power required for the purpose of such 
contract, as so varied, and any extensions or renewals thereof. 

The Purchaser, the Power Company and the Lockport Company mutually 
agree that except as by this paragraph (eighth) varied, the existing power 
supply contract shall continue and remain in full force and effect. 

Ninth: This agreement shall not take effect or be binding upon the 
parties hereto unless and until it shall have been executed and delivered by 
all the said parties. 

Tenth: The Vendor agrees with the Purchaser that neither the Power 
Company not the Transmission Company will, before the time for completion 
as hereinafter defined, create or issue any further shares 1 or their capital 
stocks, respectively, or any bonds, debentures or like sucurities. 

Eleventh: The Vendor agrees with the Purchaser that the Vendor will, 
from time to time, after the completion of this Agreement, upon the request 
and at the expense of the Purchaser, furnish to the Purchaser any and all 
information in connection with any and all of the affairs of the Power Com- 
pany iand the Transmission Company which the Vendor may have in his 
possession or under his control. 

Twelfth: The time for completion of this agreement shall be the first 
day of the calendar month which shall fall next after sixty (60) days from 
the execution and delivery of this agreement by all the parties thereto, and 
if such execution and delivery shall not have taken place by the first day of 
June, 1917, this agreement shall he void; provided that the Vendor and 
Purchaser may agree in writing to an extension or extensions of .the said 
date, and of the said time for completion, or either of them, and every such 
agreement shall be binding on all parties hereto, and if and as often as the 
time for completion shall be extended the time to which it is extended shall 
thereafter be taken to be the time for completion for the purposes of this 
agreement. 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



99 



Thirteenth: The completion of this agreement shall take tplace at the 
office of the Purchaser at Toronto, Ontario. 

Fourteenth: The Power Company and the Transmission Company 
assent, and each of them assents, to this agreement, and the Power Company 
and the Transmission Company agree, and each of them agrees, with the 
Vendor that they and each of them will, at the expense of the Vendor, 
facilitate in all reasonable ways the due carrying out of all the terms of 
this agreement to 'be carried out by the Vendor, and that they and each of 
them on its part will do and cause to be done all such acts and things as 
the Vendor hereby agrees to cause or procure to be done by the Power Com- 
pany and the Transmission Company or either of them. 

Fifteenth: Time shall be of the essence of this agreement. 

Sixteenth: The obligations of the Guarantor hereunder shall extend 
to his successors; and the obligations of every other party hereunder shall 
bind the successors and assigns of such party if a corporation, and the 
executors, administrators and assigns of such party if a person; and all 
rights of and benefits to any party hereunder shall extend and enure to the 
successors and assigns of such party if a corporation, and to the executors, 
administrators and assigns of such party if a person. 

In witness whereof these presents have been duly executed by the parties 
hereto the day and year first above written. 

Witness: 
(Signed) W. K. Koester. 



(Signed) John Joseph Albright, 

The Hydro-Electric Power 
Commission of Ontario. 



(Signed) J. W. Jenkins. 



(Signed,) A. Beck, Chairman. 
(Signed) W. W. Pope, Secretary. 



(Signed) W. H. Hearst, Prime Minister. 
The Ontario Power Com- 
pany of Niagara Falls. 
By 
John Jos. Albright, President. 
Robert C. Board, Secretary. 



The Ontario Transmission 
Company of Niagara Falls. 
By 

John Jos. Albright, President. 

Robert C. Board, Secretary. 

Niagara, Lockport and On- 
tario Power Company. 
By 

Fred. D. Corey, President. 

Harry E. Nichols, Secretary. 



100 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 



SCHEDULE "A" REFERRED TO IN THE ANNEXED 
AGREEMENT. 



Form of Debenture. 



No. 



The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario (hereinafter called 
" the Commission ") for value received, hereby promises to pay to the bearer, 

or if registered, to the registered holder hereof, on the day 

of 19 , on presentation and surrender of this deben- 
ture, the sum of dollars, at 

in Toronto, Canada, or at in New York, United 

States of America, or the sum of pounds sterling, at 

in London, England, at the holder's option, with 

interest thereon, until paid, at the rate of four per centum per annum, pay- 
able half-yearly, at any of said places, at the holder's option, on the first 

of and the first day of in 

each year, on presentation and surrender of the interest coupons hereto 
annexed as they severally become due; each payment of principal and 
interest to be made in gold coin of the present standard of weight and fine- 
ness of the country where same shall be made. 

This debenture shall pass by delivery, but may be registered as to prin- 
cipal in the name of the holder in a register which shall be kept by the Com- 
mission at its office in Toronto, Canada, in which case it can only be trans- 
ferred by an instrument in writing, signed by the registered holder or his 
lawful attorney, and registered in the said register. A transfer to bearer 
may subsequently be registered, after which this debenture shall be trans- 
ferable by delivery alone until again registered in the name of the holder. 
Notwithstanding registration, the interest coupons shall continue payable to 
bearer. 

This debenture is issued under the authority of an Act of the Legislative 

Assembly of the Province of Ontario, entitled 

and being Chapter of the Statutes of Ontario (1917) passed 

in the seventh year of the reign of His Majesty King George V. 

In witness whereof the Commission has caused its corporate seal to be 

hereunder affixed and this debenture to be signed by 

and this day of 

19 . 



(Seal) 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 101 

Form of Interest Coupon. 

Debenture No 

Interest Coupon No 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario will pay to the bearer 

on the day of dollars at 

in Toronto, Canada, or at in New York, 

United States of America, or pounds sterling, at 

in London, England', at the bearer's option; such pay- 
ment to be made in gold coin of the prese t standard of weight and fineness 
of the country where same shall be mad *nd being the half-year's interest 

on debentures No „ able on the 

day of 19 . 

Dated the day of 19 . 

FORM OF GUARANTEE FOR ENDORSEMENT ON DEBENTURES. 

By virtue of powers conferred by the Legislature of the Province of 
Ontario, Canada, the Province of Ontario hereby guarantees to the holder of 
the within bond for the time being and to the holder for the time being of 
any of the coupons attached thereto, due payment of the principal of the 
within debenture and of the interest thereon, according to the tenor of the 
said debenture and of the coupons attached thereto. 

SCHEDULE " B " REFERRED TO IN THE ANNEXED 
AGREEMENT. 

This agreement made this Twelfth day of April, A.D., 1917. 

Between 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, hereinafter called the 
" Commission," of the first part; 

and 

John Joseph Albright, of Buffalo, in the United States of America, here- 
inafter called the "Vendor," of the second part; 

and 

The Toronto General Trusts Corporation, representing and acting herein 
for the benefit of the various holders for the time being of the various 
bonds and debentures hereinafter mentioned, hereinafter called the 
" Trustees," of the third part. 

WITNESSETH that 

First: For divers valuable considerations and in consideration of one 
dollar ($1.00) of lawful money of Canada, paid by the Vendor and the Trus- 



102 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

tees to the Commission, receipt of all which considerations the Commission 
hereby acknowledges, the Commission hereby covenants with the Vendor 
and the Trustees and each of them — 

(1) That the Ontario Power Company of Niagara Falls (hereinafter 
called the Power Company) will duly pay, as the same become due, the out- 
standing first mortgage five per cent., forty-year sinking fund gold bonds of 
the Power Company, amounting on the 31st December, 1916, to the sum of 
nine million nine hundred and eighty-four thousand dollars ($9,984,000) and 
all interest thereon and sinking fund payments connected therewith secured 
by mortgage dated the 2nd of February, 1903, between the Power Company 
and the Trustees, and Supplementary Agreement dated the 1st October, 
1908, between the Power Company and Francis Ralston Welsh, and others, 
and will perform, abide by and observe all the covenants, agreements, pro- 
visoes and obligations on the part of the Power Company in the said bonds, 
and /or in the said mortgage and supplementary agreement contained; and 

(2) That the Power Company will duly pay as the same becomes due the 
outstanding 6 per cent, gold coupon debentures of the Power Company, pay- 
able as to principal on the 1st day of July, 1921, amounting on the 31st 
December, 1916, to two million eight hundred and eighty thousand dollars 
($2,880,000) and all interest thereon and sinking fund payments connected 
therewith, secured by indenture dated 30th June, 1906, made between the 
Power Company and the Trustees, and by a, second mortgage, dated 2nd 
November, 1914, between the Power Company and National Trust Company, 
Limited, and will perform, abide by and observe all the covenants, agree- 
ments, provisoes and obligations on the part of the Power Company in the 
said debentures, and / or in the said indenture and / or mortgage contained; 
and 

(3) That the Power Company and /or the Ontario Transmission Com- 
pany, Limited (hereinafter called the Transmission Company), will duly 
pay as the same become due the outstanding 5 per cent, first mortgage gold 
bonds of the Transmission Company, payable as to principal on the first 
day of May, 1945, amounting on the said 31st December, 1916, to one million 
eight hundred and five thousand dollars ($1,805,000) and all interest thereon 
and sinking fund payments connected therewith secured by a first mortgage, 
dated 16th August, 1905, between the Transmission Company and the Trus- 
tees, and two certain agreements, the one dated 20th April, 1910, between 
the Power Company, the Transmission Company, the Trustees and the 
Holders from time to time of the 5 per cent, first mortgage gold bonds of the 
Transmission Company, and the other dated 11th June, 1910, between the 
Transmission Company, the Standard Trust Company of New York, the 
Power Company and the Holders from time to time of the said 5 per cent, 
first mortgage gold bonds of the Transmission Company, and will perform, 
abide by and observe all the covenants, agreements, provisoes and obligations 
on the part of the Transmission Company, and / or the Power Company in 
the said bonds of the Transmission Company and / or in the said mortgage, 
and / or in the said agreements dated respectively 20th April, 1910, and 11th 
June, 1910 contained. 

Second: This agreement shall bind the Commission, its successors and 
assigns and enure to the benefit of the executors, administrators and assigns 
of the Vendor and the successors and assigns of the Trustees. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 103 

In witness whereof, these presents have been duly executed by the parties 
hereto the day and year first above written. 

Witness: 

W. K. KOESTER. 

The Hydro-Electric Power Commission 
Of Ontario. 

By A. Beck. Chairman. 

W. W. Pope. Secretary. 

(Signed) John Joseph Albright. 

The Toronto General Trusts Corporation. 

By 



SCHEDULE " C " REFERRED TO IN THE ANNEXED AGREEMENT 
Assets of the Power Company and / or the Transmission Company. 

(a) All freehold and leasehold lands, tenements and hereditaments of 
the Power Company and / or the Transmission Company, including the 
house in the City of Niagara Falls, Ontario, standing in the name of R. C. 
Board. 

(b) All contracts between the Power Company and / or the Transmission 
Company and the Commissioners of the Queen Victoria Niagara Falls Park, 
and all rights and privileges thereunder. 

(c) All franchises, easements, water powers, water privileges and water 
rights of the Power Company and / or the Transmission Company. 

(d) All works, buildings, fixtures, plant, machinery, equipment and 
apparatus of every kind of the Power Company and / or the Transmission 
Company. 

(e) All documents, including plans, records, contracts, and specifica- 
tions of the Power Company and / or the Transmission Company. 

(/) All furniture, chattels, stock-in-trade, stores, licenses, patent rights, 
prepaid insurance and books of account and other books of the Power Com- 
pany and /or the Transmission Company, including items described as 
" work orders " and " working assets." 

(g) All interest of the Power Company and / or the Transmission Com- 
pany in all contracts and engagements mentioned or described under letters 
(e), (/), (g), (h) and (I) in Schedule "D" to the annexed agreement. 

(h) All the shares in the capital stock of the Transmission Company, 
said shares being owned by the Power Company. 



104 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

SCHEDULE "D" REFERRED TO IN THE ANNEXED AGREEMENT. 

Liabilities of the Power Company and / or the Transmission Company. 

(a) First mortgage five per cent, bonds of the Power Company, and 
interest thereon, and sinking fund payments connected therewith; said 
bonds amounting on the 31st December, 1916, to the sum of nine million 
nine hundred and eighty-four thousand dollars ($9,984,000), and all 
covenants, agreements, obligations and liabilities of the Power Company, in 
or under the mortgage dated 2nd February, 1903, between the Power Com- 
pany and the Toronto General Trusts Corporation and / or the supplem3ntal 
agreement, dated 1st October, 1908, between the Power Company and Francis 
Ralston Welsh and others, securing said bonds. 

(1)) Six per cent. (6%) gold coupon debentures of the Power Company 
and interest thereon and sinking fund payments connected therewith, said 
debentures amounting on the 31st December, 1916, to the sum of two 
million eight hundred and eighty thousand dollars ($2,880,000), and all 
covenants, agreements, obligations and liabilities of the Power Company, in 
or under the indenture dated 30th June, 1906, made between the Power Com- 
pany and the Toronto General Trusts Corporation and / or the second mort- 
gage dated 2nd November, 1914, made between the Power Company and 
National Trust Company, Limited, securing said debentures. 

(c) All obligations and liabilities of the Power Company as guarantors 
or otherwise in respect of the first mortgage gold bonds of the Transmission 
Company, including all such obligations and liabilties under any covenant, 
agreement or guarantee relating to said bonds. 

(d) First mortgage five per cent, gold bonds of the Transmission Company, 
and interest thereon, and sinking fund payments connected therewith, said 
bonds amounting on the 31st December, 1916, to one million eight hundred 
and five thousand dollars ($1,805,000), and all covenants, agreements, obliga- 
tions and liabilities of the Transmission Company, in or under the mortgage 
dated August 16th, 1905, made between the Transmission Company and the 
Toronto General Trusts Corporation, and / or two certain agreements, the 
one dated 20th April, 1910, made between the Power Company, the Trans- 
mission Company, the Toronto General Trusts Corporation, and the Holders 
from time to time of the five per cent, first mortgage gold bonds of the 
Transmission Company, and the other dated 11th June, 1910, made between 
the Transmission Company, the iStandard Trust Company of New York, the 
Power Company and the Holders from time to time of the said first mort- 
gage gold bonds of the Transmission Company. 

(e) All obligations and liabilities of the Power Company and / or the 
Transmission Company under any and all contracts or agreements between 
the Power Company and / or the Transmission Company and the Commis- 
sioners of the Queen Victoria Niagara Falls Park. 

(/) All obligations and liabilities of the Power Company and / or the 
Transmission Company under all power supply contracts (whether made 
originally by the Power Company and / or the Transmission Company or 
otherwise), with the following parties: — 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 105 

Niagara, Lockport and Ontario Power Company, 

Canadian Steel Foundries, Limited, 

Canada Cement Company, Limited, 

Canadian Ramapo Iron Works, 

Electcro-Metals, Limited, 

Department of Railways and Canals, 

Coniagas Reduction Company, 

American Cyanamid Company, 

Town of Merritton, 

Hydro-Electric Power Commission, 

The Norton Company, 

Dain Manufacturing Company, Limited, 

Cronmiller & White Brewing Company, 

C. Reichman & Son, 

James Battle, 

Page, Hersey Iron Tube and Lead Company, Limited, 

The Robinson Bros. Cork Co., Limited, 

Ontario Paper Company, Limited, 

Charles T. Grantham (Empire Cotton Mills), 

Metals-Chemical, Limited, 

A. E. Augustine, 

Beaver Wood Fibre Company, Limited, 

Corporation of Port Colborne, 

Humberstone Village, 

Humberstone Summer Resort, 

H. J. Shore, 

Ideal Baking Company, 

Humberstone Shoe Company, 

P. Noxel, 

Woods & Son, 

R. A. Wilson, 

E. Reeb. 

(g) All obligations and liabilities of the Power Company and / or the 
> Transmission Company, under three contracts for the purchase of power 
from the Toronto Power Company of Ontario, Limited, dated respectively, 
September 5th, 1914; October 13th, 1915, and March 17th, 1916. 

(7i) All written contracts and engagements which the Power Company 
and / or the Transmission Company may make or enter into in the ordinary 
course of business prior to the time for completion. 

(i) All leases and contracts for crossings, right-of-way and pole, wire, 
cable and transmission rights and privileges which the Power Company and 
/ or the Transmission Company shall hold, posses or be liable for at the 
time for completion, and all liabilities and obligations in. respect of rentals 
or otherwise thereunder. 

0) All assessments, rates and taxes, including local improvement rates. 

(7c) Obligation of Power Company for transmissions on all power sold to 
Ontario Paper Company, Limited, and Beaver Wood Fibre Company, Limited. 

(I) All obligations and liabilities of the Power Company and / or the 
Transmission Company on contracts for telephone service. 

(m) Any obligation or liability of the Power Company or of R. C. Board 
in connection with the mortgage on the house mentioned under letter (a) 
in Schedule " C " to the annexed agreement. 



106 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

RIGHT-OF -WAY 

The work of the Eight-of-Way Department for the past year has embraced 
practically all parts of the Province, owing to the ever increasing area over which 
the operations of the Commission are constantly being extended from year to year. 
During the past year a great many miles of low tension lines were built, for which 
it was necessary to secure pole and other rights; the construction of the Chippawa 
Power Development has also necessitated the continual acquiring of right-of-way 
in this district, and the taking over of the Essex County Light & Power System, 
and other lines, has resulted in a great many negotiations and dealings towards 
the proper carrying out of such matters, 

The following is a resume of the work carried on by the department for the 
past year: 

High Tension Lines 

The purchase of lands for right-of-way, and other purposes, during the year 
include the following: — 

1. Lands required for the Chippawa-Queenston Development, including the 
right-of-way for the power canal and the construction and disposal railways and 
lands along the Chippawa Creek required in connection with dredging operations 
carried on for the purpose of deepening the channel of that stream. 

This work is practically completed, with the exception of a few parcels along 
the Chippawa Creek between Chippawa village and Montrose. 

2. Balance of Lands on Windsor Eight-of-Way. — This work is now practically 
completed, there being only one outstanding claim on this whole right-of-way. 

3. Section A. A. — Duplicate line from Niagara Falls to Dundas. — All out- 
standing claims on this line, with the exception of six have been disposed of during 
the year. Three of these still outstanding are due to title complications and will 
be closed soon. 

4. Eight-of-Way for second High Tension Line between Dundas and 
Toronto. — This has been completed, with the exception of some half dozen cases 
in the neighborhood of Burlington, which are held up awaiting the result of 
arbitration proceedings in the Porter Case. This is the only case in which the 
Commission has had to resort to arbitration in over six years. 

5. Purchase of lines and equipment of the Essex County Light and Power 
Company, including real estate, in the Towns of Leamington, Essex, Kingsville, 
Amherstburg and the Village of Harrow. 

6. Additional lands required for conduit lines at Falls View. 

A large number of agreements for purchase of real estate have been entered 
into and completed, including over one hundred and twenty-five separate parcels. 

In each case the titles have been carefully investigated, the necessary con- 
veyances prepared, executions secured, the money paid over and the deeds and other 
necessary instruments registered. 

Low Tension Lines 

The principal low tension lines under construction during the year were: — 
1. Trenton to Picton. — Nearly all the poles for this line are located on private 

property, which necessitated the securing of nearly one hundred and fifty easements, 

covering approximately one thousand poles. 

Less than one hundred pole rights remain to be settled. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 107 

2. Perth to High Falls. — A large number of poles on this line are also located 
on private property and a great many trees, including several pieces of bush, had 
to be settled for and removed. The right-of-way work on this Hue is also nearly 
completed. 

3. Perth to Smith's Falls. 

4. Merrickville to Smith's Falls. 

5. Morrisburg to Cornwall. 

6. Cornwall Sub-station to Toronto Paper Company's Sub-station. 

The construction of the four last mentioned lines rendered it necessary that 
a large number of trees should be removed, or trimmed. This involved a great deal 
of negotiation with the owners, but the work has now been practically completed. 

7. The taking over and putting in proper repair of the Essex County System 
rendered it necessary to secure tree trimming rights over all these lines. Also, in 
order to rearrange parts of the lines, pole rights had to be secured. 

This work is being poceeded with very satisfactorily, and will be completed 
by spring. 

8. St Thomas to Avlmer. — This line is located alono- the Talbot Eoad and 
involved considerable tree work. 

9. Extension of tree rights had to be secured on many lines constructed in 
the early days of the Commission. 

10. Many anchor and guy rights on lines previously constructed in various 
parts of the Province, particularly on the Eugenia and Central Ontario Systems, 
have beeen secured during the year. 



108 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



SECTION II 
TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS 

LOW TENSION TRANSMISSION LINES 

Up to October 31, 1918, there were completed by the Line Construction Depart- 
ment, 1,561.18 miles of low tension transmission lines of voltages varying from 
2,200 to 46,000 volts. 

The mileage of these lines is distributed among the various systems as follows : 

Niagara System 945 . 98 

St. Lawrence System 66 . 35 

Severn System 167 . 89 

Wasdells System 65 . 85 

Eugenia System 207 . 35 

Muskoka System 26.32 

Central Ontario System 64.94 

Rideau System 16.50 

1,561.18 miles 

On October 31, 1918, there were under construction 98.27 miles of low tension 
lines of voltages varying from 4,000 to 44,000 volts. 

The mileage of these lines is distributed among the various systems as follows : 





Central Ontario System, 44,000 v. Kingston Line Kingston Line, 44,000 v. Dead ending of conduc- 
inside city limits No. 9228. tors at telephone crossing. No. 10972. 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



109 



Niagara System. 

St. Lawrence System . . 

Severn System 

Wasdells System 

Eugenia System 

Muskoka System 

Central Ontario System 
Rideau System 



29.25 



2.50 

28!27 
38 25 

98.27 



In the construction of these lines, 10,805 miles of wire weighing 7,007,428 
pounds, 72,856 wood poles and 442 steel towers were used. On the transmission line 
poles, 1,373.30 miles of single circuit telephone line has been erected for use in 
operating the system. 

During the year an average of 11 gangs were employed by the Line Construc- 
tion Department: 

On transmission lines 3 pole-erecting gangs and 3 wire-stringing gangs were 
•engaged. 

On municipal distribution systems and rural line construction five gangs were 
engaged. These gangs constructed 165.23 miles of transmission lines as well as 
distribution systems in thirteen towns and villages and rural lines in three townships. 

For the above lines 103 crossing plans were prepared and submitted to telephone 
and railway companies for approval. 

Local distribution systems were constructed by the Commission in the towns 
and villages of: Alliston, Cookstown, Bradford, Beeton, Tottenham, Thornton, 
Elmwood, Tara, Hanover, Village of Scarboro Junction, •Agincourt, Maple, Carls- 
ruhe; Scarboro, Etobicoke, and Vaughan townships. 

Wood Pole Transmission Lines 12,000 to 44,000 Volts 

One hundred and sixty-five and one-quarter miles of transmission lines were 
completed during the past year and SS 1 /^ miles were under construction at the close 
of the year, making a total of 263% miles. The work is divided up among the 
different systems as follows: 




Healey Falls tie line, 44,000-volt construction at corners 



110 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 




Central Ontario System, 44,000 v. Angle pole near Kingston 
substation No. 9368. 



SUMMARY OF WORK COMPLETED AND UNDER CONSTRUCTION 

October 31, 1917, to October 31, 1918 

Lines completed and under construction: 



Voltage 
44,000.... 
26,400.... 
22,000.... 
13,200.... 

6,000.... 

4,000.... 







Under 




Completed 


Construction 


Total 


79.55 




57.52 


137.07 


16.50 




38.25 


54.75 


50.38 






50.38 


3.11 






3.11 


15.69 


miles 


2.50 


18.19 


165.23 


98.27 miles 


263.50 miles 



Miles of transmission lines completed and under construction for the various 
systems : 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



111 





Kingston Line, 44,000 v. Special A frame at 
small angle. No. 9369. 



Kingston Line, 44,000 v. Transposition Pole. 
No. 9362. 



Niagara System 

St. Lawrence System . . 

Severn System 

Wasdells System 

Eugenia System 

Muskoka System 

Central Ontario System 
Rideau System 



37.62 
29.25 
50.20 

6.38 

85^30 
54.75 



263.50 miles 



Span Miles Single Circuit . 
Double Circuit 

3 Circuits 

4 Circuits .... 



263.32 
.18 



263.50 miles 



Power — 

Aluminum 
Copper . . 
Steel .... 



90.24 
78.33 
94.93 



263.50 miles 



112 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No 49 



Ground Cable — 

Steel 245 . 31 

Iron I8.19 

263.50 miles 

Telephone — 

Copper Clad Steel 30 . 53 

Galvanized Iron 214 . 78 

245.33 miles 

Aluminum — 

3/0 79.83 

l 3 /4/0 Steel Reinforced 191.43 

271.26 wire miles 

Copper — 

2/0 91.59 

1/0 79.50 

No. 4 41 . 22 

No. 6 22 . 68 

234.99 wire miles 
Steel Cable (Power) 284.79 wire miles 

Ground Cable 245.31 

No. 6 B.W.G. Iron Wire 18.19 

263.50 wire miles 

Telephone Iron Wire 429 . 56 

Copper Clad Steel 61 . 06 



490.62 wire miles 



SUMMARY 

Conductor — Aluminum 271 . 26 wire miles 

Copper 234 . 99 

Steel 284.79 

Ground Cable 245 . 31 

No. 6 B.W.G. Iron 18.19 

Telephone Iron Wire 429 . 56 

Copper Clad Steel 61.06 

Total Mileage Wood Pole Lines — 

Completed 165 . 23 

Under construction 98.27 



263.50 miles 



Average Spans for Poles, 120 ft, 125 ft., 132 ft., and 175 ft. 



The term low tension lines in preceding annual reports has generally applied to 
voltages 13,200 and 26,400. In some eases the 26,400 volt lines have been " Y ' : 
connected so as to give operating voltages up to 45,000 volts. In this report the 
extensions to the 44,000 volt lines of the Central Ontario System have been grouped 
with low tension lines since they have been designed and constructed by elaborating 
the structures, organization and plant, used in building lines up to 26,400 volts. 



Use. Ground Wire /nsulator for 660o YoU<s /§"pin /tote 
— Ground VTrro 







" .«-Si 










"Xidrace 



ijo "x/$ "xf Brace <?J 



7& £>&se *£&f * 






1 



&7e' 



4-0 



ft) r 



7-0' 



S] 



r-i 



f7ofe ■ Po/es fo be <§amed tor doui 
c/rcuiteortst- throughout. Pface 
~Z^~ ' 2?fr" z? " x g.* ground rr/re on fop arm Jieafy 
* * • Faffs fo Zanney Fa/ Is and on fop 




//fie,. 



\ 



DEPARTMENT ENGINEER. 



CHIEF ENGINEER. 



NOT APPROVED FOR CONSTRUCTION 
UNTIL SIGNED BY CHIEF ENGINEER. 



eg 
"6 



pofe bracket tram Trenton fo 
fanney Faffs. 



Standard Construction. ... 

(single and douMe_cros^.arm.J. 

. ,. -JiEFiL y^fkLLS-TREnrorrJLints, 

HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



tyft 



OF ONTARIO 

TOeONTO, /tfAY 



ORAWM BV TBACEO Bv 1 CHECKEO 8V 



NlD. 



z 



112 



volta^ 
conne 
extern 
with ] 
the st 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



113 





St. Lawrence System, 44,000 v. Cornwall Lines. 

Clamping in first conductor at small angle. 

No. 10,948. 



St. Lawrence System, Cornwall Lines, 44,000 v. 
Construction at angle. No. 10944. 



It was difficult last year to carry on construction work of any sort, and par- 
ticularly line work, as men who are attracted to such work and have experience are 
usually classed as " A " men by the military authorities and sought by them. The 
result was that most of the experienced men left the service. Apart from the training 
of new men, there was the difficulty of securing men of any sort. Many of our con- 
struction crews were undermanned throughout the season, and eleven gangs were 
kept in the field most of the year. 



Type of Construction 

The framing details shown in the Fifth Annual Eeport for 2,200, 13,200 and 
22,000-volt lines have been generally followed. The pin spacing for practically all 
low tension line construction is 3 feet or more, and pole spacing is generally 132 feet 
or greater. Some lines have been built using 120 feet pole spacing. 

The practice of double-arming at corners and placing two pins and* insulatorr 
to support the wire at the corners has been found unsatisfactory, particularly for the 
larger conductors under Ontario weather conditions. The result is that strain 
insulators are generally used on these corners. 

On account of the difficulty of securing certain materials several different types 
of construction have been used on sections of 44,000-volt lines which were constructed 
during the year. Sketch C. O. L. 50-1 shows the type of construction used on the 
line between Napanee and Kingston. This line now carries one circuit of 1/0 
copper, with telephone and sky wire. Provision is made for second circuit at 44,000 
volts. The line runs generally along the highways and has 4 foot conductor spacing 
and 6 feet 10 inches between circuits. For the first circuit the conductors are gen- 
erally strung one at each end of the middle arm and the third at one end of the 
upper arm, the braces being arranged so as to operate in tension for this arm. The 
sky wire is insulated from the pole and is grounded every fifth pole by carrying a 
tap from the sky wire at about 4 feet from the pole aerially to the pole service near 
the telephone arm, thence to the base of the pole, being stapled every 24 inches. 
This practice increases materially the insulation but adds some hazard to the line 



114 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 




Central Ontario System, 44,000 v 
Line. Standard Construction. 



Healey Falls 
No. 10373. 



as compared with grounded pins, 
since a defective insulator might ac- 
count for the dropping of a phase by 
burning off an arm. Photographs 
Xo. 5.9366 and 10972 show standard 
construction for this line, while No. 
5.9368, 9228, 9369 and 9362 show 
special conditions, the latter being a 
transposition with provision for second 
circuit. 

Drawing No. C. 0. S. 1723-E-l/B 
shows standard pole for a tie line be- 
tween Healey Falls and Trenton sta- 
tions, which are located on the Trent 
Eiver. Photograph No. 10373 in- 
dicates standard construction and No. 
10852 shows conditions at angles. 
This line carries 2/0 copper, and 
operates at 41,000 volts. 

A line built from Welland to 
Dunnville along the right-of-way of 
the Dominion Government feeder canal used suspension insulators throughout and 
was erected with least expense. Standard construction is shown in photograph No. 
10918, where the conductor is being clamped in. Angles for this single circuit are 
taken on poles as shown in photograph No. 10914. Two other sections which will 
ultimately operate at this voltage are in the course of construction, one being Corn- 
wall to Morrisburg, and the other to connect the town of Picton with the existing 
lines of the Central Ontario System. The conductors on these lines are supported 
by pin type insulators, except at anchors and angles, where the load from the con- 
ductor is carried to the pole, first, through shain insulators, and then through the 
double arm, as shown in photograph No. 10944. The poles for these lines are 
generally 40 feet or longer, the conductor spacing is generally not less than 4 
feet and the standard pole spacing 
is 176 feet. 



Right- of- Way 

A very large percentage of the 
low tension lines constructed to date 
have been built along highways. As 
these lines usually connect up urban 
centres, it is often found that the 
higb way having the shortest distance 
is very much congested with tele- 
phone and telegraph lines. If one side 
of such a highway has been left vacant, 
it is usually seriously obstructed by 
valuable shade trees. On this account in 
a number of cases, the lines are longer 
than necessary and pass along roads 
which are very difficult to travel, ac- 



^L 



Kingston Line, 44,000 v. Standard construction 
with provision for second circuit. No. 9366. 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



US 



5" 



1 &^ O z>j& ** 







3l"^Y'\o'-A' r 



H.E.R C. 

Wood Pole Lines. 
Suspension Ecppmenf. 

Col50-J. 



counting for extraordinary expense in construction and maintenance. As a result of 
these two conditions is was found by co-operating with the land owners of the 
districts through which the lines pass that the lines could be carried on private 
right-of-way, a distance of 15 or 20 feet that is — the width of a lane or headland 
from highways, fence lines and railway rights-of-way. This has been done in 
some cases and it is found that where the saving in shade trees is appreciated, 
such right-of-way can be secured as cheap as, and in some cases cheaper than, 
the cost of trees, removal of same and tree-trimming along the highway. In 
some cases pole rights have been secured for from 25 to 50 cents per pole. 



116 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



Description 
NIAGARA 



Sec. 
No. 



From 



To 



Length of 
Pole 



Span 



Miles 



No. of 
Poles 



L.T. 

1 
2 

* 

6 

7 ! 

7a 

8 

9 

10 
11 
12 
13 I 



DundasSub. H.E.P.C... 
Junction Pole No. 134 

" No.134.... 
Kitchenei Sub. H.E.P.C. . 
Junction Pole No. 10 

" No. 10 

Kitchener Sub. H.E.P.C. . 

Junction Pole 405 

Woodstock Sub. H.E.P.C. 

Junct.PoleNo. 508 L.T.*9 

No. 508 " 
St. Thomas Sub. H.E.P.C. 
Stratford 



feet 
Junction Pole No. 134.... 40 

Beach Pump House 40 

Asylum 50 

Junction Pole No. 10 40 

Waterloo 40 

Kitchener Corp. Station . 45 

New Hamburg 40 

Baden 40 

Ingersoll 40 

Junction Pole No. 508.... 40 

Tillsonburg 40 

Norwich 40 

St. Thomas Corp. Station 40& 45 
Stratford " i40&45 



Junction Pole No. 99. 



14 Preston 

15 Junction Pole No. 99 Hespeler 

16 " " No. 99.... Gait 

17 Preston Sub. H.E.P.C .... Preston Corp. Station 



45 



feet 
120 
120 
120 
120 
120 
120 
120 
120 
120 
120 
120 
120 
120 
120 

120 



2.84 

6.34 

1.13 

.18 

1.64 

.76 

12.27 

1.13 

9.90 

11.12 

10.30 

4.59 

1.13 

1.75 

2.04 



134 
323 
67 
10 
78 
35 
556 

455 
508 
467 
207 
50 
78 

99 



40 120 2.08 99 

40 120 3.75 173 

35 | 120 | .14 ) 11 

These poles also carry Section L.T. 35 



18 London Sub | Junction Pole No. 38. 

19 Junction Pole No. 38.. 

20 «' " No. 38.., 

21 London Sub. H.E.P.C. 



22 

23 

24 

26 

26a 

27 

28 
29 
30 



Asylum, London 
Junction Pole No. 93. 
London Sub. No. 1 . . . 



Junction Pole No. 93 

" No. 93 

London Sub. No. 1 

Cooksville Sub. H.E.P.C. 
Pt. Credit L.S. Road.... 
Cooksville Sub. H.E.P.C. 

June. Pole NO.1550L.T.149 
" " No. 1153 " 148 
" " No. 648 " 149 



31 ! Guelph Sub. H.E.P.C. . 
32 



H.E.P.C. Sub. Pro- 
perty 



No. 1 



"No. 2 

Springbank 

Port Credit L.S. Koad . . . 
Port Credit Brick Works 
Brampton : 



40 

45 
40 
40 

40 

40 
40 
40 
45 
40 



120 

120 
120 
120 

120 



.79 

1.54 
1.22 
3.56 

1.71 



38 

70 

55 

178 

96 



120 


.31 


20 


120 


3.55 


156 


120 


2.74 


129 


120 


.24 


14 


120 


11.24 


510 



Clinton 

Seaforth , 

Mitchell 

O. A. College , 



These poles also carry Section L.T. 34 Circuits 



34 ' Cooksville Sub. H.E.P.C. Weston. 



35 Preston Sub. H.E.P.C G. P. & H. Ky. 



36 Junction Pole No. 84, Port; 

Credit I 

Dundas Sub. H.E.P.C... | 
Hamilton Asylum P.H. . . 

Junction Pole No. 260 

Dom. Sewer Pipe Works . 
St. Thomas Sub. H.E.P.C. 
Junction Pole,No.289,LT.8 
Dundas Sub. H.E.P.C... 

Baden Sub 

Jet. Pole No. 290 L.T. 106 

St. Mary's Sub 

Dundas Sub 



38 

39 

40 

40a 

41 

42 

43 

44 

45 

46 

47 

47a! Caledonia 



Mimico (New Toronto). 

Dom. Sewer Pipe Works . 

Hamilton Asylum 

Waterdown 

Junction Pole No. 260.... 

Port Stanley 

Standard White Lime Co. 

Jno. Bertram & Son 

Wellesley 

Beachville 

St. Mary's Cement Works 

Caledonia 

Paris Alabastine Co 



40 
40 
40 

40 
40 

40 
40 

45 

40 
35 
35 



120 
120 
120 

120 



120 



1.27 
1.50 
1.27 

1.56 



.09 



1)2 
74 
63 

78 



35 



40 
30 
40 
40 
40 



18 poles on Station 
120 |14.07 ( 551 

These Circuits carried on 
120 I .12 | 6 

These Circuits carried on 

266 



120 



120 
120 
120 



120 



120 
150 
50 
120 
120 



5.75 



7.35 

.63 
1.50 
1.92 
12.27 
1.00 
1.21 
7.92 

.01 

2.22 

114.36 

; .22 

These Circuits carried on 



350 
30 
72 

'573' 

2 

69 

316 

1 

80 

674 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



117 



of Lines. 


SYSTEM. 


Voltage 


No. of 
Cir- 
cuits 


Power Cables 


Telephone 
Wires, B.&S 


Ground 


Work 


Work 


In 


B.&S. Gauge 


&B.W.G. 
Gauge 


Wire 


Commenced 


Completed 


Operation 


1 
13,200 


4 


No. 4/0Copp. 


lOC.C.Steeli 


|" Gal. Steel 


July 13, 1910 Jan. 2,1911 




• ' 


2 


1/0 Alum 


10 


l" " 


July 13, '« Jan. 2, '« 




' « 


1 


2 '« 


10 


J" 


Dec. 5, •« Feb. 8, " 




< < 


2 


1/0 " 


10 


r " 


Aug. 25, ' « Sept.ll, 1910 




4 * 


2 


1/0 " 


10 


I" •■ 


Sept. 11, " Nov. 25, '« 




• < 


2 


1/0 '« 


10 


r 


Aug. 25, * * Sept.ll, ' ' 




• i 


2 


2 " ! 


10 


X" « » 
4 


Sept. 11. ' ' Jan. 2, 1911 


Feb. 3,1911 


44 


2 
2 


2 " 

1/0 " 


10 
10 


i'' « ' 
4 








Nov.'ii." :; ' Mar.*28," :; ' 




• « 


2 


1/0 " 


10 


X" t « 
4 


Jan. 2, 1911 Apr. 29, ' ' 




* ' 


2 


1/0 " 


10 


r 


Jan. 2, ' ' Apr. 29, ' ' 




< i 


1 


2 " 


10 


r ■■ 


Feb. 13, ' * Mar. 30 ' 4 




i < 


2 


1/0 " 


10 


r " 


Dec. 14, 1910 Dec. 30, 1910 




< < 


2 


2 Copper 


10 


r •' 


Built by Corporation. 




6,600 


3 


j l-2Alum 
\ 2-4/0 * ' 


10 


j" •• 


Oct. 8, 1910 


Jan. 19, 1911 




• ' 


1 


2 Alum 


10 


r ■■ 


Oct. 8, " 


Dec. 30, 1910 




< < 


2 


4/0 «« 


10 


i" 


Oct. 8, " 


Jan. 19, 1911 




• * 


1 


2 Copper 


10 


i" » 


Built by Corporation. 




circuits to G. P. H. Railway Sub. 










13,200 


2 


J 1-3/0 Alum 
U-2 

2 " 


} lOC.C.Steel 


r •• 


Oct. 26,1910 


Jan. 10, 1911 




" 


1 


10 


i" 


Oct. 26, " 


Jan. 19. ' ' 




4 « 


1 


3/0 " 


10 


r 


Oct. 24, " 


Jan. 21, " 




' ' 


1 


3/0 •■ 


10 


i" *• 


Oct. 20, " 


Jan. 20, ' * 




" 


2 


(1-3/0 " 
1 1-1/0 " 


10 


i" •« 


Dec. 23, " 


Jan. 20, ' ' 




' ' 


1 


1/0 - 


10 


i" •« 


Dec. 23, " 


Jan. 20, * * 




' * 


1 


1/0 *« 


10 


r ■• 


Jan. 1, 1911 


Jan, 7, ' ' 




13,200 


2 


2 Alum 


lOC.C.Steel 


\" Gal. Steel 


Feb. 24, 1911 


July 10, " 




• « 


2 


2 " 


10 


J" " 


Apr. 5, ' ' 


July 23 ' ' 




• * 


2 


2 " 


10 


|" 


Feb. 15, ' ' 


May 6, " 




from poles No. 1 to 89—1.94 miles 










26,400 


2 


3/0 Alum 


lOC.C.Steel 


i" " 


Apr. 6, " 


Aug. 4, «' 




* < 


2 


2 Alum 


10 


r •• 


Mar. 25, * ' 


Sept.13, «« 




< « 


2 


2 '• 


10 


i" •« 


Mar. 24, ' * 


Aug. 3, " 




13,200 


2 


f 1/0 "1 
I 3/0 •••} 


10 


j" •• 


July 21, ' * 


Nov. 9, " 




550d.c. 
2,200a.c. 


1 
4 


[ Municipal lines 










13,200a.c. 


3 


1/0 Alum 


lOC.C.Steel 


r - 


Aug. 7,1911 


Sept. 3, 1911 


Sept. 4, 1911 


Property in all. 














13,200 | 2 


2 Alum 


8 C.C. Steel 


r - 


Apr. 19. * ' 


July 24, ' ' 




Section L.T. 27 poles, 1 to 89, inclusive 










6,600 ] 1 | 1/0 Alum! 10 C.C. Steel 


r 


Mar. 13, ' * 


Mar. 21, " 




Section L.T. 17 poles, 1 to 11, inclusive 










13,200 


2 { 


1-2 S.R.Alum 
1-2 Alam 


| 8 C.C. Steel 


r •« 


Apr. 26, ' ' 


Feb. 29, 1912 




1 * 


1 


2 ' ' 


8 


4" •• 


July 21, ' ' 


Dec. 19, 1911 


Apr. 6,1912 


2,200 


2 


4 Copper 


10 




Sept. 6, " 


Oct, 27, ' ' 


Apr. 6 " 


2,200 


1 


2 Alum 


8 


i ; 'Gal'.sVeei 


Sept. 30, " 


Oct. 10, ' ' 


Apr. 6 " 


4 • 


1 


2 " 


8 


4" •« 


Sept. 30, «' 


Oct. 7, " 


Mar. 1 '« 


13,200 


1 


2 " 


8 


4" 


Oct. 16, " 


Mar. 8,1912 


Mar. 9 •' 


2,200 


1 
2 


2 ■■ 
2 Copper 












13,200 




lOC.C.Steel 


4"Gai! Steel 


Dec."i,'i9il 


Dec. 19,'i9ii 


Dec.21,i9ii 


4,000 


1 


4 ,. 


........... 


6 B. W.G.Iron 


May 16, 1916 


Aug. 11, 1916 


Oct. 23,1916 


13,200 


1 


1/0 Alum 


8 C.C. Steel 


4" Gal. SteeJ 


June 1,1912 


June 29, 1912 


July 17,1912 


' • 


1 


3/0 " 


8 " 


4 


July 15. " 


Aug. 19, ' ' 


Sept. 7, " 


13,200 


1 


3/0 " 


8 " 


r «* 


May 10, " 


Sept. 18, " 


Sep. 20, " 


2,200 


1 


2/0 Copper 






S< 


Sept. 18, " 


"20, " 



Section L.T. 49 poles 



i 18 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



Description of 

NIAGARA 



Sec. 
No. 



48 
49 
50 
65 
56 
66a 

57 

57a 
58 

59 
60 
61 

62 
63 

64 

65 
66 
68 
69 
69a 
71 
72 
[73 
74 
75 

76 

77 

78 

79 

81 

82 

83 

84 

85 

86 

87 

88 

88a 

89 

90 

91 

92 

93 
94 
95 
96 
97 
98 
99 
99c 

100 
101 



From 



Caledonia 

Junction Pole No. 940 

No. 940.... 
St. Thomas Sub. H.E.P.C. 

Port Credit 

Extension from Sect. L.T. 

56 on T.G.C. property. . 

O. A. College, Pole 70.... i 



To 



Junction Pole No. 940 

Hagersville 

Lythmore 

L.L.E. Ry. Sub 

Toronto Golf Club 



Length of 
Pole 

feet 

40 

40 

40 

40 

30 



Guelph Prison Farm 

Guelph Prison Farm, Pole 

156 

Junction Pole No. 454 

St. Catharines 

Caledonia Sub 



Guelph Prison Farm. 

156 

Property 



Pole 



Junction Pole No. 

Acton 

Port Dalhousie . . 
Caledonia 



454 



Junction Pole No.230L.T.27 Milton 

Preston Sub Doou Twine Mill 



Mirnico Sub, 



Acton 

Junction Pole No. 454... 
Brant Station 



Junction Pole 272 L.T.69 . 

Waterloo 

Preston 

Niagara Falls 

Junction Pole 112 

308 



Miinico Asylum 



JunctionPole No.38,L.T.18 
CrumlinJc. Pole 218 L.T.76 
Jet. Pole No. 218 L.T. 76 
Jet. Pole No. 381 L.T. 62 

Essex Station 

Jet. Pole No. 55 

Jet. Pole No. 55 

Kent Station 

Jet. Pole No. 118 L.T 57 . 

" 778 «* 85. 

" 778 " 85. 

Paris 

Junction Pole 196 L.T. 88. 
Jet. Pole No. 448 L.T. 88 
Jet. Pole No. 448 L.T. 88 

Drumbo 

Drumbo 



Jet. Pole No . 388 L.T. 77 
Jet. Pole No. 1005 L.T. 65 

London 

Lambeth (Pole No. 462; 
Komoka Jet. (Pole No. 760) 
Mt. Brydges (Pole No. 944) 
London June. Pole No. 99 
London 



Niagara Falls 

KentSta. Pole No. 40. 



Georgetown 

Rockwood 

Paris 

Brantford 

L. E. & N. Rly 

Elmira 

Breslau 

Junction Pole 112 

Union Carbide Co 

Electric Steel & Metal 

Co 

Crumlin Jc . Pole 21 8 L.T.76 

Thorndale 

Thamesford 

Streetsville 

Jet. Pole No. 55 

Windsor 

Walkerville 

Chatham 

Jet. Pole No. 778, L.T. 85 

Elora 

Fergus 

Junction Pole No. 448 

McFarlane Engine'ng Co. 

Ayr 

Drumbo 

Princeton 

Plattsville 



Deller Bros 

LP. B. Co 

Lambeth (Pole No. 462).. 
Komoka Jet. (Pole No. 760) 
Mt. Brydges (Pole No. 944) 
Strathroy (Pole No. 1 , 368) 

Lucan 

Lucan 



Elec. Devel. Co. 
Tilbury 



40 
40 

40 
40 
30 



40 
35 



40 
35 
40 
40 



40 
40 
48 

48 

48 

35 

35 

35 

45 

45 

45 

40 

40 

40 

40 

35 

35-40 

35 

40 

35 

35 

35 

30 
35 
40 
40 
40 
40 
35-40 



Span 



45 
30 



Miles 



feet 
120 
120 
120 
120 
120 



5.87 
3.79 
4.98 
1.68 
3.24 



No. of 
Poles 



267 

176 

230 

88 

11 



Carried on Section 
...I .90 37 



120 
120 

120 
120 
120 



1.93 
.08 



86 
\ 



297 
268 
142 



120 
120 



6.42 
5.82 
3.18 
.. .30 I 

Carried on 

16.65 I 740 

i 4.18 I 208 

Carried on Section 

.. 1.51 I 17 

Carried on Section 



120 
120 
120 
120 
125 
120 
120 
250 
250 



I 9.03 
1.64 

1 3.21 

6.66 

.02 

10.93 
6.48 
5.18 

10.50 



1.24 
5.31 
7.91 
6.85 
.43 
1.10 
2.27 
1.30 
1.93 

14.61 
1.18 
1.96 
7.75 
.30 
1.20 
6.83 
5.65 
7.35 
miles 

I .89 
5.08 

10.15 
6.58 
4.00 
9.27 

19.18 

21.51 

These circuits 

100 1.25 I 

132 16.91! 

15.00 miles 



250 
132 
132 
132 
120 
120 
120 
120 
132 
120 
120 
120 
132 
120 
120 
132 
132 
132 

1.00 
132 
132 
120 
120 
120 
120 
132 



409 

77 

152 

320 



518 
293 
112 
235 

25 

218 

310 

281 

19 

55 

102 

61 

99 

658 

56 

91 

300 

17 

58 

284 

233 

299 

carried 

48 

218 

463 

298 

184 

424 

783 



carried 
52 
85 

carried 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



119 



Lines— Continued 






SYSTEM 






Voltage 


No. of 
Cir- 
cuits 


Power Cables 
B.&S. Gauge 


Telephone 

Wires, B.&S. 

& B. W. G. 

Gauge 


Ground 
Wire. 


Work 
Commenced 


Work 
Completed 


In 
Operation 


13,200 
2 200 


f 


3/0 Alum 
2 " 
3/0 " 
2 
6 D.B.W.P. 

6 


8C.C.Steel 
10 
8 
8 
Copper 


1 

k" Gal. Steel 

r '• 

r - 


June 22, 1912 
Feb. 28, 1913 
June 15, 1912 
Aug. 9, " 
June 10, ' ' 

Nov. 22, ' ' 


Sept. 18,1912 
May 2,1913 
Sept. 18,1912 
Oct. 11, " 
Aug. 3, '« 

Jan. 3, 1913 


Sep. 20,1912 
Aug. 15,1913 
Sep. 20 " 
Oct. 27,1912 
Aug. 6 * * 


L.T. 36 poles 
2 200 






Dec. 24 ' ' 


13,200 
< < 




2 Alum 
2 '* 


8 CC. Steel 
10 


|" Gal. Steel 

I" •■ 


Aug. 19, 
May 14,1913 


Dec. 14,1912 
May 19,1913 


Dec. 14 " 
Sep. 4,1913 


2,200 




2 " 
2 '• 
1/0 ■■ 

4 D.B.W.P. 


8 

8 




Aug. 19, 1912 

' ' 19, 1912 

Oct. 16,1912 

Nov. 20, 1912 

Nov. 25,1912 
Dec. 2, 1912 
inclusive. 
Mar. 30, 1912 

Mar. 11. 1913 
May 6,1913 
Nov. 11, 1913 
Dec. 15, 1913 


Dec. 14,1912 
Dec. 14,1912 
Nov. 21, ' ' 
Nov. 30, ' ' 

Mar. 13, 1913 
Apl. 11, " 

Feb. 3, " 

Aug. 1, ' ' 
July 3, " 
Jan. 2,1914 
Jan. 17, " 


Dec. 14,1912 
Dec. 14 '■ 
Nov. 17 " 


< i 




Copper 




Nov. 30 ■ ' 


Section L.T. 47 Doles. 
13,200 I 1 3/0 Alum 
6,600 1 1 2 


10 


\" Gal. Steel 


Mar.13,1913 
Apl. 1 " 


L.T. 17 poles, No. 1 to 11, inclu< 

2,200 2 Hnrmpr 


>ive. L.T. 35 


from 11 to 17 


Apl. 26 ' ' 


L.T., 36 pc 
13,200 

26,400 
26,400 
26,400 


les 

4 
2 
2 
2 

Poles 

poles 1 
2 

1 1 
lephone 

(i) 


3/0 Alum 
2 " 
3/0 " 
3/0 " 
3/0 " 
2 " 
2 " 
4/0 Copper 
4/0 '« 

2/0 " 
2 Alum 
2 '■ 
2 " 
2 " 
3/0 " 
3/0 •• 
3/0 '« 
2/0 " 
3/0 " 
3/0 " 
3/0 " 
1/0 " 
6 B.W.G. 
1/0 Alum 
1/0 •■ 
6 Copper 
4 " 

6 " 
1/0 Alum 
3/0 " 
3/0 '■ 
3/0 " 
3/0 " 
2S.R. " 
2S.R. " 
to 38, L.T. ] 
i 4/0 Coppei 
1 2S.R. Alum 
Poles 


lOC.C.Stee] 
10 " 
10 «• 
10 " 


|" Gal. Steel 

r •* 


Aug. 1 " 
Aug. 1 " 
Jan. 3,1914 
Jan. 17 «• 


13,200 

6,600 

46,000 

46,000 

46,000 
13,200 


10 CC. Steel 
10 " 

8 " 

8 " 

8 " 


J" Gal. Steel 

r «« 
r , , 

r " 

r •• 

r • • 
r ■ ■ 
r •• 

4 

r ■• 
r " 

I" " 
i« « . 

4 

X" « ' 

4 

r <> 
r ■• 
j" •« 
r " 
r " 
r •• 
r •* 

r •• 

r ■ '• 

i" - 

i" " 


May 17, 1913 
Apr. 4, 1913 
Mar. 15, 1914 
Mar. 15,1914 

July 11,1914 
Sept.18, 1913 
Oct. 10, 1913 
Oct. 13, 1913 
Nov. 1, 1913 
July 28, 1914 
July 31, 1914 
June 2,1914 
Oct. 21, 1914 
June 3,1914 
Aug. 18, 1914 
Aug. 1,1914 
July 21, 1914 


Oct. 14, im 

Dec. 23, 1913 

\ Steel 
j Towers. 

May 8, 1914 
Feb. 6,1914 
Jan. 19, " 
Nov. 24,1913 
Sept. 6, 1914 
Sept.18, 1914 
Aug. 1,1914 
Feb. 22, 1915 
Oct. 17, 1914 
Oct. 28, 1914 
Oct. 13, 1914 
Nov. 30, 1914 


Oct. 25, 1913 
Dec. 23, 1913 

Aug. 20,1914 
Aug. 20,1914 
Oct. 17,1914 
Jan. 27,1914 






Feb. 6 '« 


« « 




Jan. 27 ' * 


26,400 

13,200. 

26,400 
26,400 


10 CC. Steel 
10 •« 
10 «' 
10 " 
10 " 
10 ■■ 
10 " 
10 " 
10 " 
9 B.W.G. 
10 CC Steel 
10 " 


Nov.24,1913 
Sep. 6, 1914 
Sep. 18 " 
Sep. 6 " 
Feb 1,1915 
Oct. 22, 1914 
Oct. 22 " 
Oct. 22 " 
Dec. 1 " 


4,000 


Sept.15,1914 
July 13, 1914 
Aug. 17, 1914 
Aug. 17,1914 

Mar. 19, 1914 
June 10, 1914 
Sept. 1, 1914 
Oct. 15,1914 
Sept.29, 1914 
Sept.14, 1914 
Oct. 23,1914 
July 3, 1916 
99. 

Oct. 27, 1915 
Jan. 13, ' ' 


Nov. 30, 1914 
Nov. 30, 1914 
Nov. 30, 1914 
Nov. 30, 1914 

Mar. 19, 1915 
June 30, 1914 
Nov. 30, 1914 
Nov. 30, 1914 
Nov. 30, 1914 
Nov. 30, 1914 
Jan. 20. 1915 
Dec. 7, 1916 

Oct. 31, 1915 

May 12, ' ' 


Dec. 1 «* 
Dec. 1 '■ 
Dec. 18 ' * 






Dec. 1 " 


on L.T. 90 
4,000 




Mar. 19 1915 


13 ; 200 


10 CC Steel 
10 " 
10 " 
10 " 
10 " 
lOBWGIron 


July 3,1914 
Nov. 30 ' * 
Nov. 30 ' ' 
Nov. 30 " 
Nov. 30 " 
Jan. 21,1915 
Dec. 7 1916 


on L.T. 18 
12,000 
26,400 

on RT. Te 
9 H. 


9 poles 38 to 
■1 9BWGIron 

10 C.CSteel 


100 and L.T. 
\k" Gal. Steel 
4" Gal. Steel 


Oct. 31 1915 

Mar. 3, ' * 



120 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



Description of 

NIAGARA 



Sec. 

No. 



From 



To 



Length of 
Pole. 



Span. 



Miles 



No. of 
Poles 



102 

102a 

102b 

103 

103a 

104 

105 

106 

106a 

107 

108 

109 

110 

111 

112 

113 

113a 

114 

114a 

115 

116 

117 

118 

119 

121 
122 

123 
124 
125 
126 
127 
128 

129 
130 
131 
132 

133 
134 
135 
136 
137 
138 

139 

140 

141 
142 
143 
145 

' 146 

147 



Kent Station 



Junction Pole 68, L.T. 102 

"68 L.T. 102 

• ' "520 L.T. 103 

• « "520 L.T. 103 

" "289 L.T. 8 

Junction Pole 289 L.T. 8.. 
" "564 L.T. 34 

Woodbridge 

Junction Pole 

Mimico Sub-Station 

Brant Sub-Station | 

Junction Pole 253 L.T. Ill 
" " 253 L.T. Ill 

Junction Pole 869 L.T. 118 

Waterford 

June. Pole 1230 L.T. 114.. 

Tilbury 

Delaware Sub-Station . . . 

June. Pole 760, . 

Bertram's Sub-Station, 

Pole No. 69L.T. 43.... 
Junction Pole 760 L.T. 96 



St. Thomas 
Ridgetown. 



Junction Pole 68 L.T. 102 Thamesville 
Junction Pole 676 L.T. 123| Both well 

Stratford Tavistock 

Junction Pole 69 L.T. 102 Blenheim 
Junction Pole 469 L.T. 123 Ridgetown, 
Brant St. George 



Junction No. 68 

Junction No. 68 

Junction Pole No. 68 

June. Pole No. 520 L.T. 103 
June. Pole No. 520 L.T. 103 

Wallaceburg 

Dresden 

Embro 

Beachville 

Woodbridge 

Bolton 

W. T. &I.Ry 

Prison Brick Yard 

Junction Pole 253 

Burf ord 

Waterford 

Waterford 

Simcoe 

L. E. &N. Ry 

Comber 

Lambeth 



feet 
40 



40 



40 
40 
35 



35 

35-40 



Mount Brydges 



Dundas 

Delaware Sub-Station 



Dutton . . 
Highgate 



30 

35-40 

35 

35-40 

40 

35 

45 

30 

40 

40 



55 
55 

30 



feet 
120 



120 



120 
120 
132 



Dundas Junction Pole 82 

Lucan 

Dresden 

Petrolia 



Wyoming Jet. Pole 1962 .. 

Lucan 

PerchJct.Pole2304L.T.133 

Lucan 

Petrolia 

Sebringville Junction Pole 

311L.T. 146 

Milverton Jet. Pole 802 

L.T. 138 
" 802 " 138 

ListowelJc.Polel314 " 140 
" 1314 "140 

Palmerston 

Wyoming Jet. Pole 1963 
L.T. 312 

Stratford Sub 

Junct. Pole 311 L.T. 146.. 



Lynden 

Ailsa Craig 

Petrolia 

Wyoming Jet. Pole 1962 

L T 132 
Perch Jc. Pole 2304 "*133 

Granton 

Sarnia 

Exeter 

Wyoming 

Milverton Jet. Pole 802 

L.T. 138 



Milverton 

Listowel Jet. Pole 1314 

L.T. 140 

Listowel 

Palmerston 

Harriston 



Forest 

Junct. Pole 311 L.T. 146.. 
Junct. Pole 648 L.T. 147.. 



35 
35 
35 
35 
35 
30 

35 
30 
35-40 

40 
35 
30 
35 
35 
25 

35 

35 

35 
35 
35 
35 

35-40 

40 

40 



132 
132 



125 
132 
132 
132 
135 
132 
120 
132 
120 

120 



1.48 
1.48 
1.48 
9.98 
9.98 
8.50 
7.40 
6.10 



68 



451 



6.44 

13.03 

.02 

.71 

5.84 

3.48 

14.20 

.09 

8.90 

.25 

7.26 

6.58 

Carried on 

4.C0( 

Carried on 



386 
309 
254 

1 
277 
540 

2 

32 

249 

142 

616 

5 

366 

11 

306 



120 .37 21 

120 .09 5 

Lambeth & Mt. Brydges 

132 i 18.50i 756 

| 6.181 9 

These circuits carried on 



132 
132 
132 
132 
132 
132 

132 
132 
125 

125 
125 
132 
125 
132 
132 

132 

132 

132 
132 
132 
132 

132 
120 
120 



14.60 
9.83 
9.72 
9.52 
8.02 
9.09 



683 
410 
398 
390 
333 
369 



4.50 miles carried 



10.34 
10.14 
21.78 

4.85 
7.92 
6.95 
7.73 
13.24 
7.50 

11.90 

.96 

12.65 
2.77 

10.48 
6.11 

20.10 
6.81 
7.61 



430 
410 
947 

220 
343 
246 
332 
552 
25 

491 

40 

512 
122 
431 
259 

817 
311 
337 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



121 



Lines — Continued 

SYSTEM 



Voltage. 



No. of 
Cir- 
cuits 



Power Cables 
B. & S. Gauge 



Telephone 

Wires, B.&S. 

& B.W.G. 

Gauge 



Ground 
Wire 



Work 
Commenced 



Work 
Completed 



In 

Operation 



26 



400 



200 
200 



200 
400 



000 



L.T. 96 poles 

4,000 I 
L.T. 97 poles 



1/0 " 
3/0 " 
3/0 " 
1/0 •« 
3/0 " 
1/0 " 
3/0 " 
1/4 Steel 
1/0 Alum 
1/0 ■■ 
1/0 '■ 
2 " 
2/0 Copper 
2S.R.Alum 
2S.R. " 
2S.R. •■ 
2 S.R. " 
2S.R. *« 
2S.R. '■ 
5/16 Steel 
6 Copper 



6M.H.D. 
Copper 



10 BWG Iron 


\" Gal.Steel 






10 BWG Iron 


\" Gal. Steel 



10 BWG Iron |" Gal. Steel 



10 BWG Iron 
10 
10 
10 
10 
9 



13,200 2 I 2 Copper 10 BWG 

|l[ 3/0 Alum 10 
4,000 v. circuit carried on L.T. 119 poles 



Iron 



13,200 I 1 
4,000 I 1 
H.T. relay poles. 



26,400 



4,000 



1/0 Alum 
6 Copper 

1/0 Alum 

2 S.R." 
6 B. W.G.Iron 
2 S. R. Alum 

2 

2 



on H.T. Tel. and Relay line 



13,200 

4,000 

26,400 



4,000 
26,400 
13,200 

4,000 

26,400 



2 S.R. Alum 
2 S.R. ' ' 

3/0 •' 

3/0 " 
3/0 " 

6 Copper 
3/0 Alam 
3/0 ■' 

6 Copper 

1/0 S.R. Alum 

2 

1/0 ■■ 
2 

1/0 '« 

1/0 •-■ 

6B.W.G.Iron 
3/0 Alum 

3/0 ■' 



BWG. Iron 



9 BWG. Iron 
9*BWG'iron 



9 B.WG. Iron 
9 



9 BWG. Iron 
9 



10 C.C. Steel 

10 •• 



Gal. Steel 



6 B.W.G.Iron 

|" Gal.Steel 

6 B.W.G.Iron 
£" Gal. Steel 

r - 



r - 

6 B.W.G.Iron 
\" Gal. Steel 



\" Gal. Steel 



Oct. 28, 
June 22, 
Oct. 7, 
Oct. 30, 
Oct. 12, 
Nov. 6, 
Nov. 3, 
Oct. 1, 



1914 
1915 

1914 
1915 
1914 



Sept.25, 
Oct. 20, 
Sep. 12, 
Oct. 24, 
Nov. 6, 
Nov. 21, 
Nov. 21, 



Feb. 3, 
June 29, 
Oct. 13, 
Feb. 3, 
Mar. 15, 
Feb. 3, 
May 1, 
Dec. 24, 



1915 



1916 
1915 

1914 



Oct. 21, ' 

Nov. 26, * 

Sep. 12, • 
Feb. 17, 1915 

May 4, * 

Kay 28, * 

May 5, * 



Nov. 26, '« May 7, 



Jan. 14, 
Jan. 25, 



1915May 8, 
' ' IMar. 12, 



Jan. 7, ' ' Jan. 23, 



Feb. 25. 
Jan. 27, 



Mar. 15, 
Mar. 9, 



May 3, 4 « Aug. 21, 
Oct. 3, 1916 Nov. 4, 



1916 



May 18,1915July 14,1915 



June 26, 
Sept. 9, 
July 2, 
June 24, 
July 1, 

July 24, 
July 28, 
Aug. 30, 



Aug. 17, 
Sep. 5, 
Oct. 7, 
Sep. 7, 
Aug. 17, 

Oct. 15, 
Dec. 11, 
Feb. 18, 



1916 
1915 



1916 



Mar 1,1916 Sep. 12, 
Apl. 6, " Sep. 29, 
Apl. 6, •« May 27, 
May 9, * ' ! Nov. 4, 
Nov. 26, 1915 May 4, 
Sept. 1, ' ' Oct. 4, 



Sept. 20, " 

Oct. 15, •' 

Oct. 13, " 

Oct. 28, " 

Oct. 14 ■■ 

Dec. 10, ' « 

June 26, ■ ' 
Apl. 23, 1913 

Apl. 23, " 



May 15, ' ■ 

May 18, ■ ' 

May 22, ' ' 

May 22. • • 

June 6, * ' 

JuneSO, 4 ■ 

Dec. 4, " 
June 4,1914 

June 4, ' ' 



Feb. 3,1915 
June 29 " 
Oct. 13 *' 
Feb. 3 •■ 
Mar.15,1916 
Feb. 3 1915 
Mar. 30 •• 
Dec. 22,1914 



Dec. 2 «' 
Jan. 26,1915 
Sep. 13,1914 
Feb. 17,1915 
May 6 " 
May 6 '« 
May 10 '* 



May 9 



Apr. 20 
Mar. 15 

Mar. 1 



Mar. 15 ' * 
Feb. 1 " 

Aug. 27 * ■ 
Nov. 6,1916 

Sep. 14,1915 
Aug. 17 " 
Oct.26,1916 
Oct. 20,1915 
Nov. 24 " 
Aug. 17 V 

Oct. 22 " 
Dec. 15 * ' 
Apl. 6, 1916 

Nov. 10 " 

Nov. 10 " 

June 29 " 

Nov. 10 " 

May 4 ' ' 

Oct. 4 " 

May 18 ' ' 

May 18 ■ ' 

May 27 '« 
May 27 " 

June 6 ' ' 
June 30 ■ ■ 

Feb. 7, 1917 
Dec.23,1914 
Dec. 23 ' ' 



122 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



Description of 
NIAGARA 



Sec. 

No. 



From 



To 



Length 
of Pole 



Span 



Miles 



No. of 
Poles 



148 
149 
150 
151 
152 
153 

154 

155 
157 

158 
159 

160 
161 
163 

164 
165 
172 
173 
174 

178 
179 
180 
181 

182 
183 
184 



Junct. Pole 648 L.T. 147. . Junct. Pole 1152 L.T. 148 . 
Janet. Pole 1153 L.T. 148. Junct, Pole 1150 L.T. 149. 

Junct. Pole 1150 L.T. 149. Goderich 

Exeter Hensall 

Niagara Falls Sub Ont. Power Co. Line 

Dutton '■ West Lome Sub-Station.. 



West Lome Sub-Station . Rodney 



Etobicoke Sub-Station . . . New Toronto Sub-Station 
Wanstead Jet. Pole 2336 

L.T. 145 Watford 

Junction Pole 873 L.T. 148 Dublin 

Exeter Sub-Station Sarepta Jet. 319 



Sarepta Jet. 319 Dashwood 

Sarepta Jet. 319 Zurich 

Cooksville Sub-Station. . . Ont. Nat. Brick Co. 



Welland Dunnville 

Essex Sub-Station Sandwich Salt Co. ... 

Jet. Pole 1445 L.T. 131. . . Oil Springs 

Jet. Pole 1445 L.T. 131. . . Brigden 

St. Thomas Sub-Station, 

Jet. Pole 107 L.T. 141. . Aylmer 

Palmerston J Drayton 

Erindale Power House. . . Cooksville Sub-Station. 

Jet. Pole 263 L. T. 178. . Moorefleld 

Toronto Milling Co Primary 



Toronto Milling Co Secondary 

T. N. Power Co. Sub-Sta. C. P. Co, Sub.. . . 
Plattsville Jet. 712 Wolverlon Mills 



feet 

40 

40 

40 

30 

40 

30 

30 

45 

35 
30 

30 

30 
30 
55 

35 
40 
35 
35 

35 
30 
35 
30 



feet 
120 
120 
120 
132 
125 
132 



11.36 505 

8.84 395 

13.61 612 

6.19 259 

.31 17 

7.62 31 

This circuit carried 

132 I 4.00 I 161 

This circuit carried 

125 2.78 126 



132 
150 
132 



10.82 442 
1.26 47 

7.58 | 319 



This circuit carried 



132 
132 
120 



1.35 
5.15 

1.78 



55 
211 

89 



This circuit carried 



176 

132 

132 

•132 

132 
150 
132 
150 



22.32 
8.10 
1.42 



9.60 
10.63 
3.11 
1.36 
1.25 
This c 



672 

351 

65 

364 

406 

391 

128 

52 



rcuit on 



2.16 2 

This circuit ca 



SEVERN 



S.L. 
1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 

11 

12 
13 
14 
15 

16 

17 
20 
21 
24 



Waubaushene 

Jet. Pole 193 (Coldwater) 

" " 193 

" " 903 (Elmvale) .. 

" " 903 

M " 1110 (Phelpston), 

" " 1110 

" " 1785 (Stayner)... 

" " 1785 
Stayner 



Big Chute 

Waubaushene 

Junction Pole 730 

Victoria Harbor Jet. 730 . 
Port McNicholl Jet. 969 . 

Jet. Pole 969 Pt. McNicholl. 

Midland 

Port McNicholl Jet. 940 . 

Jet. Pole 1590 S.L 6 

Barrie Sub-Station 



Jet. Pole 193 (Coldwater). 

Coldwater 

Jet. Pole 903 (Elmvale) . . 

Elmvale 

Jet. Pole 1110 (Phelpston) 

Jet. Poie 1785 (Stayner) '. '. 

Stayner 

Collingwood 

Creemore 

Waubaushene 



730. 



Victoria Harbor Jet, 

Victoria Harbour 

Port McNicholl Jet. 969.. 
Port McNicholl 

Midland 



Penetang 

C.P.R. Elevators 

Camp Borden 

Jct.Polel(PainswickTap) 



40 
40 
40 
40 
40 
40 
40 
40 
40 
35 

30 

35 
40 
35 
35 

40 

40 
35 
35 
40 



120 
120 
120 
120 
120 
120 
120 
120 
120 
120 

120 

100 
120 
100 
120 

100 

120 
125 
132 
125 



4.29 

1.16 

15.86 

.42 

4.55 
12.27 
15.07 

1.50 
11.86 

7.67 

12.00 

3.59 

1.50 

4.02 

.50 

3.62 

4.69 

1.34 

14.34 

3.88 



193 

55 
710 

19 
207 
550 
675 

68 
530 
348 
504 
496 
190 

74 
213 

35 

190 

223 
58 

604 
183 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



123 



Lines. — Continued 
SYSTEM. 



Voltage 



No. of 
Cir- 
cuits 



Power Cables 
B.&S. Gauge 



Telephone 

Wires,B.&S. 

& B.W.G. 

Gauge 



Ground 
Wire 



Work 
Commenced 



Work 
Completed 



In 
Operation 



26,400 



4,000 
12,000 
13,200 



3/0 " 
3/0 " 
3/0 " 

6 Copper 
2/0 
6 BWG Iron 



10 C.C. Steel 
10 " 
10 " 



on H.T. Telephone and Relay Poles. 

4,000 ! 1 [6 MHD Copper ., 

on H.T. Telephone and Relay Poles. 



\" Gal. Steel Apl. 23, 1913 June 4, 1914 
\" ' * Apl. 23, ' ' June 4, ■ ■ 
I" ■ ' Apl. 23, « ' June 4, ' ' 
6 B.WG. Iron Sept. 11,1916 Dec. 21. 1916 

[Oct. 24, " Nov. 1, ,, 

Dec. 4, " Jan. 19, 1917 



6 BWG Iron Jan. 2,1917 



Jan. 17, 



26,400 
4,000 
4,000 



4,000 

4,000 

13,200 



I" Steel 



6 BWG Iron 9 BWG Iron \ 

6 Bare Copper 6 BWG Iron 

2S.R. Alum! J" Steel 

on L.T. 151 Poles 1 to 54, 

6 MHD Bare Copper \" " 

2S.R.Alumf \" " 

2 S.R. * ' 10 C.C. Steel 1" ' ' 



on L.T. 27 from Pole 1 to 30- 



44,000 
26,400 
26,400 
26,400 

13,200 
4,000 

13,200 

4,000 

4,000 

Streets vill 



12,000 

4,000 

rried on L. 



5/16 Steel 
l/OB&SCop. 
6 BWG Iron 
6 BWG Iron 



55 miles. 
9 BWG Iron 
9 
9 
9 



|" Steel 9 \" 

4 B & S Bare Copper 6 BWG Iron 



4B&S 

6 Bare Copp 

6 Copper 



e Pole s 



2 1300,000 CM 
1 J6 M.H.D. Cop 
T. 90 poles from pole No. 712 to 636. 



9 BWG Iron 



Copper 



9/32" Steel 
6 BWG Iron 



Feb. 9, 

June 9, 
June 18, 
Mar. 21, 

Mar. 29, 
Mar. 29, 
Mar. 6, 

Aug. 17, 
July 10, 
July 20, 
Aug. 1, ' ' 

Aug. 27, " 
Oct. 24, ' ' 
Oct. 27, * « 
Dec. 1, 1917 



1917 



Aug. 5, 
July 7, 
June 13, 

June 14, 
June 18, 
Apr. 22, 



Mar. 31,1918 
Oct. 12, 1917 
Sept.22, " 
Sept.22, ■ ' 



Dec.23,1914 
Dec.23, " 
Dec.23, " 
Dec. 21, 1916 
Nov. 5, * ■ 
Dec. 22, '■ 

Jan. 15, 1917 



Aug. 10,1917 



6 BWG Iron Feb. 2,1918 



!Feb. 13, 1918 



Sep. 18, 1918 



Oct. 
Jan. 
Nov. 
Dec. 
Mai- 
Mar 



Oct. 



27, " 
16, 1918 
22, 1917 
20, " 
1, 1918 

10, 1918 



Aug. 23,1917 

Aug. 23, '« 
Aug. 23, " 
Apr. 22 ' ' 

May 21, 1918 
Nov. 9,1917 
Dec. 5, " 
Dec. 6, V 

Feb. 11, 1918 
Feb. 22, " 
Dec. 14, 1917 
Feb, 22,1918 
Mar, 9,1918 

Mar. 9,1918 



SYSTEM 



22,000 


2 


4/0 Alum 


10 C.C. Steel 


\" Gal. Steel 


Sep. 20,1912 


Feb. 18,1913 


Feb. 24,1913 


• * 


1 


2 


10 •• 


i" •■ 


Sep. 20, " 


Feb. 18, ' ' 


Feb. 24 « ' 


' ' 


2 


4/0 '« 


10 '« 


r - 


Sep. 25, " 


Feb. 18, ' ' 


Feb. 24 « * 


1 * 


1 


2 


10 •• 


r " 


Feb. 1, 1913 


May 17, ' ' 


May 27 ' ' 


< 1 


2 


4/0 " 


10 *' 


r - 


Oct. 20.1912 


Feb. 18, ' ' 


Feb. 24 * ' 


• 4 


2 


2/0 " 


10 " 


r " 


Nov. 6, * ' 


Apl. 5, " 


April 6 " 


• • 


2 


3/0 " 


10 '■ 


r •« 


Oct. 23, 


Feb. 18, ' * 


Feb. 24 ' ' 


< 1 


1 


2 


10 •■ 


r •' 


Jan. 24,1913 


Apl. 26, " 


Sep. 25 « ' 


• * 


2 


3/0 " 


10 " 


r " 


Nov. 1,1912 


Feb. 18, '■ 


Feb. 24 ' ' 


4,000 


1 


1/0 * ' 






Aug. 15, 1914 


Oct. 25,1914 


Oct. 21, 1914 


22,000 


2 


n-2/0 " 

U-4/0 " 


1-12 B.W.G.) 
1-9 " ) 
















22,000 


2 


1/0 ■■ 


10 C.C. Steel 


r «• 


Apl. 1, 1916 


May 5, 1916 


July 24,1916 


22,000 


1 
2 


2/0 " 
1/0 " 


12 B.W.G. 

10 " 












Mar. 7 " 


May 5 ' * 


July 24 «« 


22,000 


1 


1/0 •■ 


10 " 


r " 


Oct. 15, 1914 


Dec. 25, 1914 


Dec. 24,1914 


22,000 


2 


fl-2 Alum) 
U-1/0SR") 


12 B.W.G. 








May 22, 1917 













22,000 


2 


2 Copper 


10 •• 


r " 


June 7,1911 


July 18,1911 


July 18,1911 




2 


1/0 Alum 


9 B.W.G.Iron 


r " 


Feb. 29, 1916 


Apl. 14, 1916 


July 24,1916 




1 


6 Copper 


9 " " 


6 B.W.G.Iron 


May 30 


July 11, 1916 


June 29 " 


22,000 


1 


12/0SRAl'm 


9 " " 


I" Steel 


Sept. 13, 1917 


Feb. 9, 1918 


Apr.25,1918 



124 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



Description of 

SEVERN 



Sec. 

No. 



From 



To 



Length 
of Pole 



Span 



Miles 



No. of 
Poles 



S.L. 


1 




feet 


feet 






25 Jet. 1 (Painswick Tap) . . 


Jet. Pole 2 (Thornton Tap) 


40 


125 


4.28 


187 


26 " 2 (Thornton " .. 


" " 3 


40 


125 


5.99 


261 


27 ; Jet. 3 


Jet. 4 (Cookstown Tap.) , 


40 


125 


2.24 


98 


28 J Jet. 4 (Cookstown Tap.) , 


Jet. 5 (Alliston " ). 


40 


125 


7.35 


321 


29 Jet. 5 (Alliston " ). 


Alliston Sub-Station 


40 


125 


1.82 


87 


30 Jet. 5 (Alliston " ). 


Jet. 6 (Beeton Tap.) .... 


40 


125 


6.30 


283 


31 Jet. 6 (Bee ton " ). 


Tottenham Sub-Station. . 


40 


125 


3.61 


176 


32 


Jet. 6 (Beeton ' M l ' ). 


Beeton Sub-Station 


40 


125 


1.76 


85 


33 


Jet. 3 


Jet. 7 (Fennel Tap.) 


40 


125 


3.87 


169 


34 


Jet. 7 (Fennell Tap.) 


Bradford Sub-Station . . . 


40 


125 


7.25 


320 


35 


Jet. (Thornton " ).... 


Thornton Sub-Station . .. 


40 


125 


1.85 


81 



ST. LAWRENCE 



STL 
1 
2 
3 
5 
6 



Morrisburg 



Winchester 

Prescott 

Morrisburg 

This circuit carried on St. L. 
Morrisburg 



11 
12 



Prescott 

Winchester 

Chesterville 

Brockville 

North Williamsburg 
2 poles 
Cornwall: 



Erecting Steel Towers 
Cornwall 



at Cornwall Sab-Station 
Toronto Pap. Mill 



40 
40 
40 
40 



40 



40 



120 
120 
120 
120 



22.96 
16.29 

6.52 
14.08 

6.50 



,083 
747 
294 
639 



176 26.25 808 

This circuit carried on 



176 



3.00 



107 



WASDELL'S FALLS 



W.L 
1 
la 

2 
3 

4 

5 

6 

7 
8 



Wasdell's Falls 

> « < < 

Carried on W.L. 

Jet. No. 1 Pole 1203 

Jet. No. 1 " 1203 

Beaverton 

Carried on Sec. W.L. 1 
Gamebridge 

Carried on Sec. W.L. 1 

Canniugton 

Cannington 

Jet. Pole 183 W.L. 1 



Jet. No. 1 Pole 1203 
Junction Pole 183. .. 
1 Pole 

Beaverton 

Cannington 

Gamebridge 

& 2 poles 

Brechin 

poles 

Woodville 

Sunderland 

Longford 



40 
40 

40 
40 



30 
30 
35 



120 
120 

120 
120 



120 
120 
132 



25.50 
3.94 

1.47 
9.67 
6.50 

3.75 



5.15 
7.40 
6.41 



1,203 



70 
442 



147 
335 
269 



EUGENIA FALLS 



EFL 

1 
?. 


Eugenia Falls Pwr. House 
Chats worth Sub-Station. 
Eugenia Falls 


Chats worth Sub-Station. 
Owen Sound 


40 
40 
40 
40 
40 
35 
40 
40 
40 
40 


125 
125 
125 
125 
125 
132 
125 
125 
125 
125 


22.15 

9.22 

6.78 

15.97 

15.70 

8.50 

12.09 

11.06 

11.73 

13.16 


972 
394 


3 


Flesherton 


296 


4 
5 


Flesherton Jet. Pole 297. 

Durham Jet. Pole 964 

Laurel Jet 


Durham Jet. Pole 964 .. . 
Mount Forest 


687 
692 


6 


Grand Valley 

Hanover Jet. Pole 1491 
Chesley 


357 


7 
8 


Durham Jet. Pole 964 ... . 
Hanover Jet Pole 1491 . . 
Flesherton Jet. Pole 297. 
Dundalk 


526 
473 


9 


Dundalk 


500 


10 


Shelbourne 


562 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



125 



Lines. — Continued 
SYSTEM 





No. of 
,age Cir- 
cuits 




Telephone 










w>n 


PowerCables 


Wires, B.&S. 


Ground 


Work 


Work 


In 




B.&S. Gauge 


& B.W.G. 
Gauge 


Wire 


Commenced 


Completed 


Operation 


22, 


000 1 


1 

11/0 SR Alum 9 BWG Iron 


i" Steel... 


Oct. 6, 1917 


Feb. 19, 1918 


Apr.25,1918 




1 


11/0 


9 


r - ... 


Oct. 20, " 


Mar. 4, " 


Apr, 25, " 




1 


li/o " •• 


9 


4 . . . 


Nov. 8, 1917 


Mar. 9, ' ' 


Apr, 25, " 




1 


11/0 


9 


1" i « 

4 . . . 


Nov. 16, 1917 


Mar. 23 " 


May 23, " 




1 


H/o 


9 


9/32 "... 


Dec. 8,1917 


Apl. 17 ' ' 


May 23, " 




1 


5/16 "Steel 


9 


9/32 •• ... 


Jan. 2, 1918 


May. 14 ' ' 


July 26, " 




1 


5/16 " " 


9 


9/32 '« ... 


Jan. 30,1918 


May 22 " 


Sept. 9, ' ' 




1 


5/16 " " 


9 


9/32 " ... 


Feb. 28, 1918 


May 28 " 


July 26, " 




1 


5/16 " " 


9 


9/32 " ... 


May 29, 1918 


July 3 " 


Sept.l 6, " 




1 


5/16 " " 


9 


9/32 "... 


Mar.19,1918 


July 3 " 


Sept.16, ' ' 




1 


5/16 " " 


9 


9/32 " ... 


June 15, 1918 


July 1 " 


Oct. 16, ' ' 



SYSTEM 



26,400 



2,200 



3/0 Alum 
5/16 •■ 
3/0 Alum 
3/0 " 
6 Copper 



44,000 1 3/0 Alum 

St. L 2 from Pole 1-94 



44,000 



7/16 Steel 



10 C.C.Steel 
10 " 
10 ■■ 
10 ■■ 



9 BWG Iron 
1.96 miles 



9 BWG Iron 



4-"Gal. Steel Oct. 29,1912 
June 4, ' ' 



9/32" Steel 



Sept. 6, 1913 
Oct. 16. 1914 
Feb. 22, 1915 

May 7,1918 



Sep. 25, 1918 

9/32" Steel Sep. 24, 1918 



June 14, 1913 
Dec. 15, 1913 
Feb. 17, 1914 
Mar. 20, 1915 
Mar. 20, " 



Oct. 23,1913 
Dec. 18 
Feb. 7, 1914 
Apr, 4,1915 
Mar.20, •' 



SYSTEM 



22,000 
i « 

i < 
4,000 

4,000 

4,000 

4,000 

22,000 



5/16 Steel 10 C.C.Steel 
1/0 Alum 



4" Steel 10 C.C.Steel 
\" " 10 •' 
1/0 Alum 



\" Gal. Steel 



\" Gal. Steel 



1/0 ■■ 

1/0 •■ 

1/0 " 

1/0 '■ 



9 B.W.G.Iron 



i"Gal. Steel 



Jan. 17,1914 
July 6, 1916 

Mar. 30, 1914 
Feb. 18, ' ' 
May 2, " 

July 25, " 

May 19, ' ' 
June 1, ' ' 
Feb. 17, 1916 



Sep. 28, 1914! Sep. 28,1914 
July 23, 1916; July 23,1916 

Sep. 28, 1914' Sep. 28,1914 
Sep. 28 ' « ! Sep 28 ' * 
'Oct. 6 " 

Oct. 6 " 

!Oct.l9 •' 

July 10, 1914 Oct. 19 * ' 
May 27, 1916 June 4, 1916 



SYSTEM 



22.000 



3/0 Alum 


9 B.W.G.Iron 


3/0 


9 


3/0 


9 


3/0 


9 


1-5/16 Steel 


} 9 » 


1-3/0 Alum 


6 Copper 


9 


3/0 Alum 


9 


3/0 


9 


1/0 ■■ 


9 


1/0 


9 



Gal .Steel 



Mar. 17, 
Apr. 7, 
Apr. 10, 
Apr. 13, 

Apr. 26, 

July 21, 
Oct. 19, 
Dec. 4 
May 20 
'June 9 



1915 



1916 
1915 



July 7, 1915 Nov.18,1915 

Sep. 24. " Nov. 18 •• 

July 21, " Nov. 18 ■■ 

July 11, " Nov. 18 " 

Aug. 25, ' ' Nov. 18 ■ ■ 

Dec. 1,1916 Dec. 1,1916 
Aug. 19,1916 Junel8,1916 
June 10, * ' i Junel8 ' ' 
Aug. 14,1915 Nov.18,1915 
Aug. 24, •« Nov. 18 •' 



126 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



Description of 

EUGENIA FALLS 



Sec. 
No. 



From 



To 



Length of 
Pole 



Span 



Miles 



No. of 
Poles 



EFL 
11 
12 

13 

14 

15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 

22 1 

25) 

26 
27 

28 



Hanover Jet. Pole 1491 . . 
Eugenia Falls 

Eugenia Falls 

Durham Jet. 1326 E.F.L.5 

Junction Pole 1141 

Kilsyth Station 

Shelbourne 

Eugenia Falls 

Meaford Jet. Pole 186. .. 

Orangeville 

Grand Valley 

Jet. Pole 1015 E.F.L. 5.. 

Hanover Sub-Station 

Carls rube Jet 

Cailsruhe Jet .... ... 



Hanover 


40 


125 


Markdale 




Car'd on Sec. EFL 1 , poles 
Flesherton 






Car'd on Sec. EFL 3, poles 
Holstein 


30 

40 

40 

30 

30 

35-40 

35-40 

30 

30 

35 

30 

30 

30 


130 


Car'd on Sec. EFL 5, poles 
Kilsyth Sta 


125 


Tara 


125 


Orangeville 


130 


Homing's Mills 

Meaford Jet. Pole 186... 
Collingwood 


130 
132 
132 


Alton 


132 


Arthur 


120 


Durham Cement Co 

Carlsrue Jet 


125 
132 


Carlruhe 


132 


Neustadt 


132 







.76 
6.50 

7.50 

2.63 

4.76 
6.80 
14.61 
5.13 
4.00 
20.17 
5.75 
12.50 
.18 
3.70 
1.70 
2.31 



34 



107 

205 

292 

614 

215 

186 

885 

253 

539 

9 

108 

74 

94 



MUSKOKA 


ML.I 
1 S 


mth Falls 


Huntsville 

i 


35 


132 


26.32 


1,142 






CENTRAL ONTARIO 



c.o.s. 

1607 

(a) 
C.O.L 

49 
C.O.L. 

50 
C.O.L. 

51 
C.O.L. 

52 



Napanee 

Healey Falls 

Napanee Sub-Station. 

Trenton 

Wellington 



Newburgh (Houpt Paper 
Mills) 

Trenton 

Kingston 

Wellington 

Pi ton 



30 132 7.91 
This circuit carried on C.O.L. 50 
975 



40 
40 

40 
40 



176 
175 
176 
176 



30.53 
26.50 
17.62 
12.65 



863 
565 
345 



RIDEAU 



R.L.I. 
1 


High Falls 


Perth 


35 
35 
35 


132 
132 
132 


22.00 
16.25 
16.50 


980 


?, 


Perth 


Smith's Falls 

Merrickville 


666 


3 


Smith's Falls 


680 














1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



127 



Lines. — Continued 
SYSTEM 



Voltage 



No. of 
Cir- 
cuits 



PowerCables 
B.&S. Gauge 



Telephone 

Wires,B.&S. 

& B. W. G. 



• Ground: 
Wire 



Work 
Commenced 



Work 
Completed 



In 
Operation 



22,000 
4,000 

4,000 

4,000 

22,000 

4,000 

22,000 

22,000 



4,000 
4,000 
22,000 
4,000 
4,000 
4,000 



1/0 S.RAlum 9 
2 S.R ' 



2 S.R 
2 S.R. 



6B.W.G.Iron9B.W.G.Iron 

6 Copper.... 9 

6 " ....10 

6 «' ...J10 

1/0 " ....9 

1/0 *« ....,9 

4 ** 

4 " 

3/0 Alum.. 9BWGIron 

6 MHD.Cop 



bDBWP.Cop 



r'Galv.Steel 

r " 

r •• 

r - 

i' " 

r " 

6 B.W.G.Iron 
6 

9/32 Steel.. 
GBWGIron. 



Aug. 18, 1916 Sep. 16, 1916 Sep. 16,1916 
Dec. 28, 1915 Jan. 17 '« Feb. 8 «' 



June 4 
Dec. 10 



Aug. 16, 1915 
Apl. 3, 1916 



Nov. 7, 1916 Jan. 31, 1917 Jan. 



Nov.18,1915 



Apl. 3, 1916 



Oct. 12 
June 13 
June 13 
Aug. 21 
Aug. 14 
Oct. 17 
Oct. 30 



Jan. 19,1917|Jan. 



1, 1918 
1, 1918 



6 BWG 



June. 15,1916 
June 13 ' ' 
Oct. 5 • ' 
5 " 
22 ' ' 
19, 1917 
Nov. 23,1917 Jan. 31,1918 
1, " Dec. 12,1917 
2,1918 



Nov. 
Sep. 
Oct. 



26,1918 
10, " 



Oct. 
Nov. 
Feb. 



Dec. 
Dec. 



Dec. 11, 



Junel3,1916 
Junel3 ' * 
Oct. 6 " 
Oct. 6 " 
Nov.27 " 
Feb. 19, 1917 
Apl. 15,1918 
Dec.12,1917 
Nov.17,1918 
Nov.17, " 



SYSTEM 



22,000 



2 S.R. Alum 



Galv. 
9B.W.G.lroE 



i"Galv. Steel 



Aug. 6, 1915 



Apl. 29, 1915 



Aug.15,1916 



SYSTEM 



4,000 1 6 Copper, 

from Pole 1 to Pole 47 = *94 miles 



44,000 
44,000 
44,000 



2/0 B. & S. 110 C.C. Steel 
Copper 



1/0 B & S 
Bare Copper 
9/32 Steel. 
9/32 Steel. 



9 B.W.G.Iron 
9BWG Iron 



.B.W.G.Iron 
|" Steel 

r " 

9/32" Steel 
9/32" Steel 



Nov. 23, 1916 

June 9, 1917 

Jan. 11, 1917 

July 4, 1918 
July 24, 1918 



Apr. 26, 1917 
May 12, 1918 
Nov. 7, 1917 



Apr. 23,1917 
Jan. 22, 1918 
Dec. 2, 1917 



SYSTEM 



26,400 
26,400 
26,400 



1 llf/OSRAlum 9;BWGIron 
1 | lf/0" " 9 " 
1 5/16 Steel.. 9 " 



9/32" Steel, 
9/32" " 
9/32 



Apl. 12, 1918 Oct. 9, 1918 
Nov. 27, 1917 June 12, 1918 



Sep. 5,1918 



10 H. (i) 



128 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



Total Mileage of Lines and Number of Poles 



To 
Oct. 31st, 1917 



Oct. 31st, 1917, 

to Oct. 31st, 

1918 



Total to 
Oct. 31st, 1918 



Total mileage low tension lines completed 

Total mileage low tension lines under construction . . 


1,395.95 


165.23 

98.27 

263.32 

.18 


1,561.18 
98.27 


Total mileage single circuit lines 


1,184.82 

369.34 

29.09 

1.10 

1,173.53 


1,448.14 


Total mileage double circuit lines 


369.52 


Total mileage three circuit lines 


29.09 


Total mileage four circuit lines 




1.10 


Total mileage telephone lines complete 

Total mileage telephone lines under construction. . 


149.54 
95.77 

9,477 


1,323.07 
95.77 


Number of poles 63, 379 ) 


63,821 




Number of towers , 442 ) 


73,298 







Total Weights and Mileages of Cable and Wire 

TRANSMISSION AND TELEPHONE LINES 





Wire Miles 


Weight in Pounds 


Cable and Wire 


CO 

P OO) 


t— OO 

r- 1 rH 

"& -tf "*# 

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oo O 
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§•2^2 

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1 ^ 


Aluminum 

Steel Reinforced 
Aluminum .... 

Copper Wire 

Copper Clad Steel 
Galv. Iron Wire.. . 
Galv. Steel 

Cable.... 


4,052.56 

649.93 

779.03 

1,156,30 

1,396.74 

1,225.41 


1.08 

76.68 
227.49 

61.06 
253.71 

340.52 


78.75 

114.75 
7.50 


2,801,024 

327,482 

1,072,173 

221,063 

636,773 

778,100 


898 

69,242 

367,725 

9.403 

81,586 

317,967 


65,520 

103,619 
3,142 


194.04 
189.58 


59,851 
91,860 


Totals 


9,259.97 


960.54 


584.62 


5,836,615 


846,821 


323,992 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



129 



CO 

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96,98 

431.71 

399.47 

400.58 

1.56 

18.79 
192.92 

19.17 


1,561.18 


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17.43 

415.21 

349.09 

397.47 

1.56 

18.79 
177.23 

19.17 

1,395.95 


1 

Four Circuit Totals 


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130 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



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1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



131 



Size of Telephone Wire used on Telephone Lines 

COMPLETED OCT. 31, 1917-OCT. 31, 1918 



Section 
No. 



Mileage 



Gauge 



Section 
No. 



Mileage 



Gauge 



L.T. 164. 
' « 179 

E.F.L.25 . 

S.L. 24. 
" 25., 
" 26. 
" 27. 
" 28., 
" 29., 
" 30., 
" 31 . . 
" 32.. 
" 33.. 
" 34.. 
" 35.. 

C.O.L.49.. 

C.O.L.50.. 

R.L. 3.. 



Total, 



22.52 

3.11 

.18 

3.88 

4.28 

5,99 

2.24 

7.35 

1.82 

6.30 

3.61 

1.76 

3.87 

7.25 

1.85 

30.53 

26.50 

16.50 



149.54 



No. 

9 B.W.G. Galv 
9 
9 
9 
9 
9 
9 
9 
!) 
9 
9 
9 
9 
9 
9 

10 B. and S.C, 
9 B.W.G. Galv 
9 " 



Iron 



Steel 
Iron 



Total. 



Size of Telephone Wire used on Telephone Lines 
UNDER CONSTRUCTION OCT. 31, 1918 



Section 
No. 



Mileage 



Gaugj 



Section 

No. 



Mileage 



Gauge 



C.O.L. 51 
C.O.L. 52 
R.L. 1... 
R.L. 3... 
St. L. 8. 
St. L. 12. 



Total 



E 17.45 
E 10.82 
E 22.00 
E 16.25 
E 26.25 
E 3.00 


9 B.W.G. Galv. Wire 

9 

9 " 

9 

9 

9 


95.77 







Total 



'• E'' estimated 



132 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



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1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 133 

The conductor materials inspected during the past year for all purposes are 
as follows: 

W.P. and Rubber Covered Copper for all purposes 30,985 lbs. 

Bare Copper, similarly 125,520 " 

New Aluminum Conductor 495,000 " 

Refabricated Aluminum 300,000 " 

Steel and Iron Conductor for all purposes, including ground 

wire, guying and telephone 350,000 " 

Along with other materials, the following insulators were inspected for the 
various services during the past year: 

Guy Strain 7,365 

Telephone and Distribution 99,375 

13,200 Volts 6,500 

22,000/26,400 Volts 15,750 

44,000 Volts 8,700 

110,000 Volt Units 25,700 

Total 163.390 



134 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 



SECTION III 

OPERATION OF THE SYSTEMS 

Niagara System 

An analysis of the conditions on the Niagara System, for the past year shows 
that from a purely operating viewpoint it has been the most remarkable and 
satisfactory period in the history of the Commission. 

The outstanding feature was the absence practically of all interruptions from 
failure of lines and station equipment. Notwithstanding this, the operation of 
the system required constant and very careful attention, involving almost hourly 
readjustment of the load. The primary cause was insufficient electrical energy 
for transmission and the scattered location of munition industries. 

Early in the year the Dominion Government passed an order-in-council 
appointing a Power Controller and vested him with the right of determination 
of war essentials and absolute direction of the supply of all the available electrical 
energy generated by all power companies, including the Commission, required 
for the production of munitions. These industries, which increased month by 
months, were given uninterrupted service. 

From December 23rd to March 1st the available capacity at Niagara Falls 
was decreased by 20,000 horse-power due to the failure of two generators at 
the Canadian-Niagara Power Company's plant. Another failure occurred on May 
28th causing a shortage of 10,000 horse-power for one month. This company also 
experienced considerable loss of output through ice trouble which was unusually 
severe during the winter of 1917-1918. In the summer and fall, however, this 
company maintained a practically continuous supply of 50,000 horse-power. 

The greatest burden of wartime production in the Niagara District and 
Western Ontario, perhaps rested on the Ontario Power Company, which has been 
controlled and operated by the Commission since August 1st, 1917. The generat- 
ing station was operated at the maximum safe overload continuously, and only 
the vital need of power for war munitions justified the overloading mentioned. 
The advantage gained through the unified control of the Ontario Power Company 
and the Commission was strikingly illustrated. 

The weather conditions during the winter of 1917-1918 were unusually severe 
and the operating difficulties experienced as the result of ice trouble were the 
worst in the history of the plant. On account of the ice conditions the output 
was slightly reduced for short periods and owing to the urgent demand for power 
these shortages were felt very acutely, but when the severity of the winter is 
taken into account the operation of the plant compares most favorable with pre- 
vious years. Studies have been made of the ice conditions and precautionary 
measures are being taken to minimize as far as possible the loss of output due 
to ice in the future. 

In view of the load carried, it was not feasible to proceed with some of 
the proposed changes in the physical arrangement of the plant. However, some 
slight alterations were effected which increased the already highly developed 
facilities of the plant for selective switching of the different units to the outgoing 
lines supplying the variable demand. Unfortunately, labor shortage and difficulty 
in obtaining equipment and materials prevented the completion of the No. 3 



1 


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160000 ■ PTTPVI? QHOWINfi 


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MONTHLY INCREASE _js. + 




i4oooo OF POWER LOAD -j-^\l s -^ M 


OF MUNICIPALITIES -/~k- ^' ^Jl XX 




NIAGARA SYSTEM > *- -\ 


"oooo OCT 1010 to OPT 1018 - I2SZ. 


iii.i / 


H. E.P. C. _ _ ,_ ,^> 


ONTARIO 7 \ 7 


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1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 135 

pipe line in the present fiscal year. Arrangements, however, are complete for 
the temporary installation of one of the new generators, purchased for use with 
the new pipe line, on the floor of the present power house, to operate as a 
synchronous condenser. This will materially assist in reducing the heavy current 
carried by the other generators, by absorbing a part of the wattless component 
of the power delivered, thus increasing the energy output of the plant. 

The period during the past year in which electrical storms occurred extended 
from February 14th to October 6th. On the whole, the storms were probably 
not quite as severe as in some of the previous years. Eight disturbances traversed 
the entire system, of which four were severe and were accompanied by high winds. 
Only one system interruption of a few minutes duration resulted from lightning 
discharges. 

The operation of the 110,000-volt lines during the past year has completely 
justified the confidence which the Commission places in its transmission medium 
of high voltage power. Although some very severe wind and sleet storms were 
experienced, no breaks in the copper or steel reinforced aluminum cables were 
reported. 

The Commission in common with all other employers of labor was handi- 
capped through voluntary enlistment and conscription and the operating staff 
was seriously depleted. This was in a great measure overcome by the purchase 
of trucks and cars for the transportation of maintenance men, patrolmen and 
meter inspectors over the large area to be covered thus enabling the individual 
employee to accomplish much more work in less time. This means of trans- 
portation has proved very successful both with regard to economy and efficiency. 

An important undertaking completed by the Line Maintenance Department 
comprised the removal of the 4/0 straight aluminum cable of both circuits of 
the old tower line between Niagara Falls and Dundas and the restringing with 
6/0 steel reinforced aluminum cable for the purpose of increasing the current 
carrying capacity of these circuits. The old cable, together with some left over 
from the restringing of Section " B " last summer, was shipped to the factory 
for refabrication. Some change was made in the insulators on some of the 
towers on account of the higher stresses impressed by the use of the reinforced 
cable. On account of the increased conductivity and consequent decrease of 
power loss, it is estimated the delivery of power is increased nearly 2 per cent, 
with a corresponding benefit in voltage regulation. 

The two and three quarter mile circuits between the Stratford High Tension 
Station and the Municipal Substation were changed from 13,000 to 26,400-volt 
construction. This work was done by the Commission and paid for by the 
Municipality of Stratford as owner of these circuits. All power from the high 
tension station is now fed at the. same voltage with improved operation. 

In practically all cases the Commission had sufficient station apparatus 
installed to take care of the load for 1918. The power factor of some of the muni- 
tion industries was not good and this increased the current loading on the trans- 
formers to overload proportions. This also affected voltage regulation to some 
extent. 

Following present engineering practice the Commission has made progress 
in improvement of voltage regulation by the installation of synchronous condensers. 
Two 4,000-kv-a. units installed in the building adjoining the Toronto high 
tension station were turned over for operation on August 1st. While assisting 
the maintenance of normal voltage this installation has benefited the entire system 
by reducing the idle current borne by the generating units at Niagara, conse- 



136 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT O F THE No. 49 

quently increasing the capacity for delivery of energy. On December 14th, 1917, 
the output of the Erindale generating station, purchased by the Commission, was 
added to the Niagara System through a frequency changer set installed at the 
Cooksville high tension station. This equipment has been described in detail in 
another report. The hydraulic power at Erindale is limited under present condi- 
tions, so through a portion of the day the 1,000-kv-a., 25-cycle generator at the 
Cooksville Station is operated as a synchronous condenser for voltage regulation 
and for supplying wattless current to the entire system. 

Constant inspection of all equipment was made by the Station Maintenance 
Department along with careful tests of the insulating material used, special attention 
being given to oil nitration to assure the absence of moisture. This department 
has undertaken very successfully the replacement of windings, etc., in trans- 
formers and rotating apparatus, equaling the skilled workmanship of factory 
production to be had under present conditions. In carrying on this class of work 
it became possible to ascertain and call for certain changes in design, of para- 
mount importance from an operating standpoint. 

An important transfer of transformer capacity between high. tension stations 
comprised the removal from Toronto Station of seven 2,500-kv-a. units which 
had been replaced by 5,000-kv-a. units, to the Dundas Station. Four 1,250-kv-a. 
units were then removed from Dundas Station and installed in the Guelph 
Station. In addition to the above, one 750-kv-a. unit was removed from the 
Preston Station and installed in the Kitchener Station. These transfers greatly 
increased the margin of available capacity at the stations named. 

The Meter Department, apart from the regular inspection and adjustment 
of the meters and relays, conducted investigations in the field, of a research 
nature, with special reference to protective equipment. Pole type outdoor meter- 
ing equipment was designed and erected by this department to measure the power 
supplied to several of the smaller municipalities. 

The following table gives a comparison of the load of the various munici- 
palities in October, 1917, and October, 1918. It will be noted that on account 
of the shortage of power and consequent restriction the normal yearly increase 
could not be taken care of. 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



137 



Municipality 


Load in H.P. 
Oct., 1917 


Load in H.P. 
Oct., 1918 


Increases 


Toronto 

Dundas 


50,167 

597 

11,622 

65 

53.6 
99 
8,552.5 
22.8 
20.1 
3,075 
146.7 
182.3 
12.3 
348.3 
192 
1,150 
2,466.5 
338 
30 
4,280 
862 
134 
162.2 
153 
1,519 
175.6 
536 
106 
264.6 
396.7 
1,331 
858 
296 
252.6 
167.6 
2,037.5 
70.4 
2,536 
365.5 
67 
754 
933 
334 
184 
30.8 
128.7 
1,509.5 
45 

30 

1,852 
1,972 
130.3 
82.8 
4,183 
4,520 
87.1 
291.6 
14.8 
60.3 
86.6 
43 

10.3 
27.3 
888.7 
142 


56,139.5 
496.5 
12,097.8 
80.4 
55.6 
115.3 
8,427.5 
56.3 
68.3 
2,835 
126.5 
165 
35 
364 
151.5 
949 
2,922.2 
307 
30 
3,827 
792.2 
175.6 
187.6 
142.9 
1,374 
183.6 
564.3 
134.9 
363.3 
382.6 
1,179.6 
870 
718.5 
191.7 
191 
1,843.2 
61.6 
2,694.4 
545.6 
59.6 
791.4 
891.4 
299.4 
174.5 
37.5 
104.5 
2,345.8 
152.8 

46.9 

1,745.2 
2,571 
162.8 
131 
7.177.2 
5,263 
85.8 
279.4 
19.5 
52.5 
134 
46 

10.4 
26 
1,195 
118.3 


5,972.5 


Hamilton 

Waterdown 

Caledonia 

Hagersville ' 


475.8 

15.4 

2 

16.3 


London 




Thorndale 


23.5 


Thamesford 


48.2 


Guelph 




Ontario Agricultural College 




Military Hospitals Commission. . 




Rockwood 


22.7 




15.7 


Acton 








Gait 


455.7 






Breslau 








Waterloo 






41.6 


New Hamburg 


25.4 






Stratford 




Mitchell 


8 


Seaforth 


28.3 




28.9 


Goderich 


98.7 






Woodstock ... 






12 


Tillsonburg 


412.5 


Norwich 




Beachville 


23.4 


St. Thomas 




Port Stanley 




Paris 


158.4 
189.1 






Weston 


37.4 






Milton 








Mimico Asylum - * • * 


6.7 






New Toronto 


836.3 




107.8 


Cooksville 1 \ 




Windsor 


16.9 




599 


Elora 


32.5 




48.2 


Welland 


2,994.2 




743 


Port Dalhousie 








Drumbo 


4.7 






Woodbridge 


47.4 


Ayr 


3 


Princeton 


.1 






Chatham 


306.3 







138 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



Municipality 



Load in H.P. 
Oct. 1917 



Load in H.P. 
Oct. 1918 



Increases 



Bolton 

Mount Brydges 

Wallaceburg 

Delaware 

Tilbury 

Simcoe 

Waterf ord 

Lambeth 

Grantham Township 

Dresden 

Dorchester 

Comber 

Burf ord 

Both well 

St. George 

Dutton 

Thame sville , 

Blenheim 

Lynden 

Ailsa Craig 

Otterville 

Exeter 

Granton 

Niagara Falls 

Petrolea 

Wyoming 

Eidgetown 

Milverton 

Listowel 

Palmerston 

Harriston 

Tavistock 

Wellesley , 

Burgessville 

St. Jacobs 

Stamford Township 

Sarnia 

Highgate 

Forest 

Watford 

Dablin 

Rodney 

West Lome 

Etobicoke Township 

Hensall 

Dash wood 

Zurich 

Springfield 



96.5 

25.7 

419.5 

8 

66.3 
131.4 
105.6 

18.5 

10 

70 

14 

20 

32 

62 

30 

44 

42 

81.7 

83.7 

80.4 

13.4 
123.3 

41.3 
,304 
284 

28 

136.3 
189 
184.5 

88.5 

98 
220 
114.6 

35 

72.4 
454.4 
,126 

18.7 

69.3 

49.6 
7.5 

31 

25.5 

97.8 

26.8 

35 

55 

21.4 



71.4 
24.5 

601.8 

7.6 

88.5 

136.7 
99.2 
16.7 
26.8 

197.6 
16 

19.3 
33.5 
50.1 
65.7 

103.2 
42.2 

107.2 
81.2 
51.6 
21.4 

134 
52.2 
2,181 

341.8 
25.7 

120 

253 

292.2 
77.7 
71.3 

251.2 

110 
28.8 
33.5 

349 
1,172 
18.7 

109.3 
40.7 
26.2 
28.5 
27 

169 

174.6 
45.5 
53.5 
19.4 



182.3 



22.2 
5.3 



16.7 
127 
2.7 



35.6 

58.7 



81.7 



8.0 
10.7 
10.9 



57.8 



64 
107.7 



31.2 



46 

40 



18.7 



1.5 
71.2 

97.8 
10.5 



9000 



8000 



7000 



6000 



5000 



POWER GENERATED FOR 
SEVERN, EUGENIA AND 
WASDELL'S SYSTEMS 



H. E. P. C. 
ONTARIO 



A. 



7 




NOV. 



JAN. 



MAR. 



JUNE 



JULY 



SEPT. 



138 



Bolton 

Mount Brydg 
Wallaceburg 
Delaware . . . 

Tilbury 

Sitncoe 

Waterford . . 
Lambeth . . . 
Grantham Tc 

Dresden 

Dorchester . 

Comber 

Burf ord 

Both well . . . 
St. George . . 

Dutton 

Thame sville 
Blenheim.. . 

Lynden 

Ailsa Craig . 
Otterville . . 

Exeter 

Granton 

Niagara Fall 
Petrolea . . . 
Wyoming — 

Kidgetown . 

Milverton . . 
Listowel. ... 

Palmerston . 

Harriston .. 

Tavistock .. 

Wellesley .. 

Burgessville 

St. Jacobs . . 

Stamford To 

Sarnia 

Highgate ... 

Forest 

Watford .... 

Dablin 

Rodney 

West Lome . 

Etobicoke To 

Hensall 

Dashwood . . 

Zurich 

Springfield . 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



139 



Municipality 



Date connected 



Moorefiefd . 
Drayton . . . 
Aylnier . . . 
Brigden . . . 
Oil Springs 
Dunnville . 



Initial Load in H.P, 
Load in H.P. Oct., 1918 



Feb. 22. 1918 
Feb. 32, 1918 
Feb. 11. 1918 
Dec. 7, 1917 
Dec. 6, 1917 
May 21, 1918 



5 
15 
134.6 
10.8 
25.4 
60 



8.4 
28 

129.3 
30.2 
92.5 

138 



Increases 



3.4 
13 



19.4 
67.1 
78 



Severn System 

The operation of the Severn System during the past year was attended with 
very satisfactory results. Although the power demand for munitions and war 
supplies on this system was proportionately as great to that on the Niagara 
System, the Commission was not obliged to adopt any system of load restriction. 

In November and December, 1917, a considerable amount of power was supplied 
to the Orillia Commission by parallel operation of the Big Chute and Wasdell's 
Generating Stations. This was during the period that the Orillia Commission 
was changing over their source of supply from the power development at Ragged 
Rapids to the new development with increased capacity at Swift Rapids. During 
the month of January the Wasdell's plant was operated in parallel with the 
Swift Rapids plant to help meet the power demand on the Orillia System, which 
could not be taken care of by the Swift Rapids Generating Station at that time. 

On April 22nd, the short stretch of three phase, 22,000-volt line connecting 
the old tie line between the Big Chute and Ragged Rapids to the Swift Rapids 
Plant was completed and this plant and the Big Chute Plant were paralleled for 
test. Regular parallel operation was commenced on June 1st between the Eugenia, 
Big Chute, Swift Rapids and Wasdell's Plants and has proved very advantageous 
to both the municipality of Orillia and to the Commission in maintaining good 
voltage and speed regulation, continuity of service and has also permitted the 
transfer of excess capacity from the Wasdell's and Eugenia Plants to the Severn 
System for distribution to the municipalities supplied therefrom. 

No serious failures of the equipment in the power house transmission lines or 
the distribution stations on the Severn Systems were reported. 

At the power house the 66-inch gate valve controlling the No. 3 unit from 
No. 1 penstock was replaced by a butterfly valve. The thrust bearings on all 
units were equipped with water cooling coils with good results. Certain altera- 
tions were made in the metering equipment to take care of the conditions imposed 
by parallel operation. Extensive tree trimming was required along some of the 
transmission line sections, which was carried out during the summer. The ex- 
cessive growth of underbrush along seven miles of the Tie Line right-of-way 
between the Big Chute and Swift Rapids Plants and also along eight miles 
between the Big Chute Plant and the Waubaushene switching station was cleared. 

A new entrance structure was erected at the Big Chute Power House to 
support all high tension and low tensions lines entering and leaving this station. 
A station horn gap line entrance switch was erected in the line entrance to the 
Victoria Harbor Station. Two horn-gap air-break line switches were erected in 
the circuits of the tap line serving the C.P.R. elevator at the junction of these 
circuits with the trunk lines. These switches were erected for sectionalizing 
purposes. 



140 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



Severn System 



Municipality 



Load in H.P. 
Oct., 1917 



Load in H.P. 
Oct., 1918 



Increases 



Midland 


1,088.5 
435.6 
1,986 
487.2 
36.8 
47 
54 
47 

22.7 
34 

28.4 
323 
1,160.1 


1,372.6 

362 
1,808.2 
517.4 
38.8 
110.5 
127.4 
42.2 
20.9 
22.5 
23.8 
287 
1,047 


292 1 


Penetang 




Collingwood 




Barrie 


30.2 


Coldwater 


2 


Elmvale 


63.5 


Stayner 


73.4 


Creemore 




Waubaushene 




Port McNicholl 




Victoria Harbor 




Camp Borden 




C.P.R. Elevator 









New Municipalities — Severn System 



Municipality 


Date connected 


Initial 
Load, H.P. 


Load in H.P. 
Oct. 1918 


Increases 


Cookstown 


April 25, 1918 


30 

64.3 
25.7 
45 

31.3 
7 


55.2 
90 

25.7 

98.5 

31.3 

7 


25.2 


Alliston 


May 23, 1918 


25.7 


Bradford 


Sept. 16, 1918 




Beeton 


July 26, 1918 


53.5 


Tottenham 


Sept. 9, 1918 




Thornton 


Oct. 16, 1918 











Eugenia System 

The quantity of power delivered to the municipalities of the Eugenia System 
was increased during the year. Continuous service was assured as a result of 
parallel operation of the generating station at Eugenia Falls with the Big Chute 
Power House. 

Certain additions and alterations were completed at the power house to 
facilitate parallel operation and the measurement of the power supplied over 
the Eugenia-Collingwood tie line to the Severn System. Several changes were 
also made in the line entrance structure at the Eugenia Power House. Each 
high tension outgoing line to the Eugenia System and to the tie line is now 
individually provided with standard equipment. Other changes were made to 
accommodate operation pending the completion of the extension to this plant. 

The two-pole line entrance structure at the Collingwood Distributing Station 
was remoddelled to improve operating conditions at this station, which is the 
junction point between the Severn System and the Eugenia tie line. Engineering 
and supervising assistance was rendered to the East Grey Telephone Company in 
eliminating trouble on their circuits due to inductive interference from exposure 
to the Commission's transmission line at certain points between Durham arid 
Hanover. 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



141 



Eugenia System 



Municipality 



Load in H.P. 
Oct., 1917 



Load in H.P. 
Oct.. 1918 



Increases 



Owen Sound 


978.5 
33.5 
75.3 
60.3 

106.2 
15.2 
73 
6.4 
90 

94.7 
94.5 
4.7 
41.5 
41 
55.2 


937 

31.6 

77.4 

62.2 

103 

31.6 

63.2 

6.4 

106.2 

136.7 

119.3 

5.3 

56.3 

131.7 

38.6 




Flesherton 




Dundalk 


2.1 


Durham 


1.9 


Mount Forest 




Chatsworth 


16.4 


Markdale 




Holstein 




Chesley 


16.2 


Shelboume 


42.0 


Orangeville 


24.8 


Homing's Mills 


.6 


Grand Valley 


14.8 


Arthur 


90.7 


Alton Foundry Co 









New Municipalities 



Municipality 


Date connected 


Initial 
Load H.P. 


Load in H.P. 
Oct., 1918 


Increases 


Hanove r 


Dec. 12, 1917 


261.6 
30 

51.3 
25 

8 


475.8 
37.5 
44.2 

666.2 
9.3 


214.2 


Tara 


Jan. 1 1918 


7.5 


Elm wood 


Mar. 1, 1918 




Nat. Portland Cement Co 


May 7, 1918 


641.2 


Carlsruhe and Neustadt 


Dec. 12, 1918 


1.3 









Muskoka System 

Continued improvement characterized the operation of the Muskoka System 
during the past year and excellent service was maintained. 

Adjustments and repairs were carried out for the manufacturer, by the 
Maintenance Department, on the new turbine in the generating station at South 
Falls, to put this unit in good operating condition. This department has also 
installed a water cooled bearing and cooling coil purchased under contract from 
the Canadian General Electric Company, on the main bearing of the 750-kv-a. 
generator installed at this plant. 

Increased accommodation for stores and repair work on account of the isolated 
position of the plant was provided by moving and combining several of the build- 
ings on the power house site. A telephone circuit was erected between Huntsville 
Distributing Station and the office of the Anglo-American Leather Company to 
facilitate operation. 



Wasdell's System 

Good operation was maintained without difficulty on Wasdell's System during 
the past year. Inspection reports indicate that the power house at Wasdell's 
Falls, the transmission lines and the two distributing stations a Beaverton and 
Cannington are in first class operating condition. 



142 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



As the power requirements of the municipalities connected to this system 
were insufficient to load the generating station, the surplus capacity was again 
transferred through parallel operation to the Severn System and was very con- 
veniently utilized. Several improvements of a minor nature were effected in 
and about the power house during the year. 

St. Lawrence System 

The Commission's system on the St. Lawrence River was hampered in ex- 
pansion, to some extent, during the past year, by shortage of power. Although 
the entire output of the M. F. Beach Company's hydraulic plant at Iroquois was 
utilized continuously, it was necessary to operate the Brockville municipal steam 
plant to maintain first class service. An adequate power supply will be guaranteed 
to the municipalities of this system early in 1919 when the Commission's 110,000- 
volt transformer station at Cornwall is made alive from the transmission lines 
of the Cedars Eapids Power Company. 

The Commission's transformer -stations and lines are reported in excellent 
operating condition, no failures worthy of mention having occurred. The actual 
operation and maintenance of this system is now directed from the operating 
centre of the Central Ontario System at Belleville for economic reasons. 



Wasdell's System 



Municipality 


Load in H.P. 
.. Oct., 1917 


Load in H.P. 
. Oct., 1918 


increases 


Beaverton 

Brechin 


60.3 
53.6 
68.4 
41.5 
51.2 


72.1 
9.3 
79.7 
54.9 
45.5 


11.8 


Cannington 


11.3 


Sunderland 


13.4 


Woodville 















Muskoka System 






Municipality 


Load in H.P. 
Oct., 1917 


Load in H.P. 
Oct., 1918 


Increases 


Gravenhorst . . . 






321.7 

597.8 


319.6 
583 




Huntsville 

















St. Lawrence System 



Municipality 


Load in H.P. 
Oct., 1917 


Load in H.P. 
Oct., 1918 


Increases 


Brockville 


368.5 

191.3 

69.7 

87.8 

21 


327.7 

178.8 
76.4 

140 
22.5 




Prescott 




Winchester 


6.7 


Chesterville 


52.2 


Williamsburg - 


1.5 









1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 143 

Central Ontario System 

The growth of the load for a number of years on the Central Ontario System 
has been very rapid and regular and all indications during the past year pointed 
to an increase so great that the available power would have failed to meet the 
demands, even with the assistance of local steam and hydraulic plants at the 
disposal of a few of the municipalities supplied. This condition did not arise, 
however, owing to a disastrous fire in October which destroyed the British 
Chemical Company's plant at Trenton, leaving a considerable quantity of power, 
usually consumed by Trenton, available for distribution at other points of the 
system. The operation has been very satisfactory and promises to continue so, 
as the decrease in power required for the manufacture of munitions will prevent 
a shortage occurring before an additional unit at Healey Falls is available. 

The condition of the high tension lines of the system when taken over by 
the Commission was not sufficiently good to maintain the standard of service 
required of them. The matter of re-insulating all these lines is being considered 
and progress has been made between Belleville and the Canada Cement Company, 
also Belleville and Port Hope. The Fenlon Falls-Lindsay Line has been put 
into first class condition and the regulation and capacity of the Port Hope-Oshawa 
line will shortly be improved by the installation of a synchronous condenser at 
Oshawa. This machine was one of the generators in the old Otonabee power 
house. By some alterations, including the addition of interconnected pole collars, 
it has been put in a condition satisfactory for use as a synchronous condenser 
and when operated as such, will, it is expected, have a beneficial effect on the 
operation of the system as a whole. 

At Peterborough, owing to the increased load taken by the municipality and 
the street railway, and to the fact that the Commission's contract with the Quaker 
Oats Company for the supply of 1,500 horse-power expired July 31st, it was 
deemed advisable to make use of the equipment in the old Otonabee sub-station, 
rather than build a new distributing station until such time as prices became 
normal. This equipment consisted of six 250-kv-a. transformers also one 750-kw. 
transformer owned by the municipality, only, one 750-kw. transformer being 
purchased for the station. The line from the Commission's power house to the 
sub-station was rebuilt and one additional circuit of No. 00 copper wire was 
added, giving three circuits in all. The municipality's circuits were transferred 
from the Quaker Oats Company's power house to this sub-station, which is now 
operated as a joint sub-station by the municipality and the Commission. The 
equipment of the street railway was also installed in a galvanized iron building 
adjacent to the sub-station, to which one additional motor generator set is now being 
added. The station was put into operation in September. 

New distributing stations at Kingston and Omemee have been operating since 
early in the year with very satisfactory results. 



144 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



Central Ontario System 



Municipality 


Load in H.P. 
Oct., 1917 


Load in H.P. 
Oct., 1918 


Increases 


Belleville 


1,513 

1,140 

90 

522 

80 

355 


2,053 

1,106 

70 

523 

75 

322 

1,285 

1,328 

101 

38 

319 

21 

25 

20 

21 

1,559 

3,800 

503 

84 

6,135 

68 

245 


540 


Bowmanvil le 




Brighton , 




Coburg 




i 

1 


Colborne 




Desoronto 


:::::: 


Kingston 


1,285 


Lindsay 


1,540 
126 

31 
275 

24 
295 


Madoc 




Millbrook 


7 


Napanee 


44 


JSewcastle 


3 


Newburg & Camden East 


278 


Omeniee 


20 


Orono 


24 

1,815 

4,020 

435 

80 

4,800 

127 

260 


3 




256 


Peterboro 


225 




68 


Stirling 


4 




1,335 


Tweed 











Central Ontario System 
Comparison of Power Generated — Fiscal Year — 1917-1918. 



Month 


Peak Load H.P. 
1917 


Peak Load H.P. 
1918 


Increase H.P. 


1917 
November 


20,800 
21,700 

21,100 
18,600 
19,320 
17,500 
17,400 
17,210 
18,200 
20,200 
21,500 
24,400 


25,800 
26,100 

23,000 
21,600 
22,600 
24,200 
23,800 
24,600 
23,500 
23,500 
25,100 
25,800 


5,000 


December 


4,400 


1918 
January 


1,900 


February 


3,000 


March 


3,280 


April 


6,700 


May , 


6,400 


June 


7,390 


July 


5,300 


August 


3,300 


September 


3,600 


October 


1,405 







Ottawa System 

Continued expansion was experienced in the operation of the Ottawa System 
during the past year. The increase in the power requirements of the munici- 
pality exceeded 1,000 horse-power and at least 500 horse-power more will be 
required to meet the demand in the winter months, which will probably total 7,000 
horse-power. The power supply from the Ottawa and Hull Power and Manu- 
facturing Company was continued with the usual high standard with regard to 
continuity of service and operating characteristics. 

The waterworks pumping station at Lemieux Island was initially fed from 
the power company's station at 11,000 volts on November 12th, 1917. The power 



26000 



24000 



22000 



Jg 18000 



16000 



14000 



12000 





' 


^•""^ 


\ 




















OCT.. 1918 

1 


















\ 










y 


\ 








1 

OCT., 


1917 


















\ 












\ 












































































































r i " ii 
















I 






























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/ 


\ 








1 




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OCT., 


1916 


















\ 






\ 












/ 






















\ 
















y 


/ 
























\ 








i 
































\ 








/ 






CENTRAL ONTARIO SYSTEM 

COMPARISON OF SYSTEM PEAKS 

1916 - 1917 - 1918 












\ 




\ 




/ 
























\ 




f 










' 


H. E. P. C. 












ONTARIO 





NOV. DEC. 



JAN. 



APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. 



144 



Belleville.... 
Bowman ville 

Brighton 

Coburg 

Colborne .... 
Desoronto . . . 

Kingston 

Lindsay 

Madoc 

Millbrook 

Napanee 

Newcastle. . . 
Newburg & Ca 

Oniemee 

Orono 

Oshawa 

Peterboro . . . 
Port Hope . . . 

Stirling 

Trenton 

Tweed 

Whitby 



1917 
November .... 
December 

1918 

January 

February 

March 

April 

May 

Jane 

July 

August 

September . . , 
October 



Contim 
during the 
pality excee 
required to 
horse-power 
facturing C 
continuity » 

The W£ 
the power c< 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 145 

required by this utility amounts to approximately 2,000 horse-power. The neces- 
sary meter equipment was installed by the Meter Department to provide graphic 
records of the total load and also a separate graphic record of the waterworks load. 

Port Arthur System 

The operation of the Port Arthur System during the years was very satis- 
factory. The actual increase in the power taken by the municipality of Port 
Arthur from the Commission's transforming station amounted to 1,000 horse- 
power. 

Several times during the year the Commission was obliged to increase the 
power held in reserve from the Kaministiquia Power Company which now totals 
5,000 horse-power, incidentally reducing the cost of power. The quality of the 
service supplied by the Kaministiquia Power Company was entirely reliahle and 
the performance of the Commission's station and transmission lines was all that 
could he desired. 

The erection of a wood pole entrance and switching structure outside the 
transformer station, which was commenced last year was completed and has 
proved very beneficial with regard to selective switching on the high tension lines. 

As additional current transformers were installed in the incoming and out- 
going 22,000-volt lines at the transformer station to provide improved relay 
protection. As a result of this installation it will now be possible to operate 
the incoming lines from the Kaministiquia Power Company's^ power house in 
parallel, with safety and with improved regulation. The oil system at this station 
has been extended and improved. The old type of chemical filter was removed 
and the standard type of filter press has been installed. Additional oil storage 
has been provided and oil piping was installed to increase the flexibility of this 
system. During the summer all insulating oil in the transformers and oil switches 
was thoroughly filtered and the switches overhauled mechanically. 

Rideau System 

The first step toward placing the Rideau System in operation was made 
on September 15, 1918, when a portion of the system consisting of the 26,400-volt 
transmission line between Merrickville and Smith's Falls and the transformer 
station at Smith's Falls was tested out and made alive. 

The Commission's only source of supply at the present time is the Rideau 
Power Company at Merrickville. Power is generated by this company at 600 
volts and stepped up to 26,400 volts for transmission. The quantity of power 
laid in reserve will be adequate to meet the immediate demand when the local 
hydraulic plants at Smith's Falls and Perth are paralleled with the supply from 
Merrickville. The present peak load of this system amounts to 450 horse-power. 
To provide for the rapid growth expected the development of High Falls was 
undertaken. Construction work is now under way. 



146 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



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HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



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148 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



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HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



149 



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150 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



NIAGARA 

Statement showing Cost of Power, Operating Expenses, Fixed Charges 

the year ending 



Municipality 



Kate 

per Average 

Horse Horse 
Power Power 
Collected 



Cost of 
Power 



Operating 
Mainten- 
ance and 
Adminis- 
tration 
Expenses 



Interest 



Total 
Expenses 



Toronto 14.50 

Port Credit 27.00 

Weston J 30.00 

Brampton I 22.00 

Milton , 28.00 

Mimico 27.00 

Mimico Asylum & Brick. | 29.00 

Etobicoke Township .. 27.00 

New Toronto 27.00 

Toronto Township 25.00 

Wcodbridge 33.83 

Bolton 43.00 

Dundas 14.00 

Hamilton 14.00 

Waterdown 26.00 



Caledonia 

Hagersville 

Lynden 

Guelph 

Ontario Agric. College. 

Military Hospital Com. 

Acton 

Rockwood 

Georgetown 

Elora 



Fergus 33.97 



24.00 
33.21 
33.00 
20.00 
23.00 

24.00 
36.00 
38.00 
36.00 
33.97 



Preston 
Gait 

Hespeler 
Breslau 



19.00 
20.00 
21.00 
12 00 + 
K.W.H, 



Kitchener 20.00 

Waterloo 21.00 

New Hamburg I 32.00 

Baden 32.00 

Wellesley 39.96 



Petersburg & St. Agatha 

St. Jacobs ! 32.44 

Elmira 38.00 

Stratford 27.00 

Seaforth 38.00 

Dublin 47.91 

Mitchell 36.00 

Clinton 42.00 

Goderich t 43.00 

Palmerston 40.82 



56,591.2 

58.6 

741.4 

819.1 

298.1 

168.7 
143.7 
134.4 
1,880 
136.6 

91.4 
100. 
2,094.3 
12,329.1 

78.4 

57.4 

109.5 

73.8 

2,999.1 

139.2 

176.2 
187.6 
39.9 
340.1 
165.7 

113.4 

975.4 

2.529.9 

331.5 

28.9 

4,055.1 
827.3 
171.8 
176.4 
123.6 

15.6 
71.3 

152.9 
1,489.2 

571.8 

26.9 
165.2 
116.6 
323.2 

84.4 



500,027 97 

517 78 

6,550 85 

7,237 40 

2,633 95 

1,490 60 
1,269 70 
1,187 53 
16,618 35 
1,208 97 

807 59 

890 65 

18,504 80 

108,937 35 

692 72 

507 18 

967 52 

652 09 

26,499 42 

1,229 94 

1,556 86 
1,657 59 
352 55 
3,005 05 
1,464 09 

1,001 98 

8,618 43 

22,353 67 

2,929 07 

255 35 

35,830 02 
7,309 85 
1,517 99 
1,558 63 
1,092 11 

137 84 
630 01 

1,351 00 
13,158 26 

5,052 31 



237 68 
459 67 
030 25 
855 73 
745 65 



* c. 

68,040 44 

301 21 

2,422 68 

2,566 07 

1,452 51 

727 05 
609 53 
621 13 
7,045 12 
701 63 

647 74 

881 71 

3,653 08 

19,295 40 

597 25 

379 21 

1,022 45 

978 70 

11,774 63 

528 13 

715 93 
1,217 99 

474 48 
2,420 39 
1,373 18 

962 72 
3,574 93 
9,699 83 
1,451 82 

486 60 

13,461 89 

2,909 60 

1,223 31 

1,013 79 

898 20 

153 26 

641 27 

1,135 28 

6,815 23 

3,630 40 

432 02 
1,176 33 
1,435 65 
2,995 53 
1,143 87 



113,218 1 

221 76 

2,746 01 

2,604 32 

2,030 87 

649 64 

822 36 

517 55 

8,745 43 

486 96 

763 31 

1,552 17 

2,702 80 

17,238 24 

544 52 

263 44 

1.182 45 
990 09 

7,142 97 
373 70 

515 55 
1,047 40 

482 46 
2,882 01 
1,575 33 

1,135 83 
2,850 58 
8,100 49 
1,201 03 

960 71 

11,983 10 
2,590 76 

1.183 24 
1,036 39 
1,209 17 

358 85 

527 89 

1,280 40 

6,453 31 

4,195 91 

368 99 
1,083 73 
1,293 27 
4,752 38 
1,078 21 



$ c. 

681,286 59 

1,040 75 

11,719 54 

12.407 79 
6,117 33 

2,867 29 

2.701 59 
2,326 21 

32.408 £0 
2,395 56 

2,218 64 

3,324 53 

24,863 68 

145,470 99 

1,834 49 

1,149 83 

3,172 42 

2.620 88 

45,417 02 

2,131 77 

2,788 84 

3,922 £8 

1,309 49 

8,307 45 

4,412 60 

3,100 53 

15,043 94 

40,153 99 

5,581 92 

1.702 66 

61,275 01 

12,810 21 

3,924 54 

3,608 81 

3,199 48 

649 95 

1,799 17 

3,766 68 

26,426 80 

12,878 62 

1,038 69 
3,719 73 
3,759 17 
10,603 64 
2. £67 73 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



151 



SYSTEM 

and Revenue, also the Net Surplus or Deficit for each Municipality for 
October 31, 1918 



Revenue 
from 
Municipali- 
ties 



Surplus or Deficit 

after paying Cost of 

Power, Operating, 

Maintenance and 

Interest 



Surplus Deficit 



810,686 52 


129,399 93 


1,581 51 


540 76 


22,242 22 


10,522 68 


19,379 96 


6,972 17 


7,809 89 


1,692 56 


4,554 87 


1,687 58 


4,000 97 


1,299 38 


3,629 68 


1,303 47 


50,782 75 


18,373 85 


3,414 55 


1,018 99 


3,093 16 


874 52 


4,333 30 


1,008 77 


29,651 07 


4,787 39 


174,674 57 


29,203 58 


2,038 25 


203 76 



1,224 40 
3,434 44 
2,434 57 
59,982 51; 
3,201 78; 

4,229 40 
6,377 40 
2,170 41! 
11,562 00 
5,002 91 



74 57 
262 02 



14,565 49 
1,070 01 

1,441 06 
2,454 42 

860 92 
3,254 55 

590 31 



3,852 74 752 21 

18,578 34 3,534 40 

54,262 93 14,108 94 

7,256 34 1,674 42 



1.440 09 

81,806 19 

17.493 77 

5,194 40 

5,016 01 

4,556 41 

880 38 

2,092 72 

5,616 07 

40,207 17 

21,729 81 

1,218 46 
5,946 00 

4,895 80 

13,895 42 

3,381 23 



20,531 21 
4,683 56 
1,269 86 
1,407 20 
1,356 93 

230 40 
293 55 

1,849 39 
13,780 37 

8,851 19 

17!) 77 
2.226 27 
1,136 63 
3,291 78 

363 50 



186 31 



262 57 



Fixed Charges 



Renewals. 



Contin- 
gencies 



$ c. 


56,785 42 


126 45 


1,562 49 


1,457 81 


1,207 47 


371 04 


484 17 


295 59 


5,075 80 


276 02 


458 05 


949 20 


1,527 39 


9.820 99 


344 27 


160 21 


730 57 


613 10 


3,945 58 


209 48 


291 74 


622 17 


294 64 


1,742 42 


955 92 


690 28 


1,589 69 


4,565 04 


685 43 


594 76 


6,587 57 


1.435 24 


701 31 


608 50 


728 19 


220 81 


314 08 


766 24 


3.528 63 


2.428 66 


221 50 


621 34 


768 78 


2.860 70 


645 28 



13,531 76 

14 01 

177 28 

195 86 

71 28 

40 34 

34 36 

32 14 

449 73 

32 67 

21 86 

24 10 

500 78 

2,948 06 

18 75 

13 72 

26 18 

17 65 

717 13 

33 28 

42 13 
44 86 
9 54 
81 32 
39 62 



Sinking 
Fund 



$ c. 

50,948 22 

95 85 

1,235 70 

1,171 94 



Net Surplusor 
Deficit for year 



6 91 

969 63 

197 82 

41 08 

42 18 
29 55 

3 73 

17 05 

36 56 

356 09 

136 73 

6 43 
39 50 
27 88 
77 28 
20 18 



281 11 



1,216 26 

7,757 21 

245 03 

105 04 



Surplus 



8,134 53 

304 45 

7,547 21 

4.146 56 

413 81 

995 09 
780 85 
975 74 
12,848 32 
710 30 

394 61 

35 47 

1,542 96 

8.677 32 



3,214 34 6,688 44 
168 161 659 09 



390 



.107 19 
,396 87 
556 74 
,430 81 



27 11 

233 23 1.282 76 
604 94 3,645 22 

79 27 540 46 



34 82 

428 72 

5,293 74 

369 26 



5,392 39 

1.165 84 

532 46 

502 11 



599 19 



5 86 



2.904 00 
1.888 16 



1.046 59 
6,991 65 

4.397 64 



487 68 



1.077 75 
353 80 



Deficit 



"3 ~ 
S rt 



rfi2~ 



1918 
1917 
1918 
1918 



1917 



394 29 

204 40 
494 73 
817 06 



405 23 



1918 
1918 
1918 

1917 



1918 
1918 



1917 



i918 
1918 
1918 



864 24 



7.581 62 1918 

1.884 66 .... 

4 99 1918 
254 41 1917 



37 58 



1918 
1918 



48 16 ... . 
1918 



301 96 



11 IT. (i) 



152 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



NIAGARA 

Statement showing Cost of Power, Operating Expenses, Fixed Charges, 

the year ending 



Municipality 



Rate 

per Average 
Horse Horse 
Power Power 
Collected 



Cost of 
Power 



Operating 
Mainten- 
ance and 
Adminis- 
tration 
Expenses 



Interest 



Total 
Expenses 



Harriston 

Milverton 

Listowel 

Drayton 

Moorefield 

Tavistock 

St. Mary's 

Woodstock 

Ingersoll 

Tillsonburg 

Norwich 

Beachville 

Embro 

Otterville 

Burgessville 

Springfield 

London 

Thamesford 

Thorndale 

Dorchester 

Lucan 

Ailsa Craig 

Granton 

Exeter 

Hensall 

Dashwood 

Zurich 

Lambeth 

Delaware 

Mount Brydges 

Strathroy , 

St. Thomas 

Aylmer 

Port Stanley 

London & Pt.Stanley Ry 



Dutton 
Rodney . . . 
West Lome 
Brantford . 
Paris 



St. George 
Ayr 

Drumbo . . 

Princeton 

Plattsville 



46.62 
35.63 
37.41 
60.45 
63.93 

37.01 
28.00 
21.00 
23.00 
35.00 

38.00 
28.00 
45.00 
45.00 
48.38 

65 00 
21.00 
45.00 
45.00 
45.00 

47.74 
49.67 
48.61 
41.66 
47.76 

56.75 
69.34 
46.56 
46.56 
46.56 

44.07 

26.00 

39.00 

9.00 + 

Fixed Cgs 

12.00 + 

.45K.W.H. 

43.53 
63.00 
55.60 
19.00 
21.00 

38.78 
37.40 
40.73 
65.95 
49.27 



77.4 
232.5 
205.8 

32. 

16. 

225.7 
373.9 
1,196.8 
816.2 
484.6 

183.5 

232.3 

23. 

21.1 

22.7 

24.4 
8,401.8 
59.5 
83.3 
16.6 

137. 
86.4 
39.4 

140.9 
44.2 

46.5 
49. 
15.9 
7.7 
25. 

298. 
1,936.3 
55.3 

113.5 

1,123.7 

55. 
24.8 
25.7 
2,504.3 
513. 

42.5 
40.6 
14.5 
10.5 
42. 



$ c. 


683 89 

2,054 32 

1,818 40 

282 75 

141 37 


1,994 24 
3,303 71 
10,574 68 
7,211 76 
4,281 82 


1,621 37 

2,052 55 

203 22 

186 44 

200 57 


215.59 
74,236 54 
525.73 
736 02 
146 67 


1,210 50 
763 42 
348 13 

1,244 96 
390 55 


410 87 
432 95 
140 49 
68 03 
220 89 


2,633 07 

17,108 74 

488 61 


1,002 87 


9,928 78 


485 97 

219 13 

227 08 

22,127 47 

4,532 76 


375 53 
358 74 
128 12 
92 78 
371 10 



$ c. 


1,110 71 

1,829 18 

1,981 26 

530 79 

318 88 


1,653 19 

2,857 78 
4,029 46 
4,093 01 
2,618 84 


1,173 55 

1,412 86 

905 62 

347 99 

373 31 


318 72 

22,319 73 

893 92 

1,286 51 

248 55 


679 31 
628 17 
393 01 
1,028 54 
442 73 


429 30 
451 37 
194 02 
101 74 
303 39 


1,573 30 

8,325 78 

475 97 


1,102 30 


10,971 55 


617 95 

394 58 

352 94 

6,650 65 

1,572 95 


403 04 
519 48 
210 63 
263 95 
751 23 



,534 43 
702 17 
957 82 
839 65 

388 74 



1,747 61 
2,524 38 
3,171 15 
3,028 64 
2,975 41 

1,123 76 

1,101 37 

665 30 

283 06 

260 93 

427 27 
24,910 51 
766 87 
,123 41 
180 49 



1 



1,023 41 
1,066 85 

536 79 
1,755 88 

935 18 

914 93 
1,132 07 
321 01 
155 42 
504 67 

2,899 30 
7,991 38 
1,223 37 

1,375 19 

6,115 66 

689 35 

544 74 

417 85 

6,180 91 

1,326 02 

518 30 
550 73 
244 42 
394 92 
1,105 77 



$ e. 

3,329 03 
5,585 67 
5,757 48 
1,653 19 
848 99 

5,395 04 

8,685 87 

17,775 29 

14,333 41 

9,876 07 

3,918 68 

4,566 78 

1,774 14 

817 49 

834 81 

961 58 
121,466 78 

2.186 52 
3,145 94 

575 71 

2,913 22 
2,458 44 
1,277 93 
4,029 38 
1,768 46 

1,755 10 

2,016 39 

655 52 

325 19 

1,028 95 

7,105 67 
33,425 90 

2.187 95 

3,480 36 

27,015 99 

1,793 27 

1,158 45 

997 87 

34,959 03 

7,431 73 

1,296 87 

1,428 95 

583 17 

751 65 

2,228 10 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



153 



SYSTEM 

and Revenue, also the Net Surplus or Deficit for each Municipality for 
October 31, 1918 



Revenue 
from 
Municipali- 
ties 


Surplus or Deficit 

after paying Cost of 

Power, Operating, 

Maintenance and 

Interest 


Fixed Charges 


Net Surplus or 
Deficit for y«ar 




Renewals 


Con- 
tingencies 


Sinking 
Fund 


Surplus 


Deficit 


15 T3 




Surplus 


Deficit 


.9 a 

C/}0h 


$ c. 
3,209 37 


$ c. 


$ c. 

119 66 


$ c. 

932 78 
985 06 
1,153 89 
513 94 
237 54 

1,015 77 
1,384 60 
1,755 49 
1,738 44 
1,767 94 

667 63 
644 40 
411 46 
172 92 
158 78 

262 43 

13,671 56 

465 86 

683 33 
109 06 

608 69 
647 28 
326 59 
1,065 58 
574 51 

561 34 
696 48 
197 04 
95 41 
309 78 

1,744 77 

4,458 00 

749 28 

827 98 

3,510 90 

415 61 
333 59 
254 04 
3.469 37 
748 12 

317 26 
337 82 
150 49 
245 17 

684 51 


$ c. 

18 51 
55 59 
49 21 

7 65 
3 82 

53 97 

89 40 
286 17 
195 16 
115 87 

43 88 

55 55 

5.50 

5 04 

5 42 

. 5 83 

2,008 99 

14 22 

19 92 
3 97 

32 76 

20 66 
9 42 

33 69 

10 57 

11 12 
11 72 

3 80 

1 84 

5 98 

71 26 

463 00 

13 22 

27 14 

268 69 

13 15 

5 93 

6 15 

598 81 
122 67 

10 16 
9 71 
3 47 

2 51 

10 04 


$ c . 


$ c. 


$ c, 
1,070 95 




7,360 52 


1,774 85 

1,941 16 

220 00 

153 74 

2,958 71 
1,783 98 
7,357 16 
5,180 78 
6,863 55 

3,052 74 
1,937 62 




734 20 
738 06 




7,698 64 










1,873 19 






301 59 
87 62 




1,002 73 










8,353 75 






1,888 97 




10,469 85 




1,135 97 
1,427 01 
1,362 89 
1,338 93 

594 58 
394 75 


825 99 


1918 


25,132 45 




3,888 49 
1,884 29 
3,640 81 

1,746 65 
842 92 


1918 


19,514 19 




i 


1918 


16,739 62 






1918 


6,971 42 






1917 


6,504 40 






1917 


1,035 74 


738 40 


i 155 36 




949 47 


131 98 
225 51 

530 71 

54,971 68 

430 58 






45 98 


1,060 32 






61 31 

262 45 
28,081 38 






1,492 29 










176,438 46 




11,209 75 


' ' 49 51 
1,002 06 


1918 


2,617 10 






2,847 13 


298 81 








744 74 


169 03 

2,901 48 
1,834 97 

639 32 
1,516 24 

344 51 

738 12 

1,383 13 

84 38 

33 31 

133 10 

5,445 43 

17,168 08 

1,047 74 

1,401 35 




56 00 

2,260 03 

1,167 03 

303 31 

416 97 




5,814 70 










4,293 41 










1,917 25 








5,545 62 










2,112 97 






240 57 




2,493 22 






165 66 
674 93 




3,399 52 










739 90 




116 46 

63 94 

182 66 




358 50 








• . . . 


1,162 05 










12,551 10 






3,629 40 

8,650 96 

285 24 




50.593 98 




3,596 12 





1918 


3,235 69 




4,881 71 




642 14 


95 91 

7,2!)!) 85 


1917 


23.495 73 


3,520 26 




2,394 47 


601 20 

403 93 

431 49 

12,822 01 

3,354 75 

168 34 

35 56 

8 41 




172 44 

64 41 

171 30 

8,753 83 
2,483 96 




1,562 38 











1.429 36 








47,781 04 






10,786 48 






1.465 21 






15!) OS 
311 97 
145 55 
304 67 




1.464 51 










591 58 










694 66 


56 99 
203 14 








2,024 96 









897 6!) ... 



154 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



NIAGARA 

Statement showing Cost of Power, Operating Expenses, Fixed Charges, 

the year ending 



Municipality 



Rate 

per 

Horse 

Power 

Collected 



Average 
Horse 
Power 



Cost of 
Power 



Operating 
Mainten- 
ance and 
Adminis- 
tration 
Expenses 



Interest 



Total 
Expenses 



Waterford 

Burford 

Simcoe 

Chatham 

Wallaceburg 

Tilbury 

Comber 

Dresden 

Petrolia 

Oil Springs 

Brigden 

Wyoming 

Watford 

Forest 

Sarnia 

Blenheim 

Ridgetown 

Highgate 

Thamesville 

Bothwell 

Windsor 

Walkerville 

Welland Dist 

Welland 

Dunnville 

Niagara Falls 

Stamford Township . . 

Total Municipalities 

Total Companies . . . 

Total 



39.00 
37.50 
35.00 
30.78 
38.45 

39.45 
56.22 
43.00 
36.26 
38.54 

57.56 
38.34 
59.45 
63.27 
38.00 

43.70 
47.17 
51.82 
45.40 
59.26 

38.00 
38.00 
14.00 
14.00 
27.77 

11.50 
16.57 



103. 
33.2 
129.8 
1,205.2 
489. 

67.9 
20. 
88.4 
329. 
37.1 

21.9 
25.3 
47. 
98.3 
1,084.2 

80.4 
122.3 
52.8 
37.2 
54.7 



699.4 
212 
945.5 
567 
36.5 

289.2 
407.6 



$ c. 

910 09 
293 35 

1,146 89 
10,648 90 

4,320 70 

599 95 

176 71 

781 09 

2,906 97 

327 81 

193 50 
223 55 

415 28 

868 56 

9,579 77 

710 391 

1,080 61 

466 53 

328 69 
483 32 

15,015 54 
19,544 76 
26,025 82 
22,688 54 
322 50 

20,226 90 
3,601 46 



660 70 

674 10 

559 72 

5,918 94 

3,656 66 

968 92 
530 66 
773 58 
2,571 68 
415 70 

487 82 

322 98 

1,056 50 

1,331 16 

8,388 18 

1,056 46 

1,256 64 

669 90 

546 64 

1,072 44 

9,253 90 
11,866 56 
2,068 94 
1,766 78 
1,629 56 

524 69 
218 51 



128,711.0 
28,117.8 



1,137,263 36 335,082 23 
248,443 05 51,735 95 



156,828.8 



1,385,706 41386,818 18 



$ c. 

940 11 

630 80 

680 07 

8,027 90 

4,570 05 

1,098 21 
676 28 
924 02 

3,402 16 
612 70 

892 72 

533 14 

1,697 73 

2,131 61 

12,998 24 

1,410 69 

1,600 31 

907 61 

650 91 

1,436 42 

18,279 30 

23,700 15 

2,999 02 

2,697 67 

1,250 52 

840 43 
400 29 



411,569 91 
70,242 88 



481,812 79 



2,510 90 

1,598 25 

2,386 68 

24,595 74 

12.547 41 

2,667 08 
1,383 65 
2,478 69 
8,880 81 
1,356 21 

1,574 04 
1,079 67 
3,169 51 
4,331 33 
33,966 19 

3,177 54 
3,937 56 
2,044 04 
1,526 24 
2,992 18 

42.548 74 
55,111 47 
31,093 78 
27,152 99 

3,202 58 

21,592 02 
4,220 26 



1,883,915 50 
370,421 88 



2,254,337 38 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



155 



SYSTEM 

and Revenue, also the Net Surplus or Deficit for each Municipalityjfor 
October 31, 1918 



Revenue 
from 
Municipali- 
ties 



Surplus or Deficit 

after paying Cost of 

Power, Operating, 

Maintenance and 

Interest 

Surplus i Deficit 



c. 



3,794 68 

1,148 43 

4,542 98 

37,303 36 

18,802 06 



2,680 58 
1,125 78 
3,801 17 
11,929 59 
1,908 04 

1,260 89 

969 33 

2,483 51 

5,873 02 

41,198 34 

3,512 73 
5,769 25 
2,736 38 
1,690 37 
3,063 23 

64,705 21 
84,212 47 
41,237 51 
36,579 17 
1,013 59 



$ c 
1,283 78 



2,156 30 

12,707 62 

6,254 65 

13 50 



1.322 48 

3,048 78 

551 83 



1,541 69 
10,232 15 

335 19 

1,831 6t 

692 3<i 

164 13 

71 05 

22,156 47 

29,101 00 

10,143 73 

9,426 18 



26,326 67! 4,734 65 
6,424 14 2,203 88 



Fixed Charges 



Renewals 



Con- 
tingencies 



Sinking 
Fund 



Net Surplus or 
Deficit for year 



Surplus Deficit 



449 82 



257 87 



571 37 

389 04 

404 64 

4.233 70 

2,538 29 

642 23 
409 68 
520 03 
1,912 41 
358 81 



313 15 543 81 

110 34| 316 86 

686 00 1,030 62 

1,268 34 

7,418 72 



829 40 
920 67 
532 92 
382 64 
862 20 



9,498 41 

12,305 41 

1,874 44 

1,686 04 

2,188 99 781 57 



525 27 

250 18 



24 63 

7 94 
31 04 

288 18 
116 92 

16 24 

4 78 
21 14 
78 67 

8 87 

5 24 

6 05 

11 24 
23 50 

259 25 

19 22 

29 24 

12 63 
8 90 

13 08 

406 35 
528 92 
704 31 
614 00 
8 78 

547 38 
97 46 



$ c. 



687 78 



1,720 62 
8,185 74 
3.599 44 



781 31 

1,057 70 

184 15 



249 85 
2,554 18 



881 78 
146 79 



12,251 71 

16,266 67 

7,564 98 

7,126 14 



3.662 00 
1,856 24 



"3 ~ 



.a ea 



846 80 



644 97 
672 33 








862 20 

433 25 

1,727 86 


.... 







513 43 . . 



227 41 

804 23 



,979 29 



2.451,661 23 577,138 04 
483,546 91 113,125 03 



9,392 31 



225,930 21 
40,649 11 



30,776 61 
6,723 39 



106,872 60 
31,609 30 



231,808 12 27,641 81 
84.143 23 



2,935,208 14 690,263 07 



9,392 31266,579 32 



37,500 00 



138,481 90 



265.951 35 27,641 81 ... 



156 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



Statement showing 



NIAGARA 

Reserve for Renewals," " Reserve for Contingencies," 

Municipality 



Acton 

Ailsa Craig 
Aylmer . . . 

Ayr 

Baden 



Beachville 
Blenheim 
Bolton . . 
Bothwell 
Brampton 



Brantford 

Breslau District 

Brigden 

Burford 

Burgessville . . . 



Caledonia 
Chatham 
Clinton . 
Comber . 
Dash wood 



Delaware . 
Dorchester 
Dresden . . 
Drayton . . 
Drumbo . . 



Dublin . . 
Dundas . 
Dunnville 
Dutton . . 
Elmira . . 



Elora . . . 
Embro ... 
Etobicoke 
Exeter . . 
Fergus . . 



Forest 

Gait 

Georgetown 
Goderich . . 
Granton . . . 



Guelph 
Hagersville 
Hamilton . . 
Harriston . 
Hensall . . . 



Hespeler 
High gate 
Ingersoll 
Kitchener 
Lambeth 



Surplus or Deficit after 

paying Cost of Power, 

Operating, Maintenance 

and Interest 



Surplus 



$ c. 
4,373 51 
1,704 83 
1,047 74 



6,699 20 

8,502 32 

**236 i6 

27*448*11 



24,869 85 
3,165 75 



797 69 

1,135 05 

11,799 40 

2,608 71 



396 16 

172 01 
836 05 
739 42 
220 00 



Deficit 
~$ c7 



100 05 
12,218 49 



749 27 
4,262 75 

363 95 

i*49i*36 

i,'i99*40 



1,236 10 

58,728 12 

7,310 03 

1,008 44 

440 00 

56,718 18 

476 89 

90,333 82 



11,752 57 

340 45 

27,247 19 

75,412 39 

230 57 



471 25 



391 86 
1*042*39 



313 15 
1,346 20 



1,778 41 



273 02 



2,188 99 



1,723 39 
4,*6i8*7i 



925 71 
1,358 60 



Reserve 

for 
Renewals 



Reserve 
for 

Contingency 



$ c. 

2,845 90 

1,471 13 

749 28 

1,290 12 

3,858 69 

3,458 95 

2,804 24 

3,907 16 

2,689 34 

10,440 59 

16,888 77 

2,604 34 

543 81 

1,380 56 

247 19 

675 31 

14,862 47 

4,389 21 

1,923 70 

821 87 

308 24 
407 63 
2,795 63 
513 94 
728 10 

236 33 

5,934 74 

781 57 

1,470 72 

4,085 55 

3,018 74 
1,705 25 
340 69 
5,330 43 
3,067 12 

2,047 63 
21,673 99 

9,014 19 

14,048 04 

702 85 

26,090 41 
3,959 41 

46,975 94 
2,287 03 
1.693 68 

5,002 74 

835 20 

13,744 99 

36,033 22 

821 33 



$ c. 
84 35 
25 38 
13 22 
20 01 
91 08 

105 19 
38 69 
44 47 
24 01 

405 30 

1,243 35 

6 91 

5 24 

16 40 

7 34 

27 03 

486 44 

54 02 

9 86 

12 73 

3 92 

7 95 

38 16 

7 65 

7 21 

6 59 
855 71 

8 73 
24 16 

67 36 

68 52 

11 96 
38 04 
58 90 
53 38 

33 30 

1,247 50 

171 27 

135 90 

12 58 

1,422 16 
51 42 

5,632 32 
35 95 

17 16 

178 97 

16 69 

409 13 

1,930 94 

8 23 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



157 



SYSTEM 

"Reserve for Sinking Fund, 1 ' and the "Net Surplus" or "Deficit" of each 
to October 31, 1918 



Reserve 
for 



Net Surplus or Deficit 



SinkingFund Surpll 



Deficit 



Period of Operation 



Date 
commenced 



•Years 



Months 



Sinking Fund charged 

No. of To 

Years 'October 31 



$ c. 
390 52 



502 11 



1,567 09 



$ c. 

1,052 74 

208 32 

285 24 



2,247 32 



394 75 4,543 43 



2,310 91 14,291 31 
, 6,737 73 







543 16 


105 04 


327 67 




















420 47 


















2,059 78 


3,368 26 








109 84 












1,112 63 










t 




6,778 86 


29,027 77 










6,240 17 


22,965 44 


14,516 77 


23,208 79 






1,083 95 


5,486 91 


2,846 68 
10,664 94 


10,246 39 
26,783 29 



1,781 38 



3,234 79 
3,715 53 
3,755 74 



Jan., 1913 
Jan., 1916 
Mar., 1918 
Jan., 1915 
May, 1912 



Aug., 1912 

Nov., 1915 

Feb., 1915 

Sep., 1915 

Nov., 1911 



Feb.. 1914 

1,012 59 Jan., 1914 

862 20iJan., 1918 

2,743 16 June, 1915 

'Nov., 1916 



!Oct., 

3,549 51 Feb., 

1,834 52: Mar., 

3,711 97 May, 

438 44 Sep., 



140 15 



1912 
1915 
1914 
1915 
1917 



Mar., 1915 

Dec, 1914 

2,094 37 April, 1915 

301 59 Mar., 1918 

1,008 33 Dec, 1914 

142 87 Oct., 1917 

Jan., 1911 

2,979 29Jun., 1918 

745 61 Sep., 1915 
Nov., 1913 



2,723 31 Nov., 1914 
3,440 60 Jan., 1915 

Aug., 1917 

10,008 04 June, 1916 
1,921 10 Nov., 1914 



844 83 Mar., 

May, 

1,875 43 Sep., 
13,175 50 Feb., 

275 43 July, 



Dec, 

3,533 94 Sep., 

Feb., 

3.248 69 July, 
3,069 44 Jan., 



1917 
1911 
1913 
1914 
1916 

1910 
1913 
1911 
1916 
1917 



511 



.. Feb., 1911 
44 Dec. 1916 

, May, 1911 

Jan.. 1911 

598 99 April. 1915 



10 
10 

8 
10 

6 



9 

10 

11) 

5 



1 
9 
<s 
6 
2 

8 

11 

7 

8 

11 

1 

10 
5 
2 



8 
6 
2 
9 
4 

11 
2 

9 

4 

10 

9 
11 

6 
10 

7 



1917 



1917 
1917 



1918 



1917 



1918 



1918 



1918 
i9i8* 



1918 



1918 
1918 



158 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



Statement Showing 



NIAGARA 

Reserve for Renewals," " Reserve for Contingencies," 

Municipality to 



Listowel 

London 

London & Port Stanley Rly 

Lucan 

Lynden 



Military Hospital 

Milton 

Milverton 



Mimico 

Mimico Asylum 

Mitchell 

Moorefield 

Mount Brydges 

New Hamburg . 
New Toronto . . 
Niagara Falls . 

Norwich 

Oil Springs 



Ontario Agricultural College. . . . 

Otterville 

Palmerston 

Paris 

Petersburg and St. Agatha Dist. 



Petrolia 

Plattsville . 
Port Credit . 
Port Stanley 
Preston 



Princetown 

Ridgetown 

Rockwood , 

Rodney 

St. George . 

St. Jacobs . 
St. Mary's . 
St. Thomas 
Sarnia 
Seaforth . . 



Simcoe 

Springfield 

Stamford Township 

Stratford 

Strathroy 



Tavistock . 
Thamesford 
Thamesville 
Thorndale . 
Tilbury . . . 



Surplus or Deficit after 

paying Cost of Power, 

Operating, Maintenance 

and Interest 



Surplus 



$ c. 

2,516 61 

215,820 55 

1,809 17 

3,369 70 


7,216 65 
5,171 38 
1,862 25 

5,493 67 

6,402 49 

8,974 99 

153 74 

662 12 



4,565 31 

26,394 00 

7,631 00 

6,327 94 

551 83 

8,772 95 

320 08 

98 16 

6,485 64 

1,301 37, 

1,229 96 



2,610 29 

5,619 24 

32,228 55 



2,119 36 



478 44 
173 02 

507 67 

5,081 98 

67,075 34 

10,873 25 

23,845 89 

4,287 34 
760 31 

4,152 29 
55,906 93 
11,945 55 

3,822 12 



Deficit 



Reserve 

for 
Renewals 



Reserve 

for 
Contingency 



c. 



963 65 



1,674 40 



304 40 
137*09 



207 29 

229 60 

1,174 18 

1,691 61 



$ c. 

2,709 39 

91,541 72 

10,867 84 

2,413 26 

1,769 13 

1,570 56 
8,379 20 
1,786 10 

2,650 95 
4,050 98 
6,685 63 
237 54 
1,136 39 

5,652 33 
7,536 06 

946 37 
4,857 00 

358 81 

2,253 31 

305 24 

1,928 57 

4,075 86 

890 92 

5,562 94 
2,754 69 
1,040 19 
5,996 77 
11,765 84 

960 15 

3,048 52 

1,530 07 

690 75 

968 82 

374 72 

12,091 48 
35,550 09 
14,833 27 
13,521 36 

2,361 82 

289 94 

339 64 

25,403 73 

6,344 09 

1,593 34 
1,882,66 
1,645 16 
2,774 84 
2,916 09 



$ c. 

88 07 

4,125 04 

550 48 
53 44 
39 88 

93 51 

159 36 

82 17 

88 00 
75 44 

78 65 
3 82 

12 09 

79 86 
649 42 

1,104 55 

93 73 

8 87 

71 80 
8 33 

43 6& 

214 83 

3 73 

144 59 

18 60 

30 13 
55 96 

540 34 

5 22 
52 37 

13 62 
11 04 

19 14 

20 2& 
187 78 
957 73 
474 35 
241 75 

61 66 

7 23 
195 21 
729 30 
126 77 

68 01 
20 70 
19 39 
36 12 

31 73 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



159 



SYSTEM— Continued 

"Reserve for Sinking Fund," and the "Net Surplus" or " Deficit" of each 
October 31, 1918— Continued 



Reserve 


Net Surplus or Deficit 


Period of Operation 


Sinl< in- Fund Charged 


for 
BinkingFund 


Surplus Deficit 


Date Y 1 M th 
commenced Years Months 


No. of To 
Years October 31 



$ c, 


$ c. 


23.253 49 


96,900 30 




903 00 








5,552 58 











281 11 



1,035 40 



1,0(53,96 



594 58 
355 69 



301 61 



95 85 

642 14 

2,621 70 



2,286 88 

7.368 89 



3,593 00 



6,360 74 



2,473 61 
2.276 07 
1,175 31 



18,208 52 

5,580 08 

782 63 

184 15 

6,092 15 
6 51 



2,194 95 
105 11 



1,444 12 



17,300 67 



112 66 



23,198 63 
*M897S 



1,863 86 

463 14 

3,617 44 

23,413 16 

5,474 69 

2.160 77 



$ c. 
280 85 



9,609 15 
2,'772'66 



3,367 18 
6 02 



87 62 
486 36 

2,230 84 



1,874 09 



4,477 57 
4,447 69 



1,075 63 



June, 
Jan., 
Aug., 
Feb., 
Nov., 



1916 
1911 
1914 
1915 
1915 



Sep., 1913 
April, 1913 
June, 1916 

May, 1912 
Sept., 1913 
Sept., 1911 
Mar., 1918 
Mar., 1915 

Mar., 1911 

Feb., 1914 

Dec, 1.915 

May, 1912 

Feb., 1918 

Nov., 1911 
Feb., 1916 
July, 1916 
Feb., 1914 
Sept., 1913 




1,269 77 
981 53 

1,680 78 
223 35 
814 94 



May, 
Dec, 
Aug., 
Apr., 
Jan., 



1916 
1914 
1912 
1912 
1911 



9,484 16 
4i434 - 37 



Jan., 1915 
Dec, 1915 
Sept., 1913 
Feb., 1917 
Sept., 1915 

Sept., 1917 
May, 1911 
April, 1912 
Dec, 1916 
Nov., 1911 



April, 1915 
[Aug., 1917 
Nov., 1916 
Jan., 1911 
Dec, 1914 

Nov., 1916 

Feb., 1914 

Oct., 1915 

Mar., 1914 



12 h. (i 



2,110 65 
1,894 15 
3,985 14 
4,639 43 Apr., 1915 



5 






10 
3 


2 


1918 


9 








2 






7 






5 






6 

2 


1 


1917 


2 

8 


2 


1918 


8 




8 
9 


2 


1918 


11 






6 

9 


1 


1917 




2 


1918 


9 




4 






9 






2 






6 






11 






3 

7 
10 

10 


1 

1 
2 


1917 
1917 
1918 


11 






2 






9 






2 






2 






6 

J 


2 
2 


1918 
1918 




2 


1918 




7 




3 










10 
11 


2 


1918 






9 




1 






8 






7 







160 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



Statement showing "Reserve for Renewals," 



NIAGARA 

Reserve for Contingencies," 
Municipality to 



Surplus or Deficit after 

paying Cost of Power, 

Operating, Maintenance 

and Interest 



Reserve 

for 
Renewals 



Surplus 



Deficit 



Reserve 
for 

Contingency 



Tillsonburg 


$ c. 

10,498 09 

469,240 14 

2,425 40 

49,699 97 

4,974 18 

1,644 81 

3,165 13 

20,986 07 


$ c. 


$ c. 

11,542 09 

229,033 22 

1,497 44 

51,688 28 

9,893 61 

1,998 23 
1,534 22 
10,144 87 
1,223 44 
1,954 18 

4,696 10 

1,265 58 

472 55 

8,595 44 

50,865 85 

1,705 02 

16,282 39 

744 35 

972 62 


$ c. 
187 25 


Toronto 




25,615 78 


Toronto Township 




59 36 


Walkerville 




1,098 16 


Wallaceburg 




199 20 


Waterdown 




34 35 


Waterford 




49 40 


Waterloo 




412 05 


Watford 


872 94 


12 93 


Welland 


9,698 99 

27,456 61 

1,846 94 

547 99 

19,874 64 

32,526 43 

1,608 53 
37,098 09 


680 08 


Welland District 




1,564 95 


Wellesley 




48 89 


West Lome 




11 42 


Weston 


318 71 


Windsor 




837 84 


Woodbridge 

Woodstock 




42 09 




599 99 


Wyoming . 


658 10 


12 77 


Zurich, 


1,103 19 


12 54 








Total 


1,697,386 25 


24,344 94 


1,020,461 57 
94,741 29 


58,878 32 


Interest Improvement 


1,015 91 










Totals — Municipalities 

Reserves against equipment employed 
in respect of Contracts with Sundry 
Customers . .' 


1,697,386 25 


24,344 94 


1,115,202 86 

156,108 51 
14,066 73 


59,894 23 
15,981 00 


Interest 






367 95 


Net Profits from Contracts with Sun- 
dry Companies for years 1916-17 and 
1917-18 






95,616 33 










2,458 93 


Applied to " Rererve for Contin- 








10,349 72 


Interest 








413 99 












Totals 






1,285,378 10 
108,685 40 


185,082 15 


Deduct Cost of Renewals 

to date $102,890 23 

Items reversed with sale 








Losses on Sundry Equipment sold and 






137,844 62 


















1,176,692 70 


47,237 53 








• 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



161 



SYSTEM— Concluded 

4 Reserve for Sinking Fund," and the " Net Surplus " or " Deficit " of each 
October 31, 1918— Concluded 



Reserve 


Net Surplus or Deficit 


Period of Operation 


Sinking Fund Charged 


for 
Sinking Fund 


1 
Surplus Deficit 


Date 
Commenc'd 


Years 


Months 


No. of 
Years 


To 
October 31 


$ c. 
2,435 00 


$ c. 


$ c. 
3,666 25 


Aug., 1911 
June, 1911 
Aug., 1913 
Nov., 1914 
Feb., 1915 

Nov., 1911 
Apr., 1915 
Dec, 1910 
Sept., 1917 
Sept., 1917 

Dec, 1914 
Nov., 1916 
Jan., 1917 
Aug., 1911 
Oct., 1914 

Dec, 1914 
Jan., 1911 
Nov., 1916 
Sep., 1917 


7 
7 
5 
4 
3 

7 
3 
7 
1 

1 

3 
2 

1 

7 
4 

3 

7 
2 
1 


3 
5 
3 


2 
2 


1918 


85,465 68 


129,125 46 
868 60 


1918 










3,086 47 
5,118 63 

863 68 










9 






475 91 




2 


1918 




1,581 51 
8,013 32 


7 

11 
2 
2 

11 




2,415 83 




2 


1918 




2,109 31 






7,064 73 

21,195 56 

532 47 

64 02 

8,686 29 


























10 
3 
1 

11 

10 






2,274 20 




2 


1918 




19,177 26 
138 58 












3,001 99 


17,213 72 


2 


1918 




1,415 22 






118 03 


2 














195,385 22 


575,404 31 


177,088 11 


Net Surplus— 398,316 20 










195,385 22 
132,717 66 


575,404 31 


177,088 11 


Net Surplus— 398,316 20 


















































328,102 88 


575,404 31 


177,088 11 


Net Surplus— 398,316 20 






















177,088 11 


Net Surplus— 398,316 20 



162 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



NIAGARA 

Statement showing Cost of Power, Operating Expenses, Fixed Charges 

the year ending 



Municipality 


Cost of 
Power 


Operating, 
Mainten- 
ance and 
Adminis- 
tration 
Expenses 


Interest 


Total 
Expenses 


Niagara System: 

Bolton 


$ c. 


$ c. 


$ c. 
88 24 
192 06 
63 78 
44 90 
1,222 61 

947 20 

38 90 
2,918 25 

444 48 
115 66 

39 85 
1,746 14 

457 76 

8 69 

96 20 

556 32 

145 01 

202 92 

1,998 97 

2,117 73 

715 01 
1,819 58 
591 26 
186 33 
230 48 

250 67 
16 93 

422 58 
54 42 

161 65 

2,248 45 

300 00 

1,473 90 

377 86 

32 67 

2 96 

114 73 
23 97 

235 52 


$ c. 
88 24 


Bothwell 






192 06 


Brampton 






63 78 


Chatham 






44 90 


Dereham Township 






1,222 61 


Dundas 







947 20 


Elora 






38 90 


Etobicoke 






2,918 25 


Georgetown 






444 48 


Goderich 






115 66 


Milton 






39 85 


Norwich 






1.746 14 


Preston 






457 76 


Mimico 






8 69 


St. Thomas 






96 20 


Scarboro Township 


169 80 




726 12 


South Dorchester Township 




145 01 


Stratford 






202 92 


Toronto 






1,998 97 


Toronto Township . 






2,117 73 


Vaughan Township 






715 01 


Walkerville 






1,819 58 


Waterdowm 






591 26 


Waterf ord 






186 33 


Waterloo 






230 48 


Weston 






250 67 


Woodbridge 






16 93 


Windsor 






422 58 


Woodstock 






54 42 


Port Dalhousie 






161 65 


Welland 


4,391 98 

68,500 10 

405 77 

312 37 




6,640 43 


St. Catharines 

Grantham Township 

Lines Operated by the Hydro-Electric 

Don Mills Road 


50 
40 94 

179 93 

2 38 

3 70 
59 98 


68.800 60 
1,920 61 

870 16 


Brady & Raymond 


35 05 


Wm. Pullen 




6 66 


Innes, Karn & Longworth 

W. G. Bailey 




174 71 
23 97 


Port Dalhousie 


1,345 52 


49 23 


1,630 27 








75,125 54 


336 66 


22,704 64 


98,166 84 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



163 



RURAL LINES 

and Revenue, also the Net Surplus or Deficit for each Municipality for 
October 31, 1918 



Revenue 
from Muni- 
cipalities 


Surplus or Deficit after 

Paying Cost of Power, 

Operating, Maintenance 

and Interest 


Fixed Charges NH Surplus or DeuVit 

lor Year 




Surplus 


Deficit 


Renewals 


Sinking 

Fund 


Surplus 


Deficit 


$ C. 
120 00 


$ c. 

31 7K 


$ c. 


$ c. 


$ c 
31 76 
479 99 
22 96 
16 16 


$ c. 


$ c. 


672 05 479 99 










86 74 22 96 










61 06 16 16 










1 662 71 440 10 






440 10 

341 00 

14 00 

919 31 

160 00 






1 288 20 341 00 










52 90 14 00 










3 837 56 919 31 










604 48 160 00 










157 30 41 64 






41 64 

14 34 
628 62 
164 80 






54 19 14 34 










2 374 76 628 62 











622 56 164 80 










11 82 3 13 






3 13 
34 64 

171 88 
5a 20 

73 04 






130 84 34 64 










987 39 261 27 






89 39 




197 21 52 20 

275 96 73 04 

2.734 09 735 12 

2,880 12 762 39 

947 23 232 22 
2.474 64 655 06 
804 12 212 86 
253 41 67 08 
321 62 91 14 

363 48 112 81 























735 12 
762 39 

232 22 

655 06 

212 86 

67 08 

91 14 

112 81 































































23 03 


6 10 

152 12 

19 58 

58 19 

798 57 
135 00 
499 12 






6 10 
152 12 

19 58 
58 19 

798 57 
135 00 
530 60 

179 21 
14 70 






574 70 










74 00 










219 84 











7,439 00 











68.935 60 










2.419 73 








31 48 


848 73 


21 43 


377 86 

32 67 

2 96 

114 73 
23 97 

235 52 




578 50 


113 16 


78 11 
89 34 

224 64 
48 33 

382 58 


an 7i 




96 00 




1 33 85 05 

51 63 58 28 

10 79 13 57 

105 99 41 07 





399 35 






72 30 







2.012 85 













107,204 73 


9,059 32 21 43 


787 71 


8.542 06 318 10 


61)9 98 



164 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 46 



RURAL 
Statement showing " Reserve for Renewals," " Reserve for 



_^^ 


Date 

Commenced 

Operating 


Surplus or Deficit after 

Paying Cost of Power, 

Operating, Maintenance 

and Interest 




Surplus 


Deficit 


Lines Operated by: 

Baden 


Dec, 1913 
Jan., 1915 
Nov., 1916 
Oct., 1917 
Jan., 1916 
July, 1917 
Oct., 1913 
Nov., 1914 
Aug., 1916 
Dec, 1914 
May, 1914 
Jan., 1914 
Apr., 1914 
Dec, 1913 
Dec, 1914 


$ c. 

180 01 

89 93 

667 21 

22 96 

47 13 

440 10 

1,837 35 

59 35 

919 31 

666 60 

195 71 

65 91 

62 88 

1,008 89 

182 15 

157 56 

2,068 77 

995 14 

147 01 

261 27 

52 20 

387 95 

6 96 

5 98 

3,149 39 

3,123 60 


$ c. 


Bolton 




Both well 




Brampton 




Chatham 




Dereham Township 




Dundas 




Elora 




Etobicoke Township 




Georgetown 




Goderich 




London Abattoir 




Milton 








New Toronto (no capital investment Oct., 1918) 








Norwich 


Nov., 1913 
Apr., 1913 
Nov., 1914 
Aug., 1918 
July, 1917 
Dec, 1913 
Jan., 1915 
Aug., 1914 
Jan., 1913 
May, 1913 
Sep., 1915 




Preston 




St. Thomas 




Scarboro Township 




South Dorchester Township 




Stratford 








Thorndale (no capital investment Oct., 1918) 








Toronto Township 




(Operated by Woodbridge until Mar. 31, 1918) 




232 22 

2,038 09 

931 53 

86 28 

251 48 

653 25 

349 89 

39 37 

91 61 

2,639 40 

576 10 

1,742 56 

58 19 

1,933 15 




Feb., 1915 
Apr.. 1914 
Dec, 1915 
Aug., 1914 
Apr., 1914 
Aug., 1916 
Sep., 1915 
Nov., 1913 
Mar., 1913 
Apr., 1914 
May, 1915 
Sep., 1917 

Nov., 1912 
Nov., 1914 
Oct., 1914 
May, 1914 
Feb., 1913 
Oct., 1914 
Nov., 1916 
Feb., 1918 
June, 1918 
Mar., 1914 




Waterdown 




Waterford . . . . , 




Waterloo 




Weston 




Windsor 




Woodbridge (no capital investment Oct., 1918) 
Woodstock 






Welland 




St. Catharines 




Grantham Township 




Port Dalhousie 




Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario: 
Port Dalhousie ; 




Don Mills Road 


555 88 


Brady & Raymond 


466 80 

459 80 

1,324 52 

197 55 

33 36 

6 92 

29 03 

31 96 








Innes, Karn & Longworth 








Markdale 




Flesherton 




Beaverton 




Ottawa 








Deduct Cost of Renewals to Date 


30,974 38 


555 88 


















Total 







1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



165 



LINES 

Sinking Fund " and the " Net Surplus " or " Deficit " on each line 



Reserve for 
Renewals 


Reserve for 
Sinking Fund 


Net Surplus or Deficit 


First Year Sinking Fund 
Payment Made 


Surplus 


Deficit 


$ c. 


$ c. 
180 01 

89 93 
667 21 

22 96 

47 13 

440 10 

1,837 35 

59 35 


$ c. 


$ c. 


When OTiftrat.inp omnmpnrprJ 






























































919 31 
666 60 















195 71 

65 91 

62 88 

1,008 89 



























182 15 
157 56 

















2,068 77 

995 14 

147 01 

171 88 

52 20 

387 95 

6 96 

5 98 

3,149 39 

3,123 60 


























89 39 




























































232 22 

2,038 09 

931 53 

86 28 


































251 48 

653 25 

349 89 

39 37 

91 61 

2,621 08 










































18 32 








665 39 

1,760 96 

58 19 


89 29 
18 40 



















449 25 
684 90 




32 49 
2,742 42 




1,501 64 






185 77 


83 56 


197 47 




13 36 


6 01 

307 07 

45 33 

33 36 

6 92 
29 03 


440 43 

356 92 

51 49 












100 73 




























31 96 












3,978 42 


28,168 66 1,154 02 


2,882 60 








1,154 02 










3.323 01 


28,168 66 




1,728 58 















166 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



SEVERN 

Statement showing Cost of Power, Operating Expenses, Fixed Charges 

for the year ending 



Municipality 



Rate per 
Horse 
Power 

Collected 



Average 
Horse 
Power 



Cost of 
Power 



Operating, 
Mainten- 
ance and 
Adminis- 
tration 
Expenses 



Interest 



Total 
Expenses 



Revenue 
from Muni- 
cipalities 



Midland 

Penetang 

Collingwood 

Barrie 

Alliston 

Cookstown 

Beeton 

Tottenham 

Bradford 

Coldwater 

Elmvale 

Stayner 

Creemore 

Waubaushene 

Pt. McNicoll 

Victoria Harbour 

Total — Municipalities 

Total — Companies. . . . 



$ c. 
19 00 
22 00 

30 00 

31 00 
40 00 

35 00 
45 00 
51 00 
47 00 
28 00 

31 00 
35 00 
54 13 
25 00 
25 00 

35 00 



1,345.4 

461.2 

1,831.5 

482.8 
30.8 

21.4 

2C.6 

2.6 

2.1 

37.2 

135.1 
86.7 
42.0 
20.2 
21.0 



9,939 69 

3,407 30 

13,530 90 

3,566 87 

227 55 

158 101 

152 19| 

19 21 

15 51 
274 83' 

998 Ibl 
640 50 
310 29j 
149 24 
155 15 



27.7 204 65 



33,750 13 



9,916 74 



$ c. 

5,870 92 

2,942 65 

14,830 90 

3,461 62 

396 71 

246 14 

331 55 

55 06 

47 30 

479 36 

1,117 28 

1,019 69 

831 86 

248 18 

543 91 

449 88 



32,873 01 



5,734 87 



6,317 42 
3,130 11 
11,062 88 
3,061 46 
1,126 84 

527 67 

828 99 

141 82 

166 92 

454 14 

787 93 

712 92 

799 18 

184 68 

234 35 

350 99 



29,888 30 



5,858 13 



$ c. 
22,128 03 

9,480 06 
39,424 68 
10,089 95 

1,751 10 

931 91 

1,312 73 

216 09 

229 73 

1,208 33 

2,903 36 

2,373 11 

1,941 33 

582 10 

933 41 

1,005 52 



$ c. 
25,198 51 

9,816 34 
54,923 25 
14,966 77 

1,229 01 

706 42 
877 12 
133 02 
100 66 
1,042 29 

3,956 61 

2,867 34 

2,147 13 

506 02 

525 18 

970 94 



96,511 44 



119,966 61 



21,509 74 



38,852 73 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



167 



SYSTEM 

and Revenue ; also the Net Surplus or Deficit for each Municipality 
October 31st, 1918 



Profits 
from Sale 
of Power 
to Com- 
panies 



Total 
Revenue 



Surplus or Deficit 

alter paying cost of 

Power, Operating, 

Maintenance and 

Interest 



Fixed Charges 



Surplus 



Renewals 



Deficit 



Contin- 
gencies 



Sinking 

Fund 



Net 

Surplus or Deficit 

for Year 



Surplus Deficit 



Sink- 
ing 

Fund 
Paid 
f oi- 
Year 



$ c. 

1,646 14 
1.034 43 
4,977 18 
1,231 16 
181 38 

106 28 

154 99 

22 18 

16 15 

144 90 

283 69 
283 19 
267 47 
48 66 
125 92 



$ c. 
26,844 65 
10,850 77 
59,900 43 
16,197 93 
1 410 39 


$ c. 

4,716 62 

1,370 71 

20,475 75 

6,107 98 


812 70 




1,032 11 




155 20 
116 81 




1,187 19 




4,240 30 

3,150 53 

2,414 60 

554 68 


1,336 94 
777 42 
473 27 


651 10 




1,077 29 


71 77 



$ 


c. 


" 340 7i 


119 21 


280 


62 


60 


89 


112 92 


21 


14 


"27 


*42 


282 


31 



10,630 07 



Dr. 

10.630 07 



130,596 68 35,330 461,245 22 



28,222 66 



$ c. 
4,343 23 
2,151 95 
7,605 73 
2,104 75 
774 70 

362 77 
569 93 
97 50 
114 76 
312 22 

541 70 
490 13 
549 43 
126 97 
161 12 

241 32 



$ c, 
336 35 
115 3011,408 55 

457 88| 

120 70 

7 70 



$ c. 



12,412 14 

3,882 53 



2,305 09 
i!J23'ii 



5 351 487 33 

5 15 855 70 



20,548 21 



4,027 46 



65, 

52 1 
9 30 

33 78 

21 68 

10 50 

5 05 

5 25 

1 

6 93 



1,142 091,408 55 



335 58 2,349 88 



761 46 
265 61 



17,358 78 



159 04 
228 20 
342 66 



86 66 
159 44 
448 68 

176 48 

6,372 39 



1918 



168 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



SEVERN 

Statement Showing "Reserve for Renewals," "Reserve for Contingencies," 

Municipality to 



Surplus or Deficit after paying Cost 

of Power, Operating, 

Maintenance and Interest 



Surplus 



Deficit 



Alliston . . 
Barrie . . . 
Beeton . . 
Bradford 
Coldwater 



$ c. 
27,3i485 



$ c. 
340 71 



280 62 
112 92 



Collingwood 
Cookstown 
Creemore . . 
Elmvale . . . 
Midland . . . 



160 72 
55,274 00 



Penetang 

Port McNicoll . . 

Stayner 

Tottenham 

Victoria Harbour 



5,530 67 

3,012 83 

11,853 52 

20,980 73 



119 21 



Waubaushene 

Total Municipalities 
Interest 



3,799 96 

"2, 083* 85' 

810 02 

130,820 65 



717 46 
'60*89' 



1,6 31 81 



Reserves against equipment employed 
in respect of contracts with Sundry 
Companies 



Interest 



Profits on Sales of Sundry Equipment. 
Applied to " Reserve for Contingen- 
cies " 



Interest 



Total 



Items reversed with sale of Sundry 

Equipment 2 , 905 28 

Interest 114 59 

Cost of Renewals to date ... 671 87 

Losses on Sundry Equipment sold and 
otherwise disposed of 



Grand Total 



Reserve 

for 
Renewals 



$ c. 
774 70 
15,401 95 
569 93 
114 76 
1,969 17 

29,573 13 

362 77 

2,855 76 

2,302 16 

15,340 05 

11,841 51 

702 16 

3,170 05 

97 50 

1,372 60 

569 51 

87,017 71 

7,031 61 

12,706 79 
442 17 



107,198 28 



3,691 74 



103,506 54 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



169 



SYSTEM 

" Reserve for Sinking Fund " and the " Net Surplus " or " Deficit " of each 
October 31, 1918 



Reserve 

for 


Reserve 
for 

Sinking Fund 


Net Surph 


is or Deficit 


Period of Operation 


Contingencies 


Surplus 


Deficit 


Date 
commenced 


Years 


Months 


$ c. 
7 70 


$ c. 


$ c. 


$ c. 
1,123 11 


June, 1918 


. 


5 


232 17 




11,680 23 


April, 1915.... 
Aug., 1918 


5 


7 


5 15 




855 70 

228 20 

1,826 50 


3 


52 


■ 


Oct., 1918... 




1 


18 05 


.. .. 


Mar., 1913.... 

Mar., 1913.. .. 
May, 1918 


5 
5 


8 


792 93 




24,907 94 


8 


5 35 




487 33 


6 


21 37 




2,653 54 
662 79 


Nov., 1914.... 
June, 1913.... 
July, 1911.... 

July, 1911.... 
Jan., 1915.... 
Oct., 1913.... 
Oct., 1918 


4 
5 

7 

7 
3 
5 




47 88 






5 


570 43 




4,056 96 


4 


241 45 


2,573 90 


6,323 87 


4* 


10 58 


1,430 20 


10 


34 43 




595 48 


1 


65 




159 04 


1 


13 91 
10 07 




697 34 
230 44 


July, 1914.... 
Dec, 1914.... 


4 

3 


4 






11 










2,012 64 


2,573 90 


47,751 63 


10,167 04 








34 83 


Net Surplus— $e 


17,584 59 




1,129 91 


6,372 80 








31 78 






6,063 33 








193 79 


" "" 










9,466 28 


8,946 70 
















1,326 71 
















8,139 57 


8,946 70 


47,751 63 


10,167 04 





* 2 Years Sinking Fund, 1916-17, 1917-18. 



170 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



WASDELL'S 

Statement showing Cost of Power, Operating Expenses, Fixed Charges 

for the year ending 



Municipality 



Beaverton . . 

Brechin 

Cannington 

Sunderland 
Woodville. 



Total — Municipalities . 
Total — Severn System 



Rate per 
Horse 
Power 

Collected 



Average 

Horse 
Power 



Operating:, 
Maintenance, 
and Adminis- 
tration 
Expenses 



Interest 



$ c. 
41 21 
50 00 
45 79 
50 00 
50 00 



$ c. 
63.7 
38.3 
58.7 
37.5 



$ c. 
1.266 47 

936 83 
1,088 76 

854 80 



$ c. 
1,296 67 
1,223 91 
1,400 43 
1,270 10 



36.4 722 62 1,134 04 



234.6 4,869 48 6,325 15 



25 00 



362.8 



4.148 63 



4,305 58 



Total 
Expenses 



5» c. 
2,563 14 
2,160 74 
2,489 19 



Revenue 
from Muni- 
cipalities 



$ c. 
2,624 72 
1,909 79 
2,688 99 



2,124 90 1,876 82 



1,856 



1,880 95 



11,194 63 10,981 27 



454 21 9,125 42 



RURAL LINES 
Statement of Interest and Sinking Fund 
Interest Sinking Fund Total Expense Revenue Surplus or Deficit 



Beaverton $100 00 



$29 03 



$129 03 



$129 03 



Nil. 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



171 



SYSTEM 

and Revenue ; also the Net Surplus or Deficit for each Municipality 
October 31st, 1918 



Losses from 

Sales of 

Power 

to Severn 

System 


Total 

Revenue 


Surplus or Deficit 
after paying cost of 
Power, Operating, 

.Maintenance and 
[nteresl 


Fixed Cha rges 


NV1 

Surplus oi- Deficit 

\<,v Year 


„ , Contin- 
Lr,l, " u:,ls gencies 


| 


Surplus Deficit 


Surplus Deficit 


$ c. 
704 57 


$ c. 
1.920 15 
1,199 33 
2.102 09 
1,214 36 
1,358 46 


$ e. 


$ c. 
642 99 
961 41 

387 10 
910 54 

498 20 


* c. 
1.134 59 
1,070 92 
1,225 37 
1,111 34 
<)<>2 28 


$ c. 
15 93 

9 57 
14 68 

9 37 


$ c. 


$ c. 
1 ,793 51 


710 46 




2,041 90 


586 90 




1,627 15 


662 40 




2,031 25 


522 49 


9 10 




1,499 58 








Dr. 3,186 88 


7,794 39 




3,400 24 5,534 50 


58 65 




8.993 39 








Cr. 3.186 88 


12,312 30 


3.858 09 




3.767 39 


90 70 












172 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



WASDELL'S 

Statement Showing " Reserve for Renewals," " Reserve for Contingencies," 

each Municipality 







Surplus or Deficit 

after paying cost of Power, 

Operating Maintenance 

and Interest 


Reserve 

for 
Renewals 




Surplus 


Deficit 




Beaverton 


$ c. 


$ c. 

2,218 61 
1,410 19 
1,433 54 
1,778 91 
1,315 71 


$ c. 
6,242 15 


Brechin 




4,271 85 


Cannington 




6,492 79 


Sunderland 




4,767 76 


Woodville - 




5,289 35 










Total Municipalities 




8,156 96 


27,063 90 


Interest 




1,885 85 


Severn System 






8,107 57 


Interest „ 






173 61 


Profit on sale of Aluminum Cable, applied to 
" Reserve for Contingencies " 








Interest 




















Total 






37,230 93 


Deduct : — 

Items reversed with sale 
certain equipment 


of 

.. $265 10 








Cost of renewals to date . . . 


. . . 243 27 


508 37 


Grand total 










36,722 56 











1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



173 



SYSTEM 

" Reserve for Sinking Fund," and the M Net Surplus " or M Deficit " of 
to October 31, 1918 



Reserve 

for 

Contingencies 


Reserve 

for 

Sinking 

Fund 


Net Surplus 
or Deficit 


Period of Operation 




Surplus 


Deficit 


Date 
Commenced 


Years 


Months 


$ c. 
29 45 


$ c. 


$ c. 


$ c. 

8,490 21 
5,699 46 
7,954 58 
6,564 94 
6,623 58 


Nov. 1914 


4 




17 42 






Jan. 1915 2 
Nov. 1914 4 
Nov. 1914 4 
Nov. 1914 4 


10 


28 25 








18 27 








18 52 
















111 91 






35,332 77 






2 12 








271 15 










7 22 










12,614 70 

504 58 




























13,511 68 




















13,511 68 








Net deficit, $35,332 77 

















174 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



EUGENIA 

Statement showing Cost of Power, Operating Expenses, Fixed Charges, 

for the year ending 



Municipality. 



Rate per 
Horse 
Power 

Collected 



Average 
Horse 
Power 



! Operating- 
Mainten- 
ance and 
Adminis- 
tration 
Expenses 



Interest 



Total 
Expenses 



Revenue 
from 
Muni- 
cipalities 



Markdale . . . 
Flesherton. . 
Chats worth . 

Tara 

Owen Sound 



23.24 
25.96 
30.18 
37.00 
31 00 



Durham i 33.97 

Holstein I 43.50 

Mount Forest 34 . 51 

Hanover 35 . 00 

Elmwood 35.00 



Chesley 

Dundalk 

Shelburne 

Horning's Mills 
range ville 



Alton (Foundry Co.) 

Grand Valley 

Arthur 

Carlsruhe and Neustadt. 



35.00 

43.23 
45.00 
45.00 



67. 
33.3 
31.1 
24.9 
1,007.6 

69.8 

6.4 

119.1 

278.3 

27.5 



40.00 


95.5 


27.30 


83. 


30.00 


123.7 



127. 

90.9 
51.5 
102. 



Total Municipalities 2,347.1 



Total — Companies and 
Severn System 



1,744.3 



$ c. 

536 41 
414 87 
525 52 
668 10 
6,205 01 

996 12 

261 64 

1,768 35 

3,067 51 

499 84 

1,309 43 
1,015 02 
1,530 11 
550 96 
1,487 30 

1,050 72 

907 76 

2,028 03 

90 40 



24,913 10 



9,686 14 



663 87 

480 76 

414 54 

1,260 75 

10,761 58 

790 28 
455 23 

2.632 51 
3,579 30 

503 99 

2,269 58 
860 72 

1.633 57 
113 56 

1.854 94 

1,731 88 

1,004 38 

2,610 48 

515 76 



34,137 68 



16,655 54 



$ c. 

1,200 28 
895 63 
940 06 

1,928 85 
16,966 59 

1,786 40 
716 87 
4,400 86 
6,646 81 
1,003 83 

3,579 01 
1,875 74 
3,163 68 
664 52 
3,342 24 

2,782 60 

1,912 14 

4,638 51 

606 16 

59,050 78 



26,341 68 



31 



,509 42 
864 88 
937 32 
870 72 
,236 01 



2,372 51 

278 40 
3,883 78 
9,529 91 

911 76 

3,818 02 
2,165 76 
3,504 75 
499 26 
4,298 88 

3,712 72 

2,219 98 

4,334 23 

906 29 

77,854 60 



48,386 67 



RURAL LINES 
Statement of Interest and Sinking Fund 



— 


Interest 


Sinking 
Fund 


Total 
Expenses 


Revenue 


Surplus or 
Deficit 


Flesherton 

Markdale 


23.82 
64.07 


$ c. 

6.92 

22.13 


$ c. 
30 74 
86 20 


$ c. 
30 74 
86 20 


Nil 

Nil 






Total 


87.89 29 ftS 


116 94 


116 94 













1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



175 



SYSTEM 

and Revenue, also the Net Surplus or Deficit for each Municipality 
October 31, 1918 



Profit from 

Sales of 

Power to 

Severn 

System 



$ 



c. 



141 04 
141) 05 
185 31 

209 20 
2,262 70 

328 71 

105 12 

738 34 

1,213 96 

147 04 

512 39 
378 92 
594 58 
56 38 
547 24 

464 40 

375 12 

851 15 

38 30 



9,298 95 



Dr. 9,298 95 39,087 72 



Total 
Revenue 



Surplus 'or Deficit 

alter paying Cost of 

Power, Operating, 

Maintenance and 
Interest 

Surplus Deficit 



Fixed Charges 



Renewals 



Contin- 
gencies 



Net Surplus or 

Deficit for year 



Surplus 



$ 



c. 



1,650 46 
1,013 93 
1,122 63 
1,079 92 
33,498 71 

2.701 22 

383 52 

4,622 12 

10,743 87 

1,058 80 

4,330 41 

2,544 68 

4,099 33 

555 64 

4.846 12 

4,177 12 

2,595 10 

5,185 38 

944 59 



$ c. 

450 18 
118 30 
182 57 

in\532*i2J 

914 82 



848 93 



333 35 



221 261 
4,097 06l 

54 971 

751 401 
668 94 i 
935 65 



87,153 55 



108 88 



1.503 88 

1,394 52 

682 96 
546 87 
338 43 



29,393 93 1,291 16 



12.747 04 



312 32 
258 90 
218 11 
813 22 
5,231 56 

393 20 

299 21 

1.553 70 

1.862 24 

287 35 

1,354 95 

413 24 

857 04 

78 07 

1,002 13 

995 17 

579 75 

1,575 33 

336 30 



18,421 79 



7,699 26 



16 75 
8 33 

7 78 

6 23 

251 90 

17 45 

1 60 

29 77 
69 57 

6 88 

23 87 
20 75 

30 92 



31 75 

22 73 

12 87 

25 50 

2 13 



$ c.l 
121 11 



11.048 66 
504 17 



2,165 25 



234 95 
47 69 



470 00 

376 62 
90 34 



586 78| 15,058 79 



Deficit 



148 93 

43 32 
1.668 38 



634 16 

1.362 21 



239 26 
627 42 



186 95 



1,053 96 



5,964 59 



436 07, 4.610 71 (Applied on 
Reserve for Contingencies 



176 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



EUGENIA 



Statement Showing "Reserve] for Renewals,'' 



" Reserve for Contingencies," 
Municipality to 





Surplus or Deficit after paying Cost 

of Power, Operating, 

Maintenance and Interest 


Reserve 
for 




Surplus 


Deficit 


Renewals 


Alton Foundry 


$ c. 
1,750 58 


$ c. 


$ c. 
2,066 82 


Arthur 


712 76 


2,426 79 
336 30 


Carlsruhe and Neustadt 


338 43 


Chatsworth 


150 58 
1,527 36 

493 27 
393 15 


676 14 


Chesley 




3,923 38 
1 642 02 


Dundalk 




Durham 




1 782 80 


Elm wood 


54 97 


287 35 


Flesherton 


338 96 


839 62 


Grand Valley 


557 81 
4,129 51 


1 015 95 


Hanover .... 




3,286 49 


Holstein 


1,135 78 

i26 24*" 

4,597 47 


786 44 


Hornings Mills 


462 03 


102 99 


Markdale 


1,014 94 


Mount Forest 




5,980 30 
2,666 06 


Orangeville 


796 18 

27,408 71 

60 23 


Owen Sound 




17,821 94 


Shelburne 




1,865 87 


Tara 


848 93 


813 22 








Total Municipalities 


35,558 45 


10,324 50 


49,335 42 
1,839 26 


Interest 


Reserves against equipment employed 
in respect of contracts with sundrv 
Companies 






14,400 06 


Interest 






268 03 


Additional " Reserve for Renewals " 
provided on Second Hand Equip- 
ment purchased . 






4,084 02 


Profits on Sales of Sundry Equipment 
applied to " Reserve for Contingen- 






Interest 






163 51 


Net Profits from Contracts with Com- 
panies 
















Total 






70,090 30 


Cost of Renewals to date 






756 15 


Losses on sundry equipment sold and 
otherwise disposed of 






















69,334 15 











1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



177 



SYSTEM 

"Reserve for Sinking Fund," and the " Net Surplus" or "Deficit" of each 
October 31, 1918 



Reserve 
for 


Reserve 

for 

Sinking Fund 


Net Surplus or Deficit 


Period of Operation 


Contingency 


Surplus 


Deficit 


Date 
Commenced 


Years 


Months 



$ c. 
43 13 
32 22 

2 13 
13 75 
43 07 

35 81 
32 00 
6 88 
16 71 
18 49 

98 04 

3 32 



c. 



$ c. 

359 37 

3,171 77 



34 07 
57 69 

55 99 

495 34 

46 71 

6 23 



840 47 
5,493 81 

2,171 10 
2,207 95 

239 26 
1,195 29 

476 63 



744 98 
359*04 



1,925 54 



1,175 25 
10,635 46 

1,925 87 



9,091 43 



1,852 35 
1,668 38 



Dec, 1916.... 
Dec. 1916.... 




Dec, 1915.... 
July, 1916.... 

Dec, 1915.... 
Dec, 1915.... 
April, 1918.... 
Dec. 1915.... 
Dec, 1916.... 

Sep., 1916.... 
May, 1916.... 



Mar., 1916. 

Dec, 1915. 

July, 1916, 

Dec, 1915. 

July, 1916. 

Feb., 1918. 



11 
4 

11 
11 
7 
11 
11 

2 
6 



1,041 58 
4 65 

844 77 
16 35 



10,120 47 

404 82 

4,610 71 



17.043 35 



325 74 
16,717 61 



10,195 45 35,338 50 



Net deficit— $25,143 05 



Net Deficit— $25,143 05 



178 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



ST. LAWRENCE 

Statement Showing Cost of Power, Operating Expenses, Fixed Charges 

the Year Ending 



Municipality 


Rate per 
Horse 
Pow T er 

Collected 


Average 
Horse 
Power 


Cost of 
Power 


Operating, 
Maintenance 

and 
Administra- 
tion Expenses 


Interest 


Total 
Expenses 


Brockville 

Ches terville 

Prescott 

Williamsburg ....-,.... 


$ c. 
30 00 

46 00 

25 00 

30 00 

43 00 


322.4 

103.7 

209.6 

16.9 

64.7 


$ c. 
2,913 30 

937 06 

1,894 02 

230 89 

584 64 


$ c. 
3,693 21 

1,637 07 

1,145 38 

215 95 

651 39 


$ c. 
3,316 53 

1,410 32 

1,275 88 

243 82 

584 36 


$ c. 
9,923 04 

3,984 45 

4,315 28 

690 66 


Winchester , 


1,820 39 








Total Municipalities. 




717.3 


6,559 91 


7,343 00 


6,830 91 


20,733 82 









1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



179 



SYSTEM 

and Revenue also the Net Surplus or Deficit for Each Municipality for 
October 31st, 1918 



Revenue 
from 


Surplus or Deficit after 
paying Cost of Power, Oper- 
ating, Maintenance & Interest 


Fixed Charges 


Net Surplus or Deficit 
for Year 


Municipalities 


Surplus 


Deficit 


Renewals Contingencies 


Surplus 


Deficit 



$ c. 

9,672 50 


$ c. 

785 75 
633 44 

959 90 


$ c. 
250 54 


$ c. 
3,316 53 

1,410 32 

1.275 88 

243 82 

584 36 


$ c. 
80 60 

25 92 

52 40 

4 23 

16 17 


$ c. 


$ c. 
3,647 67 


4 ; 77 f J 20 




650 49 


4,948 72 






694 84 


494 83 


195 83 




443 88 


2,780 29 


359 37 




22,666 54 


2,379 09 


446 37 


6,830 91 


179 32 


359 37 


5,436 88 



180 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



ST. LAWRENCE 

Statement showing " Reserve for Renewals," " Reserve for Contingencies,'* 

Municipality to 





Surplus or Deficit after Paying 
Cost of Power, Operating, 
Maintenance and Interest 


Reserve for 
Renewals 




Surplus 


Deficit 




$ c. 
Brockville 4 , 579 49 


$ c. 


$ c. 
10,453 64 


Chesterville 393 25 




6,654 28 


Prescott . 6,614 41 




6,576 11 


Williamsburg 


491 79 
1,768 03 


660 74 


i 
Winchester 


5,949 13 


Total Municipalities 






11,587 15 


2,259 82 


30,293 90 


Interest 


2,240 27 


Grand Total 












32,534 17 









1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



181 



SYSTEM 

44 Reserve for Sinking Fund " and the " Net Surplus " or " Deficit " of each 
October 31, 1918 



j Reserve for 
Contingencies 


Net Surplus or Deficit 


Period of Operation 




Surplus 


Deficit 


Date Commenced 


Years 


Months • 


$ c. 
157 40 


$ c. 


$ c. 
6,031 55 

6,305 40 

65 62 

1,162 01 

7,748 78 


Apr., 1915 
Mar., 1914 
Dec. 1913 
Apr., 1915 
Jan., 1914 


2 
3 
4 
2 
3 


7 


44 37 




8 


103 92 




11 


9 48 




7 


31 62 




10 








346 79 




21,313 36 




6 68 














353 47 






Net Deficit $21, 


313.36 











182 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



THUNDER BAY 



Statement showing Cost of Power, Operating Expenses, 

for the year ending 



Municipality 



Rate per 
Horse 
Power 

Collected 



Average 
Horse 
Power 



Cost of 
Power 



Operating, 
Mainten- 
ance and 
Adminis- 
tration 
Expenses 



Port Arthur 



$ c. 


$ c. 


19 75 


3,835.3 


*517 22 





$ c. 
58,254 06 



$ c. 
8,147 30 



Ter month 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



183 



SYSTEM 



Fixed Charges, Revenue and Net Surplus 
October 31st, 1918 





Total 
Expenses 


Revenue 
from Muni- 
cipalities 




Fixed Charges 




[nteresl 


Surplus or Deficit 

after paying cost of 

Power, Operating, 

Maintenance and 

rnterest 


Net 


Renewals ( ' 0,,ti ."- 
gencies 


Surplus 




Surplus Deficit 




$ c. 
4,382 88 


$ c. 

70,784 24 


$ c. 
82, 7--):; 31 


$ c. $ c. 
11,969 07 


$ c. $ c. 
:;.s:5 02 958 90 


$ c. 
7,17:> I-'. 



13 ir. (i) 



184 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



THUNDER BAY 

Statement Showing " Reserve for Renewals," '* Reserve for Contingencies," 

Municipality to 



— 


Surplus or Deficit after paying 
Cost of Power, Operating, 
Maintenance and Interest 

Surplus Deficit 


Reserve for 
Renewals 


Reserve for 
Contingencies 


Port Arthur 


$ c. 
50,857 47 


$ c. 


$ c. 
25,618 51 

3,318 96 


$ c. 
1,561 40 


In teres t 




24 09 








Grand Total 




28,937 47 


1,585 49 









1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



185 



SYSTEM 

"Reserve for Sinking Fund." and the "Net Surplus" or "Deficit" of Each 
October 31st, 1918 



Reserve for 
Sinking Fund 


Net Surplus or Deficit 


Period of Operation 


Surplus Deficit 

I 


Date Commenced 


Years 


Months 


$ c. 
1.4,898 16 


$ c. 
9,296 72 


$ c. 


Dec, 1910 


7 


11 




















14,898 16 


9,296 72 




Net Surplus *9 29fi 72 













186 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



MUSKOKA 
Statement showing Cost of Power, Operating Expenses, Fixed Charges 

the Year ending 



Municipality 


Kate 

per 

Horse 

Power 

Collected 


Average 
Horse 
Power 


Operating, 
Mainten- 
ance and 
Adminis- 
tration 
Expenses 


Interest 


Total 
Expenses 


Gravenhurst 

Huntsville 


12.56 
22.51 


$ c. 
321.6 2,668 13 

667.3 5,974 11 


$ c. 
1,709 32 

6,210 27 


$ c. 
4,377 45 

12 184. 38 


Muskoka Falls 


11 36 11 36 











Total Municipalities . . 




988.9 


8,642 24 


7,930 95 16 573 IP, 








' 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



187 



SYSTEM 

and Revenue, also the Net Surplus or[Deficit for each Municipality for 
October 31, 1918 



Revenue 
from Muni- 
cipalities 



Surplus or Deficit, after 

Paying Cost of Power, 

Operating, Maintenance 

and Interest 



Surplus 



Deficit 



Fixed Charges 



Renewals Contingencies 



Net Surplus or Deficit 
for Year 



Surplus 



Deficit 



$ c. 
4,038 84 


$ c. 


$ c. 
338 61 


$ c. 
1,495 65 

5,433 99 

9 94 


$ c. 
80 40 

166 83 


$».c. 


$ c. 
1,914 66 


15,019 99 
59 50 




2,835 61 . 

48 14 . 




2,765 21 




38 20 












19,118 33 


2,883 75 


338 61 


6,939 58 


247 23 


38 20 


4,679 87 



188 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



MUSKOKA 

Statement Showing " Reserve for Renewals," " Reserve for Contingencies," 

Municipality to 



■'_ 


Surplus or Deficit after paying 
Cost of Power, Operating. 
Maintenance and Interest 


Reserve 

for 
Renewals 




Surplus 


Deficit 




Gravenhurst 


$ c. 


$ c. $ c. 

853 90 9 AM RQ 


Huntsville 


5,284 52 




10,370 01 






Total Municipalities 


5,284 52 


853 90 15! 787 70 


Interest 




234 32 
9 94 


Renewals Reserve on Muskoka Falls 
Equipment 






Rental on Equipment 






Profit on Sales of Power at Muskoka 
Falls. Applied to " Reserve for Con- 
tingencies " 






Interest 














13,031 96 
1,160 12 










Grand Total 






11,871 84 









1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



189 



SYSTEM 

" Reserve for Sinking Fund," and the " Net Surplus " or " Deficit " of each 
October 31, 1918 



Reserve 
for 

Contingencies 



Net Surplus or Deficit 



2 28 
72b' 38 



726 38 



Surplus 



Deficit 



Period of Operation 



Date 
Commenced 



Year: 



Net deficit, $8,856 33 



Months 



$ c. 
147 35 


$ c. 


$ c. 
3,418 94 


Nov. 1915 


3 
2 




351 90 




5,437 39 Sept. 1916 


2 








41)1) 25 




8,856 33 




10 08 














111) 52 






1)5 25 















190 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



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1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 191 

SECTION IV 
CONSTRUCTION WORK OF THE COMMISSION 

NIAGARA SYSTEM 

EXTENSION TO THE ONTARIO POWER COMPANY'S PLANT 

Owing to the power shortage caused by the extra energy needed for essential 
war industries and the fact thai two of the plants at Niagara Falls had reached 
their capacity, work was commenced in March, 1918, for the extension to the 
hydro-electric plant of the Ontario Power Co., at Niagara Falls, Ontario, which 
when completed, will furnish an additional 40,000 to 50,000 horse-power. 

The construction of this extension involved the excavation of 133,000 yards 
of earth and 14,000 yards of reek to permit the placing and erection of a 13.5 
foot diameter wood stave pipe 6,700 feet long, a 13.5 foot diameter steel clis- 
tributor 179.5 feet long, a 60 foot diameter steel differential surge tank 94 feet 
high, four Johnson hydraulic operated valves, two 10.5 foot diameter penstocks 
and two 20,000 horse-power turhines with direct connected generators, also the 
erection of the additional power house to house these units. 

The unique features about this extension are the wood stave pipe which 
is one of the largest ever built, the differential surge tank which has the largest 
diameter and has also the greatest height of any similar tank not equipped with 
an auxiliary spillway, and the power house walls which were designed to with- 
stand a pressure due to a 40 foot rise in tailwater elevation, this extraordinary 
condition having occurred in the year 1909. 

The present plant of the Ontario Power Company as now controlled and 
operated by the Hydro-Electric Power Commission, consists of an installation 
of fourteen turbines, seven with a rated capacity of 11,800 horse-power, live 
rated at 15,000 horse-power and two at 10,000 horse-power, making a total of 
189,600 horse-power. The generators, which are direct connected, have a total 
rating of 149,012 kv-a. Water is supplied through two 18 foot diameter conduits, 




Elevation Showing Power House at foot of Cliff. Extension at the right — on bank, from left to 
right : Table Rock House, No. 1 and No. 2 Surge Tanks, Reflectory, and New Surge Tank 
at extreme right. Above, Distributing Station. 

1 1 IT. (i) 



192 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 




Trench for Wood Stave Pipe Through Rock Section, showing tunnel beneath International 
Railway Company's Tracks. Both sides of cut are channelled here. 




Rock Excavation in Pipe Trench Near International Railway Crossing. Ingersoll-Rand 

Rock Drills at Work. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 193 

each approximately 6,600 feel long having a combined maximum capacity of 
about 162,000 horse-power. 

No. 1 conduit, which is of steel plate construction, was installed m L903, 

while No. 2 conduit, which is of reinforced concrete construction, was installed 
in 1910. This second conduit, when inspected in April, 1918, after being in 
service eighl years, showed do signs of cavitation or deterioration, although a 
velocity of 25 to 28 feet per second had been maintained during operation, nor 
was there any vegetable growth whatever appearing on the walls. 

No. 3 conduit which is oow being installed is 13.5 feet inside diameter. 
The staves are of B. C. fir 1 inches thick by 6 inches wide and banded with 7 S 
inch diameter steel hands, in two sections with two -hots. The pipe is carried 
on timber -addles spaced at IU» foot centres except where the pipe is concreted 
in place. 

The excavation for trench for the wood stave pipe line was handled from 
the cut by shovels, derricks, and locomotive cranes. The difficulties in this work 
were varied and in some places severe due to the close proximity of No. 2 conduit 
and to large quantities of water which were encountered at the upper end of the 
pipe line and at Dufferin Island crossing. A portion of the excavation was 
deposited along the sides of the cut for hack-till, while the remainder was placed 
on dumps located at convenient points. 

The saddles used to support the pipe art 1 built-up timber sections so con- 
structed as to make a continuous form for the lower half of the pipe. Mud 
sills were used under the saddles through the earth cut, in order to distribute the 
load of tlu' pipe and prevent settlement as far as possible. Through the rock 
cut tiie mud sills were left out and the lower limits of the saddles were placed 
on the ro,k which was evened up, to grade after excavating the trench. 

On account of the bottom of the trench being below the water level in the 
Niagara River for the greater portion of its length it was necessary to provide 
ample drainage for the pipe trench. The drainage system consisted of two 
vitrified tile drains one on either side of the pipe trench, laid with open joints 
in broken stone. These two tile drains run from Station 9+00 on the conduit 
to the steel distributor, where they are connected to the penstock drains which 
carry the drainage water down through the power house to the lower river. 

For 1.000 feet at the upper end, and 825 feet at the lower end. the pip. is 
concreted in place. This was necessary in order to allow the pipe in these sections 
of the trench to be backfilled and thus restore the surface of the park to its 
original condition. 

The steel distributor at the lower end of the wood stave pipe is made of 
•"s inch steel plate and i> L3.5 feel in diameter and 17!). 5 feet long. Four pen- 
stocks are connected to this distributor by means of bell mouthed ices made of 
1 L > inch steel plate. The distributor is incased in concrete so as to allow the 
surface of the park above it to he restored to its original condition. A section 
of i:5.o foot diameter reinforced concrete pipe 77 feet long connects the distributor 
witli the -urge tank. 

The -urge tank is of the Johnson differential type. The lank is huilt ^\ -ted 
plate varying in thickness from ' \ inch plate at the top to one inch plate ;it 
the bottom, while the internal riser is huilt of \'U inch plate. The roof for the 
tank is constructed of steel roof trusses with wood covering. 

Penstocks Nos. 15 and 16 which deliver the wain- to the two new turbines 
in the power house are 216 feet in length. Each penstock ends in a Bupply pipe 
witli taper connections bolted to the spiral casings of the turbine. The steel 



194 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 




No. 3 Conduit Completed, Showing Method of Bracing Lackawanna Steel Sheet Piling 
B3tween Conduits Nos. 2 and 3. 




Erection of Wood Stave Pipe, using saddles as forms. 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



195 




No. 15 Draft Tube Forms in Position, Ready for Concreting. 



j)late used in the construction of the penstock varies in thickness from % inch 
M the upper end to 13-16 inches at the lower end. The supply pipes are construct* d 
of 13-16 inch plate throughout. The penstocks are designed for a pressure equal 
ko L50 feet of head at the upper end increasing to 320 feet at the lower end, 



196 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 




Excavation for Distributor and Valve Chamber. 



these figures including pressure rise due to a turbine gate closure time of three 
seconds, with relief valve closed. 

After the penstocks are erected the space between the excavation and the 
outside of the pipe will be filled in with lean concrete. This will hold the pen* 
stock in position and protect the outside from corrosion. 

The water wheels are double runner, central discharge turbines' with spiral 
casings, running at 187.5 r.p.m. and delivering 20,000 horse-power under 180 foot 
head. The turbine gates are operated by vertical servo-motors which are controlled 
by actuators mounted on the gallery. These actuators are equipped with distance 
speed controllers, hydraulic hand controllers, gate limiting device, manual speed 
adjuster, gate opening indicator and tachometer. The pressure oil for operating 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



197 




No. 3 Conduit, showing mudsills in position. No. 2 Concrete Conduit exposed. 




Wood Stave Pipe, showing details of Bands. Shoes and Saddles. 



198 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 







Excavation at Site of Power House Extension. 




Excavation for Surge Tank and Riser. Sullivan Channellers at Work. 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



199 




Scaling Locse Material from Cliff above Power House Site. 

in Background. 



International Arch Bridge 



servo-motors is furnished by helical gear rotary pump, delivering G2.5 gallons 
per minute against 200 lbs. pressure. The sump tanks arc each of 350 gallons 
capacity and are provided with screens for cleaning the oil before it is returned 
to the pressure tank. The power house is of concrete and structural steel con- 
struction. In the substructure plain concrete has teen used throughout except 
for the concrete over the draft tubes, which has been reinforced for the upward 



200 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 




pressure which will occur with high water in the river. The generator pits, air 
ducts and sump well are also reinforced to prevent injury developing from the 
temporary severe loading of portions of the structure during the erection of the 
units and from vibration when the plant is in operation. Tn the superstructure 
reinforced and plain concrete and structural steel is used. 

In order to protect the power house against a recurrence of the high water 
conditions which prevailed in 1909 the window sills in the front and end walls 
were placed at elevation 388 and the walls designed to withstand pressure due 
to water at this elevation on the outside power house. 





535 


























































; 




534 


^ 




































SURGE TANK STUDIES 

LOAD CHANGE FROM 80 PER CENT. TO 
FULL LOAD ON No. 3 CONDUIT 




533 








































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1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



201 



The hydraulics of the plant are of more than ordinary interest due to the 
fact that each of the three pipe lines and surge tanks that have been installed 
differ considerably. For this reason an excellent opportunity is presented of 
making a comparison of their respective hydraulic characteristics and capacities. 

No. 1 tank has very little capacity and is of the simple tank type. Its 
only function is to limit the surge pressure on conduit No. 1 during load changes, 
and provides entrance to a spillway for discharge of water at times of load 
rejection. 

No. 2 surge tank, of the Johnson differential type, was the first tank of 
this character ever built. This tank serves the double purpose of relieving 
pressure surges and furnishing or storing water during load changes while the 
velocity in conduit No. 2 is being accelerated or decelerated. It is also equipped 
with a spillway as an additional safeguard, to prevent spilling over the top at 
times of abnormal surge, and to limit the height which would have been required 
without this provision. 

No. 3 surge tank is of the same type as No. 2, but has no spillway. Its 
design is such that full load rejection under the most abnormal conditions will 
not cause overflow. 

During 1913, a series of tests were made to determine the hydraulic character- 
istics and carrying capacities of conduits Nos. 1 and 2, also of penstocks Nos. 1 
to 14, inclusive. The results of these tests indicate some very striking facts 
regarding the relatively greater carrying capacity of concrete pipe as compared 
with riveted steel and also the exceedingly smooth surface that can he obtained with 
concrete if proper and careful construction methods are used. 

The capacity of Xo. 3 conduit, which is of wood stave construction, is 2,750 
cubic feet per second, giving a velocity of 19.2 feet per second in the pipe on 




Power House Extension Site Ready for Forms. Two Tunnel Portals Appear in Background, 
with Penstock No. 16 being Assembled. Draft Tube Form for No. 15 in Position at Left. 



202 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 




Suige Tank Floor Assembled Ready to Lower onto Foundation. 

the basis of a coefficient of roughness " C "=135 in the Williams and Hazen 
formula. Under such conditions, there will be a total loss in the conduit, from 
gate house to penstock, of 32 feet, which includes entry losses, friction loss and 
velocity head. This figure was arrived by assuming low water elevation in forebay 
at 554, and the minimum elevation of the gradient at penstock No. 15 at 522, 
which is eight feet above the top of the conduit. From past experience with 
conduits Nos. 1 and 2, it was found advisable not to go below elevation 522 in 
order to prevent the gradient being drawn down below the top of the pipe under 
operating conditions. Under the above conditions the capacity of the pipe will 
be approximately 45,000 turbine horse-power. With a coefficient of roughness 
C=150 in Williams and Hazen formula, which value is within the limits of 
possibility, and the same total loss of 32 feet, the discharge capacity would be 
2,930 cubic feet per second with a velocity of 20.5 feet per second in the pipe. 
This quantity of water in turn would give approximately 48,000 turbine horse- 
power. In comparing the coefficients of roughness of the concrete and steel pipes^ 
as obtained by test, and the assumed coefficient of roughness for the wood stave 
pipe, based on the tests published by the U. S. Department of Agriculture, it 
appears that the concrete pipe has the highest coefficient, with the wood stave 
pipe a good second, and the steel pipe a poor third. 

A coefficient of roughness of 100 in Williams and Hazen formula was used 
in figuring the losses in the steel penstocks. The use of this coefficient was based 
on the result of tests on the other penstocks. 

It was, of course, necessary to design the tank for a drop of full load on 
No. 3 conduit, under which condition the tank will receive all water without the 
provision of a spillway, and on the assumption that none of the pressure regulators 
on the turbines in the power house are in service. The conditions of design for 
load thrown on, was that of an increment of load equivalent to a 20 per cent. 
velocity change from 80 per cent,, up to full capacity of the conduit, 

































































- 








































SURGE TANK STUDIES 

COMPLETE SHUT-DOWN ON No. 3 CONDUIT 
WITH RELIEF VALVES CLOSED 










































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1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



203 




Bottom Sections of Spiral Casings of Turbines, Nos. 15 and 16. 



QUEENSTON-CHIPPAWA POWER DEVELOPMENT 

After three years of exhaustive surveys and investigation, the route for the 
Queenston-Chippawa Power Canal was finally fixed in 1917. This route is about 
12% miles long, with the intake on the Niagara Eiver at Hog Island, Chippawa, 
about two miles above Niagara Falls, and the tailrace on the Niagara River about 
-one mile above Queenston. The intake will be in what is known as the Grass Island 
Pool of the Niagara River. The mean monthly elevation of this pool varies about 
one foot. 

The normal mean elevation of Lake Erie is 573 feet : of Grass Island Pool, 
563 : of the Niagara Power at the power house site, 247 ; and of Lake Ontario. 2 IV 
Probably no river has a more uniform regimen than the Niagara. The minimum 
flow is about half the maximum, and over a period of fifty years the maximum 
difference in mean monthly levels under normal conditions, either at Queen-ton or 
Chippawa, amounts to only about six feet. 

The best intake and power house location- were first determined upon, with a 
view to the maximum utilization of the available head, and contours and borings 
were then studied to decide by what route a canal could connect those two points 
to the best hydraulic and economic advantage. The intake was located at Hog 
Island partly on account of thai point being jusl above the critical section at which 
the water begins to speed up for its pas-age over the Falls. Location further up 
the river would have meant a Larger canal and further downstream would have 
necessitated a loss of head. Another reason equally important for locating the 
intake at Chippawa was the use which could be made of the natural channel of the 



204 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 







- i 1. 1 , 



An electric locomotive and train of 20-yard dump cars. Queenston Development. 




Dredging River Section, Bucket Unloading, West Bank, June 6, 1918. 



LAKE ONTAaiO 




21 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 205 

Welland River — often called Chippawa Creek — which comprises about 4^4 miles of 
the route of the Canal, leaving only about 8 ] -_> miles to be excavated, although the 
Welland River will have to be somewhat deepened. The flow of the Welland 
River, which is a sluggish stream with a very flat gradient, will he reversed. 

This 8'o miles of excavated section compared with 1 !)!/<> miles for the old 
Jordan-Erie scheme, and the net head is 305 feet, compared with a possible 299 feet 
for the Jordan-Erie project. 

Ice troubles that would have been experienced with the latter project will be 
much more readily overcome with the new scheme. 

The gradients adopted for the Canal average about one foot per mile, or a total 
of about eight feet in the 8y 2 miles of excavated canal. The loss of head in the 
penstocks, due to friction, may amount to upwards of two and a half feet, and the 
loss in the Welland River from TTog Island to Montrose, where the excavated canal 
begins, will be about 6 inches, under maximum load, so that the total loss of head 
will be about 11 feet, making the net effective head about three hundred and five 
feet under normal conditions. Thus, of the 327 feet normal difference in level 
between the two lakes, only 22 feet head will be lost — 10 feet between Lake Erie 
and Hog Island and 11 feet between the intake and the tailrace, and two feet 
between the point of discharge of the tail water and Lake Ontario. 

The power house will be located in the bottom of the gorge, about three- 
quarters of a mile above the Lewiston Bridge, just below where the last rough water 
disappears. 

The cliffs are nearly vertical at this point, and as the gatehouse will be on the 
cliff immediately above the power house, the penstocks will be nearly vertical and 
only about 450 feet long, thus reducing cost and head loss to a minimum. 

With this scheme of development about 30 h.p. will be obtained from each 
second-foot of -water used, compared with about 14 h.p. per second-foot obtained by 
the existing plants at Xiagara Falls. With 36,000 the whole Treaty allotment of 
second-feet available over 1,000,000 h.p. could be similarly developed, as compared 
with less than half that amount at the heads under which the present plants at 
Xiagara Falls are operating. 

All of the excavated section of the canal will be in solid rock, with the excep- 
tion of 14/4 miles of earth section running north from the Welland River and half a 
mile of earth section across the whirlpool ravine. These sections will be trapezoidal 
in shape, lined with rip-rap. The section at the whirlpool will also be faced with 
concrete. 

The rock section is 48 feet wide at the bottom, with perpendicular sides, the 
average wetted section being 35 feet deep and lined with concrete. The velocity in 
the rock section will be about 6 feet per second when the plant is under maximum 
load. The earth overburden above the rock surface will be generally sloped iy 2 to 1. 
but a flatter slope is provided for where local conditions require it. 

The Commission has purchased a trad of land as a right-of-way which will he 
sufficient for all present and future needs. This right-of-way includes about 200 
acres near St. David's which will be used as a dump for the disposal of excavated 
earth and rock. 

There will be control works at the head of the excavated canal near Montrose, 
but from there the canal will be unobstructed until the forebay location is reached, 
which is at Smeaton's ravine. At a point 2,400 feet distant from the gatehouse, 
the canal widens into the forebay, the forebay gradually increasing in width to four 
hundred feet, which will be the approximate, overall length of the gate house. The 



206 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 





Shovel No. 1 excavating August 7, 1918. 




An electric train being loaded by Shovel No. 1. 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



207 



initial development provides for four steel penstocks each about 14 feet in diameter, 
-150 feet long, and one exciter penstock, about 5 feet 1 diameter. 

Provision has also been made for the installation of four main generating units 
each of 50,000 h.p. capacity. Both the gate house and the power house are so 
designed that they may be extended whenever conditions warrant and practically to 
any desired extent. 

The turbines will be of the single runner type, probably with cast steel scroll 
cases. The specifications call for 187^ r.p.m., which is the maximum safe speed 
giving satisfactory hydraulic characteristics. The specifications for the turbines 
have been prepared by the Commission and prices will be secured in the near 




Electric shovel lifting 8 cubic yards of earth 70 feet. 



future. Although these turbines will have the greatest capacity of any water 
turbines yet designed, they will not be so large in overall dimensions as some others 
that have been built to operate at lower heads. 

The power will be taken off the generators at 12,000 volts and will be stepped 
up, probably to 110,000 volts for long distance transmission. Elaborate arrange- 
ments will be made not only for leading cool air to the generators, but, what is 
more unusual, for taking the heated air out of the power house. Large ducts will 
lead cold air to below the rotors, and after the air has gone through the generators, 
it will be carried away in flues. There is also a scheme for removing the runners 
from the turbines without dismantling the turbines and generators, which will 
weigh about 1,000 tons, the moving parts, weighing about 500 tons. Each draft 
tube will be so arranged that the runner can be dropped into the draft tube, loaded 
into a car, pulled through a tunnel and lifted through a shaft by a crane, so that 



208 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



repairs can be effected without dismantling the unit, The power house will be 
served by two 150-ton electric cranes. 

The surveys for the work were begun in 1914 and continued for nearly two 
years. During the year 1917 the construction plant was brought onto the job and 
assembled, and during the first part of 1918 the camps were completed. 

The main equipment for the earth and rock excavation consists of the two 
largest electrically driven shovels ever built. They are of the revolving type, built 
by the Bucyrus Company, and are fitted with an 8-cubic-yard bucket for excava- 
tion in earth, and a 5-cubic-yard bucket for rock work. The boom on No. 1 shovel 
rs 90 feet long, and the dipper stick 58 feet. The boom on No. 2 shovel is 80 feet 
long and the dipper stick 54 feet. Either shovel can load dump-cars which stand 
on a track the level of which is 62 feet above the level of the tracks on which the 




Excavation east from Bowman's Ravine, September 6, 1918 — Queenston Development. 



shovel stands. The shovel rests on two tracks (four rails) 30 feet centre to centre 
and is mounted on 16 wheels. The nominal horse-power of each of the two shovels 
is 715 h.p., upon a half-hour intermittent rating. Each shovel weighs over 300 tons, 
contains 75 tons of ballast, and has a capacity of 3,000 to 5,000 cubic yards per 
10 hour day when handling earth. Another of these large shovels has been pur- 
chased and will be delivered in March, 1919. 

There are also five other electrically-driven shovels at work, having dipper 
capacities ranging from % cubic yards to 4% cubic yards. 

At the Welland Eiver section of the canal, a Lidgerwood cable excavator is at 
work, fitted with a 3-cubic-yard Andreson-Evans clam. The cableway has an 
80-foot head tower and 60-foot tail tower, and has a span of 800 feet. The exca- 
vated material is being disposed of along the north bank of the river. The width 
of the Welland Eiver at the water line averages about 300 feet. 

The Commission has purchased one hundred and fifty 20-yard Western air- 
<lump cars, each of 80,000 pounds capacity; also seven 40-ton steam locomotives 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



209 



and twelve 50-ton electric locomotives. The steam locomotives are switchers pur- 
chased from the Pennsylvania Railroad. The electric locomotives were built by the 
National Steel Car Company, Limited, of Hamilton, Ontario, six of them being 
constructed with General Electric equipment and six with Westinghouse equipment. 
Two pile-drivers are at work on the river section. There are three 40-ton and two 
15-ton Bay City locomotive cranes for general utility work. 

It is estimated that 9,000,000 cubic yards of earth and 4,000,000 cubic yards 
of rock must be removed from the excavated section; and from the river section, 
2,000,000 cubic yards of material, mostly earth. 

At the present time the material which is being excavated from the Whirlpool 
section is being used to fill the old Whirlpool gulley, but the main dump will be at 









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Electric locomotive used for hauling on disposal railway, Queenston Development. 



St. David's. A double-track railway line is being built for the full length of the 
canal from Montrose to the forebay, and a 2% mi l e sp an connects the main line with 
the St. David's dump. 

There will be various other branches of the railway constructed from time to 
time as needed. A railway will probably be built from the power house to connect 
with the Michigan Central at Queenston to bring in the machinery and to take out 
the material excavated from the power house substructure. 

The railroad lines are all electrified, the trolley wires being offset on one side 
of the track, and carried in clamps devised by the Commission's line construction 
department. These clamps and the hangers which suspend them from the poles are 
all made up of standard material, and are so arranged that the temporary use of 
the material does not injure it. Framed timber trestles are set alongside the dump 
and other temporary tracks to carry the trolley wire. These trestles are mounted 



210 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 



on wheels or skid- and can be moved readily by a locomotive crane when it is 
necessary to shifl the track. 

The Commission has its own telephone, water and electric light systems, and 
has private telephone communication from the Whirlpool to the head office in 
Toronto. 

Xo. 1 substation is located at the Whirlpool. The power comes into the 
station from the Ontario Power Company's plant at 12,000 volts and is stepped 
down to 4,000 volts by three C.G.E. transformers each of 1,500-k.v-a. capacity. The 
power is distributed up and down the canal at 4,000 volts. Westinghouse and 
Maloney transformers step some of the power down from 4,000 to 440 volts for use 
by the shovels. Three rotary converters, each of 500 k.w. supply direct current at 
600 volts for railway operation. 

At this substation there are now erected four Sullivan belt-driven air com- 
pressors, each of 1,000 cubic feet per minute capacity against 125 pounds pressure. 
They are belt-driven from 200 horse-power 550-volt motors, at 750 r.p.m. As the 
work progresses additional compressors will be installed in this station. All of the 
rock drills, channellers and forges, and much of the other equipment, will be driven 
by compressed air. The air is piped up and down the canal for three miles in each 
direction, the mains leading from the substation being 10 inches in diameter, re- 
ducing to 8 inches and G inches. During the coming summer another substation 
will be built near Montrose, which will be similarly equipped. 

In the Whirlpool yards is located a large repair shop containing drills, shapers, 
planers, lathes, forge-, steam-hammer- and wood-working machines. The Commis- 
sion has built about eighty buildings, including bunk houses, freight houses, offices, 
machine shop, storehouse--, substation, etc.. also a number of buildings are used 
which were on various parcels of purchased property. 

Most of the building- arc of frame construction, but are being "gunited" on 
the outside over tar paper and wire mesh, using 1 to 3 mix of cement and sand. 
Sharp concrete sand is being used and the " gunite " applied with cement-guns. 
The substation, machine shop and all of the more important buildings have already 
been fireproofed in this manner, and it is the intention to "gunite' 5 most of the other 
buildings. The bunkhonscs are comfortably arranged on the cottage plan. 

The crushing plant is located on the forebay. It is equipped with three sec- 
ondary crushers of the gyratory type and one 84" x 60" Taylor jaw crusher which 
will have a minimum capacity of 2,000 cubic yards of crushed -tone per day. 

At the present time the reck excavation at the forebay is on a very small 
scale, the stone being quarried merely to provide aggregate for concrete work and to 
supply ballast for the railways. The rock is loaded into skips which are picked up 
by a locomotive crane and which dump into a bin. A belt conveyor carried the 
stone from the bin to the crushers and from thence by another conveyor to the cars. 
This rock is now being mainly used for ballast and for temporary building 
foundations. 

There are four railway bridges to be constructed over the canal, one for the 
Niagara, St. Catharines and Toronto Railway (electric), one for the Wabash Rail- 
road, one for the Michigan Central Raihoad, and one for the Grand Trunk and 
Michigan Central Railroads. These will be reinforced concrete arch bridges. There 
will also have to be constructed a number of highways and foot bridges to carry the 
various roads across the canal. In the concrete work to date, both Canada and St. 
Mary's cement have been used- 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



211 




Assembling the world's largest shovel. It is electrically operated and used on the 
Chippawa-Queenston Development. 



212 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

Several hydraulic models are being prepared at Dufferin Islands, near the 
Ontario Power Company's intake in the Niagara River. These models are based 
on designs prepared by the Commission and are for the purpose of studying the 
design of the intake at Hog Island. The design of the intake works will be based 
upon the results of these studies. 

During the summer of 1917 the progress of the work was seriously impeded by 
Hie abnormal and unprecedented shortage of labor and had it not been for saving 
in the use of labor resulting from operation of the electric driven construction 
plant, the work could not have been carried on at all. No betterment in the labor 
market can be expected while the war is in progress. 

ONTARIO POWER COMPANY 
Extension to Generating Equipment 

Instructions were received from the Ontario Power Company in December, 
1917, to prepare plans and specifications for an extension to the generating 
equipment of the company in order to deliver 40,000 of the estimated 50,000 
additional horse-power which is to be available from the new No. 3 pipe line 
now under construction. The remaining amount will be obtained through increased 
output of the generating units already installed. 

The extension is to comprise an addition to the Company's generating station 
building in the Niagara Gorge and the installation therein of two 15,000-kv-a. 
generators together with the necessary excitation and switching equipment. 
Generator cables from the generating station to the Company's distributing station 
on the top of the cliff and the necessary bus structures, switching and control 
equipment in the distributing station are also to be provided. 

Buildings 

During the spring of 1918 plans and specifications were prepared for an 
extension, 90 feet long, to the north end of the generating station. The design 
of this extension is in general, similar in architectral features to the original 
building. The main floor will, however, be 10 feet lower in the extension due to the 
lower setting of the turbines in order to obtain an improvement in hydraulic 
conditions. 

The contract for the structural steel for the extension was awarded to the 
Standard Steel Construction Company. The erection of the steel and the con- 
struction of the building are now being carried out by the Construction Depart- 
ment of the Commission. 

No extension to the distributing station building is required but in the north- 
west corner the present switch room floor will be extended to carry the new oil 
circuit breakers. Additional switch and bus structures will be built — also a gallery 
floor for the installation of bus reactors. A section of this gallery will be available 
for a storeroom. 

Drawings were prepared covering this work in the distributing station and 
the structures will be completed at an early date, the work of construction being 
carried out by the staff of the Company. 

GENERATING STATION 
Generators 

Specifications were prepared and tenders obtained on two 15,000-kv-a., 75 
per cent, power factor, maximum rated, 3-phase, 25-cycle, 187.5-r.p.m. horizontal 
shaft, water wheel type generators and on January 12, 1918, a contract was 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 213 

awarded to the Canadian General Electric Company for two such generators, the 
first to be shipped by October 12th to November 12th, the second by December 
12, 1918, to January 12, 1919. These generators have practically the same overall 
dimensions as the 8,775-kv-a. generators formerly furnished by the same manu- 
facturer to the Ontario Power Company. 

Each generator will require 60,000 cubic feet per minute of air to be forced 
through the ventilating ducts in its armature to enable the machine to carry 
its rated load with the specified temperature rise. The problem of supplying 
this ventilation was thoroughly studied by the engineers of the Commission and 
the scheme adopted involves (a) the enclosure of the sides of the generator 
armature^ and rotor above the floor line and the top of the generator pit around 
the machine, with a sheet steel housing, (b) the installation of a pair of motor 
driven blowers for each generator to deliver the required volume of air into 
the generator pit at, or slightly above, atmospheric pressure, and (c) the use of 
fan blades on the generator rotor to force the air from the pit through the 
ventilating ducts in the machine. 

The cooling air from the outside atmosphere is brought into the power house 
through ducts formed in the solid concrete of the front wall of the building. 
These ducts, which have their outside opening high up in the front wall to be 
above any recorded high water level, extend downward and discharge the air 
into a common air chamber located under the railroad track runway of the 
extension. The air is drawn through the ducts into this chamber by the blower 
units and is discharged directly into the generator pits, the blowers being located 
between the air chamber and the pits. 

The heated air from the generators is discharged into the power house and a 
ventilating monitor 22 feet by 4i/ 2 feet in size is provided in the roof directly 
over each generator. 

Four blower units, each capable of delivering 60,000 cubic feet per minute 
of air are being supplied by the Canadian Blower and Forge Company. Each 
of these blowers will be driven by a direct-connected, 35 horse-power, 2,200-volt, 
3-phase, Canadian General Electric Company induction motor. One blower unit 
will be used on each generator for normal operation, the other blower acting as 
a standby. A duplicate system of power supply will be provided for the blower 
motors. 

A temperature indicating outfit is being provided to indicate the hottest 
part of each generator winding. 

The erection of the generators is to be carried out by the generator contractor 
and the installation of the remainder of the electrical equipment is to be made 
by the staff of the Company under the supervision of the Commission's engineers. 

Exciters 

A contract was placed with the Canadian General Electric Company for 
three 125-kw., 250-volt exciters direct-driven by 185-horse-power, 2,200-volt, 3- 
phase induction motors. 

A 200-horse-power starting auto-transformer and the necessary switching 
equipment and Tirrill regulators for two exciter units were also ordered from 
the same manufacturer. 

The third exciter set will be used as a spare unit in order to effect immediate 
replacement in case of a breakdown in one of the two units in operation. This 
safeguard is necessary since in the system of excitation in use the leads from 
each exciter armature run direct to a main generator field. 



214 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 



Generator Cables 

A small auxiliary pit is provided in the station substructure on either side 
of each main generator pit. 

The star point leads of each generator will be brought outside of the generator 
frame and carried in porcelain bushings through the side wall of the generator 
pit into one of the auxiliary pits where the star point of the machine will be 
made through current transformers. 

The main leads of each generator will be similarly carried into the other 
auxiliary pit and connected to a pothead bus. 

From the pothead pit three 3-conductor cables in parallel will be carried 
through tile duets in the station floor and up to a similar pothead bus under each 
generator switch recess in the back wall of the station. 

In the switch recess a Canadian General Electric Company, Type "F. ?J Form 
"H6," 1,200-ampere, 12,000-volt oil circuit breaker will be installed. 

From a second pothead bus at each switch recess, four 3-conductor cables 
in parallel will be carried in tile ducts in the back wall, along the power house 
and up through the existing cable tunnel to the distributing station on the top 
of the cliff. 

An extra heavy type of 3-conductor pothead, supplied by the Standard Under- 
ground Cable Company, of Hamilton, Ontario, will be used on all of the 12,000- 
volt cables. 

All of the three conductor cables referred to are 350,000-C.M., 12,000-volt, 
paper insulated lead and armor covered. 

These cables were ordered from the Eugene Phillips Electric Works, of 
Montreal, Quebec, after an extensive investigation by the engineers of the Com- 
mission including a series of tests made in the Commission's Laboratories upon 
samples of cable submitted by the leading cable manufacturers. This investigation 
of power cable covered a study of dielectric power loss, dielectric strength, insula- 
tion resistance, electrostatic capacity, action of the cable compound under various 
temperatures and the tensile strength of a lead sheath when alloyed with a small 
percentage of tin or antimony. 

These studies were deemed necessary on account of the past experience of 
the Ontario Power Company with paper insulated lead covered power cables 
installed on the steep grade existing in the cable tunnel between the generating 
and distributing stations. This tunnel has a length of about 600 feet and a 
vertical rise of about 250 feet in this length. 

DISTRIBUTING STATION 
Bus Structures and Electrical Equipment 

At the distributing station an extension is being made of the present 12,000- 
volt busses in new bus structures with provision for the installation of power 
limiting reactors between the new and the old sections. An extensive study of 
short circuit currents has been made with the object of making the new construc- 
tion as rugged as will be necessary. 

The extension of the busses will accommodate the two new generators and 
two new large capacity outgoing feeders to the Niagara Transformer Station of 
the Commission. 

The present extension of the bus structures and switch room floor will occupy 
all of the remaining available space in the north-west corner of the existing 
building. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISS ION 215 

Two sets of bus power limiting reactors will be installed in the gallery to 
be built over the switch room floor in the north-west corner of the station. 

A pair of 1,200-ampere, 12,000-volt, type F. form H6, Canadian General 
Electric Company oil circuit breakers will be installed for each generator as 
bus selectors. 

A large number of 1,200-ampere, 12,000-volt, disconnecting switches and bus 
bar and cable supports, to be manufactured by the General Devices and Fittings 
Company, of Chicago, Illinois, were ordered from A. H. Winter- Joyner, Limited, 
of Toronto, Ontario. 

The generator cables for each unit will be bussed together in a cable man- 
hole outside of the north wall of the distributing station and leads of 1,500,000- 
c.m., single conductor, varnished cambric and braid covered stranded cable sup- 
plied by the Northern Electric Company will be brought through to the circuit 
breakers inside the station. 

On the leads from the generator cables inside the bus room, current and 
potential transformers will be installed. 

One of three sets of current transformers at this point together with the 
set of current transformers inside of the star point leads in the pit in the generat- 
ing station floor will be used on a system of differential relay protection which is 
to include the generator, the generator oil switch and all the generator cables 
up to the distributing station. In addition overload protection with a high definite 
time setting of the relays and reverse power protection are to be provided. 

Control pedestals, Tirrill regulators and instrument posts for the two new 
units, similar to those already installed, are provided for the control room. The 
instrument posts and meters are being supplied by the Canadian Westinghouse 
Company and the control pedestals and Tirrill regulators by the Canadian General 
Electric Company. The temperature indicators, to indicate directly the tem- 
perature of the generator windings, will be installed on these instrument posts. 

Each of, the two feeder sections of the new bus extension are to be provided 
with a pair of 1,600-ampere, 12,000-volt, type C. round tank, reactance, Canadian 
Westinghouse Company oil circuit breakers. Cables are already being installed 
for the use of one of these feeder sections and the re-arrangement of existing 
cables will be made in the near future to enable the use of the other section. 
The same type of circuit breaker will be used on the new bus reactors. 

Factory Inspection 

Rigid factory inspection was carried on by the Commission's engineers through- 
out the manufacture and delivery of equipment for this extension in order to 
check up the; manufacturer upon the quality of the material used, class of work- 
manship and conformation to schedule for shipment. As a result the first genera- 
tor was delivered complete from the factory by October 31, 1918. 

Temporary Installation of First Generator 

By the latter part of the summer it was evident that if the first generator 
was delivered on schedule time, it would be possible to make use of it temporarily 
as a synchronous condenser in order to obtain a higher power factor on the 
generators now in operation, before the work of the extension was completed 
to such an extent as to enable the use of the unit as a generator. 

Plans were therefore gotten out for the installation of one unit in a temporary 
pit in the north end of the existing generating station and the temporary generator 
foundations and installation of the permanent generator cables, control equipment 
15 h. (i) 



216 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

and exciter equipment were rushed forward so that the unit could be installed 
as soon as delivered. 

The last piece of the first generator being delivered at the generating station 
on October 31st, the erection of the unit, for operation as a synchronous condenser 
will be rushed and it is expected that it will be in service in a few weeks. 

Progress of Work on the Extension 

The hydraulic, building and electrical work in connection with this extension 
is being pushed rapidly forward and it is hoped to have the completed equip- 
ment in service in the early months of 1919. 

QUEENSTON-CHIPPEWA DEVELOPMENT 

Railway Works 

The undercrossing of the N.S. & T. Railway involved the diversion of the exist- 
ing single track to one side of the bridge site and the construction of a double 
track reinforced concrete arch with 86-foot span, having a rise of 25 feet. This 
arch was designed for Coopers' E-60 loading, and contained approximately 3,500 
cubic yards of concrete and over 90 tons of steel. The depth from base of rail to 
foundations was 52 feet. Lackawana sheet piling was driven around the abut- 
ments, coffer dams were unwatered and material excavated to required depth during 
the winter of 1918. A great deal of trouble was occasioned with water due to 
saturation of surrounding subsoil. The concrete in the abutments and arch ring 
was poured during the summer of 1918, and arch completed and traffic restored to 
the original alignment in December. A temporary timber trestle was designed 
to carry the N.S. & T. main line over the construction railway tracks, which are in 
the canal prism paralleling the centre line of same. 

The Wabash Railway main line was diverted on a timber trestle over 40 
feet in height, extending across the previously excavated canal section. The 
excavation of the canal prism thus provided natural drainage for the foundations 
which are in the course of preparation for the 100-foot reinforced concrete arch to 
be built. This arch differs in design from that of the N.S. & T. Railway, having 
straight wing gravity walls instead of the reinforced cantilever type used in that- 
arch. There are approximately 3,000 yards of concrete and 65 tons of reinforcing 
steel involved in the construction. It is proposed to get all the form work in place 
during the winter of 1918, and proceed with the concrete work as soon as weather 
conditions permit. Upon completion the structure will provide for the carrying of 
two tracks spaced 13 feet centres, which will take care of the immediate require- 
ments of that railway for a great many years to come. The main line tracks of 
the Wabash are carried over the construction railway by means of a temporary 
trestle. 

A three-track trestle about 400 feet in length has been constructed for the 
diversion of the main line of the Grand Trunk and branch line of the Michigan 
Central. When the traffic diversion is effected on these two lines the portion of 
the arch lying to the north and south of the diverted tracks will be constructed. 
Upon completion of the outside portions of the arch it is intended to re-divert 
traffic to the present alignment. The structure at this point consists of a reinforced 
concrete arch having a span of 72 feet, and rise of 20 feet, and involves the placing 
of 10,000 cubic yards of concrete and 325 tons of steel. The structure thus built 
will provide for ten tracks. Owing to the high cost of the diversion of these lines, 
and the probable need of future extensions, it was decided to carry the arch through 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 217 

under the M.C.R. and G.T.R., making one continuous structure. In the restora- 
tion of the G-.T.R. and M.C.R. to the original alignment, a temporary timber trestle 
will carry tracks over the construction railway undercrossing. The trestles for the 
diversion and re-location of railway involves the use of over 300,000 feet of timber. 

Upon the completion of the three arches above described the construction railway 
and excavating equipment will be free to move, and the innumerable delays already 
occasioned will be entirely removed. This will facilitate matters very generally in 
the pursuit of the work, as the construction railway disposal tracks form a junction 
with the main line construction railway between the Wabash Railway and M.C.R. 
and G. T. R. It is thus important that these structures be completed at the earliest 
possible moment, so as to interfere as little as possible with the output of the 
excavating equipment. 

A number of studies have been made and designs prepared in connection with 
the other railway and highway bridges w T hich are necessary on the work. Pre- 
liminary work has been done in the location of a construction railway connecting 
the M.C.R. through Queenston with Power House site. 

Construction Railway 

During the year the eleven mile double track of construction railway at Niagara 
has been electrified along with the yards and sidings. A special form of overhead 
trolley support was designed so as to locate the trolley wire seven feet to one 
side of the centre line of track, thus leaving a clear overhead above the running 
rails to enable the locomotive cranes and other similar equipment to operate up 
and down the tracks without fouling the trolley wire. The Construction Depart- 
ment particularly requested this form of support and reports that it is working 
very satisfactorily. 

The six 500-kw. rotary converters and six Westinghouse locomotive equip- 
ments that were ordered in September, 1917, have been delivered and placed in 
service. 

Construction Railway Overhead 

The special features in the overhead work of the construction railway re- 
ferred to on page 114 of the Tenth Annual Report have been successfully introduced, 
and the railway has been effectually performing its functions in accordance with 
proposed schedules. 

Generating Station 

The work on the electrical design has been somewhat delayed due to the 
necessity of concentrating all energies on the extension of the Ontario Power 
Company's generating station. Engineers of the Commission visited the factories 
of the Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company, at Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania, and of the General Electric Company, at Schenectady, New York, and at 
Pittsfield, Massachusetts, to see the progress in development that had been made 
: by these companies in generators, transformers and switching equipment. Studies 
have been made to determine the best system of connections and the proper high 
tension voltage to adopt. After thoroughly considering the requirements, specifica- 
tions were issued in October calling for 45,000-kv-a., 80 per cent, power factor, 
12,000-volt, three-phase 25-cycle, 187.5-r.p.m. vertical shaft waterwheel type 
generators, complete with thrust bearing, two guide bearings, half couplings, 
exciter, voltage regulator and accessories. The thrust bearing will have to carry 
the entire weight of generator and turbine rotating parts. As these generators 



218 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF T HE No. 49 

will be the largest waterwheel units in the world, the specifications were very 
carefully prepared, particular consideration being given to ventilation, temperature 
rise, short circuit characteristics and tests. The specifications require the genera- 
tors to be maximum rated at 45,000-kv-a., with a total maximum temperature 
of 100 °C. with an ambient temperature of 40°C, and with provision for an 
alternative tender on generators with 110°C. total temperature. 

Some architectural studies were made of the generating station building, 

Whirlpool Distributing Station 

The building which was referred to in last Annual Eeport was completed 
in December, 1917. 

The installation of the electrical equipment by the Commission's Construction 
Department was started in December, 1917. The first 1,500-kv-a. three-phase trans- 
former was put in service on February 3, 1918, and the station was completed 
and all in service by June 9th. 

Owing to the increasing load for the railway equipment in the Whirlpool 
Section of the Queenston Development it has been decided to build an 
extension to Whirlpool Station to accommodate two additional 500-kw., 600-volt 
rotary converters together with necessary transformer and switching equipment. 
Plans are now being prepared for the installation of this equipment. 

The railway equipment originally ordered for Montrose Distributing Station 
is to be used in this extension. 

The construction work on the extension is to be started in November, 1918, 
and the installation of the electrical equipment the first part of January, 1919. 

Montrose Distributing Station 

Inspection and tests of the rotary converters and transformers referred to 
in last Report were made at the manufacturer's factory and all the material for 
this station was delivered but the construction of the building was postponed.. 
Due to the necessity of immediately increasing the capacity of the direct current 
railway equipment in the Whirlpool Distributing Station and as there was no 
immediate demand for power at the Montrose section of the Queenston Development 
it was decided to install in Whirlpool Station, the two 500-kw., 600-volt rotary con- 
verters originally purchased for Montrose station. 

To replace this equipment for this station negotiations are under way for 
the purchase of three 500-kw. rotary converters and the necessary switching 
equipment. 

The building of this station and the installation of the electrical equipment 
is to be started in the spring of 1919. 

STATION CONSTRUCTION 

NIAGARA SYSTEM 
General 

NIAGARA FALLS TRANSFORMER STATION 
Additional Transformer Equipment 

No. 5 bank of transformers which originally consisted of 3,500 kv-a. units 
were replaced by 7,500 kv-a. units and put into service on December 10th. 191 ;. 

The transformers which were known as No. 4 bank consisting of three 3,500 
kv-a. 110,000-volt units were replaced by 7,500 kv-a. units which were placed in 
service on June 7th, 1918. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 219 



The 110,000-volt transformers which were removed from No. 4 bank were 
reconnected and installed for 46,000-volt operation. This bank of transformers 
now known as No. 4 bank at 46,000 volts, were placed in service on October 30th, 
1918. Plans are now being prepared so that this bank of transformers may be 
used for 110,000-volt as well as 46,000-volt operation. 

The 3,500 kv-a. units which were originally installed in No. 1 bank of 
110,000-volt transformers have been replaced by 7,500 kv-a. units. It is ex- 
pected that these will be put into service during the latter part of December, 1918. 

Switching Equipment 12,000-volts 

The 12,000-volt bus and bus structures for No. 4 bank of 110,000-volt trans- 
formers have been altered so as to allow for the installation of the new switching 
equipment for these transformers, and also for the re-arrangements of No. 4 
and spare Ontario Power Company's feeders which supply this bank. 

The 12,000-volt bus and bus structures for No. 5 bank of 110,000-volt trans- 
formers have been re-arranged so that No. 5, No. 6 and No. 7 " O.P." feeders 
are connected to one auxiliary bus which supplies these transformers. This 
arrangement was completed and put into service on June 30th. 

The bus structure between No. 4 and No. 5 " O.P." feeders was rebuilt 
and a 2,000-ampere, 12,000-volt main bus tie-breaker has been installed and 
was put into service on July 7th. This breaker is used in connection with Set 
" B " reactors which have been temporarily installed. 

The 12,000-volt auxiliary bus structure for No. 1 "O.P." feeder and No. 1 
bank of 110,000-volt transformers built in the original installation of this station 
has been completely removed and a new bus structure built for the new switching 
equipment. It is expected that this will be completed the latter part of De- 
cember, 1918. 

The plans for the rebuilding of the auxiliary bus structures and necessary 
changes in the main bus structure for No. 2 and No. 3 " O.P." feeders and 
110,000-volt transformer banks are completed and the work of rebuilding these 
is to be started during January, 1919. All new switching equipment of the 
latest improved design is to be used in connection with this installation. 

The installation of the switching equipment for No. 1 feeder from the 
Canadian-Niagara Power Company was completed and put into service on 
January 20th, 1918. 

On January 25th No. 1 bank of 46,000-volt transformers were put into 
service in their permanent location on the " C.N.P." bus. 

Switching Equipment 110,000-volts 

Owing to the increased load on the 110,000-volt lines to Dundas it was found 
necessary to replace the present line oil switches with switches of greater capacity. 
A contract was placed with the Canadian Westinghouse Company for two 400- 
ampere round tank resistance breakers for lines No. 3 and No. 4. Two plain 
round tank oil breakers ordered on a stock order were allotted to this station for 
lines No. 1 and No. 2 on which lines they will be installed in series with the present 
resistance breakers. 

The plans for the installation of these breakers have been completed and 
they are to be installed during the early part of 1919. 

In order to improve the operation of the circuit breakers in this station a 
new storage battery is being installed. 



220 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

Proteclion of Service 

As mentioned in last year's Report orders were placed for reactors and the 
necessary switching equipment in order to limit the effect of short circuits. One 
set of Metropolitan reactors known as set " A " have been installed between the 
" O.P." bus and the " C.N.P." bus and were put into service January 31st. 

The set of reactors purchased from the Canadian General Electric Company 
and known as set " B " have been installed temporarily in the middle of the 
" O.P." bus and were placed in service on July 7, 1918. 

Plans are being prepared for the installation of a set of reactors at the 
opposite end of the " C.N.P." bus to which set " A " reactors are situated and 
will be connected between this end of the " C.N.P." bus and the middle of the 
" O.P." bus. 

Further studies are being made to reduce the possibilities of damage due 
to short circuits and to increase the flexibility of the station. 

New neutral resistances were designed and built during the summer for both 
the 110,000-volt and 46,000-volt outgoing lines. Each of these consisted of 
four wooden tanks 6 feet in diameter and 9 feet deep, connected in series. These 
are expected to go into service the first week of November, 1918. 

A temporary wooden building is being erected to house the neutral resistance 
tanks for protection against the cold weather. As this type of neutral resistance 
is more or less of a new departure their operation is to be carefully watched 
for the next year. 

12,000-volt Feeders 

The remaining two feeders from the Canadian Niagara Power Company 
known as " C.N.I " and " C.N.4 " feeders were put into service in their per- 
manent location on January 26, 1918 and November 25, 1917, respectively. 

The installation of No. 12 feeder from the Ontario Power Company was 
completed and put into service on March 30, 1918. 

No. 4 feeder and the spare feeder from the Ontario Power Company were 
each reinforced with one additional cable which was formerly used on No. 1 
" O.P." feeder. These feeders were put into service on May 31st and 28th, 
respectively. 

One additional cable has been installed on No. 2 feeder and one on No. 3 
feeder from the Ontario Power Company. This work has been completed and the 
former feeder was put into service on July 27th and the latter on August 1, 1918. 

Plans have been completed and the work of installation is well under way for 
the new No. 1 feeder from the Ontario Power Company. This will consist of four 
350,000 CM. three conductor cables ordered on a stock order from the Standard 
Underground Cable Company. It is expected that this feeder will be put into 
service the latter part of December, 1918. 

Plans are being prepared in connection with the re-arrangement of the 
incoming Ontario Power Company feeders in the 1913 building so as to obtain 
improved operating conditions. 

Switchboard 

In order to take care of the additional switching and protective equipment that 
has been installed a re-arrangement of the switchboard was found necessary. A 
new layout of the switchboard has been made and the changes are being pro- 
ceeded with. 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



221 




400-ampere, 



110,000-volt Westinghouse oil circuit breaker, 
Transformer Station. 



recently installed in Dundas 




4,000-k.v.a., 12,000-volt, 25-cycle synchronous condensers, Toronto Transformei Station. 



222 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

In order to have more complete records of the total loads on the 46,000 and 
110,000-lines, the " C.N.P." and the " O.P." feeders, a complete new totalizing 
metering equipment is being installed. 

Water and Oil Systems 

The 8,000-gallon oil tank mentioned in last year's Report has been installed 
and is ready for service. 

In order to have a better system for cooling the transformers a new water 
supply is being installed by pumping water from the Ontario Power Company's 
pipe line to this station and having a return from this station to the Ontario 
Power Company's return main at their stand pipe. 

General 

In order to take care of the sewage, plans have been completed for a sceptic 
tank and the work of installing same will be completed during the early part 
of December. The layout of the drainage system around the station has been 
improved and the work in connection with this is well under way. A new road 
is being built at the east side of the station adjacent to the 1916 extension. 

To facilitate handling of the reactors, an opening was made in the trans- 
former runway under the crane. 

In order to enable the 12,000-volt oil circuit breakers to be readily removed 
from the switch structures, plans have been prepared for an arrangement so that 
the breakers in the original station can be removed by means of a 3-ton chain block 
suspended from the building steel. 

Plans have been prepared for the installation of a ventilating system in order 
to cool the section of the station where set i( A " reactors are installed. The 
installation of this is to be done the first of the year. 

Dundas Transformer Station 

New Line Oil Switches 

The installation of the four Canadian Westinghouse round tank reactance type 
" GA " 110,000-volt, 400-ampere, oil switches on the four lines entering this 
.station from Niagara Falls, as mentioned in last Report, was completed, the last 
one being placed in service on September 19th. The switches were installed in 
position by the Canadian Westinghouse Company but all electrical connections 
thereto were made by the Commission. 

As these switches require a heavy closing current, it was necessary to install 
new operating; leads connecting directly from the main direct current operating 
busses at the switch board to the oil switch operating coils. A small panel was 
installed near each switch, on which reverse power relays, magnet switch and a 
four point relay switch were mounted, the last named being connected to prevent 
the switch being held closed on overload. 

Thermometers were placed on each of these type " GA " oil switch tanks and 
connected to ring an alarm bell should the temperature reach 50 degrees Centigrade, 
to warn the operator so the switch could be cut out of service. 'Special blower 
motors were also installed on each switch tank connected so that they will operate 
automatically when the switch opens, expelling the gases from the tank. These 
blower motors may also be operated with the switches closed, if so desired, by the 
operator closing an auxiliary switch on the main switchboard, or one, on the control 
panel at the oil switch. Specially designed quick break contacts were also supplied 
on these switches. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 223 

The four Canadian Westing-house old type " GA " oil switches, replaced try 
those mentioned above, are stored at Dundas and are to be strengthened and 
improved and again put in service at some other station. 

Due to the heavy service demanded for switch operation it was decided to 
operate the battery and D.C. generator in parallel " floating " on the busses and 
a new 10-kw. Canadian Westinghouse motor generator set was purchased to replace 
the old 5-kw. Canadian Westinghouse motor generator set which was removed 
and is to be used at Stratford. 

It was decided to install electric heaters throughout this station and twenty- 
four 10-kw. electric heaters were ordered and plans prepared showing their location 
in the station. Three kv-a., 13,200/2,200/550- volt single phase Packard 
Electric Company transformers were transferred from Mitchell Station to this 
station to be used as service transformers to supply power for the heaters and the 
new motor generator set. These transformers and the motor generator set were 
installed in a temporary galvanized iron building 15 feet by 15 feet by 11 feet high 
located outside against the north wall opposite the control room, with a door between 
it and the control room. These transformers are connected through disconnecting 
switches to the present 13,200-volt service oil switch leads, in parallel with the 
old service transformers. The 550-volt leads from these transformers are connected 
through an automatic oil switch on a new 550-volt service panel installed beside 
the battery panel in the control room, to four three pole knife switches on this 
panel controlling the 550-volt feeder circuits. One of these switches connects to 
the motor generator set, two connect to the electric heater circuits and one is a 
spare. The installation work is being done by the Commission's Construction 
Department. It is now nearly completed and it is expected that it will be placed 
in service in December, 19 18. 

There is now under consideration a plan to increase the capacity of all the 
remaining 110,000-volt line oil switches and the No. 1 transformer oil switch by 
either remodelling the present switches or by obtaining new switches. 

Preliminary sketches and estimates have been made for brick walls which 
it is proposed to build around the high tension oil breakers. 

Increased Transformer Capacity 

The transfer of seven 2,500-kv-a, 110,000-volt transformers from Toronto 
Transformer Station to this station and installation of these in this station, as 
mentioned in last Report, has been completed excepting- the oil and air piping 
to the transformers and this is now being installed. The first transformer bank 
was cut into service on December 17th, 1917, and the second bank on March 10th, 
1918. The 13,200-volt leads from these transformers to the 13,200-volt station 
busses, also the busses, the disconnecting switches and current transformers were 
increased in size to carry the larger load. 

The existing six 1,250-kv-a. transformers were removed from the station 
;U!(1 made ready for shipment by the Operating Department. 

It was also decided to install the Canadian General Electric type "K-15" 
110,000-volt oil switch, mentioned in last Report, on the No. 2 transformer bank 
feeder, replacing tho present Canadian Westinghouse type " GA " oil switch. 
Plans showing this change have been prepared but the installation work has not 
been done. 

A type " M.D.G. 107 " transformer oil drying outfit with a capacity of 20 to 
30 gallons of filtered oil per minute, was purchased from the E. J. Hunt Company, 
New Jersey and has been delivered. 
16 h. (i) 



224 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

Transformer Cooling Water Supply 

The well mentioned in last year's report, page 121, was completed in May, 
1918. The bottom is 17 feet below grade. A 4-inch reinforced concrete floor was 
built in the well, 6 feet below the top, to support two motor-operated centrifugal 
pumps. The well is capped with a removable wooden roof covered with galvanized 
iron. A " scuttle " 2 feet 6 inches square gives access to the pump chamber. Two 
4-inch supply pipes, one 6-inch waste pipe, also two 2-inch and one 1%-inch 
conduit for motor control and lighting circuits were carried into the station and 
under the basement floor to a point below the piping subway where rivers were 
installed connecting the supply and waste pipes to the present water system. Cool- 
ing water after passing through the transformers can be returned to the well or 
discharged to the station drain. The supply of water obtained from the well did 
not come up to expectations, and connections were provided* so that an auxiliary 
intake could be installed to the canal if necessary. Plans are now under way to 
complete such an installation. One pump was installed in the well and .has been 
supplying cooling water for the transformers since Jnly 31, 1918. 



Toronto Transformer Station 

Changes to Banks No. 3 and 4 

The changes in the switching equipment for transformer banks Nos. 3 and 4 
referred to in last Report were made by the Canadian General Electric Company 
and on June 13th bank No. 4, consisting of three 5,000-kv-a. transformers was 
placed in service. It is expected that the 5,000-kv-a. transformers will be installed 
in bank No. 3 in place of the 2,500 kv-a. units and will be ready for service 
during the next few weeks. The three 2,500-kv-a. transformers from bank No. 4 
were removed from the station and are stored outside on timbers immediately to 
the north of the station and will be used elsewhere when occasion arises. The 
three 2,500-kv-a. transformers from bank No. 3 will be stored "alongside of these 
when they are replaced by the 5,000-kv-a. units. 

In order to accommodate the 5,000-kv-a. transformers, certain changes ;n 
the connections of the oil and water piping were necessary and same were carried 
out by Messrs. Sheppard and Abbott, of Toronto. 



Changes in Banks No. 1 and 2 

The Canadian General Electric Company completed the changes in the 13,200- 
volt switching equipment, referred to in last Eeport, and the 5,000-kv-a. trans- 
formers were installed in place of the 2,500-kv-a. transformers. No. 1 bank was 
placed in service on November 12, 1917, and No. 2 bank on January 26, 1918. 
The six 2,500-kv-a. units together with the spare were removed to Dundas Trans- 
former Station, the first one being shipped on November 7, 1917, and the seventh 
on April 12, 1918. 

New 110,000-volt Canadian General Electric Company's type "K-15" oil circuit 
breakers were installed by the Construction Department for No. 1 and No. 2 
transformer banks. The breaker for No. 1 bank was placed in service on Septem- 
ber 5th and the breaker for No. 2 bank on September 16th. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 225 



1917 Extension for High Tension Line Switch 

The 110,000-volt equipment, which was referred to in last Report for the 
incoming line at the south end of the station, was installed by the Construction 
Department. This was placed in service on April 25th. 

The disconnecting switches in the 110,000-volt bus between transformer 
banks No. 4 and No. 5, referred to in last Report, were installed and placed in service 
on February 24th, and the disconnecting switches between No. 2 and No. 3 banks 
were installed and placed in service on May 12th. 

Increased Carrying Capacity of Incoming Lines 

The current carrying parts of the two Westinghouse 110,000 type " GA " oil 
circuit breakers and of the twelve General Electric disconnecting switches on the 
incoming lines were changed from 200-ampere capacity to 400-ampere capacity 
by the Construction Department. These changes were completed and ready for 
service on one line on September 29th, and on the other line on October 18th. 

The 200-ampere current carrying parts of the General Electric 110,000-volt 
bus tie disconnecting switches between No. 1 and No. 2 transformer banks were 
replaced by 400-ampere current carrying parts on October 13th. 

Cooling i Water Supply 

Due to the work being carried on by the Toronto Harbor Commission, it 
was necessary to cease using the old pumping system in December, 1917, and to 
obtain the cooling water for the transformers from the City waterworks system. 
The erection of a new pumphouse is being considered and sketches of this pump- 
house have been made up to be submitted to the Toronto Harbor Commission for 
approval. 

Toronto Synchronous Condenser Station 

A steel frame building covered with galvanized corrugated iron sheets, 91 
feet, 6 inches long and 34 feet wide, outside dimensions, and with a height 
of 20 feet, 6 inches from the floor to the bottom of the roof trusses, was con- 
structed immediately to the west of the transformer station. Sixty feet of this 
building is used for accommodating the synchronous condensers with their auxiliary 
equipment. Thirty feet was partitioned off into two rooms, each 30 by 16 feet 
approximately, which is used fof the purpose of storing equipment by the Con- 
struction Department of either the Commission or a manufacturer while they 
are installing equipment at Toronto stations. The superstructure of this building 
was supplied by McGregor & Mclntyre Company, Limited, of Toronto. 

The building is so constructed that same can be dismantled and removed 
elsewhere quite easily and with minimum destruction of material. A travelling 
crane of 20 tons capacity with a 5-ton auxiliary hoist, running the full length of 
building, was supplied by The Herbert Morris Crane & Hoist Company. The 
excavation work for the concrete foundations was commenced in November, 1917. 

Two 4,000-kv-a. 13,200-volt, 3-phase, 25-cycle, ten-pole, 300-r.p.m. revolving 
field type Stanley Electric Company's generators were purchased from H. IT. 
Roeding & Company, of San Francisco, California, for use as synchronous con- 
densers. One 100-horse-power type "-M/W.", 4-pole, 720-r.p.m., 220-volt, 25- 
cycle, 3-phase, wound rotor, variable speed Canadian Westinghouse Company 
induction motor with drum controller and resistance was purchased on December 
15th from The Larkin Company, of Buffalo, to be used for starting the abovei 
condensers. 



226 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

Two 55-kw., Form "H," 118-125-volt, 925-r.p.m., D.C. generators were pur- 
chased from the Almonte Electric Light Commission, Almonte, Ontario, to be 
used as exciters for the above synchronous condensers. One 1,000-pound, high 
pressure oil pump was purchased from Wm. E. Perrin and Company, of Toronto, 
to relieve the bearing pressure on the synchronous condensers when starting. 
The necessary shafting, couplings, clutches, pulleys, belts, etc., for starting the 
synchronous condensers were purchased from the Dodge Manufacturing Company 
on December 29th for delivery in January. The necessary lead covered cable was 
purchased from Eugene F. Phillips Electric Works, of Montreal. Most of the 
necessary instruments, instrument transformers, etc., were purchased from the 
Canadian General Electric Company for installation on existing panels in the 
Transformer Station. Each condenser was connected to the 13,200-volt busses in 
Toronto Station through Canadian Geneiral Electric "H-3" oil switches, disconnect- 
ing switches, etc., installed by the Toronto Hydro-Electric System. The relay 
protection on these condensers consist of Condit Type " A " inverse definite time 
overload relays together with General Electric Type " P n differential relays. 

All the above equipment together with the lubricating system, lighting, etc., 
except that mentioned was installed by the Commission. No. 1 condenser was 
placed in service on June 16th. The insulation of armature coils for No. 2 
condenser having been found to be in poor condition, these coils were re-insulated 
by the Canadian General Electric Company in Peterboro. While the armature 
was being being re-wound, 4 embedded temperature detectors were installed with 
the armature coils. It is proposed to purchase 4 more temperature detectors 
for No. 1 condenser and also the necessary temperature indicator and switches 
for both condensers. It is expected that No. 2 condenser will be placed in 
service during November. 

London Transformer Station 

Nine sets of Condit type " A " relays will be supplied for this station, being 
taken from a stock order placed in December, 1917, with the Northern Electric 
Company. These relays will be installed on the seven 13,200-volt feeders and two 
transformer low tension circuits replacing the existing General Electric Type 
" P " relays. 

Guelph Transformer Station 

It was decided to replace the " K-12 " oil breaker in the transformer low 
tension circuit with a new breaker of considerably higher arc rupturing capacity. 
This new breaker which is type " GA-3 " is being supplied from a, stock order 
placed previously with the Canadian Westinghouse Company and it is expected 
that same will be installed early in 1919. It was 'also decided to replace the type 
" P " General Electric relays for this transformer circuit with Condit relays 
purchased on <a stock order from the Northern Electric Company and at the same 
time to supply Condit relays to replace the type "P" relays on the five 13,200 
volt feeders. These Condit relays will be arranged to operate in selective pro- 
gression so that improved conditions will be obtained as a result of these changes. 

A 12-volt storage battery has been ordered from the Canadian Hart Accumu- 
lator Company and will be installed to trip the 13,200-volt feeder and transformer 
circuit breakers. 

The three 750-kv-a. Canadian Westinghouse Company's transformers to- 
gether with the spare transformer were replaced on January 17th with four 
1,250-kv-a, General Electric Company's transformers from Dundas Transformer 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 227 

Station. The four 750-kv-a. transformers are stored outside the station, pending 
their transfer to other stations. The changes in switch ng equipment will be 
carried out by the Operating Department's maintenance force, who also did the 
work of changing the transformers. 



Preston Transformer Station 

Work was continued on the electrical installation described in last Report. 
The second bank of transformers was moved from the temporary position in 
the track runway, into the transformer pockets and connected to the 110,000-volt 
busses through disconnecting switches, choke coils and an oil switch transferred 
from Stratford. This bank was placed in service on June 4, 1918. The low 
tension side of this transformer bank was left at 6,600-volts and connected through 
a; new Canadian Westinghouse type " C " oil switch to the old 6,600-volt bus in 
parallel with bank No. 1 temporarily. 

In August it was decided to leave the Preston sub-station, the Hespeler sub- 
station, and the Gait, Preston and Hespeler Railway sub-station at 6,600 volts 
for the present. Gait sub-station will, however, be fed at 13,200 volts and Breslau 
at 4,000 volts. To accomplish this the layout plans were changed and instruc- 
tions were issued to have all the 6,600-volt feeders mentioned above fed from 
transformer bank No. 1, through the old 6,600-volt busses and switching equip- 
ment in the old section of the station and controlled from the present switchboard 
in the old control room. 

The two 13,200-volt Gait feeders, and the Breslau feeder will be fed from 
transformer bank No. 2 through new 13,200-volt busses, oil switches and equip- 
ment installed in the new section of the station and electrically controlled from 
the switchboard in the new control room. The new service transformers are also 
to operate off transformer bank No. 2 with an emergency 110-volt lighting con- 
nection from the present service transformers. 

A 6,600-volt emergency connection was made from the half voltage taps on 
transformer bank No. 2 through one of the old Gait feeder switches to the old 
6,600-volt busses, to be used in case of failure No. 1 transformer bank. 

Due to changes mentioned above this installation was not completed as 
expected, but it is now almost completed and it is now expected to connect Gait 
feeders in at 13,200 volts early in 1919. 

When these changes are completed the remaining work will be held up until 
all the stations fed from this station are changed from 6,600 volts to 13,200 
volts and then the installation will be completed as originally designed. 



Transformer Cooling Water Supply 

Last year's report, page 124, mentioned- the drilling of an 8-inch well to a 
depth of about 130 feet. A second 8-inch flowing well was secured by drilling in 
the old sub-grade pump house to a depth of about 138 feet. The measured flow 
from this well was about 220 gallons per minute. This well has been plugged. 
As soon as a suitable pump can be released from other work the two wells will be 
permanently piped into the basement to supply the two present pumps and the 
third one to the new pump mentioned above. Header piping will be arranged so 
that all the pumps can take their supply from either well and so that both wells 
can ho pumped at the same time. 



228 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

Kitchener Transformer Station 

Arrangements have been made to install the three 5-kv-a., 13,200-volt 
primary, 230/115-volt secondary station service transformers, removed from 
Stratford Transformer Station, in parallel on the primary side with the existing 
service transformers, in order to supply 220-volt, 3-phase power for the deep well 
pump referred to in last Eeport. 

Transformer Cooling Water Supply 

The sub-grade pump house and equipment mentioned in last year's report, 
page 124:, is in place. It is expected that the new equipment will be in operation 
shortly. The emergency connection to the city mains has been held over until a 
more favorable price can be secured on the necessary W.I. main. 

Stratford Transformer Station 

The two three-phase, 75-kv-a. station service transformers referred to in 
last Eeport were tested and shipped from the factory of the Canadian General 
Electric Company in February and were installed temporarily in this station to 
provide lighting, and power for pumps, etc., after the low tension voltage of the 
station was changed from 13,200 volts to 26,400 volts. This change in the volt- 
age was made on April 14th. 

Practically all the necessary equipment has been purchased for changing the 
existing 110,000-volt and 26,400-volt switches from hand to electrical operation, 
and to install one additional 26,400-volt feeder. Arrangements have been made to 
transfer one type " E-7 " storage battery from Niagara Station and one 5-kw., 
125-volt motor generator set from Dundas Station for charging the battery. The 
drawings are practically all completed for the installation of the above equipment 
and for changes required to move the switchboard to the service room and for 
the permanent installation of the 75 kv-a. service transformers. It is expected 
that the construction work will be proceeded with early in 1919. 

The 110,000-volt switching equipment, referred to in last Eeport, for the 
original 750 kv-a. transformers was removed to Preston Transformer Station 
during the month of January. 

Transformer Cooling Water Supply 

A well about 30 feet from the north wall of the station was drilled to a depth 
of 140 feet. This well tested about 80 gallons per minute with the water standing 
about 20 feet below the surface. A motor operated deep well pump will be placed 
in a sub-grade pump house directly over the well and piping connections made to 
the existing piping in the basement of the station. 

Woodstock Transformer Station 

Owing to the increased load on the Xorwich and Tillsonburg feeders which 
were being fed through one oil breaker and also because the power was measured 
on one set of meters in the Woodstock Transformer Station, the installation 
of a separate oil breaker and separate metering equipment for the Tillsonburg 
feeder was decided upon in June and plans showing the changes were prepared. 
Due to the long and uncertain delivery of new apparatus, the equipment required 
for this change, except the current transformers, is being obtained from spare 
equipment in the Preston and Guelph Transformer Station and also from the 
Etobicoke temporary Distributing Station which is being dismantled. The current 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 229 

transformers are being ordered from the Canadian Westinghouse Company. The 
installation will be made by the Commission's Construction Department and will 
be completed early in 1919. 

As this station is located close to a large public park, it was decided to erect 
fences around the 110,000-volt lightning arrester horn gap structure. A strong 
6-foot chain link fence has been ordered from the Page Wire and Fence Company 
for this purpose and will be erected by the Commission's Construction Depart- 
ment when installing the equipment mentioned above. 

St. Thomas Transformer Station 

The installation of the two 13,200-volt feeders mentioned in last year's Eeport 
was completed, one being placed in service on April 14th and the other on 
September 29th, 1918. 

Transformer Cooling Water Supply 

The drilling of an 8-inch well about 40 feet west of the station and about 
10 feet north of the cooling pond is under contract and will be undertaken at an 
early date. 

Cooksville Transformer Station 

The increase of the load on the high tension lines running through this 
station to Toronto during the summer of this year has made it necessary to increase 
the carrying capacity of the disconnecting switches and oil circuit breakers from 
200 to 400 amperes. The necessary parts for this change were ordered from the 
Canadian Westinghouse Company in October, 1918, and will be delivered and 
ready for installation in February, 1919. A stronger Ohio Brass Company pillar 
insulator is also being supplied for the disconnecting switches. 

Frequency Changer Set 

The 1,000 kv-a. frequency changer set and equipment described in last 
Annual Eeport, was installed at the Cooksville Transformer Station in a corrugated 
sheet steel annex. This equipment went into service in December, 1917. 

Power is being taken from one 13,200-volt, 60-cycle line from the former 
Erindale Power Company's station which was purchased by the Commission, and 
this power was to be fed direct at 13,200 volts, 25-cycles, into the Niagara System on 
the Cooksville Station 13,200-volt bus. It was later decided to reconnect the 25-cycle 
end of this set for 2,300 volts and to feed power into the Cooksville 13,200-volt 
bus through a bank of transformers. Three 300-kv-a. oil insulated, self-cooled 
Johnston and Phillips transformers, single phase, 25-cycle, 13,200, 12,800 and 
12,230 volts primary and 2,300-volt secondary were moved from London Municipal 
Station and installed at Cooksville for stepping up from generator voltage at 2,300 
volts to the Cooksville bus voltage. This bank was installed in a corrugated iron 
building erected beside the frequency changer set annex. Water cooling of this 
bank was obtained by spraying water on the sides of the tanks. 

Brant Transformer Station 

The changes in the above station, as outlined in the last Report, are almost 
completed. The equipment with the exception of the differential relay protection 
on the 1,250-kv-a. 63,500/26.400-volt transformers, will be placed in service in 



230 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

November, 1918. The installation of the latter has been delayed awaiting the 
supply of air insulated 66, 000-volt current transformers being" designed and 
manufactured by the Commission. 

Some preliminary sketches and estimates were made for an extension to this 
station for a second transformer bank with necessary switching equipment, which 
it is proposed to install to take care of additional loads expected in the near future. 

Transformer Cooling Water Supply 

The dug well in the basement is 55 feet deep and has not during the past 
year been supplying sufficient water. A 6-inch casing was driven to a depth of 
18 feet below the bottom of the dug well, the lower part of the casing being 
perforated and protected by a special screen so as to exclude sand as far as possible. 
The working barrel of the deep well pump was lowered into this casing. Trouble 
was experienced with sand blocking the valves of the working barrel to such an 
extent that it became necessary to raise this working barrel about five feet. 

A new well was drilled to a depth of 335 feet on the west side of the station 
close to the cooling pond. A test of this well showed about 50 gallons per minute 
available. The placing of an order for the deep well pump, construction of a sub- 
grade pump house, etc., will be held over until the spring of 1919. 

Kent Transformer Station 

On account of the small clearances between the 26,400-volt feeder leads in 
this station, it was decided to place asbestos barriers between the ^arious feeders 
to make it safer for the operator to work on one feeder with the adjacent feeder 
alive. Plans are being prepared showing the necessary barriers and screens and it 
is expected that this work will be completed early in 1919. 

Essex Transformer Station 

Observation Platform 

In the north end of the station a doorway was cut in the wall of the control 
room and a door put in, opening on to an outside platform 2 feet six inches by 
3 feet. This was done for the purpose of better ventilation of the control room 
in the summer and of providing an easy way for the operator to observe weather 
conditions. 

1918 AddUional 26,400-volt Feeder 

In order to supply the Essex County System from this station it is necessary 
to install an additional 26,400-volt feeder equipment. The oil circuit breakers 
ancT current transformers have been ordered for this feeder from the Canadian 
Westinghouse Company from one of the stock orders. The order was placed also 
with the Canadian Westinghouse Company on September 21st for necessary con- 
necting material, insulators, panels, etc., which are due for shipment on January 
2nd, 1919. 

All this equipment together with the line entrances including hoods, insulators 
and brackets will be installed by the Commission's Construction Department. 

York Transformer Station 

The work on York Transformer Station building design and electrical layout 
mentioned in last Report was held up indefinitely in January on account of the 
Avar conditions. 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



231 



NIAGARA SYSTEM 

MUNICIPAL WORK 

During the year engineering assistance in connection with extensions to systems 
and operation difficulties was given to the following municipalities : 

Acton, Ailsa Craig, Ayr, Baden, Blenheim, Both well, Brampton, Bnrford, 
Caledonia, Comber, Dashwood, Dorchester, Dublin, Dundas, Elmira, Elora, Exeter, 
Fergus, Forest, Georgetown, Granton, Hagersville, Harriston, Listowel, Lucan, 
Lynden, Milton, Milverton, Mimico, Xew Hamburg, Palmerston, Petrol ia, Port 
Credit, Pojt Dalhousie, Plattsville, Princeton, Ridgetown, Rockwood, S'imcoe, 
Strathroy, Tavistock, Thamesville, Tilbury, Toronto, Waterford, Watford, Water- 
down, Waterloo, Wellesley, Weston, Woodbridge, Woodstock, Wyoming, Zurich. 



_, : ■■'«»5':-«.'. ;: 



• »« 




232 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

Aylmer 

During the first part of the year the installation of the distribution system by 
the local Public Utilities Commission was completed under the supervision of this 
Commission and restricted power given in March to the local system. 

The Commission, at the request of the municipality, took charge of the 
engineering and' purchasing of the equipment for the electrical distribution system. 
Assistance w T as also given from time to time on several power extensions and on 
the operation of the local system, as well as power customers' installations. 

Municipal Waterworks Pumping 

The electrically-driven domestic pump with pressure type automatic control, 
and the gasoline engine-driven fire pump described in last year's report, page 127, 
were put in operation in October, 1918. The remaining steam fire pump will prob- 
ably be replaced by an electrically-driven fire pump at a future date. 

Distributing'Station 

As outlined in last Annual Eeport, plans were prepared and material ordered 
for the re-arranging of the south-west corner of the Aylmer Electrical and water- 
works Station for the installation of electrical equipment. This work of re- 
construction of the building was completed by Messrs. Wells and Gray in October, 
1917. 

This station is fed by one 13,200-volt line from St. Thomas Transformer 
Station, and steps down to 4,000 volts for service to the Town of Aylmer. Three 
50-kv-a. General Electric Company's 13,200/2,300-volt, single-phase transformers 
were purchased from the St. Thomas Waterworks Commission in December, 1917, 
and installed, with a delta star connection, to supply this service. 

Switching and metering equipment of Siemen's manufacture was transferred 
from the old Beachville Distributing Station and installed in this Aylmer Station. 

Electrical equipment for the 4,000-volt feeder supply to Springfield, com- 
prising a panel, switching and metering equipment, was purchased from the 
Canadian Westinghouse Company. 

The electrical installation was made by the Commission and completed in 
February, 1918. 

Beachville 

At the request of the American Cyanamide Company, estimates were prepared 
re serving them with 150 horse-power at the start to handle their Centreville quarry. 
The company proposes taking the power at 13,200 volts when available in April of 
the coming year, and is now preparing plans for the erection of a substation to take 
13,200-volt power. 

Distributing Station 

Minor changes in the metering and the relay protection of the equipment 
were carried out at the Beachville White Lime Distributing Station during 
the vear. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 233 

Blyth — See Brussels 

Brussels 

Considerable work has been clone by the engineering staff in order to secure 
a supply of power for Blyth, Brussels, Wingham, Lucknow, Teeswater, and the 
surrounding district at a price which would favourably compare with other muni- 
cipalities. For this reason estimates have been prepared based on a line from the 
Niagara system, and also providing the Saugeen Eiver could be developed. Due to 
the unsettled conditions and to the shortage of power, these estimates have not been 
submitted to the municipalities, but it is hoped that during the coming year service 
will be given. 

Bolton 

Assistance was given this municipality in arranging for service to a number 
of rural customers supplied from the Woodbridge -Bolton 4,000-volt line. 

Brantford 

During the year arrangements were made with the municipality to supply 
power to Brantford Township. Power will be supplied at three different points at 
the city boundaries to supply power in the township adjacent to the city limits. 

Assistance was given Brantford during the year in connection with operating 
difficulties re supply of power to munition' plants. 

Brantford Township 

An agreement whereby the Township of Brantford receive their supply of 
power from the city of Brantford was signed during the year and power was first 
supplied in September. 

Construction work in connection with the system was proceeded with through- 
out the year and customers formerly supplied from the Western Counties Electric 
Company were connected to the new township system. 

Brigden 

The new distribution system for the municipality was completed during the 
year. Arrangements were also made to supply power for a flour mill in the 
municipality. 

Distributing Station 

In July arrangements were made to change the low tension voltage in this 
station from 4,000-volts star to 575 volts delta. For this change, new fuses, light- 
ning arresters and instrument transformers were supplied and the change-over to 
575-volts was made on September 5th, 1918. 

Burford 

Distributing Station 

In this station there are three 75-kv-a., single-phase, Canadian Westing- 
house Company transformers which are lightly loaded. When 25-cycle transformers 
were to be supplied for Ivingsville Distributing Station it was decided to use the 
transformers from Burford Distributing Station and purchase a 75-kv-a., 3-phase 
transformer to replace them. On August 21st an order was placed with the Moloney 



234 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

Electric Company for one 75-kv-a., 26,400 and 13,200-volt primary, 2,300-volt 
secondary, 25-cycle, 3-phase, oil-insulated, self-cooled, outdoor type transformer 
for this station. 

Chatham 

Engineering assistance was given to the municipality during the year in con- 
nection with best arrangements for supplying munition plants and additional 
power customers. 

Drayton 

During the year the distribution system was completed and power turned on. 
In addition to the lighting load there were two power customers making a peak 
load of approximately 70 horse-power. 

Dresden 

Engineering assistance was given to Dresden and arrangements made to supply 
power to a flour mill in the municipality ; also general assistance in connection with 
the operation of the system. 

Drumbo 

Extensions were made east of Drumbo to serve the Wolverton Milling Com- 
pany, Limited, with 125 horse-power, 550-volt power. A l 7 1 / 2 kv.a. transformer was 
added to the bank and two 7y 2 kv.a. to give additional capacity for the local chopping 
mill. The whole distribution system was overhauled and necessary tree trimming 
carried out for the village. Assistance was given the municipality during the year 
in the operation of its system. 

Dunnville 

The remodelling of the local distribution system was completed in this town. 
Hydro power was first used on the Dunnville System on May 23, 1918, power being 
supplied over a 46,000-volt line from Welland. 

Municipal Station 

The three 150-kv-a. transformers and the switching equipment referred to 
in last years Eeport were installed by the Canadian General Electric Company and 
the Canadian Westinghouse Company respectively, and the station was tested out 
and placed in service on May 21st. 

The street lighting transformers and their switching equipment which were 
supplied by the Canadian General Electric Company and installed by the Com- 
mission's Construction Department, were also placed in service on May 21st. 

Street Lighting 

An ornamental system with underground cable was installed in this muni- 
cipality. Twenty-seven cast iron lighting standards with 400-watt series gas filled 
incandescent lamps enclosed in bowl-band refractors were located in the business 
district. 

Dutton 

At the request of the manager of the local system estimates were prepared on 
the cost of usini>' electric power at the local flour and chopping mill and forwarded 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



235 



to Dutton; contracts were obtained by the local system to supply the mill and two 
rural customers just outside the municipality in the Township of Dunwich. The 
Commission, as per resolution of the council, purchased the material for the 
extensions and supervised the installations. 

East Flamboro Township 

To be in a position to serve additional customers a contract was signed on 
August 6th with East Flamboro Township covering a supply of electrical energy to 
that municipality. 

To provide for the operation of the distribution system in the Township a 
form of agreement was drawn up and forwarded covering the operation by the 
Village of Waterdown of this system. 

Embro 

At the request of the management of the local system, equipment was ordered 
and installed to take care of the City Dairy Company's power load. At the same 
time the distribution system was overhauled and all necessary tree trimming done 
and other repairs made to the system to place it in better condition. 

Etobicoke Township 

The work of rebuilding lines in Etobicoke Township was completed and on 
July 1st the system was turned over to the township. 

As sections of this system had been operated by other municipalities, a great 
amount of work by the municipal department was necessary in checking statements 
of cost of numerous small additions to lines and equipment which had been made 
by these municipalities. All such items were carefully checked and adjustments 
made that were equitable to all concerned. 




View of Etobicoke Distributing Station from the southeast. 



236 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



Temporary Distributing Station 

This station was taken out of service on September 22nd when the permanent 
station was placed in service. The temporary station equipment was dismantled. 
Two of the transformers were sold to Gait Hydro-Electric System, and it was 
arrange to send the third transformer to Cooksville for temporary use there. The 
other apparatus was transferred to various other stations and the stores department. 
The temporary building was left for the present for use as a storehouse. 




General view of the interior of Etobicoke Distributing Station. 



Distributing Station 

The building and electrical equipment, referred to in last Eeport, were com- 
pleted. The building was erected in May and the electrical equipment was installed 
and placed in service on September 22, 1918. 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



237 



On one of the two incoming 43,200-volt lines, a Canadian General Electric 
new type " O.F." lightning arrester was installed in place of the Canadian General 
Electric type " A" arrester which was originally supplied for this line and which 
was transferred to Canadian Salt Station. 




Etobicoke Switchboard 
Mimico 13,200-volt Feeder 

Mimico distributing station was fed by a 13,200-volt feeder from the Etobicoke 
temporary station which was taken out of service when the permanent station went 



238 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

in to service on September 22, 1918. It was, therefore, decided to bring a 13,200- 
volt feeder out of the station to feed Mimico and plans were prepared showing 
this new feeder equipment. The 13,200-volt busses in the station were extended 
and the new feeder connected to the busses through General Electric disconnecting 
switches and a type "K-2" hand-operated automatic oil switch and relays and Com- 
mission's choke coils all of which were obtained from the Etobicoke temporary 
station. Two Canadian General Electric 60/5-ampere current transformers for 
this feeder were obtained from Mimico station. All the equipment is located in 
the high tension room on the third floor. The oil switch operating handle and a 
double pole series trip relay are mounted on a small panel near the switch. A 
small auxiliary knife switch on this oil switch is connected to ring an alarm bell 
in the control room when the switch trips out automatically and so notify the 
operator in charge.. 

This work is being done by the Commission and will be completed and put 
in service in November, 1918. 

Gait 

During the year data were collected on the water power situation at Gait in 
order to ascertain the advisability of developing the same. It is not expected, 
however, that any action can be taken in connection with this matter as the costs 
of this development would be greater than the present cost of purchased power by 
the municipality. 

Data have been collected regarding the requirements to change over to 13,200 
volts and it is expected that the same will be carried out in February of the coming 
year and three new 750-kv.a. 13, 200/2, 300-volt water cooled, three-phase trans- 
formers will be installed. 

The Commission recommended against proceeding with the new main sub- 
station until material prices became more normal. 

Goderich 

Additional power was allotted to Goderich to take care of munition loads, etc. 
Assistance was given in the purchasing of new equipment and general operating. 

Municipal Waterworks Pumping 

The electrically-driven pump mentioned in the 1915 report, page 124, failed 
to meet its guarantees. Satisfactory arrangements were made with the manufacturer 
whereby the municipality was protected from loss, and in April, 1918, an order 
was placed with the Storey Pump and Equipment Company for a 6-inch, 4-stage 
pump, to deliver 700 gallons against a total head of 358 feet. 

Guelph 

Assistance was given this municipality in arranging for an increased power 
supply to customers. 

Municipal Station 

The 550-kv.a. and 225-kv.a. transformers referred to in last Report were 
tested by the Commission's engineer at the Canadian General Electric Company's 
factory in June. These transformers were installed by the Canadian General 
Electric Company and placed in service by the Board of Light and Heat Com- 
missioners of Guelph. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 239 

At the request of the Board of Light and Heat Commissioners of Guelph, 
switching equipment for one Type "E w Station was purchased. The station is to be 
built and the equipment installed by them. 

Municipal Waterworks Pumping 

After examination of the present pumping plant a report has been made to the 
municipality having in view a complete electrically-operated station replacing 
ultimately the present steam plant. The city desired to locate a railway unit which 
they now possess in the pumping station, which unit consists of a 550-kv.a. 
synchronous motor coupled to a d.c. railway generator at one end and an a.c. generator 
at the other end. The ] after generator is to be removed, and the necessary changes 
made to accommodate a turbine pump of 2,100 g.p.m. capacity. As the speed is only 
750 r.p.m. a special multistage pump has to be provided for domestic pressure, and 
a booster inserted in a bypass for fire pressure. 

Other units of 750 and 1.350 g.p.m. capacities, direct driven by electric 
motors, are provided for domestic service with a second booster for fire pressure, 
this addition to be made when found desirable. 

A future* installation of a 2,100 g.p.m. domestic unit and booster will complete 
the station and allow the steam plant to be shut down entirely, provided that two 
independent transmission lines serve the station. An alternative for the final 
installation would be gasoline-driven units for fire service only. 

Hamilton 

A number of investigations were made in connection with munition loads in 
the municipality and also the method of operating the waterworks' loads so that the 
maximum amount of power could be secured for munition plants. 

Highgate 

Arrangements were made whereby power was supplied to the grist mill in the 
municipality; also engineering assistance in connection with the operation of the 
system. 

Hensall 

Assistance was given the local system with the necessary power extension to 
serve the Milling Company with approximately 100 horse-power. 

From time to time engineering advice has been given in connection with 
metering power customers' loads and other matters of operation. 

Hespeler 

Several matters, such as billing waterworks for electric equipment used for 
fire purposes and electric power for domestic and fire supply, keeping down the 
load and operation were taken up with the local management during the year. 

In the near future Hespeler, in conjunction with Preston and Gait, will' 
arrange to receive power at 13,200 volts instead of 6,600 volts as at present. . 

Ingersoll 

Assistance was given the local management during the year in matters per- 
taining to operation, lulling power customers with low power factor and changes 
to system. 



240 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

Several additions are expected to be made in the coming year when more 
power is available, including approximately 200 horse-power in the old Noxon 
building. 

These extra power additions will fully load the substation transformers. 

Kitchener 

Although the supply of power was limited, additional station equipment was 
installed in order to have duplicate apparatus at the present time and more 
capacity for the future. A new bank of 500 kw. station transformers were pur- 
chased and a new 250 kw. rotary converter for the street railway department. 

London 

On account of the large demands for power for the manufacture of war muni- 
tions, the allotted power to the London Public Utilities Commission was consider- 
ably smaller than its requirements, and it was necessary to obtain the co-operation 
of all power users to keep the demand below the allowable limit. 

A number of suburban customers in the Township of London who had re- 
ceived service from the London Electric Company petitioned the London Township 
Council and it was decided to take over the company's distribution system in part 
and remodel and add to the same in order to handle the petitioners. The by-laws 
to carry this out will be voted on at the coming annual elections the first of 1919. 

It is proposed to have the London Public Utilities Commission operate the 
system for the township, it to bill and collect from the suburban customers monthly 
and to maintain the system in good operating condition and to pay annually the 
debenture charges and set aside the necessary depreciation reserve. 

Municipal Station 

The two 1,500-kv-a., 3-phase transformers referred to in last Report were 
tested by the Commission's engineer at the Canadian General Electric Company's 
factory on November 23, 1917, and were shipped from Peterborough on December 
1st. These transformers were installed temporarily in the present station by the 
Public Utilities Commission of London. 

The erection of the extension to the building, which it was stated in last 
Report would be started in 1918, was posponed until the spring of 1919. However, 
the contract for the switching equipment was placed with the Canadian Westing- 
house Company in January for delivery early in 1919. 

Markham 

An engineer visited this municipality and prepared plans for alterations to the 
local distribution system to make it suitable for the supply of energy from Niagara. 

Mitchell 

The installation of three 75-kv-a., 26,400-volt transformers and switching 
equipment, referred to in last year's Report, was completed on November 27, 1917 
and the station was placed in service at 13,200-volts on December 23, 191'7. This 
station was first operated at 26,400 volts on April 14th when the distribution 
system from Stratford Transformer Station was changed from 13,200 volts to 
26,400 volts. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTR IC POWER COMMISSION 241 

Moorefield 

The local distribution system was completed and placed in operation the first 
of the year. The load taken is approximately 35 horse-power in addition to the 
lighting. 

New Toronto 

The new step-down station having been completed, assistance was given the 
municipality in rearranging its distribution system so as to feed from this station. 
Assistance was also given in billing the larger power users. 

Niagara Falls 

A number of investigations were made in connection with the power loads 
with a view to obtaining the maximum amount of power for munition plants in 
the following municipalities : 

Niagara Falls, Wallaceburg, Wellancl, Sarnia, St. Catharines. 

Municipal Waterworks Pumping 

A report was submitted to the Water Commissioners with preliminary estimates 
on various schemes for obtaining a satisfactory permanent water supply for the 
city, and the installation of pumping and filtering plants, but the cost of such 
complete systems at the present time is so high that temporary means were sought 
to prevent such shortage of water as has been experienced of late years under certain 
conditions of river flow and ice run. Construction now in progress consists of the 
laying of a 24-inch cast iron main with the necessary regulating valves from the 
new wood stave pipe of the Ontario Power Company to the intake well of the city 
pumping station. As a further provision against lack of water, specials have been 
inserted in this 24-inch main for attachment of a booster pump is necessary. 

Norwich 

During the year assistance was given to the local Hydro-Electric System in the 
metering of waterworks power and the installation of an underground service. 

Estimates were prepared for extensions in the townships outside of the village 
and assistance given in the operation of the same by the Norwich' Hydro-Electric 
System. 

Distributing Station 

Engineering work and plans were under way in December, 1917 to increase 
the transformer capacity of the Norwich station from 150-kv-a. to 450-kv-a. 
The reduction in load, due to the burning of the Woods Flour Mill in January, 
1918, and the Company's decision to not rebuild the plant immediately, resulted 
in the cancelling of the proposed work on this station. The three 5'0-kv-a. 
Siemen's transformers originally installed have sufficient capacity to take care of 
the Norwich load. 

Oil Springs: 

The distribution system in Oil Springs was completed and put into operation 
during the year, power first being used on January 10th. Power is being used for 
the operation of the grist mill and a number of important oil wells in the muni- 
cipality. The load on this system already exceeds the amount on which the original 
estimate was based. 



242 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

Palmerston 

The switching equipment to control the 4,000-volt feeder to Drayton and 
Moorefield, which was referred to the last Report, was installed by the Canadian 
General Electric Company and placed in service on March 22, 1918. 

Paris 

During the year engineering assistance was given to the municipality in con- 
nection with extensions to handle the extra power taken by the munition factory. 

Other matters pertaining to operation of the system received attention at the 
request of the local management. 

Parkhill 

During the year estimates were prepared showing the increased cost to deliver 
power to the municipality due to the high cost of labor and material, and on, 
this account the Commission recommended against building a line to supply this 
municipality with power until the cost of labor and material has become more 
normal. 

Petersburg and St. Agathe 

An extension to serve five farmers on the Sniders' Road was made from 
Petersburg east to the boundary between Wilmot and Waterloo townships. 

Preston 

Assistance was given the local Water and Light Commission in connection with 
extensions to serve suburban customers. Several matters in regard to changes and 
extensions to serve the Milling Company with restricted power, billing customers, 
received attention by the Commission at the request of the municipality. 

Rodney 

During the latter part of the year estimates on the cost of power for a local 
planing mill and flour and chopping mill were prepared and submitted to the 
municipality. Estimates on the cost of making the necessary extensions were also 
forwarded to the municipality. 

It is expected that as soon as sufficient power is available the municipality will 
obtain these three new power contracts and make the extensions necessary to supply 
same. 

Sarnia 

The three 185-kv-a. transformers for rotary converter supply, referred to 
in last Report were tested by the Commission's Engineer at the Canadian Westing- 
house Company's factory on April 17, 1918, and have since been installed by the 
Sarnia Hydro-Electric System in its station. 

Scarborough Township 

The work of constructing a distribution system in the southwesterly portion 
of the township was commenced early in the year, and with the exception of a 
street lighting system on the Kingston Road, the distribution system has been com- 
pleted while the street lighting system is well under way. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 243 

Seaforth 

Engineering assistance has been given in connection with the purchase of addi- 
tional apparatus to take care of large munition loads. 

Municipal Station 

The installation of the 26,400-volt switching equipment in this station re- 
placing the 13,200-volt equipment was completed on April 7, 1918 and the voltage 
of the feeder system from Stratford Transformer Station to Seaforth was changed 
from 13,200 volts to 26,400 volts on April 14th. 

St. Agathe — see Petersburg 
■ 
St. George 

Extensions were made to handle the local chopping mill's 40 horse-power 550- 
volt motor during the year and assistance given in several other matters of 
operation. 

The finances of the local system are in good condition and the operating report 
for the year satisfactory. 

St. Jacobs 

Due to the village having an average load of 72 horse-power, the rate has 
been reduced to $32.44 per horse-power per year. The original contract was 
on a basis of 35 horse-power at $42.18 per year. 

St. Mary's 

A gasoline engine, direct-connected to a centrifugal pump was purchased to 
replace the auxiliary steam pumps, and the old engines, boilers, steam pumps, etc., 
were disposed of. 

The domestic water requirements are supplied by a new 4-inch, 2-stage Morris 
pump having a capacity of 280 Imperial gallons against 185 feet total head. This 
pump is driven by a 25 horse-power, 550-volt, 3-phase motor. 

Portland Cement 

The installation work for the second bank of transformers in this station, 
referred to in last Eeport, was completed and placed in service on April 23, 1918. 

Stamford Township 

The Stamford Township System was operated by the Commission for the 
Township of Stamford until October 1st, when it was taken over by the muni- 
cipality and is now being operated under their supervision with the assistance of 
the engineers of the Commission. 

St. Thomas 

Assistance was given the municipality in the arranging to supply the power 
and lighting loads from separate feeders so that a better control of the load on the 
system could be obtained during times of shortage of power caused by the munition 
loads. 



244 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

Municipal Station 

At the request of the St. Thomas Hydro-Electric Commission, a 30-kw. 
Canadian General Electric Company Type " E.V.-60 " constant-current transformer 
and switching equipment for an additional lighting feeder similar to those already 
installed, were purchased for them and are being installed by the Commission's 
Construction Department. It is expected that it will be completed and placed in 
service in November, 1918. 

Stratford 

Municipal Station 

The installation in the new station of the equipment referred to in last 
Report was completed by the Commission early in April, and on April 14th. when 
the feeder system from Stratford Transformer Station was changed to 26,400 volts, 
this station being put into service at 26,400 volts. 

Municipal Pumping Station and Connections 

Two or three conferences have been held during the year with representatives 
of the Stratford Public Utility Commission regarding permanency of the water 
supply to existing pumping equipment. Arrangements are being made by the local 
commission for completion of installation, which they think to be satisfactory. 

Tavistock 

This station, which had been operating as stated in last Eeport, at 13,200 volts 
was changed to 26,400 volts on April 14th when the voltage of all the feeders from 
Stratford Transformer Station was changed to 26,400 volts. 

Thamesford 

Extensions were made to the local distribution system to handle the C.P.R. 
pumping load and the increased capacity of the Milling Company. 

Assistance was also given the local management in connection with repairs to 
the system and better grounding of the 4-wire, three-phase, 4,000-volt system and 
in matters pertaining to the operation of the same. 

Thorndale 

Extensions were made to the local system to handle the milling and chopping 
mill load. At the request of the municipality the Commission purchased the 
equipment and arranged to have the same installed. 

During the year assistance was rendered in matters pertaining to the regularly 
billing of the power consumers and other matters of operation of the system. 

Tillsonburg 

Assistance was given the local commission during the year in matters pertain- 
ing to metering the Milling Company's loads, the installation of booster equipment, 
and also on the operation of the Township of Dereham system, which the Tillson- 
burg Hydro-Electric Commission is handling. 

As the load during the year increased considerably, the three 75.kv.a., 
13,200/2,200-volt, single-phase transformers were sold and a bank of double the 
capacity was installed. Assistance was given the local commission in this matter. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 245 

Municipal Waterworks Pumping 

An independent fire service system is owned by the town, consisting of two 
rotary pumps geared to one turbine operated by water from a small lake. Shortage 
of water was experienced this year, the usual lake level not being maintained. 

Under any conditions the power of the turbine was only sufficient to operate 
one pump at a time, and it was recommended that a 100-h.p. motor be installed 
and be belted to a pulley on one of the pumps, the motor being so located that a 
chain drive can be substituted for the belt drive at a future date. The installation 
of the motor and belt drive has been made, and these are now two complete units, 
one geared to the turbine and the other electrically-driven, the latter unit being 
operated whenever the reserve water in the lake may be considered insufficient. 

Unionville 

Acting on request of the Police Trustees of Unionville an engineer visited this 
municipality and obtained information as to the probable power and lighting loads. 
-Plans and estimates were made covering a distribution system which it was 
arranged should be fed from a line continued north from Agincourt. 

By-laws providing for the raising of debentures to cover the cost of a distri- 
bution system and providing for the signing of a contract with the Commission for 
a supply of power were submitted to a vote of the people on September 16th, both 
by-laws being carried by large majorities. 

Vaughan Township 

Early in the year a line was built from the village of Woodbridge to the hamlet 
of Maple in Vaughan Township, together with a distribution and street lighting 
system in Maple. In addition to supplying service to Maple, lighting and power 
service has been given to a number of rural customers as well as to the Women's 
Industrial Farm. 

An agreement has been made between the Township of Vaughan and the Village 
of Woodbridge providing for the operation of the distribution system by the latter 
municipality. 

Walkerville 

The Commission assisted the municipality in obtaining a new manager for its 
Hydro-Electric System after the resignation of the former manager. 

Considerable assistance was given to the municipality in connection with the 
best method of operation with a view to obtaining the maximum amount of power 
for munition purposes. 

Wallaceburg 

The changes in the building and equipment in the Wallaceburg Distributing 
Station, to obtain increased transformer capacity, as outlined in the last report, 
were completed by the Commission's Construction Department and the station was 
placed in service on September 2, 1918. 

The 4,000-volt, 450-kv-a. feeder equipment, installed for the municipality, 
was placed in service on the same date. 

Welland 

The installation of the switching equipment referred to in last Eeport was 
sufficiently advanced so that on March 31st, the new station was put into service 
with the two 1,500-kv-a. transformers. 



246 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

In January an order was placed by the Commission with the Canadian 
"Westinghouse Company for the 45,700-volt switching equipment for one outgoing 
line to Dunnville and for a second incoming line: this equipment to be installed 
in the Welland Municipal Station. The installation was carried out by the Com- 
mission's Construction Department and the new incoming line was placed in service 
on May 14th, and the outgoing line to Dunnville on May 18th. 

Woodbridge 

The installation of the 4,000-volt feeder to supply power to Vaughan Town- 
ship, as given in the last Eeport, was completed by the Commission's Construction 
Department on March 21, 1918, and was' placed in service on May 11, 1918. 

Windsor 

The supply for this city flows from the Detroit River to a series of small 
intake wells, from which the water is drawn through long suction pipes to various 
steam pumping units of reciprocating type. Two of these units are of modern 
design, while three more are of obsolete type. A report was made involving the 
installation in place of these three units of two motor-driven centrifugal pumps 
for domestic service with a new intake well and provision for boosters in the 
discharge mains to give the pressure required for fire service. 

A contract has been made with the G oldie & McCulloch Company of Gait for 
the supply of the two domestic units, each consisting of a 4,200-gallon pump direct 
connected to a 300 h.p., C.G.E. induction motor with the necessary switchboard. The 
capacity of the pumps can at any time be increased by 20' per cent, without change 
in pressure or efficiency, by slight machining of the impellers, and the motors will 
furnish the additional power without objectionable overload. The layout also pro- 
vides for a 26-inch Venturi meter, and space in the pump room for a series of low 
lift units, it being anticipated, that a filtration system will •shortly be added to the 
plant, in which case, the low lift pumps will draw from the new suction well, and 
the units now under way will take water under a slight head from the clear water 
basin under the filters. 

Street Railway 

The present street railway tracks are so arranged that cars sometimes operate 
on the wrong side of Ouellette Avenue and it is necessary for passengers on 
London Street West to travel by a very circuitous route to reach their destination. 
The city is endeavoring to correct these faults by appearing with the street railway 
company before the Ontario Eailway Board. 

The decision of the Board last winter required the city to allow the street 
railway company to construct tracks on some new streets and the city has re- 
quested our advice in this connection. ■ They also asked for estimates on the 
cost of constructing another railway and of acquiring the present street railway. 
Our engineers made a valuation of the existing property and the matter is 
now before the Commission for consideration. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISS ION 247 

SEVERN SYSTEM 

POWER CONSTRUCTION 



Big Chute Generating Station 

Due to the severe winter conditions in this district, the work on the super- 
structure referred to in last Report was held up early in December and later 
the contract with Messrs. Wells and Gray was cancelled and arrangements were 
made for the Commission's Construction Department to carry on the work in 
the spring. Work was resumed in May and the building was completed in 
October. 

In order to provide better ventilation during the hot weather, two fans have 
been purchased, one being supplied by Sheldons, Limited, and one by the Canadian 
Blower and Forge Company. These fans will be installed one at each end of the 
generator room by the Commission's Construction Department and will be ready 
for service before the summer of 1919. 

It has been decided to lay new roofing on the old section of the building, which 
work will be carried out in 1919 by the Commission's Construction Department. 

To provide better accommodation for the operators, a new cottage will be 
erected during the coming year. 

The new 1,600-kv-a, generator has been delivered by the Canadian General 
Electric Company who are proceeding with the installation and it is expected 
that the new unit will be ready for service during January, 1919. 

The contract for the switching apparatus was placed with the Canadian 
Westinghouse Company in November, 1917, but the installation of same as well 
as all changes in the switching equipment will be done by the Commission's 
Construction Department. These changes will be completed early in 1919. 

The new steel penstock has been completed, including concrete anchors and 
supports for the same. 

The head gate on the new pipe line with its operating mechanism has been 
erected ready for operation, but it will be necessary to wait until the new unit is 
ready to carry the load before the old pipe can be unwatered and the head gate for 
the same installed. 

In the meantime the superstructure for the gate house cannot be completed 
until this second head gate has been erected. 

During July one of the valves on the old turbines which it had been impossible 
to operate was replaced by a new butterfly valve. The power house substructure 
and superstructure has been practically completed by the Construction Department. 
The 2,300 brake horse-power turbine and governor has been erected by the Wellman- 
Seaver-Morgan Company, and is ready for operation as soon as the final connection 
with the generator and minor adjustment to the governor have been made. It is 
expected that this will be done in January, 1919. 
17 h. (i) 



248 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

Spare Transformer 

In July, the purchase of a 50-kv-a. three-phase, 22,000/2,300/4,000/575-volt, 
60-cycle, Canadian General Electric Company outdoor type transformer was 
authorized to be used as a spare for the Severn System. This transformer was 
received in July and is stored in the sub-station at Barrie, which is considered 
the most suitable location for it. 



MUNICIPAL WORK 
Alliston 

Distributing Station 

The installation of the transformer and switching equipment in this station, 
as outlined in the last Report, was completed and the station was placed in 
service on May 23, 1918. 

Municipal Waterworks Pumping 

On account of the heavy expenditure involved, due to war prices, the equipment! 
covered by last year's report, page 150, was not entertained. A belt-driven pump 
was purchased by the town officials to handle its domestic requirements. 

Barrie 

On account of the location of the two sets of incoming line disconnecting 
switches, entrance vestibule and phone booth in this station, the operation of 
the disconnecting switches was very difficult. Alterations in this equipment were 
decided upon in June, 1918, and all material necessary for an additional bus 
structure was transferred from the Midland Distributing Station. The discon- 
necting switches which were originally mounted on the wall above the line entrance 
bushings were moved to a location immediately below these bushings. The station 
entrance and vestibule were moved. The bus was extended and its spacing in- 
creased throughout. The lightning arrester was moved to the new end of the 
extended bus. The alterations to the building were made by the Municipality of 
Barrie and the changes in the electrical equipment by the Commission. These 
changes were completed by September 8, 1918. 

Beeton 

The construction of a standard outdoor pole type distributing station was 
decided upon in December, 1917, to supply power to Beeton. The equipment 
consists of a Hydro-Electric Power Commission's standard 22,000-volt, air break 
switch, Delta Star fuses, choke coils and arrester, one 75-kv.a., 3-phase, 22,000/- 
'2,300/4,000/575-volt, 60-cycle, Moloney Electric Company outdoor type trans- 
former, and one 4,000-volt feeder protected by expulsion fuses. The metering 
equipment consists of a Canadian Westinghouse Company type " RA " polyphase 
graphic integrating demand wattmeter with suitable instrument transformers 
housed in a corrugated metal meter-house. 

This station was erected and the equipment installed by the Commission's 
Construction Department and was placed in service on July 26, 1918. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 249 

Bradford 

Distributing Station 

The construction of a modified type " H " station was decided upon in De- 
cember, 1917, to supply the municipality of Bradford. Plans and specifications 
were prepared and the building was erected by the Commission and completed 
in June, 1918. 

The station is fed by one 22,000-volt line through a Hydro-Electric Power 
Commission standard air break switch and Canadian Westinghouse choke coils 
and fuses, and is equipped with Delta Star outdoor type (lightning arresters. The 
transformer equipment consists of one bank of three 100-kv-a., single-phase, 60- 
cycle, 22,000/2,300/575-volt Moloney Electric Company transformers operating at 
575-volt secondary and one bank of three 15-kv-a., single-phase, 60-cycle, 2,300/575- 
volt Canadian General Electric Company service transformers. The switching 
equipment, purchased from the Canadian Westinghouse Company, consists of one 
outgoing 575-volt 300-kv-a., three-phase feeder from which is tapped, through 
expulsion fuses, a circuit to the 15-kv.a. transformers to supply one outgoing 
2,300-volt three-phase feeder. The 575-volt and 2,300-volt feeders are equipped 
with Garton-Daniels arresters. The metering equipment consists of Weston am- 
meters and a voltmeter and a Canadian Westinghouse type " K.A." polyphase 
graphic integrating demand wattmeter. 

All the installation work in this station was done by the Commission, and 
the station was placed in service on September 16, 1918. 

Street Lighting 

A ^i/o-kv-a., 2,300-volt, 60-cycle 6.6 ampere Canadian General Electric Com- 
pany's type " P.O." constant current transformer equipped with an Anderson type 
" L " time switch, was installed in the station, for the municipality, to supply 
the street lighting. This circuit was tapped off the 2,300-volt bus erected above 
the 15-kv-a. service transformers and was placed in service with the rest of the 
equipment on September 16, 1918. 

Collingwood 

Distributing Station No. 1 

The extension to the Collingwood Station building and the additions to the 
equipment in same, as outlined in the last Report, were completed. The Water- 
works and Kennedy feeder panels installed for the municipality were placed in 
service on December 22, 1917, and the new 22,000-volt lines on January 20, 1918. 

Further changes in the station equipment were decided upon during the 
current year partly to improve the automatic protection of the equipment but 
chiefly to supply the increased power demand of the Wm. Kennedy and Son's steel 
mill. The relays and trip coils on all the 22,000-volt Canadian General Electric 
type "K-.24" oil breakers and the 2,300-volt Canadian General Electric type 
" K-5 " oil breakers on the transformer feeder panel, are being changed, where 
necessary, for direct current shunt trip operation. A Canadian Hart Accumulator 
type " C.A.L." No. 9, 12-volt, 50-ampere hour battery is being installed for 
operating the direct current tripping circuit. Meter connections are being changed 
to measure the total station load on the 22,000-volt incoming lines. 

A 24-inch exhaust fan was purchased from Sheldon's, Limited, to be installed 
in this station to obtain sweater ventilation. 



250 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

A new 22,000-volt feeder is being installed in the station to feed Collingwood 
Station No. 2 at the William Kennedy and Sons steel mill. This feeder is con- 
nected to the 22,000-volt double busses through Canadian General Electric selector 
disconnecting switches and type " K-24 " oil breakers and Hydro-Electric Power 
Commission's choke coils. 

These changes are being made by the Commission's Construction Department 
and will be completed early in 1919. 

Distributing Station No. 2 

Owing to the increased power demand of the William Kennedy & Sons Steel 
Mill, the purchase of a second bank of three 400-kv-a. single-phase, transformers 
was decided upon, in June, for the Collingwood Distributing Station but arrange- 
ments were made with this Company whereby this new bank of transformers with 
the necessary switching equipment is to be installed in a building provided by 
the Company at their plant. 

The building is a one-storey brick structure, 31 feet by 21 feet by 18 feet high, 
similar in design to the standard type " G ""> sub-station. Spaced is provided for one 
incoming 22,000-volt line, one bank of three 400-kv-a. transformers, one bank 
of three 200-kv-a. transformers, one 2,300-volt and four 550-volt outgoing feeders. 
Plans and' specifications for the new station were prepared by the Commission and 
the building was erected by William Kennedy and Sons. 

The station will be fed by one 22,000-volt incoming line from Collingwood 
Station No. 1 through a Hydro-Electric Power Commission's standard air break 
switch and choke coils and Delta Star type " S and C " fuses and will be equipped 
with Delta Star outdoor type . lightning arresters. This equipment was purchased 
by the Wm. Kennedy Company. 

The station equipment will consist of one bank of three 400-kv-a., single- 
phase, 60-cycle, oil insulated, self cooled, 22,000/2, 300/5>75-volt Canadian General 
Electric transformers, one low tension transformer panel, meters and switching 
equipment were purchased from the Canadian General Electric Company. One 
2,300-volt feeder panel including meters and switching equipment all of which is 
to be transferred from station ~No\ 1 to this station is to supply power to the William 
Kennedy Company. 

The installation work is being done by the Commission's Construction Depart- 
ment and it is expected that the station will be completed and placed in service 
the latter part of December, 1918. 

Cookstown 

The construction of a standard outdoor pole type distributing station was 
decided upon in December, 1917, to supply power to Cookstown. The equipment 
consists of a Hydro-Electric Power Commission's standard 22,000-volt, air break 
switch, Delta Star fuses and choke coils, one 75-kv.a., 3-phase, 22,000/2,300/4,000/- 
575-volt, 60-cycle, Canadian General Electric outdoor type transformer, and one 
4,000-volt feeder protected by expulsion fuses. The metering equipment consists 
of a Canadian Westinghouse Company type " PA " polyphase graphic integrating 
demand wattmeter with suitable instrument transformers housed in a corrugated 
metal meter house. 

The station was erected and the equipment was installed by the Commission's 
Construction Department, and was placed in service on April 25, 1918. 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



251 




Cookstown Distributing Station, outdoor type. 



252 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

Midland 

Synchronous Condenser 

To improve the power factor of Midland Station, it was considered advisable 
to install a synchronous condenser and the Midland Water and Light Commission 
purchased from the Kingston Civic Utilities Commission a 300-kv-a., 2,300-volt 
Canadian General Electric synchronous generator complete with exciter and switch- 
board panel, oil switch, and meters. The generator was shipped to the Canadian 
General Electric Company's factory where it was converted into a self starting 
synchronous motor and then shipped to Midland together with a new starting 
compensator. 

As there was no space available in the sub-station for the condenser, it was 
decided to place it in the boiler room of the Municipal Pumping Station. A 
space 24 feet by 11 feet 7y 2 inches in the corner of this room was sectioned off with 
metal lath and plaster partitions in which a large door was provided. Plans 
and specifications for this room and the condenser foundations were prepared 
and submitted to the local Commission who did the work. 

The condenser with its panel and switching equipment, was installed in the 
room mentioned above and was connected by lead covered cable in conduit, to the 
leads which were brought across from the waterworks feeder panel in the sub- 
station to supply power to the waterworks pump motors. All the installation 
work was done by the Commission's Construction Department and the condenser 
was placed in service on September 11, 1918. 

Distributing Station 

The changes in the equipment in Midland Station, as outlined in the last 
Eeport, were completed in October, 1918. 

Due to the increased load required by the Midland Shipbuilding Company, 
it was decided to transmit power at 22,000 volts to a small sub-station located 
at their plant and it was necessary to enlarge the Midland sub-station for this 
additional feeder. 

At the request of the Midland Water and Light Commission, plans and 
specifications were prepared for an extension to the end of the present sub-station. 
The new extension is 23 feet wide by 24 feet long by 17 feet high, inside dimen- 
sions, and was made similar in all respects to the present building. It was made 
large enough to accommodate a second bank of three 300-kv-a., 22,000/2,300-volt 
transformers and two 22,000-volt feeders with switching and protective equip- 
ment. The building drawings were made and forwarded to the Midland 
Commission which had the building erected and completed in June. 

The present 22,000-volt busses were extended through single pole, double 
throw double blade disconnecting switches, into the new extension and one 22,000- 
volt outgoing feeder was connected to the busses through Canadian Westinghouse 
disconnecting switches and choke coils, and a Canadian General Electric Company 
type " K-24 " oil switch, to feed the station at the Midland Shipbuilding Company's 
plant. Canadian General Electric electrolytic lightning arresters were also con- 
nected through disconnecting switches to this feeder. 

It was decided to meter the power on the 22,000-volt incoming lines 
instead of on the 2,300-volt busses and to do this, the 40/5 ampere, 22,000-volt 
current transformers on the two incoming lines were replaced by Canadian 
Westinghouse 60/5/5-ampere, 22,000-volt, type " KC " current transformers to 
which the station recording wattmeters were connected as well as the relays. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 253 

The ammeter scales, current transformers and cables on the Waterworks 
feeder were changed to larger capacity as the new 300-kv-a. synchronous con- 
denser is fed off this feeder as well as the pump motors. 

This installation was done by the Commission's Construction Department 
and was placed in service August 1, 1918. 

Manley Street Municipal Station 

Engineering assistance was given to the Water and Light Commission of 
Midland in connection with the design, purchase of apparatus and material for 
and the construction of a sub-station located at the Midland Shipbuilding Com- 
pany's plant. 

At the request of the Water and Light Commission of Midland, plans and 
specifications for an outdoor pole type sub-station were prepared. The station 
is fed from the Midland sub-station by one 22,000-volt line through a Hydro- 
Electric Power Commission's standard air break switch and outdoor type choke 
coils and fuses. The transformer equipment consists of three 300-kv-a., single- 
phase, 60-cycle, 22,000/2,300/5 75-volt Canadian General Electric outdoor type 
transformers. A small sheet metal meter house was erected by the Midland Water 
and Light Commission in which were placed two switchboard panels with meters 
controlling two 2,300-volt outgoing feeder switching equipments. One feeder is 
to supply the Midland Shipbuilding Company and one is to be used as a tie-line 
to the Midland Distributing System. These switching equipments consist of 
Canadian General Electric 4,500-volt, type "K5," 300-ampere oil switches, Can- 
adian Westinghouse type " KA " current transformers, Condit type " A " inverse 
definite time overload relays, and are each equipped with Garton-Daniels lightning 
arresters. The metering equipment consists of Westinghouse type " TM " am- 
meters, a Weston voltmeter, and an Niagara Electric Improvement Corporation's 
recording wattmeter. All the construction work, with the exception of the erec- 
tion of the sheet metal meter-house, was done by the Commission's Construction 
Department. The station was placed in service on May 12, 1918. 

Port McNicoll 

C.P.R. Distributing Station 

The three 500-kv-a. transformers which were shipped from the Canadian 
General Electric Company's factory in October, 1917, were installed temporarily 
without the water supply being connected and were first placed in service with 
one high tension line feeding the station on November 16, 1917. The second 
high tension line was connected temporarily on November 26th, and the permanent 
equipment including water connections to the transformers was installed in 
February, 1918. 

Thornton 

The construction of a standard outdoor pole type distributing station was 
decided upon in December, 1917, to supply power to Thornton. The equipment 
consists of a Hydro-Electric Power Commission's standard 22,000-volt air break 
switch, Delta Star fuses and choke coils, one 25-kv-a., 3-phase, 60-cycle, 22,000/- 
2,300/4,000/575-volt Moloney Electric Company outdoor type transformer and 
one 4,000-volt feeder protected by expulsion fuses. The metering equipment 
consists of a Canadian Westinghouse Company type " RA " polyphase graphic 
integrating demand wattmeter with suitable instrument transformers housed in a 
corrugated metal meter-house. 



254 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

The station was erected and the equipment was installed by the Commission's 
Construction Department, and was placed in service October 16, 1918. 

Tottenham 

Distributing Station 

The construction of a standard outdoor pole type distributing station was 
decided upon in December, 1917, to supply power to Tottenham. The equipment 
consists of a Hydro-Electric Power Commission standard 22,000-volt air break 
switch, Delta Star fuses, choke coils and arrester, one 75-kv.a., 3-phase, 22,000/- 
2,300/4,000/5 75-volt, 60-cycle Moloney Electric Company's outdoor type trans- 
former and one 4,000-volt feeder protected by expulsion fuses. The metering 
equipment consists of a Canadian Westinghouse Company type " EA" polyphase 
graphic integrating demand wattmeter with suitable instrument transformers 
housed in a corrugated metal meter-house. 

This station was erected and the equipment installed by the Commission's 
Construction Department, and was placed in service on September 9, 1918. 

Municipal Waterworks Pumping 

The municipality requested an investigation of its waterworks system with a 
report as to the best method of improving the local pumping plant. The Com- 
mission's recommendations are being prepared. 



EUGENIA SYSTEM 

POWER CONSTRUCTION 

The extension to the Eugenia Falls plant was carried on by the Construction 
Department during the past year. The power house superstructure has been com- 
pleted. The substructure has been carried as far as it is possible until the new 
turbine and crossover from the present penstock have been erected. The turbine 
of 4,000 brake horse-power capacity has been on the ground for several months, but 
the abnormal conditions existing during the year have delayed the delivery of the 
crossover and distributor pipe, which are of heavy steel plate construction. Owing 
to the lessening of the stringent measures in regard to steel plate work, delivery 
of the crossover and distributor is expected at. an early date, and the unit will be 
in operation early in 1919. 

This work was commenced in November, 1917, and has been in progress 
during 1918. 

Generating Station 

The 1917 extension to the station building which was described in last year's 
Report was completed to such an extent in the early spring of 1918 as to allow 
the installation of the new electrical equipment. 

The new transformer bank and switching equipment supplied under contract 
with the Canadian Westinghouse Company as noted in last year's Report, has 
been erected by the contractor in the new extension to the building and was ready 
for service in September, 1918. 

The generator also supplied under contract with the same Company has been 
delivered at Flesherton but owing to bad roads its transportation to the power 
house is being held up until snow roads can be used. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 255 

The complete equipment comprises a second bank of three 900-kv-a. power 
transformers, one 2,820-kv-a. generator, switchboard and metering equipment, 
high and low tension double bus structure and three outgoing 22,000-volt lines. 
Space is also available in the extension for future installations as mentioned in 
last year's Eeport. 

The original switching equipment in the old station is now being changed 
to the double bus system to be identical with the newly installed equipment. 
This change-over will be carried out by the Commission without interruption or 
reduction in capacity to the Eugenia System. The original high and low tension 
switching equipment will be taken out of service by transferring the switching 
of both No. 1 and No. 2 units to the newly installed equipment for No. 3 generator, 
thus allowing the removal of all the original equipment in order that the old north 
and east walls of the original building can be removed and the new station building 
completed. The switchboard metering and control equipment of the original 
units will be transferred into the new extension during January and February, 
1919. 

Ten 10-kw., 3-phase, 550-volt air heaters, built by the Commission, will be 
used in connection with the station service transformers for heating in the 
extension. 

A septic tank has been completed on the north side of the tail race to take 
care of the station and old cottages and also one on the south side for the new 
cottages. 

The station should be operating with increased capacity by April, 1919. 

Eugenia Cottages 

Two operators' cottages, " Cleveland " model, were purchased from the Can- 
adian Aladdin Company, in May, 1918, and erected by the Commission on concrete 
foundations to the south of the Generating Station. Both cottages are equipped 
with plumbing, electric lighting and heating, and the adjoining ground is graded 
and fenced. One 20-kw. 2,200/220/110-volt service transformer is connected for 
service to each cottage, and supplies a range, water heater, lighting, and five 
3-kw., 220-volt National Electric Heating Company portable air heaters. The body 
of the cottages outside are painted light buff, and the top section and the roof moss 
green shingle stain. Cottages should be ready for occupation about January 15, 
1919. 

A, frame barn has also been built to house the operators' horses. 

MUNICIPAL WORK 

Engineering advice and assistance in connection with the operation and 
management of the local systems in general was given to the following munici- 
palities, and engineers of the department made periodical trips to each town 
and village for such purposes : Owen Sound, Markdale, Chatsworth, Elesherton, 
Dunclalk, Shelburne, Orangeville, Grand Valley, Arthur, Mount Forest, Holstein, 
Durham, Hanover, Neustadt, Elmwood, Chesley, Tara. 

The lines of the Hanover Electric Light Company outside of the municipality 
of Hanover were purchased, reconstructed and connected to the Eugenia System 
for the purpose of supplying power to the Village of Neustadt and the hamlet 
of Carlsruhe. 

Assistance and engineering advice was given to the officials of Derby and 
Artemesia Townships in connection with supplying power to rural customers 
18 h. (i) 



256 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

Estimates and rates were prepared arid submitted, and investigations made 
in connection with supplying power to hamlets in Normanby and Proton Town- 
ships, and portions of Mono, Caledon and Melancthon Townships. 

Valuations were made and submitted of existing distribution systems, and 
engineering advice given concerning the operation of same in the municipalities 
of Teeswater and Lucknow. 

Estimates and rates were prepared and submitted, and assistance given in 
connection with placing money and enabling by-laws before the ratepayers of 
the Village of Kimberley. 

Estimates and rates were prepared and submitted, and investigations made 
concerning the delivery of power to the Villages of Hillsburgh and Ay ton. 

An investigation was made and estimates prepared and submitted in connec- 
tion with a power development on the Big Head River for the Town of Meaford. 

Engineering advice was given, plans prepared and construction work super- 
vised in connection with extensions to the distribution systems in the following 
towns for the purpose of supplying power to additional customers : Arthur, Dur- 
ham, Elmwood, Tara, Hanover, Chesley, Orangeville, Grand Valley. 

Power was delivered for the first time to the Municipality of Tara on 
January 3rd. 

Derby Township 

Kilsyth Distributing Station 

The construction of a standard pole type sub-station at Kilsyth, as outlined 
in the last Report, was completed and placed in service on January 1, 1918. It 
was decided to replace the Canadian Westinghouse type " R.O." polyphase demand 
wattmeter with their new type " R.A." polyphase graphic integrating demand 
wattmeter and the new meter was ordered in March, 1918. 

Durham 

The substation of the National Portland Cement Company, construction of 
which was begun in the year 1917, was completed during the year and placed in 
operation for the first time during the month of May, and 25-cycle power delivered 
to the company by means of a frequency changer set. 

Frequency Changer Set 

Electrical equipment as noted in last Annual Report was purchased and 
installed by the Commission in the location allotted in the boiler room ' of the 
Durham Portland Cement Company. 

The frequency changer set, manufactured by the Electric Machinery Company, 
of Minneapolis, and purchased by the Commission, was put into operation in 
April, 1918. 

Elmwood 

The construction of a standard pole type station at Elmwood, as outlined in the 
last Report, was completed on March 1, 1918, and was placed in temporary 
service with a spare 75-kv-a., three-phase transformer. The 50-kv-a. transformer 
was placed in service on May 23rd in place of the 75-kv-a. transformer. It has 
been decided to replace the Canadian Westinghouse Type " RO " polyphase demand 
wattmeter with their new type " RA " polyphase graphic integrating demand watt- 
meter and an order for this meter was placed in March, 1918. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 257 

Grand Valley 

Owing to the severe electrical storms experienced in this district, it was 
decided to install a lightning arrester on the 22,00 0-volt incoming line to Grand 
Valley Station. A 22,000-volt, three-phase, Delta Star outdoor type lightning 
arrester was purchased in June and was installed outside on the station wall by 
the Commission's Construction Department. The installation was completed and 
the arrester was placed in service on October 18, 1918. 

Hanover 

The distribution system in this municipality was reconstructed and placed 
in operation during the year. A contract between the Commission and a large flour 
mill in the municipality, which was executed prior to the entry of the town into 
the Hydro System, was turned over to the local officials. 

Connections were made to the Cement Mill and several furniture factories, 
land before the local system had been in operation a year the demand for power 
had considerably exceeded the original contracted amount, making it necessary 
to increase the transformer capacity in the substation. 

Distributing Station 

The installation of the electrical equipment in the new type " G " station at 
Hanover, as given in the last Eeport, was partially completed and the station 
put in temporary service at 2,300 volts on December 9, 1917. The installation 
was entirely completed ready to change over to 4,000 volts on June 21, 1918, 
but the Hanover Portland Cement Company and other power consumers were 
not ready for the change to 4,000-volt service at that time. Arrangements have 
been made to make the change in voltage and put the station in permanent service 
early in November. 

Hanover Portland Cement Co. Municipal Station 

The Canadian Westinghouse type " EO " integrating maximum demand watt- 
meter on the Homings' Mills feeder in the Shelburne distributing station, was 
sold to the Hanover Hydro-Electric System and, at their request, was installed 
by the Commission with the necessary instrument transformers, at the Hanover 
Portland Cement Company's plant. The installation was completed and the equip- 
ment was placed in service on October 7, 1918. 

Neustadt 

Money and enabling by-laws were passed in this municipality and a contract 
executed with the Commission for supply of Hydro power. Assistance was rendered 
by engineers of the Department in placing these by-laws before the ratepayers. 
On the authority of the local officials plans were prepared for re-building the 
distribution svstem, construction of which will be undertaken early next year. 



258 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 



WASDELL'S SYSTEM 

General 

Assistance was given to the following municipalities in the nature of engineer- 
ing advice, explanation to customers concerning application of rates, and in 
general on matters relating to the operation and management of their various 
distribution systems, and periodical trips were made by engineers of the depart- 
ment to each municipality for such purposes: Brechin, Beaverton, Woodville, 
Sunderland, Cannington. 

Plans and estimates were prepared, and an investigation made in connection 
with extending the lines of the WasdelPs System to serve Uxbridge and Port 
Perry, and assistance was given both municipalities by engineers of the depart- 
ment concerning the use and application of Hydro power. 

Estimates and reports were prepared and submitted covering rates, and the 
cost of service to portions of the Townships of Brock and Thorah. 

MUNICIPAL WORK 
Brock Township 

A rural line was constructed in Brock Township east from Sunderland, 
giving service 'to four farms, and preparations made for constructing a similar line 
west from Sunderland in the same township, for the purpose of serving six addi- 
tional farms. It is expected that the new line will be placed in operation early 
next year. 

Brechin 

Plans and estimates were prepared for an extension of the distribution system 
for the purpose of supplying the increased demand of an additional customer. 

Beaverton 

A study was made of local conditions in Beaverton, with the idea of develop- 
ing the power load in this municipality, the results of which appear very promising 
as the average load for 1918 has increased considerably over that of 1917. (See 
under Operation of Systems.) 

Thorah Township 

A new line was constructed and placed in operation in Thorah Township 
for the purpose of serving summer cottages at Cedarhurst and Maple Beach 
in the vicinity of Beaverton. Plans are being considered for extending this line 
to serve twenty farms located within the boundaries of the same township. 

CENTRAL ONTARIO SYSTEM 

POWER CONSTRUCTION 

Auburn 

Generating Station (Peterborough) 

Drawings have been prepared showing necessary alterations to the cornice on 
the roof of the Auburn Generating Station. A few rounds of broken tile will have 
to be removed and new tile placed. The gutter will also have to be renewed. The 
construction work is being done by the Operating Department. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 259 

Fenelon Falls 
Generating Station 

In the last Annual Report it was stated that various changes were to be made 
at the Fenelon Falls Generating Station so that 44,000-volt power would be de- 
livered direct to the transmission lines of the Central Ontario System but due to 
the high cost of the work involved, it has been decided to postpone this work for 
the present- 
To take care of present conditions it was decided to purchase a 750-kv-a., 
44,000/25,400-volt primary 2,400/1,200/600-volt secondary, 60-cycle, 3-phase trans- 
former from the Canadian General Electric Company with a minimum amount of 
switching equipment. It is expected that it will be ready for service in December, 
1918. 

Healey Falls 

Construction work on this site was begun in "November, 1917, and has been in 
progress during the year. During August the foundations for the turbine were 
installed. 

The programme for the extension of this plant has been followed out during 
the past year. The new penstock has been delivered and erected by the Dominion 
Bridge Company, and the Wellman-Seaver-Morgan Company has completed the 
erection of the 5,600 brake horse-power turbine. This new equipment is ready for 
test as soon as the generator is connected. 

Excavation in the tail race necessary to> accommodate the additional flow from 
the new unit is rapidly nearing completion and less than 15 per cent, of the rock 
remains to be taken out. It is expected that this work will be completed early 
in 1919. " , 

Generating Station 

The additional switching and metering equipment required for the operation 
of Xo. 4 generator which is being supplied by the Canadian Westinghouse Company 
on Contract, is now practically all installed. 

The 3,750-kv.a. generator ordered from the Swedish General Electric Com- 
pany and to be known as Xo. 4 generator has been manufactured but has not yet 
been shipped from Sweden, due to the war shipping difficulties which have been 
wholly to blame for the delay. It is now expected that shipment will be made early 
in 1019. 

Drawings have been made for the ventilation of the Generating Station show- 
ing installtaion of fans in ends of building. The equipment for this installation 
has been ordered and delivered. 

Ranney Falls Development 

Some preliminary work has been done and it is expected to c r mmence the 
designs shortly for a development at Ranney Falls on the Trent River j st below 
the Town of Campbell ford. 

The electrical equipment will probably consist of three 3-phase. 60-cycle, 6,600- 
volt generators, six 60-cycle, single-phase, 44,000/6, 600-volt transformers with all 
necessary switching equipment including double high and low tension busses. Pro- 
vision will be made to receive power at 6,600 volts from two proposed development* 
one at dam Xo. 8 which is three miles downstream and the other at dam Xo. 9 which 
is one and one half miles downstream. 



260 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

MUNICIPAL WORK 

General 

Material has been ordered for the electrical heating of Belleville, Lindsay, 
Cobourg and Bomanville Distributing Stations. The installation work is being 
done by the Operating Department. 

Belleville 

Service Building 

Plans and specifications have been prepared for alterations to the Belleville 
Garage, a building 40 feet by 70 feet, to make it a two storey structure with a base- 
ment under a portion of it. The alterations include partitions for machine shop, 
repair rooms and offices, installation of heating, lighting and a general overhauling 
of building. 

This construction work is being done by the Operating Department. 

Power has been supplied throughout the year to the Tivani Electric Steel 
Company for use in electric furnaces for the production of ferro-molybdenum 
and low-phosphorus pig iron. 

Municipal Waterworks Pumping 

Of the electrically-driven pumping plant described in last years report, two 
units have been put in operation, all of the original steam pumps have been 
removed and two units which will make the station complete are now being 
installed. 

It is intended to fit up one of the steam pumps in the adjoining boiler room, 
as a reserve, pending the completion of the duplicate transmission line to the 
pumping station. 

Bloomfield 

Power will be delivered early in 1919 to this municipality over a 4,000-volt line 
of No. 2 steel reinforced aluminum carried on the high tension poles, from the sub- 
station at Wellington. 

Arrangements have been made for the construction of a modern distribution 
and street lighting system. This work will be handled under the direction of the 
Commission, local labor being used as largely as possible. 

Brooklin 

In connection with East and West Whitby Township rural extensions out of 
Oshawa, the Village of Brooklin was supplied with power at 4,000 volts. 

A three-phase distribution system supplies fifty domestic and commercial con- 
sumers and four power consumers. 

The line was also extended as far as Greenwood, where a load of 35 horse power 
was secured. 

Street Lighting 

A new street lighting system was installed for this municipality by the 
Coimmssion. Thirty-five series lighting units, 80 watts each, are fed from a 5-kw. 
pole-type constant-current transformer with a 6.6 ampere secondary circuit. This 
circuit was placed in operation on March 18, 1918. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 261 

Cobourg 
Gas Plant 

An investigation was made with preliminary drawings and estimates on the 
prospects of utilizing the gas benches at Cobourg for the production of limed coke, 
which was to be subsequently charged into electric furnaces for conversion into 
calcium carbide. 

The scheme involved the crushing and mixing of quicklime and gas coal, the 
mixture being charged to the retorts, part of the resulting gas to be burned under 
the retorts and the balance to be delivered to the town mains. The charge would 
be drawn directly into a special buggy and removed to the furnace room. An 
objectionable feature of the scheme was the necessity of excluding the atmosphere 
from the limed coke until cool and ready for charging to the electric furnaces. It 
was decided that the cost of installation was not warranted in view of the experi- 
mental nature of the scheme. 

An installation is now being made of a motor-driven pump and the necessary 
piping for the purpose of creating a rapid circulation of the surface water in the 
gas-holder tank. 

A large quantity of steam has hitherto been necessary to 'prevent ice formation, 
and it is expected that the motion of the water and the resulting oil foam on the 
exposed surface will make the use of steam in cold weather unnecessary. 

Pumping Station 

Some trouble was experienced last winter due to fish and material being 
drawn through the new intake. A diver was sent down in the summer and dis- 
covered thaf rock filling about the pipe at its entrance to the intake box had been 
carelessly placed by the contractors, and this was made good with concrete. 

The gasoline-driven fire pump described in last year's report has been in 
operation condition for nearly a year and gives good satisfaction. Trouble was 
experienced on starting the new engine and the makers sent an erector from the 
works who found several broken piston rings and a faulty bearing, due apparently 
to unsuitable material or shop testing. No trouble has developed since these defects 
were made good. 

In order to avoid sending the starting battery to a garage to be recharged, 
which would entail the purchase of a spare battery, the generator has been removed 
from the engine and is now being fitted with base and pulley, so that it can be 
driven at any time from one of the electrical units in the adjoining room. The 
battery can thus be always kept in first class condition without expense. 

Consecon 

An investigation was made and necessary data compiled regarding load avail- 
able was secured to enable the Commission to include the village and surrounding 
district in the future development of the district. 

Hallowell Township 

Arrangements are being made for a supply of rural power to the farmers in 
this district to be taken from the Bloomfield feeder, and extensions of same. 

Kingston 

A 44,000-volt high tension line between Napanee and Kingston was completed 
And power was turned on December 13, 1917. Power is being supplied Kingston 



262 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



from the Central Ontario System, the generating stations being located on the 
Trent Eiver Canal. A portion of the municipal generating station was remodelled 
for a substation in which three 750-k.v.a., 3-phase, 60-cycle, 44,000/2,400-volt trans- 
formers were installed, together with suitable switching and protective equipment. 

A 225 horse-power synchronous 2,200-volt a.c. — 600-volt d.c. motor generator 
set was installed to provide power for railway purposes. This was a second-hand 
unit purchased from Sarnia. A 450 horse-power, 2,200-volt synchronous motor 
was also purchased from Sarnia. This was a two bearing machine, but was con- 
verted into a three bearing machine which was belted to a 250-k.w., d.c, 600-volt 
generator purchased second-hand from the General Electric Company. These units 
have handled the railway load very satisfactorily. 




A 3,500 gallon per minute centrifugal waterworks pump was purchased and 
installed for the municipality for use for domestic and fire service. This installa- 
tion also included a Venturi meter and the necessary piping and other details. The 
pump is direct connected to a 350 horse-power, 2,200-volt, 3-phase synchronous 
motor, which together with the street railway synchronous motors are used for 
power factor correction purposes. 

The Commission also constructed for the municipality several 2,200-volt lines, 
including a line to the Penitentiary and Portsmouth and a line between the sub- 
station and the pump House. 

Distributing Station 

Alterations were effected and necessary equipment installed in the easterly 
part of the Kingston Civic Utilities steam plant so that power was turned on during 
December, 1917. A temporary wooden switch board was installed to supply 2,400- 
volt power to the Civic Utilities bus. 

During the spring of 191'8 the 44,000-volt lightning arrester and the perma- 
nent low tension switchboard were installed and put in service. The equipment is 
described in the last Report. 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



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264 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

Municipal Waterworks Pumping 

The 3,500 g.p.m. unit and connections described in last year's report have been 
in operation for several months. Arrangements have been made to test this unit 
under operating conditions. Photograph number 10960 shows the pump and 
synchronous motor. Drawing No. MC 308-7-5 shows the arrangement of piping 
in this plant. The piping was revised, enlarged and duplicated from point near 
end of dock to Ontario street. 

Construction 

The Commission installed for this municipality overhead 2,300-volt feeders 
from Kingston to Portsmouth and from the Kingston sub-station to the Kingston 
waterworks. This work was completed on June 12, 1918. 

Madoc 

Mining activity has caused a considerable increase in the demand on this 
station. A number of new mines have been opened up, all of these using Hydro- 
Electric power for drilling, pumping and hoisting. Most of the mines are operated 
for fluorspar. 

Napanee 

At the request of the municipality plans and estimates were made by the 
Commission for a new system of street lighting. 

Omemee 

The distribution system constructed for the Village of Omemee by the Com- 
mission was completed and placed in service on January 17, 1918. 

The power load has grown rapidly during the year and considerable . farther 
increase is expected during 1919. 

Distributing \ Station 

The outdoor distributing station at Omemee was completed and put in service 
about the middle of January) 1918, and was operated until March with two 
40-kv-a., 44,000/2,400-volt transformers at which time the third transformer was 
completed and installed. 

A 44.000-volt Delta Star lightning arrester is used to protect the high tension 
circuits. 

Street Lighting 

The installation of a new street lighting system was completed and service 
given on January 18, 1918. The equipment included a 7%-kw. pole-type constant- 
current transformer, the lighting units consisting of thirty-two 100-watt and ten 
250-watt gas-filled incandescent lamps, mounted in standard bracket fixtures. 

Oshawa 
Gas Plant 

A similar equipment to that described for Cobourg is being installed for the gas 
holder tank, which is sunk in the ground and therefore is easier to maintain in 
satisfactory condition in winter than the exposed steel tank at Cobourg. 

Owing to the uncertainty of coal deliveries, the necessity of storing large 
quantities in the yard and the expense of unloading and handling to the generators, 
special gangways have been erected to the charging platform and an unloading 
conveyor is being built to deliver the coal from a pit below the railway track to the 
storage pile. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 265 

Peterborough 

Distributing Station 

Due to the high cost of material and labor it has been deemed advisable to 
postpone the building of the new distributing station mentioned in the last Annual 
Keport. To meet the load conditions for the present one 750-kv-a., 6,600/2,400- 
volt, 60-cycle, 3-phase transformer was temporarily installed at the Otonabee 
Distributing Station. 

Street Railway 

The work in connection with a report on operating conditions, new routes, 
etc., was carried on ; the Commission has authorized the purchase of 2 one-man cars 
while tenders and specifications are now being prepared. A complete report, 
showing the comparative service in Peterborough and other similar Ontario 
cities, was laid before the Commission, which indicated that the service given 
in Peterborough both as to length of track and car mileage per capita was much 
better than that supplied in other places having corresponding conditions. The 
earnings were found to be too small to warrant any further extensions at this 
particular time and it can easily be seen that any further extensions would not 
be self-supporting, but when the two new cars are placed in operation, it is 
anticipated that the present routing may be altered so as to give some improve- 
ment in the service. 

Radial Railway i 

One 150-kw. generator was purchased from the Essex County System to be 
used as a sycnchronous motor to drive the present 100-kw., 500-volt direct-current 
generator. The installation of this equipment is being done by the Operating 
Department. 

Gas Plant 

The new water gas plant described in the previous report is now in satisfactory 
operation. This equipment includes condensing capacity sufficient for both the old 
and new generators and the old scrubbers have been dismantled. 

Pickering Township 

A 4,000-volt line has been constructed through Pickering Township to Green- 
wood from the West Whitby township extension. 

Two power contracts and several lighting contracts have been secured. 

Picton 

The lines and stations for Prince Edward County are well under way and 
power will be delivered to Picton early in 1919. 

The low tension switching panels and metering equipment will be housed in a 
small brick kiosk. 

The 2,200-volt, 2-phase, three-wire distribution system in the town will be 
rearranged for three-phase, 2,200-volt operation. 

The Commission is arranging for the installation of electrically-driven pumps 
for the Picton waterworks system. Two 600' gallon per minute, 3 stage, 6-inch 
centrifugal pumps will be installed and will be driven by two 100 horse-power 
motors. 

Contracts have been let for this equipment and the work is progressing 
favorably. 



266 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

Distributing Station 

Drawings have been prepared and material ordered for a pole type station. 
The Canadian General Electric Company were awarded the contract for the 300-kv-a., 
oil insulated, self-cooled, outdoor type, 3-phase, 60-cycle, 44,000/2,400-4,160-volt 
transformer, which was to be so designed as to operate satisfactorily in parallel 
with similar transformers supplied by them for the Central Ontario System. The 
air brake switches, choke coils, and arresters were supplied by the Delta-Star 
Electric Company. 

The meter house is of brick construction and with the exception of the in- 
stalling of the power transformer which is to be done by the Canadian General 
Electric Company, the Commission's Construction Department will build this 
station. 

This station will receive its power from the 44,000-volt line of the Central 
•Ontario System, from Trenton. The low tension distribution is to be 2,400-volt 
and there are to be two feeders one of which will belong to the municipality. 

From present indications this station will be complete and in service in the 
early part of 1919. 

Municipal Waterworks Pumping 

A recommendation has been made covering the substitution of electric pump- 
ing equipment for the present steam plant, which gives a water supply for fire 
and commercial purposes. Tenders have been called for on two units each of 
600 g.p.m. capacity at 335 feet head for fire service, the same units operating at 
their best efficiency at 290 feet head and giving a greater volume of water for 
commercial service. A large existing reservoir at suitable elevation for the lower 
pressure allows of off-peak operation. 

Sulphide 

During this year the proposed extention to the station building has been 
completed. Five feet has been added to its length to take care of the additional 
switching equipment. 

New remote control low tension switching equipment and a 6-panel switchboard 
to replace that which is installed at present has been ordered from the Canadian 
Westinghouse Company and it is expected that it will be ready for service early 
in 1919. 

Trenton 

The demand of the British Chemicals Company increased to nearly 6,000 
horse-power. This plant manufactured explosives for the Imperial Munitions 
Board and is now idle since the signing of the armistice. 

The waterworks system has been sold to the municipality and will be operated 
as a civic utility by a local commission after December 31, 1918. 

Tweed 

The street lighting constant-current regulator is being removed from the 
old hydraulic plant and installed on a pole structure in the centre of the town. 
The circuits will be controlled by a time-switch. 

The distribution system is undergoing a general overhauling. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 267 

Uxbridge 

A valuation of the local power plant and distribution system in the town, the 
property of J. Wj Gould, Esq., was made by the Commission. The municipality is 
preparing to submit a by-law for the purpose of taking over this plant and operat- 
ing same until a supply of Hydro power is available. 

Wellington 

The village of Wellington is arranging to take over the 250-volt d.c. distribu- 
tion system and operate same at 220 volts until the summer of 1919, when the 
whole system will be completely rebuilt for 3-phase, 4,000 volts. 

Distributing Station 

In April of this year instructions were issued authorizing the construction 
of this station and on May 11, 1918 the Canadian General Electric Company were 
advised to proceed with the building of one 300-kv-a., oil insulated, self-cooled, 
outdoor type, 3-phase, 60-sycle, 44,000/2,400/4,1'60-volt transformer which was to 
be so designed that it would operate satisfactorily in parallel with similar trans- 
formers supplied by them for the Central Ontario System. 

The station will be of the outdoor type with 44,000-volt air brake switches, 
choke coils and arresters. It will receive its supply of power from Trenton. The 
meter house is built of brick. 

The low tension distribution consists of two 4,160-volt, 3-phase, grounded 
neutral feeders one of which supplies Bloomfield. 

The Commission's Construction Department is installing this station complete 
with the exception of the power transformer which the Canadian General Electric 
Company will install. 

The work is proceeding very satisfactorily and it is expected that the station 
will be in service early in 1919. 

East and West Whitby Township 

The 4,0'00-volt rural extension from Oshawa through Whitby Township has 
been completed. 

Apart from the village of Brooklin, thirty farm power services and ten lighting 
services have been connected. 

Whitby 

A portion of the distribution system in this municipality was formerly 
controlled and operated by the Commission and from these lines service was 
supplied to two power consumers. Arrangements were completed under which 
the Whitby Public Utilities Commission took over the lines in question and 
assumed the two power contracts. 

Power has been supplied continuously throughout the year to the Military 
Hospital. 

Street Railway 

As recorded in the last Annual Eeport, there was an agitation for the con- 
struction of a street railway in Whithy to give service between the C.P.R. and 
the Military Hospital. An estimate of the cost of construction and operation of 
this line along with an estimate of the probable operating revenue was forwarded 
to the municipality on December 17, 1917, but it was found impossible to secure 
sufficient business to make the construction of the line a feasible proposition. A 
small construction locomotive has been purchased and restricted service is now 
given between the G.T.R. station and the hospital grounds. 



268 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

MUSKOKA SYSTEM 

POWER CONSTRUCTION 

South Falls Generating Station 

The two graphic meter panels and the Tirrill regulator which were ordered 
from the Canadian General Electric Company as noted in last Report, were 
installed by this Company in November, 1917, and February,. 1918, respectively. 

MUNICIPAL WORK 

Assistance was given to the municipalities of Huntsville and Gravenhurst in 
the nature of engineering advice, explanation to customers concerning application 
of rates, and in general on matters relating to the operation and management 
of their respective distribution systems, and periodical trips were made by en- 
gineers of the Department to each of these municipalities for such purposes. 

Huntsville 

The town officials requested a valuation of the local waterworks system so that 
a proper figure could be arrived at covering the value of their permanent assets. 
This valuation is now being made. 

Stephenson Township 

Plans and estimates were prepared, and an investigation made concerning 
the delivery of power to the hamlets of Utterson and Port Sydney, located within 
the boundaries of Stephenson Township, and all matters discussed and explained 
to the township officials concerning the delivery of Hydro power to this locality. 



ST. LAWRENCE SYSTEM 

GENERAL 

St. Lawrence River Surveys 

The collection of data on the water powers of the St. Lawrence Eiver was 
commenced during the year and is being continued. This embraces extensive 
surveys in the field for the collection of topographical and hydrographical data, 
the extent of which may be judged from the fact that the St. Lawrence Eiver 
has a discharge varying from 180,000 to 325,000 cubic feet per second and has 
a fall of ninety feet in that part of it above or west of the International or 
Interprovincial boundary, from Lake Ontario, to below Cornwall. 

The original intention of limiting the investigation to that part of the river 
from Morrisburg west to Lake Ontario water level has been altered so that the 
investigations will include all that part of the river in which the Province of 
Ontario is directly interested in power; embracing fifty miles of the canalized 
part of the St. Lawrence. 

The work was started at the end of May, 1918, when steps were taken to 
determine with the least loss of time the best location for the installation of 
gauges that would define the water surface of the river at its varying stages. This 
was followed by the establishment of a staff of engineers at Morrisburg, for 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 269 

systematically securing the necessary knowledge. Three automatic gauges have 
been installed on this work and kept in operation and six more are on order 
and will be installed on the receipt of the same. 

The surveys now being conducted have for their object the determination 
of contours of the shores between the head of the Galops Rapids and the lower 
end of the Long Sault Rapids. These contours will give the necessary information 
for determining the most feasible locations of sites for dams and the attendant 
flooding of lands due to backwater from these dams. Wash borings and core 
drillings are being made at these possible sites. 

The results of these topographical, hydrographical and geological surveys 
will furnish the data for an adequate analysis of the most economic and practicable 
method of developing the potential powers of the St. Lawrence River, and will 
enable the Province to participate with authority and intelligence in the discussion 
of the proposed scheme of international development, which has recently become 
such an active issue. 

MUNICIPAL WORK 

Athens 

A request was received from the municipality for assistance in securing a 
supply of Hydro power. An engineer visited the village and secured necessary 
data to include this district in estimates for transmission' lines, as soon as a surplus 
of power is available on the St. Lawrence System. 

Brockville 

Distributing Station 

Owing to the increasing demand for power, the three 200-kv-a., single-phase 
transformers in the original station were replaced by two 750-kv-a., oil insulated, 
water cooled, 3-phase, 44,000/25,400-2,400 4,160-volt Canadian General Electric 
transformers with a 450-kv-a., self-cooled rating. One of these was placed in 
service on October 23, 1918, the other is to be installed shortly. 

The present one panel switchboard is to be moved and four new panels are to 
be installed. Two of these are to be owned by the municipality. The high tension 
switching equipment has also been somewhat remodelled. The present high tension 
voltage is 26,400 volts. 

When the system voltage is changed to the 44,000 volts a new station will 
be built. 



Municipal Pumping Station 

A visit was made to the pumping station at the request of the municipality 
and a proposition is being prepared for increasing the present electric pumping 
plant and cutting out the steam, plant, for both domestic and fire purposes. It is 
proposed to instal two electrically-driven domestic pumps and one fire booster pump. 

Gas Plant 

An examination of the municipal gas plant was made for the purpose ot 
ascertaining whether the equipment and operation were in accordance with modern 
practice, and a report was submitted to the manager of the City Utilities. 



270 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

Chesterville 

Due to load conditions at Chesterville it has been decided to install a 26,000- 
volt outdoor transformer station of 300-kv-a. capacity which can be changed to 
46,000 volts when the St. Lawrence System is changed over to the higher voltage. 
At present Chesterville is supplied by a 4,000-volt feeder from Winchester and 
this will be done away with when the new station goes into service which will 
be sometime in the Spring of 1919. 

The power load has increased to such an extent that the Commission is preparing 
to instal an outdoor substation at this point. A suitable site for same has been 
purchased by the municipality and arrangements are being made for the purchase 
of one 300-kw., 3-phase outdoor transformer and protective equipment. 

Cornwall 

Transformer Station 

Outgoing lines will be operated at 26,400 volts until load conditions warrant 
a change to 45,700 volts. 

Plans and specifications for the building of the transformer station were 
completed early in the spring. The erection of the building, which is 52 feet by 67 
feet and situated near Mille Roches between the Cornwall Canal and the Kingston 
Road, was started by the Commission's Construction Department in May and 
completed in October. It is built of buff colored pressed brick. Steel window 
sashes, reinforced concrete floors and steel beam construction were used throughout, 
thus making an entirely fireproof building. 

The contract for the steel was awarded to McGregor & Mclntyre, Limited. 
The building has been so designed that an addition may readily be added when 
it becomes necessary to increase the capacity of the station. 

Elecirical Equipment 

The electrical equipment will consist of two incoming 110,000-volt lines with 
an oil switch on each line, 4 single-phase, 1,250-kv-a., 60-cycle, 63,500/45,700/26,400- 
volt water-cooled transformers having one 110,000-volt lightning arrester on the 
high tension bus, switching and protective apparatus for two 46,000-volt outgoing 
lines and three 100-kv-a., 60-cycle, 45,700/26,400 primary 4,000/2,300/575-volt 
secondary service transformers. 

The station is to be operated at present at 110,000 volts and 26,000 volts but 
provision has been made so that the station can be operated at 46,000 volts on the 
low tension side at a future date. The 46,000-volt equipment and service trans- 
formers are located on the second floor, the main transformers and 110,000-volt 
switching equipment on the main floor. 

The incoming line oil switches were purchased from the Canadian General 
Electric Company on a stock order from which two were allotted to this station. 
Contracts were placed with the Canadian General Electric Company for four 
1,250-kv-a., 110,000-volt transformers and three 100-kv-a. service transformers. 
A contract was also placed with the Canadian Westinghouse Company for the 
110,000-volt lightning arrester. A number of 46,000-volt oil switches were pur- 
chased from the Canadian Westinghouse Company on a stock order and two of 
them were allotted to this station. 

The switching equipment is to be hand operated but with automatic trip. 
Provision has been made so that this equipment may be made electrically operated 
in the future. Three l',250-kv-a. transformers will comprise one bank and the 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 271 

fourth unit will be used as a spare. A complete lighting and electric heating 
system is being provided for the station. 

The installation work of the above equipment was started by the Commission's 
Construction Department the last of October, 1918, and it is expected that the 
station will be ready for service early in 1919. 

General 

A 1 o-ton hand operated crane and a 5-ton chain block purchased from the 
Northern Crane Works have been provided for the handling of the apparatus 
in the station. 

Two 100-gallon centrifugal pumps direct connected to 550-volt induction 
motors have been purchased from the Canadian Fairbanks Morse Company for 
the pumping of water from the Cornwall Canal for the purpose of cooling the 
transformers, etc. 

Cornwall-Morrisburg Line 

A 44,000-volt transmission line has been completed between the new substation 
at Cornwall and the St. Lawrence System lines at Morrisburg. 

This line carries No. 3/0 aluminum conductors on pin type insulators on 
forty foot poles spaced 176 feet. 

Power will be supplied to the St. Lawrence System over this line as soon as 
the Cornwall substation is completed. Operation will be at 26,400 volts for the 
present, but will be changed to 44,000 volts as soon as load conditions warrant the 
change. 

Toronto Paper Company 

During the summer a request was received from the Toronto Paper Company 
at Cornwall, for 600-volt power. A modified type " G " station was decided on 
and designs are being completed. The present layout calls for one 26,000-volt line 
with one 750-kv-a. transformer and room for a second transformer. The station is 
so designed that it can be readily changed to be suitable for 46,000 volts with two 
incoming lines and an extension for two more transformers. Power will be supplied 
from the Cornwall Transformer Station. 

Iroquois 

Assistance was given to the municipality, the Commission supplying a 150-kw., 
3-phase, 60-cycle generator for temporary use until the municipality's new equip- 
ment could be installed. 

Winchester 

Consideration was given to alterations in the substation serving this muni- 
cipality. 

Tests were made of a local industry contemplating changing to electric drive. 
The load taken by the town will be materially increased! by this industry. 



272 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 



OTTAWA SYSTEM 

MUNICIPAL WORK 
Ottawa 

An investigation of rates for street lighting was made with a view to adjusting 
rates charged for ornamental lighting, with the result that a new reduced rate was 
put in force for ornamental street lighting. 

The Lemieux Island pumping station was put into service on November 12, 
1917, and was served by means of Hydro power. 

The metering arrangements for measuring the power supplied to the city from 
the Ottawa and Hull Power and Mfg. Company were improved and new meters 
installed. 

Nepean Township 

Suburban hamlets and municipalities in Nepean Township, including Westboro, 
requested the Commission to investigate the possibility of serving them with Hydro 
power. Visits were made to these districts and reported on. 



RIDEAU SYSTEM 

POWER CONSTRUCTION 
High Falls 

The extension of the Eideau System in eastern Ontario in the past year has 
required the development of an additional source of power. Investigation indicated 
that High Falls, on the Mississippi Eiver, about half a mile above Dalhousie Lake, 
would provide the capacity required, in the most economical way. This site is 
about seven miles from Mississippi Station, on the Kingston-Pembroke branch of 
the Canadian Pacific Eailway. 

During the summer of 1918 a complete survey was made of the proposed 
development site at High Falls and also of the area to be flooded. These surveys 
have been plotted and plans for the development are in course of preparation. 

The scheme of development adopted is to raise the water level of the river by 
means of a dam across the head of the falls which will make available a head of 
80 feet, and create a storage to facilitate the handling of daily load variations. -The 
pipe line will be of wood stave 10 feet in diameter and 320 feet long and will carry 
the water to the power house. 

The turbines, three in number, were purchased along with the generators and 
governors from the Hannawa Falls Power Company of Potsdam, New York. These 
machines are rated at 1,200 brake horse-power each, running at 300 r.p.m. under 
an 80-foot head, and were built by the James Leffel Company, of Springfield, 
Massachusetts. They have been in service for several years, but a close inspection 
shows that with some minor repairs they can be put in good running condition. 
The site of the dam and power house are being cleared and a roadway opened up 
by the Construction Department. No contracts for equipment or material other 
than above mentioned have been let as yet, but it is expected that tenders will be 
called for early in 1919 for the pipe, gates, winches, steel and other apparatus neces- 
sary for the completion of the work. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 273 

Rideau Power Company 

Metering equipment was installed in the plant of the Eideau Power Company 
to measure the power purchased for the Rideau System. 

This equipment includes graphic recording wattmeter and wattless component 
meter, also an integrating wattmeter, ammeter, potential and current transformers 
and miscellaneous equipment. 

The Rideau Power Company transforming and switching station was designed 
by the Commission. Apparatus for the station was purchased through the Com- 
mission. Additional generating equipment is also being installed. 



MUNICIPAL WORK 
Almonte 

An effort is being made to have the several water power plants in the muni- 
cipality incorporated into a single development. Engineering assistance was given 
to the municipality in the operation of the local system and in the construction of 
line extensions for power loads recently secured. 

Carleton Place 

Options have been secured by the municipality with a view to the purchase of 
the local power plant and distribution system. It is proposed to use this plant in 
connection with a comprehensive power scheme for the Rideau System. This 
municipality will shortly vote on Hydro by-laws. 

Kemptville 

Estimates were prepared, including Kemptville in a proposed power scheme 
for the Rideau district. 

Since an agreement has been executed with the Rideau Power Company of 
Merrickville, an adequate supply for this municipality is available at that point. 
It has been considered necessary to delay any work for serving the municipality 
until more favorable costs of labor and material prevail. It is proposed to make 
arrangements to serve the municipality during the coming year. 

Perth f 

The 26,000-volt transmission line from Smith's Falls to Perth has been com- 
pleted. The brick substation at the site of the town pumping station is under 
construction. Three 200-kv.a. transformers now in Brockville station are to be 
installed in this station. 

Power will be delivered from Merrickville early in 1919. 

A 60 horse-power, 3-phase, 2,200-volt motor was procured by the Commission 
and direct-connected to the 6-inch single stage domestic pump in the municipal 
pumping station. 

A 125-h.p., 3-phase, 2,200-volt motor was purchased for direct connection to 
the 8-inch turbine fire pump. 

A 200-kw., 3-phase, 60-cycle, 2,200-volt generator was purchased for the Badour 
power house, one of the town's generating plants. 

A 200-kw., 3-phase, 60-cycle, 2,200 volt generator was purchased for the Tay 
River power house. 



274 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

About five hundred 133-cycle meters are being readjusted at the Commission's 
laboratory, Toronto, for use on 60-cycles. 

The local distribution and street systems have been remodelled and extended 
under the direction of the Commission to serve industrial plants preparing to take 
electric power. 

A number of tests were made on industrial plants to obtain the amount of 
power needed for electric drive. 

The Commission has been requested to design and purchase suitable switching 
equipment for the municipality to be installed in the substation. This will consist 
of four panels, and delivery is expected shortly. 

Distributing Station 

The construction of a modified Type " G " station was decided on. It will 
be a brick building and will accommodate two 750-kv-a., oil insulated, water- 
cooled, 44,000/25,400 volts primary 2,400/600 volts secondary, 60-cycle trans- 
formers together with necessary switching equipment. Three 200-kv-a., oil in- 
sulated, self-cooled transformers will be installed temporarily. Arrangements have 
been made so as to extend the building if necessary. It is expected that this 
station will go into service early in 1919. 

The construction work on this station was commenced in the first week in 
September, and completed by October 8th. 

Municipal Switchboard 

The Perth municipality has authorized the Commission to purchase a four- 
panel switchboard for controlling the outgoing distributing feeders. Specifica- 
tions have been drawn up and a contract for this switchboard was given to the 
Canadian Westinghouse Company on September 18, 1918. 

Street Lighting 

Plans and estimates were prepared for the installation of street lighting- 
system, partly underground and partly overhead, to replace the existing obsolete 
arc lamp system. 

Smith's Falls 

The plants and distribution systems of the Smith's Falls Electric Company 
and the Citizens' Electric Company were taken over by the municipality and 
operated as a single system, effecting thereby a considerably greater overall effi- 
ciency in the use of water power, distribution lines, etc. 

A part of the Gould power plant was arranged as a step-down station for power 
from Merrickville. 

The municipality requested the Commission to design and purchase switching 
equipment for the substation to allow of operating the local plants in conjunction 
with Hydro power from the Eideau System. 

Distributing Station 

The building provided for a distributing station for the municipality was 
remodelled in order to obtain a more satisfactory layout at the present time and 
to have sufficient clearances to install the high tension for 44,000 volts, when 
this system is changed over to 44,000 volts' from 25,400 volts. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 275 

One 750-kv-a., oil insulated, water-cooled, 3-phase, 44,000/25,400/2,400-4,160 
Canadian General Electric transformer with a 450-kv-a., self-cooled rating was placed 
in service with a temporary switchboard on September 15, 1918. Provision has 
been made so that a duplicate transformer may be installed in the future. 

A permanent switchboard is to be designed and will include a six panel feeder 
and generator switchboard which will be purchased by the Smith's Falls muni- 
cipality, through the Commission. It is expected that the complete switchboard 
will be installed the early part of 1919. 

Power is supplied from Merrickville at present at 25,400 volts. 

This source of power will be augmented when the High Falls Development 
is completed. 

Municipal Waterworks Pumping 

The present water supply is obtained from hydraulically-operated reciprocating 
pumps, an open wooden flume on the Rideau River furnishing power and giving a 
suction head on the pumps. The flume being in a bad state of repair and of in- 
sufficient capacity, a report and layout were made for auxiliary electric pumping 
equipment to be located in the present pumping station for domestic and fire 
service. 

Tenders have been received on two direct connected domestic units each of 
1,000 g.p.m. capacity at 175 feet head with a booster on a by-pass in the discharge 
main which will raise the pressure 95 feet for fire service, provision being made 
in the layout for a second booster in parallel with the first. When the electric 
installation is placed in operation, the flume can be rebuilt and most of the supply 
for domestic service will be pumped by water power, the electric units being 
reserved for fire and for domestic demand above the capacity of the present plant. 
This demand is at present filled by steam pumps of low duty which will be per- 
manently closed down. 

NIPISSING SYSTEM 

POWER CONSTRUCTION 

Nipissing Generating Station 

The old wooden surge tank was removed, from the pipe line at Nipissing 
generating station, the new differential steel tank giving much improved service. 
A new set of bayonet type electric heating units is' to be installed in the surge tank 
to prevent the water from freezing during cold weather. 

The armature of No. 3 generator was completely rewound and service from 
this machine is much improved. 

A demand meter was installed to measure the load on the Nipissing village 
feeder. 

Preparations have been made for the installation of a storage dam in the 
vicinity of Cox Chutes on the South River as soon as prices of material and labor 
return to more normal basis. All the necessary land has been secured and the 
designs have been completed. 

MUNICIPAL WORK 

Callander 

A single-phase type R.O. demand watt-hour meter was installed in the local sub- 
station to measure the maximum demand taken by the municipality. 



276 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 



North Bay 

A 200-kw., 2,200-volt, 3-phase generator was installed in the steam generating 
station. Some rearrangement and a number of repairs were made in the plant to 
obtain more efficient operation. Engine foundations were improved by the addition 
of concrete abutments. 

Switching apparatus and street lighting transformers were moved from the old 
gas plant substation to the high tension substation. 

Assistance was given to the municipality to re-establish service after the fire 
in the waterworks pumping station which destroyed the station and some of the 
apparatus therein. Assistance was also given in the matter of adjustment of the 
fire loss. 

A very satisfactory increase in the appliance load has been noted during the 
past season, a large number of stoves having been connected to the system. 

Powassan 

A 3-phase type E.O. demand meter was installed in the Powassan substation to 
measure the power taken by the municipality. 

Several extensions were made to the distribution system and a satisfactory 
increase in load recorded. A portion of the distributing system was in extremely 
bad shape and was rebuilt. 



PORT ARTHUR SYSTEM 

POWER CONSTRUCTION 

Nipigon Power Development 

Surveys of possible power developments on the Nipigon Eiver for the supply 
of power to Port Arthur, Fort William and the surrounding districts were carried 
on throughout December and the fall and December of 1917. These investigations 
showed that there' was available a total head of 115 feet, between Lake Jessie and 
Camp Alexander. The location of this site is about thirteen miles north of Lake 
Superior and two miles from Cronyn Station on the Canadian Northern Eailway. 
This total development would provide a capacity of 100,000 horse-power, but this 
amount was considered to be too great for the immediate future requirements of the 
district. Further investigation revealed that the cheapest and most feasible 
economical scheme would be to develop this head in two stages, beginning .with a 
58-foot development at Cameron's Pool. It was, therefore, decided to proceed with 
this initial development for a capacity of 50,000 horse-power. 

The detailed survey of the proposed site of the power house immediately 
adjacent to Cameron's Pool is now being carried on. Simultaneously with this 
field work, preliminary studies are being made on the design of the development. 

Owing to the remote location of the development a temporary hydraulic plant 
will be installed to furnish power and light during construction. To this end two 
of the turbines at present not in use in the Otonabee power plant of the Commission 
will be removed, overhauled and set up at Cameron's Pool. Plans covering the 
installation of these wheels are in course of preparation. 

Plans are being prepared for the building of a standard gauge railway to 
connect the site of the development with the C.N.R. at Cronyn Station, by means 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 277 

of which construction material and equipment can be delivered by rail at the site 
of the work. 

The construction work will be carried out by the forces of the Construction 
Department of the Commission. 

No tenders have been called for in connection with any of the hydraulic equip- 
ment, but specifications covering same will be issued early in 1919, in order that 
the work may be completed in 1920. 

MUNICIPAL WORK 
Port Arthur 

An investigation was made concerning the demands for power in this muni- 
cipality with the idea of determining the possible market available upon delivery 
of power from the Nipigon development. Engineering advice was given the local 
officials in connection with the application of Hydro-Electric power to the various 
elevators in the municipality. 

Fort William 

An investigation was made in the municipality of Fort William concerning 
the possible market of power under conditions which would prevail at the com- 
pletion of the Nipigon development. An investigation was also made concerning 
the rates charged to power consumers by the Kaministiquia Power Company, and 
a report submitted comparing the rates of this company with those which would 
be in force after delivery of power from the Nipigon development to this 
municipality. 

ESSEX COUNTY SYSTEM 

POWER CONSTRUCTION 

Canadian Salt Company Distributing Station 

Drawings were prepared in May, 1917 for the installation of electrical equip- 
ment on temporary, intermediate and future layouts at this station, the temporary 
layout being made up to allow for the supply of equipment for power with the 
least possible delay. Equipment for both temporary and intermediate layouts 
were placed on order and as shipments arrived simultaneously, the temporary 
layout was discarded. 

Three 750-kv-a., 26,400/1 76-volt, 25-cycle, single-phase, oil-insulated, water- 
cooled transformers, mentioned in last Eeport, were ordered from the Moloney 
Electric Company in March. Electrical equipment including switching, metering 
and control apparatus were purchased from the Canadian General Electric Company 
and the Canadian Westinghouse Company and the switchboard panels from A. H. 
"Winter- Joyner, Limited. This station was placed in service December 9, 1917. 

The first installation provided sufficient transformer capacity for the operation 
of one 2,000-kv-a. rotary converter and was supplied with power over two 
26,400-volt lines from Essex Transformer Station. 

In April, 1918 an estimate was prepared for the completion of the station 
in accordance with previous plans. A new bank of transformers identical with 
those already in service and switching equipment for supplying power to No. 2 
Rotary converter was decided upon. 



278 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

The Moloney Electric Company was awarded the contract June 11, 1918, for 
the new bank of three 750-kv-a. power transformers. 

Switchboard panels were purchased from A. H. Winter-Joyner, Limited, 
and switching equipment, metering and control apparatus from the Canadian 
General Electric Company and the Canadian AVestinghouse Company. The greater 
part of this equipment is now delivered, and is being installed by the Construction 
Department of the Commission. The new equipment will be installed and ready 
for service the latter part of January, 1919. 



MUNICIPAL WORK 

This system was recently purchased from the Essex County Light and Power 
Company and at present 60-cycle power is being supplied to it by the Canadian 
Salt Company at Sandwich, Ontario. Arrangements are being made to change 
this Essex County System over to 25-cycle and to feed it from Essex Transformer 
Station at 26,400 volts. On this Essex County System there are seven sub- 
stations, one at each of the following places : Amherstburg, Kingsville, Leamington, 
Essex, Harrow, Cottam and Canard Eiver. 



Amherstburg 

This is a brick building 24 feet wide by 27 feet long by 18 feet high, inside 
dimensions. This station has one incoming and one outgoing 22,000-volt line 
and the power is transformed to 2,300 volts and fed out over one power feeder, 
one commercial lighting feeder, and one street lighting feeder. Each line is 
equipped with an electrolytic lightning arrester, and a "K-21" non-automatic oil 
switch which connects on to a single bus. The transformers are connected to 
this bus through a non-automatic " K-21 " oil switch. The transformer bank con- 
sists of three 100-kv-a., 23,000/40,000 Y primary, 2,400/4,800 volts secondary, 
60-cycle, single-phase General Electric Company's transformers. On the secondary 
of these transformers there is connected one 30-kilowatt, 3-phase induction regulator 
which regulates the entire load on this station. These transformers and the 
regulator are to be removed and it is expected that they will be required in the 
near future on one of the 60-cycle systems under control of the Commission. 
This station was first placed in service on January 21, 1914. 

Three 100-kv-a. 26,400/2,300-volt, 25-cycle, oil insulated, self cooled, single- 
phase transformers have been purchased from the Packard Electric Company, of 
St. Catharines, Ontario, and are to be shipped early in November. In the new 
installation the potential regulator will be omitted, disconnecting switches will 
be installed between each incoming line and the lightning arresters, the non- 
automatic oil switch on the high tension side of the transformers will be made 
automatic through current transformers and Condit Type " A " relays. The 
secondary of the 100-kv-a. transformers and also the outgoing feeders will be 
changed from 2,300-volt delta to 4,000-volt Y, 3-phase, 4-wire, with the neutral 
grounded. Metering equipment together with the standard testing arrangement 
will be installed in order to meet the Commission's requirements. Arrangements 
are being made to have the 100-kv-a. transformers installed before January 1, 1919, 
and to make the remaining changes early in 1919. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 279 

Canard River 

This is a pole type station with one incoming 22,000-volt line and one out- 
going 2,200-volt feeder. The high tension is controlled by disconnecting switch 
fuses and has improvised choke coils. The transformers consist of two General 
Electric 60-cycle, single-phase, 10-kv-a., 22,000/2,200-volt outdoor type trans- 
formers. The low tension has 2,200-volt porcelain fuse plugs with General Electric 
compression type lightning arresters. This station was placed in service by the 
Essex County Light and Power Company late in 1914. 

On September 24th an order was placed with the Moloney Electric Company 
for one 25-kv-a. 26,400 primary, 230/115-volt three-wire secondary, 25-cycle, 
single-phase, outdoor type transformer which is to be delivered to this station 
on or before December 4, 1918. The present transformers will be removed for 
future use on one of the Commission's 60-cycle systems. It is expected that the 
new transformer will be installed before January 1, 1919, and that early in 1919 
the necessary metering equipment will be installed. Metering equipment for this 
station will consist of a Westinghouse type " E.A." maximum demand graphic 
watthour meter with outdoor current transformers. The meter, together with its 
test links, etc., will be installed in a meter box approximately 18 by 23 by 33 
inches erected on a pole supporting the transformer. 

Cottam 

This is a pole type station with one incoming 22,000-volt line and one out- 
going 2,200-volt, three-phase feeder. The high tension line equipment consists 
of General Electric type expulsion fuses, with plain disconnecting switches having 
improvised horn gaps and with improvised choke coils. The one transformer is 
25-kv-a., 60-cycle, single-phase, 22,000/2,200-volt, made by the General Electric 
Company. The low tension feeder is controlled by special low tension fuses made 
up by the Detroit Edison Electric Company. This station was placed in service 
late in 1915 by the Essex County Light and Power Company. 

On September 24th an order was placed with the Moloney Electric Company 
for one 25-kv-a., 26,400/13,200-volt primary 230/115-volt three-wire secondary, 
25-cycle, single-phase, outdoor type transformer to be delivered to this station 
on or before December 4, 1918. The present transformer will be removed lor 
future use on one or other of the Commission's 60-cycle systems. It is expected 
that the new 25-kv-a. transformer will be installed on or before January 1, 1919. 
Early in January the necessary metering equipment will be installed for this station 
and will consist of a Canadian Westinghouse Company type " R.A." maximum 
demand graphic watthour meter together with outdoor current transformers. The 
meter together with its necessary testing equipment will be installed in a small meter 
box 18 inches deep by 23 inches by 33 inches erected on the pole supporting the 
transformer. 

Essex 

This is an outdoor pole type station fed by one incoming 22,000-volt line 
with General Electric airbreak switches and fuses and improvised choke coils 
feeding three 50-kv-a. 23,000/2,300-volt, 60-cycle, single-phase, General Electric 
transformers from which the power is fed over one 2,300-volt, three-phase feeder 
protected by General Electric compression type arresters with no switches or 
metering. This station was placed in service on October 29, 1914. 

These transformers are to be removed for use on one of the Commission's 
60-cycle systems. On August 21st an order was placed with the Moloney Electric 
19 H.'(i) 



280 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

Company for one 75-kv-a., 26,400 and 13,200-volt primary 2,300- volt secondary, 
25-cjc\e, 3-phase, oil insulated, self cooled, outdoor type transformer for this 
station and this transformer was promised for shipment on October 2nd. The 
present transformers are installed with their bases about 18 feet from the ground 
whereas arrangements are being made to install the new 75-kv-a., 3-phase trans- 
formers about eight feet from the ground. It is also arranged to meter the load 
on this station on the 2,300^volt side by means of current and potential trans- 
formers, with a Westinghouse type " R.A." maximum demand recording watthour 
meter installed in one of our standard meter houses beside the structure. It is 
expected that these transformers will be exchanged before January 1, 1919, and 
that the metering equipment will be installed early in 1919. 

Harrow 

This is a pole type station with one incoming 22,000-volt line and one 
outgoing 2,200-volt feeder. The incoming line is equipped with General Electric 
air breaker switches and fuses and with improvised choke coils. The trans- 
formers consist of three 25-kv-a., 60-cycle, single-phase, 22,000/2,200-volt General 
Electric outdoor type transformers. This station was first placed in service on 
January 21, 1914. 

An order was placed with the Moloney Electric Company on August 21, 1918, 
for one 75-kv-a., 26,400/2,300-volt, 25-cycle, 3-phase, oil insulated, self cooled, 
outdoor type transformer for this station to be delivered on or before October 2, 
1918. The present 60-cycle transformers will be removed for future use on one 
of the Commission's 60-cycle systems. Arrangements are being made to instal the 
nevN transformers, before January 1, 1919 and early in 1919 a standard meter 
house together with necessary current and potential transformers for one Westing- 
house type " B.A." maximum demand graphic watthour meter will be installed. 

Kingsville 

This is a brick building 24 feet by 26 feet by IS feet high inside dimensions. 
This station has one incoming and one outgoing 22,0'00-volt line connected to a bus 
which feeds through three 100-kilowatt, 22,000 volts primary, 2,200-volt secondary, 
60-cycle, General Electric transformers and one 30-kilowatt General Electric 
potential regulator to a 4,000-volt bus, from which power is fed out over one 
power feeder, one commercial lighting feeder and one street lighting feeder. The 
incoming lines enter this station through roof entrance bushings and have General 
Electric electrolytic arresters ami are connected direct to the high tension bus 
through disconnecting switches. The high tension bus is connected through a 
General Electric K-21 non-automatic oil switch to the transformers. This station 
was placed in service on January 21, 1914. 

Arrangements have been made to remove the three 100-kv-a. transformers and 
use them on one of the 60-cycle systems under control of the Commission or 
elsewhere. Three 75-kv-a., 26,400/2,300-volt, single-phase, 25-cycle, Canadian 
Westinghouse Company's transformers are being removed from Burford Distributing 
Station and will be installed in this station. When this station is changed over 
to 25-cycle the potential regulator will be omitted, disconnecting switches will 
be installed in the connections between incoming lines and the electrolytic lightning 
arresters and the K-21 oil switch will be made automatic through current trans- 
formers and Condit Type " A " Relays. The service transformers will be exchanged 
for 25-cycle transformers and the necessary metering together with the testing 
equipment for same will be installed to meet the requirements of the Commission. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 281 

Leamington 

This is an outdoor station having a steel structure, with the transformers 
mounted about 10 feet above the ground. It includes one incoming 22,000-volt 
line together with transformers and one outgoing 4,000-volt, three-phase, four- 
wire feeder. The incoming line is controlled by one air break switch and has 
choke coils and fused horn gaps. The three transformers were manufactured by 
the Westinghouse Electric Manufacturing Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and 
are 100-kv-a., single-phase, 60-cycle, oil insulated, self cooled with a 23,000 primary 
and a 2,300-volt secondary. This station was placed in service by the Essex 
County Light and Power Company, August 30, 1915. 

Arrangements are being made to move this steel structure to a new location 
adjacent to the Leamington Power House in which the metering equipment will 
be installed and the low tension 4,000-volt feeders will be controlled. On August 
26th, an order was placed with the Canadian Crocker Wheeler Company, St. 
Catharines, Ontario, for three 75-kv-a., 26,400-volt primary, 2,300-volt delta 4,000- 
volt Y secondary oil insulated, self cooled, single-phase, 25-cycle, outdoor type 
transformers and these are due for delivery early in November. It is proposed 
to meter the load on this station with a type " R.A." Westinghouse Maximum 
Demand Graphic Watthour meter. 






282 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 



SECTION V 
GENERAL ACTIVITIES OF THE COMMISSION 

ELECTRICAL INSPECTION 

Inspection covering all classes of inside electrical construction work is now 
well organized and in effective operation throughout practically the entire Province 
of Ontario, probably the most extensive system of its kind, under one administration. 

One of the great difficulties in operating over such a large area, embracing 
so many remote points, is to prevent delay, with its consequent financial loss and 
serious inconvenience, especially to householders, and no little apprehension was 
expressed on this score when the system of inspection was first promulgated. 

Under the present law no firm, corporation or individual is permitted to com- 
mence any electrical work, whether new jobs or the altering of existing installations, 
until a permit has been first obtained from the nearest authorized electrical 
inspector. It was the obtaining of this permit which provoked most of the appre- 
bension referred to, but the Commission has completely met the difficulty in a 
thoroughly satisfactory and effective maimer. 

The Commission's inspection districts are now located all over the Province 
in such a way as to enable inspectors to reach installations in a reasonable time 
(sec map of districts appended), if properly notified as required by the rules and 
regulations, and it is safe to state that practically all work which is undertaken in 
this Province is known to the Commission's Inspection Department and receives 
proper attention and inspection before current can be supplied, and in all cases 
where wilful violations of these regulations have been brought before magistrates 
the rules have been strongly upheld and seem to be considered by them as highly 
necessary to safeguard the general public. 

The rules and regulations of the Commission in respect to open switches are in 
advance of the majority of regulations which are in use in other provinces and most 
of the United States, prominent among which is the regulation requiring that 
switches which were heretofore permitted by such other regulations to be installed 
open, are required in Ontario to be of the iron-clad type operated by a handle on the 
outside, making it impossible to inadvertently come in contact with any live parts. 
This regulation has since been recommended by the Bureau of Standards of the 
United States and adopted by the State of California,, being also a live issue in 
various other inspection districts in both Canada and the United States, and is being 
generally adopted by the latter. 

At the close of the last fiscal year arrangements had not been completed for a 
thorough inspection or control of electrical fittings and material. During the past 
year, however, this work has been thoroughly organized and taken care of by the 
Laboratory. The standardization and approval of electrical fittings and material 
was very much needed, and unapproved and doubtful fittings and material are now 
being quickly eliminated, and by close co-operation of the Laboratory and Inspection 
Department they are jointly succeeding in bringing about a proper standard in this 
Province. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 283 

During the past it has been possible for any firm or individual to dispose of 
fittings such as heaters, wire, sockets, fixtures, etc., whether they were of an 
approved type or otherwise, with the result that the market was quickly flooded 
with material of not only a doubtful but in some cases decidedly dangerous 
character. 

In addition to the foregoing we were confronted with a very great evil which 
has likewise confronted inspection departments all over this continent, and that is 
the pernicious method of wrongfully advertising the use of various electrical 
devices. This consists chiefly in advertising that heaters, regardless of their rating 
or current consumption, may be used on any key socket. This is an attempt on 
the part of the vendors of such apparatus to encourage their sales by conveying 
the impression to the purchasing public that it is not necessary to do any wiring, 
whereas it has been found all over the continent that in a large majority of cases 
it is dangerous to attach such devices to sockets, and special wiring is necessary. 

The rules and regulations now require that cartons, labels and other adver- 
tising matter, rather than wrongfully instructing the general public, carry with 
them correct instructions, and we furthermore find that the same general public is 
just as willing to install these devices properly as to do it wrongly. This form of 
pernicious advertising has been in vogue all over the American continent, and 
various ways and means of meeting the situation have been proposed, but the Coin- 
mission's recent amendment to the rules and regulations seems to be the first 
positive step which has been taken by any Inspection Department to make the evil 
practice which has thus been carried on an offence punishable by law. 

At the close of the present year the law is being enforced, and although con- 
siderable difficulty was) experienced at the outset, it is becoming rapidly understood 
by all vendors and users throughout the Province. 

At this point it might be in order to allude to the difficulty which the Com- 
mission encounters at the present time in bringing about changes in bad installa- 
tions. All such changes involve more or less expense, in some cases very serious 
expense, and owing to the very abnormal price of labor and material it is often diffi- 
cult to convince responsible parties that changes of this kind are warranted. In 
many instances electrical defects are not so glaring, and the danger, while present, is 
more remote and difficult to explain. In all cases, however, great care and con- 
sideration is extended to owners of buildings in enforcing demands for re-wiring 
or altering existing installations, and it is only where danger is very much in 
evidence that drastic orders are resorted to. Generally speaking, however, it has 
been found that the owners of buildings cheerfully respond to the Commission 
demands for necessary improvements, and while it is to be expected that unreason- 
able people will be encountered and difficulty experienced in handling some cases, 
the net result has been very satisfactory. This is borne out by reference to the 
figures contained in this report, which show that during the past fiscal year there 
has been the sum of $223,900.61 expended in remedying defective wiring. 'These 
figures are as nearly accurate as it is possible to obtain and are secured as a result 
of daily reports received by the Commission from all inspectors which, amongst 
other statistics contain the number of installations re-wired and the approximate 
cost or money expended in doing so, so that it may be considered as a very fair 
estimate of the expenditure involved. 

The system of factory inspection which was instituted during the fiscal year 
of 1916 is still being continued and meeting with much success. As explained in 
a previous report this system permits institutions employing their own electrical 



284 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

help to make such changes or alterations in their wiring plant as the exigencies of 
their business demand, without the necessity of obtaining a special permit for each 
and every alteration or what may in some cases be very trivial changes. By paying 
an annual inspection fee they are entitled to a monthly inspection and a report 
which is used with good effect in checking up the work of their employees. By way 
of explanation it might be well to mention that while trivial alterations and changes 
are generally considered by the average person to be of little or no particular 
importance or to carry with them any danger, such an idea is very erroneous. The 
most trivial alterations to a wiring installation, if improperly executed, may 
introduce very serious danger, notwithstanding the fact that the entire balance of 
the installation may be in perfectly safe condition. 

The handy man, who was previously so much in evidence around large estab- 
lishments, was, under the old dispensation, privileged and perfectly free to mutilate 
or doctor up the best installations that money could procure. It has been the 
inspectors' experience to pass many first-class installations when new and return 
shortly afterwards to find that the handy man had added to or altered them in 
such a way as to render them unsightly and in some cases decidedly dangerous. 
It is owing to the strict enforcement of the present permit system that the most 
of this dangerous practice is being fast eliminated. 

In explanation of the foregoing a case might be cited where a temporary light 
or possibly a small motor was required in proximity to some electrical circuit which 
was in the immediate vicinity and the work was consigned to the handy man or 
the person who sometimes assumes the name of the firm's electrician, to hitch up 
the motor or lights as the case may be, and while the work may have been carried 
out fairly satisfactory in most respects, one joint between the wire thus added and 
the existing supply wires was left loose and unsoldered. This may have been owing 
to the fact that the man did not have a soldering torch handy, and intended, as is 
the invariable excuse, to fix it up some time later on. The work involved in solder- 
ing a joint or the addition may have been most trivial, but the danger involved in 
the loose joint might become colossal. A loose joint can produce intense heat, 
even causing the wire to melt off at this point or set fire to the insulation, and if 
there is any inflammable material in the immediate vicinity the results are often 
disastrous — hence the necessity for vigilance and care in the enforcement of the 
Commission's regulations. 

One of the most prolific causes of fires and accidents is chargeable to the over- 
fusing of circuits, and while the old electrical code correctly specified and listed 
the fusing of circuits there was no way of enforcing it except by an increase in 
insurance rates when it was discovered. The Commission, however, has adopted a 
regulation making the over-fusing of circuits a punishable offence, and convictions 
have been already secured for violation of this rule. Electric fuses, when properly 
installed, are constructed in such a manner that no sparks or fire will be emitted 
when they operate, and under the Commission's regulations they are enclosed in 
steel cabinets if they are in any way exposed to inflammable material and personal 
contact. Before this regulation was adopted the over-fusing of circuits was carried 
on in a most alarming and indiscriminate manner. In the office of the Inspection 
Department of the Commission are to be found samples of materials which have 
been used to defeat the object of the fuse, which are little short of criminal. The 
evil, however, is disappearing owing to the enforcing of the regulation of the Com- 
mission, which reads as follows : " Fuse holders must not be filled with other than 
approved fuses of the proper carrying capacity or must not be bridged with wire 
or other objectionable material." 




MAP 

OF 

ONTARIO 

DISTRICTS OF F1EGTRICAL INSP DEPT. 
H.E.P.C. 

NO-OT257 



919 HYDRO-ELECT RIC POWER COMMISSION 285 

In order to illustrate the alarming manner in which this pernicious practice 
was carried out, a case is recorded and a sample of the fuse is to be seen in the 
office of the Enspection Department, where a steel bar %-in. in diameter was 
inserted in a fuse holder. The fuse holder in question was designed to protect an 
installation the maximum current capacity of which was GO amperes; in other 
words, the wire which this fuse was intended to protect was only capable of carry- 
ing for an indefinite period a current of 60 amperes. Through the blowing of this 
fuse owing to some defect or trouble in connection with the installation, the handy 
man substituted the piece of steel bar which, it is estimated, would carry before 
melting a current of approximately 1,550 amperes. When it is realized that this 
overloads the circuit by over 1,000% it is easy to conceive what a serious condition 
of affairs existed, and not only the necessity for the adoption of the rule but 
justifications for its strict enforcement and the penalizing of every offender proven 
to be guilty of such misdemeanor. In the case referred to, considerable damage was 
done to the installation, resulting in the burning out of the transformers, and might 
have not only done material damage but become a source of serious danger to life. 

Before electrical inspection was instituted by the Commission a very inferior 
class of wire was being used, resulting in much damage and many fires — records, 
samples and illustrations of which are in the possession of the Commission's 
Inspection Department. A rule was adopted, however, requiring a much superior 
class of wire, and in justification of this regulation Figure 1 is referred to. This 
illustration shows a piece of steel conduit taken from an installation. A large hole 
is seen burned through this pipe owing to the inferior insulation on the wire break- 
ing down and permitting the wire to come in contact with the metal of the pipe, 
with the result shown. In this particular case it happened on the outside wall of a 
building and did not result in any fire loss. 




Figure 1. 



Since the Commission's Inspection Department has been engaged in requiring 
the improving of old wiring there has been a number of such cases unearthed and 
remedies brought about; in fact, there are on record cases where entire residences 
have been wired in the defective manner described, and inasmuch as there was no 
system of inspection, permits or notice to the Ccmmission, irresponsible wiremen 
were privileged to perpetrate this fraud on innocent householders and owners of 
buildings, collect for their defective work and get away with it unpunished. Con- 
tractors of this class are now rapidly disappearing, and by carefully investigating 
complaints which have been sent in, it is generally found that it 73 this class of 
wireman and irresponsible handy man who is the first to find fault with the Com- 
mission's regulations or the inspectors appointed to enforce their orders. 

Under the old regulations it was permissible and is yet in many other places 
possible to run wires in what is known to the trade as wood moulding or casing. 
The abolishing of wood moulding construction in Ontario was approved by the 



286 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

trade generally, it being conceded as a step in advance in eleetrical construction 
work, and while there are some districts in the United States where moulding is 
not permitted, probably Ontario is the only Province where this method has been 
prohibitive. The chief disadvantage of wood moulding is a tendency to conceal 
defective work with consequent danger. In order to properly inspect wires in wood 
moulding it was, of course, necessary to remove the capping. 

Another serious objection to construction of this kind was the tendency to 
drive nails or fasten metallic objects to the wood moulding. The Commission's 
inspectors have discovered in places such as hardware stores, where rows of nails 
have been driven through a length of wood moulding for the purpose of hanging 
metal pots or other goods for display. Wood moulding was also frequently installed 
on metal ceilings and walls. This practice resulted in the wires becoming grounded 
or in electrical contact with the wall or ceiling, as the case might be, owing to such 
driving of nails or screws through to the metal. It is also susceptible to moisture, 
and once water finds its way into the grooves it lodges there for a long time, becom- 
ing a source of danger. No one knows or ever will know the actual fire loss which 
may have arisen from this doubtful method of construction. It is, however, gener- 
ally conceded that the possibilities of fire from this cause are very great, and the 
entire elimination of this class of work is found to impose no hardship on anyone, 
nor has there been the slightest objection from any quarter or any desire on the 
part of anyone in this Province to return to this method. 

Before concluding reference to the rules it might be in order to refer to the 
regulation requiring not less than a %-inch conduit for services in any building. 
Opinion was somewhat divided on the adoption of this regulation, but after due 
and careful consideration it was felt that the adoption of the rule was necessary. 
Heretofore it was permissible to install a half-inch conduit containing two con- 
ductors of not less than No. 12 B. & 8. gauge. This is the largest size of wire 
that a pipe of this kind will properly contain. Practice has shown that during the 
past year, owing to the abnormal demand for electric heaters and ranges, in fact all 
class of appliances that the occupants and owners of houses were called upon to either 
provide a larger service pipe or on the other hand were tempted to add such 
devices to their wiring and greatly overload their present service, and in many 
cases additions of this kind have been made without notice to the Inspection 
Department. This is a very dangerous practice and is thoroughly realized by all 
supply authorities, often resulting in the burning out of meters with consequent 
danger to the installation. Wilful violations, however, on the part of those who 
thoroughly understand the regulations, have been punished in police court. 

After mature deliberation, however, the adoption of this rule was considered a 
step in the right direction, and inasmuch as it is not a retroactive rule the differ- 
ence in the initial cost on a new house, between a i/ 2 _mcn anc ^ a 3 /4-inch, which is 
now the minimum, is very trifling, varying from ten cents upwards, according to 
the length of the pipe. 

There is only one other change of importance, and that was made during the 
past year, viz., the introduction of 660-watt sockets. The tremendous sale of house- 
hold utensils such as toasters, irons, heaters, etc., has brought with it more or less 
danger, owing to the manner in which the use of these devices are advertised, as 
previously referred to in this report, and in order to cope with the situation.it was 
considered advisable to make the 660-watt socket the standard in this Province in 
place of the 250-watt which is now standard throughout the rest of this continent. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 287 

The question of adopting 660-watt sockets is being seriously considered by 
most of the States in the Union, but owing to war conditions and the large stocks 
which are carried by the American warehouses and factories, it was considered 
advisable to hold the matter in abeyance for the present. 

In Ontario, however, it was not found so difficult to adopt this regulation owing 
to the limited number of manufacturers here and the small stocks carried, but at 
the time of compiling this report old stocks are being quickly used up or sent 
out of the Province altogether. Once the 660-watt socket is entirely adopted in 
proportion to the number of old sockets replaced thereby, the hazard in connection 
with heaters and other devices will be reduced and every reasonable endeavor will 
be exercised to effect this end. 

During the fiscal year ending the 31st October, 1918, there have been recorded 
110,445 inspections on various classes of new electrical installations inside build- 
ings. This, of course, does not comprise the innumerable inspections of which no 
records have been kept, such as old wiring or visits which have been paid to large 
buildings or manufacturing concerns for the purpose of advising or assisting in 
laying out work which, if computed, would probably be at least half as much more 
as recorded. 

Also during the past year the sum of $223,900.61 has been expended by the 
owners or occupants of buildings in replacing old or defective wiring. 

There have been nineteen convictions in police courts for deliberate and wilful 
violations of the rules during the past year, and in no case has anyone been sum- 
moned to court unless the case was thoroughly investigated and it was shown 
beyond peradventure that the offending parties were thoroughly familiar with the 
rules and by nature of their business could reasonably be expected to know the law. 

In a great many cases violations of the rules and regulations have been un- 
earthed by the inspectors, and where there was reasonable doubt that they were not 
aware of the rules or the actual guilty parties could not be located, suitable warn- 
ings have been issued. In a word, every consideration has been given and every 
endeavour has been put forth with a view to obtaining a safe class of work rather 
than adopt any arbitrary methods. 

RURAL POWER 

The Commission built 20.1 miles of pole line carrying 4,000-volt circuit 
to serve the townships of Whitby, East Whitby and Pickering, and the Village 
of Brooklin, and also constructed a distribution system in Brooklin. 



288 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



Waterloo Township Syndicate No. 1 

WORK DONE BY 20-H.P. MOTOR, JANUARY 1, 1918 TO I JANUARY 1, 

No. 1 Farm 

..... 12' x 42' silo filled, settled and refilled. 



1919 



Silo filling 
Threshing 



400 bushels wheat. 



C'llODDiniT 


900 

1,800 

300 

100 

1,800 


u 
<i 
a 

i( 

cords. 


oats. 

mixed grain 
barley, 
peas. 


VilUjJ|JlU 

Sawing w r ood 


25 





No. 2 Farm 

Silo filling 1 



14' x 39' silo filled, settled and refilled twice. 



Threshing 600 bushels wheat. 



1,800 

800 

800 

30 

Chopping . . . , 2,500 

Sawing wood 16 cords. 

No. 3 Farm 
Silo filing 
Threshing 



mixed grain, 
barley, 
oats, 
beans. 






Chopping 2,500 



12' x 40' silo, filled 35'. 

320 bushels wheat. 
1,500 " oats. 
2,600 " mixed grain. 
,800 " barley. 

140 " buckwheat. 



Sawing wood 
No. 4 Farm 
Silo filling 



Threshing 



10 cords. 

8' x 22' and 

9' x 22' silos filled, settled and refilled. 
330 bushels wheat. 



Chopping 

Sawing wood 

No. 5 Farm 

Silo filling 

Threshing 

1,200 

900 

Chopping 1,400 



1,200 " 
400 '< 

70 " 
1,500 " 

15 cords. 



oats. 

mixed grain. 

buckwheat. 



11' x 30' silo filled. 
100 bushels buckwheat. 
" mixed grain, 
oats. 



Sawing wood 
No. 6 Farm 
Silo filling . . 
Threshing . . 



20 cords. 

14' x 40' silo filled. 
400 bushels wheat. 
3,500 " mixed grain. 
10 cords. 

11' x 44' silo filled. 

Threshing 100 bushels wheat. 

2,000 " mixed grain. 



Sawing wood 
No. 7 Farm 
Silo filling 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 289 

Waterloo Township Syndicate No. 2 

WORK DONE BY 20-H.P. MOTOR, FROM JANUARY 1, 1918 TO JANUARY 1, 1919 

Xo. 1 Farm 

Silo filling 12' x 40' and 

12' x 40' silos filled. 

Threshing 200 bushels wheat. 

800 " barley. 
300 " mixed grain. 
1,500 " oats. 
Sawino- wood 5 cords. 

o 

Xo. 2 Farm 

Silo filling 12' x 30' silo filled, settled and refilled. 

Threshing 1.200 bushels oats. 

1,200 " mixed grain. 

Cutting straw 2 days. 

Sawing wood 7 cords. 

Xo. 3 Farm 

Silo filling 12' x 42' silo filled, settled and refilled. 

Threshing 100 bushels wheat. 

1.500 " oats. 
600 " barley. 
Sawing wood 12 cords. 

Xo. 4 Farm 9' x 10' x 23' and 

Silo filling 8' x 9' x 23' silos, filled, settled and refilled. 

1,500 bushels oats. 

Threshing 500 " barley. 

Sawing wood 8 cords. 

Xo. 5 Farm 

Silo filling 9' x 24' and 

10' x 14' x 20' silos filled, settled and refilled. 

Threshing 160 bushels wheat. 

1.500 " oats. 

600 " barley. 

400 " mixed grain. 

Xo. 6 Farm 

Silo filling 12' x 33' silo filled. 

Threshing 175 bushels wheat. 

1,000 " oats. 

325 " barley. 

1.000 " mixed grain. 

Chopping 2.300 " 



Sawing wood 10 cords. 



290 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

Waterloo Township Syndicate No. 3 

WORK DONE BY 20-H.P. MOTOR, FROM JANUARY 1, 1918 TO JANUARY 1, 1919 

Xo. 1 Farm 

Silo filling 12' x 30' silo filled, settled and refilled. 

Threshing 150 bushels wheat 

1,018 " oats. 
310 " barley. 
735 " mixed grain. 
Chopping 12 hours, bushels not specified. 

Xo. 2 Farm 

Silo filling 12' x 36' silo filled. 

Threshing 1,450 bushels oats. 

1,000 " barley. 
Chopping 300 



No. 3 Farm 

Silo filling 11' x 25' silo filled. 

8' x 25' silo filled 12'. 

-Threshing 1,300 bushels mixed grain. 

Chopping 900 " 

Sawing wood 4 cords. 



.- 



Xo. 4 Farm 

Silo filling 10' x 16' x 30' silo filled, settled and refilled. 

Threshing^ 15 bushels wheat. 

1,200 " oats. 

600 " barley. 

1,300 " mixed grain. 

40 " rve. 

Chopping 2,500 " 

Sawing wood 13 cords. 

Xo. 5 Farm 

Silo filling 12' x 28' silo filled. 

Threshing 130 bushels wheat. 

1,000 " oats. 

700 " mixed grain. 

200 " barley. ^ 

• 60 " peas." 

Xo. 6 Farm 

Silo filling 9' x 24' silo filled, settled and refilled. 

Threshino- 75 bushels wheat. 

1,200 " oats. 

700 " mixed grain. 

Chopping 1,500 " 

Sawing wood 13 cords. 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



291 



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294 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No- 49 

NIAGARA FARMS 

As noted in the report of 1917, the Commission created a department known 
as the Farms Operation Department to operate as farms, such properties as 
were suitable for this purpose and had been acquired in connection with the 
necessary right-of-way of the Chippawa power canal project. 

As the Farms Operation Department did not begin operation until late in 
the fall of 1917, it was therefore seriously handicapped by reason of not being 
able to accomplish a sufficient amount of fall plowing, and as much of the land 
which was assigned to it for farming purposes was in a very exhausted and im- 
poverished condition, the crops harvested for the year were not as large as 
can be expected for succeeding years. 

On account of the shortage of labor it was decided to use tractors in the 
operation of these farms and as a result four small tractors were purchased and 
operated throughout the season. 

A total of 1,195 acres were under cultivation as follows: 

Wheat 267 acres 

Oats 278 " 

Barley 34 

Barley and Oats 23 " 

Beans 17 

Soy Beans 5 

Hay 372 " 

Potatoes 21 

Cucumbers 9 

Aspaiagus 8 

Rhubarb 2 " 

Fruit 159 " Including gooseberries, raspberries, 

cherries, peaches, apples, grapes, 

1,195 etc. 

The total crop harvested from the above acreage was as follows : 

Wheat 2,544 bushels 

Oats 5,429 

Barley 180 

Barley and Oats 1 , 028 

Beans 30 

Soy Beans 5 tons forage 

Hay 227 tons 

Potatoes 810 bushels 

Cucumbers 20.082 lbs. 

Asparagus 920 dozen bunches 

Rhubarb 6 tons 

FRUIT 

Gooseberries 255 quarts 

Strawberries 1 , 635 

Raspberries 2,616 

Cherries 1.889 11 quart baskets 

Grapes 30,250 lbs. and 50-6 qt. baskets 

Peaches 1 , 342 11 quart baskets 

Apples 2 , 500 bushels 

During harvesting and the whole of the fruit season the Commission availed 
itself of the Ontario Government National Service arrangement to secure the 
necessary help to take off the grain and fruit. 

In anticipation of continuing the operation of these properties during 1919, 
. r )G8 acres have been fall plowed, and of this amount 129 acres have been seeded 
to wheat, 26 acres to rye and the balance is ready to go on with operation as 
soon in spring as the ground can be worked. 

In addition to the grain and fruit as handled in 1918, the Commission intend 
to feed a considerable number of beef cattle during 1919. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 295 

ELECTRIC RAILWAY WORK 

General 

As the 1916 amendment to the Railway Act forbade active construction of 
the proposed Hydro-Electric railways during the continuance of the war, the 
staff was reduced to a minimum but the general work of the department in 
compiling specifications and preparing standard designs, was carried on. The 
freight traffic data, collected by canvass in the more important cities, towns and 
villages of the province, was carefully gone over and classified and is now in a 
convenient form so that it may be used for future estimates. Some time has been 
spent in arranging the details of the preliminary estimates that were prepared 
on the Toronto N.E., Toronto-London and other lines. When these estimates 
were prepared, time was not available for presenting them in as complete detail 
as might be desired but this work is now well in hand. 

During the past year all the agreements made by the Commission and the 
various companies absorbed by the Commission, in regard to wire crossings, under- 
ground crossings, and matters referable to the Board of Eailway Commissioners 
and the Ontario Eailway and Municipal Board have been placed under one com- 
plete filing system. All engineering matters pertaining to agreements, leases, etc., 
effected with the various railway companies operating under these boards are now 
handled through a branch of the Eailway Department. 

London & Lake Erie Railway & Transportation Co. 

Acting on a request from the City of London a number of estimates were 
prepared showing the effect of uniting the London-Lake Erie Eailway and the 
London & Port Stanley Eailway; also estimates of the probable operating revenue 
and expense of operation of portions of the Lake Erie line. Several meetings were 
held at London during the year but it was found impossible to recommend the 
purchase of any portion of this line with a view to putting it in operation, as 
the receipts appeared to be too low to warrant such action, Negotiations having 
failed, it was found advisable by the owners of the line to dispose of the pro- 
perty as scrap, which is now being done. 

Minden District 

Work in connection with estimates on a proposed line between Kinmount 
Junction and Minden was proceeded with and when the estimates were completed, 
it was found that sufficient business could not be secured to allow of a favorable 
report being presented. The municipalities having been so informed, a deputation 
called at this office in March, 1918, and it was the opinion of those present that 
further traffic could be located. A committee was appointed to look into the 
matter but they were unable to secure any further traffic than that which had 
already been located by our men; however, on their request, an engineer visited 
the district in September, 1918, and an active canvass was commenced of the 
shippers in the district. The data so secured are now being compiled but the 
outlook for a favorable report is not promising. 



20 h. (i) 



296 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

MUNICIPAL WORK 

MISCELLANEOUS 

Cobden 

Assistance was given to the local officials to enable them to more efficiently 
operate their local plant and storage systems. Preliminary investigations were 
made in connection with a proposed auxiliary steam plant, but it was decided to 
postpone the erection of their plant for the present. 

HaliburtonQ 

A preliminary report was made with reference to a supply of power to Hali- 
burton village from a proposed development at the outlet of Drag Lake, one and 
one-half miles from the village limits. Owing to the high costs of labor and 
material it was decided that the present time was not opportune for this develop- 
ment. 

Parry Sound 

Assistance was given to the municipality in connection with the operation of 
the Seguin River storage system. Preparations are under way for the construction 
of dams and generating station in the town to supply the growing demands for 
power. 

South River 

A detailed valuation of real estate, power development, distribution system, 
etc., the property of the South River Electric Company, was made for the muni- 
cipality by the Commission's engineers. 

Sundridge 

A valuation of the distribution system in the village, the property of the 
South River Electric Company, was made by the Commission. 

MUNICIPAL AND RURAL DISTRIBUTION 
Engineering 

Engineering service was furnished by the Commission in connection with the 
following distribution systems : 

Almonte, Bloomfield, Bobcaygeon, Bradford, Chatham, Collingwood, Dereham 
Tp., Drumbo, Elmwood, Embro, Etobicoke Tp., Hanover, London, Neustadt, 
Niagara Falls, Norwich, Ottawa, Paris, Picton, Preston, Port Perry, Scarboro Tp., 
Thornton, Tottenham, TTxbridge, Welland, Wellington, Wolverton. 

STREET LIGHTING 
Engineering 

Engineering advice regarding the operation of street lighting systems or the 
purchase of equipment therefor was supplied by the Commission for the following 
municipalities : 

Almonte, Amherstburg, Aylmer, Beeton, Blenheim, Bobcaygeon, Bradford, 
Brantford Tp., Campbellford, Chatham, Cobourg, Cookstown, Drayton, Dresden, 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 297 

Goderich, Hensall, Ingersoll, London, Millbrook, Moorefield, Xorth Bay, Petrolia, 
Port Arthur, Port Colborne, Bidgetown, Sarnia, Stamford Tp., St. Catharines, 
St. Thomas, Scarboro Tp., Stayner, Stratford, Tottenham, Trenton, Tweed, 
Walkerville, Waterdown, Winchester, Windsor. 



GENERAL ENGINEERING 
Material Inspected 



Cable 



W.P. and R.C. Bare Aluminum Steel 

Copper lbs. lbs. lbs. lbs. 

30,985 135,520 495,000 new 350,000 lbs. 

300,000 rel'ab. 

Insulators 

Strain Telephone 13,200 26,400 44,000 110,000 

vol is volts volts volts 

7,365 99,375 6,500 15,750 8,700 25 ; 700 



TESTING AND RESEARCH LABORATORIES 

The past year has seen a notable increase in the volume of work which has 
passed through the laboratories. This has been due partially to the growth of the 
system as a whole and partially to a greater tendency on the part of all depart- 
ments of the Commission to make use of the laboratories. During the year over 
6,000 tests were made in all departments; these included routine tests following 
standardized methods, and special tests requiring considerable thought in prepara- 
tion and special arrangements of apparatus. The increase in volume of testing 
has affected all sections of the laboratories, but special mention should be made of 
the increase in the number of lamp tests made for parties outside the Commission, 
to which further reference is made below; also to the expansion of the approval 
laboratory, to the growth of w r ork of a research character, to the number of tests 
and investigations which the laboratories has been called upon to make in the field 
at various points throughout the system, and to the satisfactory progress of an 
investigation into the properties of materials for concrete construction, which gives 
every promise of effecting considerable economies in the cost of this construction. 

In connection with construction work of all kinds the laboratories has done a 
great deal of inspection both in factories and in field and has several inspectors at 
present resident at various jobs. 

During the year most of the extensions to the equipment and space were com- 
pleted and new equipment was added from time to time as required. The most 
important single item of new equipment is a motor-generator set for general supply 
of power for testing. It consists of a 100-k.v.a., 25-cycle synchronous motor driving 
on the same shaft a 75-k.v.a., 2o-cycle alternator, a 50-k.w., direct-current generator 
and an exciter for the motor and alternator. The direct-current generator is 
equipped with Tirrill regulator control, and may be used to excite the alternator, 
which will supply voltages of 550, 1,100, or 2,200 by means of series of parallel 
arrangements of its coils. This set will thus furnish an ample supply of direct or 
alternating current under flexible and easily controllable conditions. 

The organization of the laboratories is arranged as conveniently as possible 
!o meet the varied demands which are made upon it. The work is carried on 
tinder the following divisions, each being in charge of an assistant laboratory 
engineer: 



298 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 




Testing board in High Tension Laboratory. High voltage panel to the right ; low voltage 

panel in centre ; direct current panel to the left. Tests on motors, transformers, 

etc., may be made on this board with a minimum of temporary wiring. 




Part of the lamp testing equipment, showing voltage regulator and control panel, 
constant current transformer and a portion of the life rack. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 299 

High Tension and General Electrical Testing Laboratory, Meter and Standards 
Laboratory, Photometric Laboratory, Structural Materials Laboratory, Photographic 
I iiiboratory. 

In addition several members of the staff devote practically their entire time to 
special investigation. Such work is both theoretical and experimental; the experi- 
mental work is carried on either in the various laboratories mentioned or in rooms 
reserved especially for research work. These members of the staff call upon the 
various laboratories for assistance as required. Among the subjects attacked during 
the past year may be mentioned — calculations relative to several proposed high 
tension lines, the development of a corona voltmeter for the High Tension 
Laboratory, several theoretical investigations of voltage drop in rotary converter 
leads, cable sheaths and electric furnace circuits; investigation of the properties 
of a vapor rectifier, and several others. 

The engineers engaged in this work also assist the various laboratories in 
investigations which fall properly within the spheres of these laboratories. 

A fuller description of the work of the various laboratories will be given 
below: 

High Tension and Electrical Testing Laboratory 

The work coming to this laboratory consists of practical engineering problems 
and may involve anything from a simple test to an elaborate investigation involving 
many tests and may be conducted in or outside of the laboratory. As far as 
possible the work is standardized and classed as routine. This does not mean that 
the subjects so treated are of secondary importance, but that uniformity of methods 
and conditions of tests insure results which bear a definite relation to each other 
and that the time and other expenses of testing are reduced to a minimum. 

Eoutine electrical tests are made on many classes of apparatus and materials. 
The various commercial tests are made on constant potential and constant current 
transformers, alternating and direct-current generators and motors along the lines 
mentioned in previous reports with the added advantage of equipment especially 
suited for this class of work. The testing of oil for dielectric strength is a routine 
test important not only because all the high-tension transformers and oil-breakers 
are thus looked after, but approximately forty samples per month are received from 
various municipal stations. High-tension insulator investigation is also an im- 
portant routine test, though its development and the various methods of line con- 
struction warrants its mention as a special line of investigation also. Apparatus 
is available from which any single phase voltage up to 200,000 volts at 25 cycles or 
400,000 volts at 60 cycles may be obtained and a great deal of work is done at 
110,000 volts and higher. 

The monthly testing and inspection of linemen's rubber gloves has become 
standard practice as outlined by the Committee on Accident Prevention. These 
tests are made to ensure the safety of linemen and others when it is found necessary 
to work on live apparatus and a record is kept of the life history of each glove used 
for this purpose. 

While the work that originally came to the laboratory was of such a character 
that it may be alloted to the routine class the improved facilities afforded and the 
increase of the staff has enabled the laboratory to undertake much more extensive 
investigations than have previously been considered. 

Among the many special subjects undertaken during the year have been the 
following : 



300 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 




; 




xr-t- ^ rt 






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Transformer test board in High Tension Laboratory, 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



301 



The measurement of dielectric losses in power transmission cables at high 
voltage and throughout the range of temperature of normal operation by various 
methods. 

The various properties of iron wire as a conductor for transmission lines. 

The advantages and disadvantages of various methods of electric welding. 
This has become a very important art, particularly in the ship-building industry. 

The characteristics and limitations of new types of rectifiers, etc. 

The development and perfecting of various methods of making high voltage 
tests over the range of electrical testing. This includes development of a satis- 
factory method of testing out high tension transmission lines before being put into 
service, the accurate measurement of high voltages, particularly the peak values, 




A corner of the Chemical Laboratory showing analytical balance, viscosimeter and 
apparatus for making flash point and burning point tests on oil. 



the control of wave form and the elimination or control of the high frequency 
ripples on high voltage wave forms, etc. 

The practical utility of the modern methods of lightning protection. 

Tests leading to and advice on the drafting of specifications for certain 
materials and machines. The laboratory is frequently called in consultation with 
or requested to make tests by other departments with a view to intelligent placing 
of orders. Results obtained amply justify this precaution. 

As might be expected, not all the above subjects are completed, and however 
important, some will probably take considerable time for satisfactory solution. 

Frequently tests are to be made and investigations carried out which demand 
the assistance of specialists in several branches. The close co-operation between the 
various sections of the laboratories thus places at the disposal of an investigator the 
required assistance and the high tension and general testing laboratory has been 



302 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

ably assisted by the meter laboratory in the development of satisfactory methods of 
measurements, as well as by all the other laboratories where the interests are 
mutual. 

Approval Laboratory 

As a result of the notice in January of this year to all manufacturers ami 
agents of electrical material devices and fittings made or to be sold in Ontario, the 
work of examining and testing these devices with a view to approving their use in 
this Province has increased enormously. Whereas this work was before handled 
as a side line by the High Tension and General Testing staff it has become necessary 
to segregate it to a large extent and organize a special staff to looK after it. This 
staff is being continually augmented as the right men can be secured and trained. 

To keep pace with the increase in the staff it has been necessary to provide, as 
was mentioned in last year's report, special equipment and testing circuits in the 
rooms set apart for this work. This equipment now includes a fuse testing board 
whereon six fuses of any one size up to 200 amperes may be tested at one time. 
Current is supplied to this board from a special heavy current transformer built 
in the laboratories, which will deliver up to 1,500 amperes at low voltage for short 
periods. Another valuable piece of equipment is a mechanical endurance testing 
machine for making life tests of all types of sockets, snap switches, etc., loads and 
controls for six 10-ampere and six 30-ampere devices are provided. The standard 
test for these devices is 6,000 complete operations while carrying full load at rated 
voltage, the supply being direct current. 

The factory follow-up service has been enlarged as well as the laboratory 
service. It is the intention to provide as soon as possible complete factory inspec- 
tion of all devices using the " approved " labels of the Commission. This service 
is being gradually extended to include all plants using the service. 

Re-examination service of devices consists only in periodic inspection of samples 
obtained from manufacturer's stocks or in the open market. As the list of approved 
devices grows this service will be also extended to cover the field thoroughly. 

The laboratory inspector has also been visiting factories which have submitted 
samples to the laboratories for approval with the object of explaining the standards j 
and specifications used at the laboratories and assisting the manufacturer to 
eliminate defects and otherwise improve the devices submitted. 



Meter and Standards Laboratory 

Like the other departments, the Meter and Standards Laboratory has been 
greatly benefitted by the increased space and facilities which have been placed at 
Its disposal during the past year. It is now possible to divide the work, so that 
different classes of tests may be performed in separate rooms without interference 
or undue crowding. This department, now occupying about half the second floor 
of the laboratory building, includes the standards room, with adjoining store-room 
for portable instruments, a meter repair and testing shop, meter store-room and 
an instrument repair shop. Two separate laboratories on the same floor are at the 
disposal of this or other departments for any special tests which may be in progress. 

The permanent table for the secondary standards is now nearing completion. 
It consists of a marble topped bench carrying the instruments, and fitted with 
apparatus for supplying current and voltage for the checking and calibrating of all 
ordinary portable voltmeters, ammeters and wattmeters. Work is proceeding with 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



303 



similar tables for the potentiometer and the resistance bridges. With the standards, 
as set up, it has been possible to make many calibrations upon and to verify the 
accuracy of many portable instruments, belonging both to the Commission and to 
outside parties. 

The various requirements of an organization such as the Commission, having 
within its scope a very wide range of engineering activities and consequent prob- 
lems, often call for tests the method of which must be developed as the work 
proceeds. It has often been possible for this department, working in co-operation 



%£ fm\ 




A new type of demand meter, recently investigated in the Meter Testing Laboratory. 



with the other departments of the laboratory to develop special methods of measure- 
ment which could be made at short notice, and with the equipment on hand. 
Among these tests may be mentioned a measurement of the leakage current of forty 
miles of high tension line when energized from a direct current source; a test to 
determine the relative ability of the thermo couple and the resistance coil to locate 
hot spots in generator winding; and a measurement of the power consumption of 
short lengths of lead covered cable under a wide variety of voltage and temperature 
conditions. In the last named test the problem was that of measuring quantities 
21 h. (i) 



304 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



Nd 49 



of magnitude approximating 2 watts at 15,000 volts. The test was accomplished 
by a null method, making use of a sensitive alternating current galvanometer and 
obtaining the final readings on an ordinary portable wattmeter. 

Oscillograph tests have been made, whenever necessary, on work where satis- 
factory information could not be obtained from indicating instruments. Among 
these may be enumerated a test on the blow-out characteristics of various types of 
fuses, an investigation of bus reactors under operating conditions and a detailed 
study of the action of a large frequency changer set. Several visits have been paid 
by members of the staff to manufacturers' plants, and measurements made to check 
up quantities of losses, etc., in large transformers and other apparatus. 

In a previous report reference has been made to comparisons which were being 
made among different types of demand indicators. These have been continued, 
with actual tests on commercial loads. Several types of clock-driven and of lagged 
demand indicators have been compared, both as to their mechanical suitability and 
their electrical accuracy, as well as with due regard to their inherent operating 
principles. The figures shown below may be of interest as pointing to the relative 
reading on different types of loads, one fairly steady and the other extremely 
fluctuating. The maximum demands averaged over several days, as determined by 
the several methods shown, and, for purposes of convenience, the reading of the 
thermal storage meter is taken as a basis of comparison, and assigned a value of 
100 per cent. 

Fairly Steady Industrial Load. 



Thermal 


Clock Type 


Lagged ("K.O.") 


Sustained 


30 min. 15 min. 


10 min. 


10 min. 


100 


slOO.5 


111.4 


98.7 



Very Fluctuating Street Railway Load. 



Thermal 


Clock Type 


Clock Type 


Lagged ("R.O.") 


Sustained 


30 min. 


15 min. 


10 min. 


10 min. 


10 min. 


100 


111.5 


119.7 


111.5 


54.6 



The results of these tests show a considerable variation of the different types 
installed on the one load, and also a change in the relative values as the class of load 
is changed. To obtain a fair demand basis for billing customers it is necessary, not 
only to specify the time period, but also to state how the demand shall be 
determined. 

A large number of demand indicators of various types, intended for use on 
customers' loads, have passed through the laboratory for examination and adjust- 
ment, before being finally sent out for installation. In addition to these, investiga- 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



305 




A corner of the Meter Testing Laboratory. 




Interconnecting panel in High Tension Laboratory, used to connect various sources 
of power to the testing boards. 



306 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

tions and repairs have been made upon street lighting relays, graphic meters, 
meggers and other apparatus for other departments and for municipalities. It has 
been found possible by a slight change in design to improve greatly the operation 
of the street ligliting relay solenoids under widely varying conditions of voltage. 

The curtailment, due to war conditions, of the available power supply has, to 
a certain extent, reacted upon the demand for watt-hour meters; but the meter 
shop with improved equipment has been able to handle the work with increased 
efficiency. Repair and rebuilding work has been done on about 700 meters, while 
over 800 have passed through for Government inspection for use in the Toronto 
inspection district. 

Attached to the Meter Department there has been opened a well equipped 
instrument repair shop. This facilitates the production of special work such as is 
continually required by a testing laboratory. Here also are facilities for keeping the 
electrical and other measuring apparatus in good repair and adjustment. 

Photometric Laboratory 

Considerable time during the early part of the past year was taken up by the 
reinstallation of the photometric and life testing apparatus following the removal 
to larger and more suitable quarters on the top floor of the laboratory building. 
All the transforming and regulating equipment is concentrated in one location so 
as to facilitate the maintenance, adjustment and checking of the various pieces of 
npparatus. 

For the testing of series lamps a new steel test rack has been constructed, 
supplied with current from a constant current transformer. This rack is so con- 
structed that all current carrying parts are thoroughly insulated by means of 
covers which made accidental contact with live parts impossible but which may be 
instantly removed for the replacement of cut-outs or the examination of connections. 

It has been found necessary to increase the capacity of the multiple lamp test 
racks and a steel rack was built of the same general type as the former wooden one 
but with a few modifications which experience has proved to be desirable. 

The volume of life testing has been greatly in excess of that of former years. 
The routine testing of lamps received for stock, including inspection, rating and 
life tests, has' been carried on as usual. The purpose of these tests is to detect, as 
far as possible, every defect or feature that tends toward unsatisfactory service. A 
torsion meter has recently been made use of to test the strength of the basing 
cement so as to reduce to a minimum the liability of the bases to become loose after 
lamps have been shipped out. 

Considerable use is being made of the lamp testing facilities of the laboratory 
by parties outside the Commission. Approximately 50 per cent, of the multiple 
lamps tested are for such parties. All such tests are made under standardized 
methods and a definite schedule of charges for such tests is in force. 

There has been a reduction in the number of tests made in the illumination 
department during the past year. The work has been principally confined to 
distribution tests on lighting fixtures and some investigations of office lighting 
conditions. An investigation was made of the fading effect of light on paints and 
varnishes for a local manufacturer. 

Photographic Laboratory 

During the past year we have moved into our extended quarters, where we 
now have three dark rooms, one for negative work, one for enlarging, and a third 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



307 




Compression test on insulator intended to hold large concrete tank- 
Structural Materials Laboratory. 



308 ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE No. 49 

room for printing. Another large room has been fitted up with a sky-light and is 
used as an operating room for taking indoor pictures, making copies, etc. The old 
room is used as a finishing room and office. Another room has been reserved for 
blue-printing, but the matter of installing a blue-printing machine is still in 
abe) r ance. 

Some 412 orders were passed through the department and about 3,000 nega- 
tives were finished and prints made. About 1,300 negatives were made by the 
photographic staff and the balance sent in by different members of the Hydro staff. 

Monthly trips were made to Niagara Falls, where progress pictures of both the 
Queenston Power Development and the Ontario Power Company extension were 
taken. Prints from these negatives are filed systematically and serve as records of 
the progress of the various construction jobs. 



Structural Materials Laboratory 

The work here has trebled in volume and has been extended into a number of 
new lines. It is divided into four main divisions, namely, chemical testing, general 
mechanical testing, research and inspection. 

The chemical laboratory is now well equipped for ordinary qualitative and 
quantitative analysis, for oil and gasoline testing and other special work. The 
laboratory may be said to be electrically operated, for all heating appliances such as 
muffle, water still, tube furnace, ovens, etc., use electricity. This has proved very 
satisfactory. The space at present allotted to this work has been found inadequate 
and a large room designed especially for this work is being fitted up and will be 
ready shortly. 

The chemical laboratory is proving itself very valuable, and it is being used 
to a steadily increasing extent. During the past year there has been worked out 
here an economical method of frosting lamps in small quantities. Tests have been 
made of over 90 lubricating oils, 40 gasolines and 30 paints; this besides the usual 
routine analytical work. 

The work of the general laboratory has increased mainly in volume. The 
number of cement tests handled during the year has doubled. Other testing such 
as concrete and aggregate tests have greatly increased. This is true of all depart- 
ments of the work. Interesting tests of a special nature have been carried out, 
among these being tests on expansion joint fillers for concrete bridges, tests on 
the mechanical properties of bakelite, and tests of the strength of linemen's belts. 

During the year satisfactory progress has been made upon an investigation on 
the " surface area " method of proportioning as applied to concrete. The prelim- 
inary studies incident to such an investigation have been completed, a definite 
programme of tests laid out and work commenced on this. This work involves 
the making of some 4,000 test specimens of mortar and concrete, besides a number 
of allied investigations of problems in materials which have arisen in conjunction 
with this work. A special staff is engaged exclusively on this. 

Part of the inspection work of the Commission is now handled as the work of 
Hi is department. Eesident inspectors are stationed at each mill from which cement 
for our work is being shipped. Inspectors are also stationed at the shops fabricating 
the penstocks and other steel work for the Ontario Power Company extension and 
at Niagara Falls where these are being erected. Besides this the department has 
carried out much miscellaneous inspection, the work being carried out by men sent 
from the laboratories. 



1919 HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 309 

GENERAL CONSTRUCTION 

Administration Building 

Houses at 51, 53 and 59 Murray street were remodelled throughout for use 
as offices by the Commission. A hot water heating system was installed to supple- 
ment the! existing hot air system. Electric lighting with base-board receptacles 
was installed. 

Niagara Garage 

The Niagara Falls curling rink at the corner of Eoberts street and White 
avenue has been leased and extensive improvements have been made to the build- 
ing which is to house the Commission's trucks and cars used on the Queenston 
Development and around Niagara Falls. The building has been remodelled so as 
to include a storage room, wash floor, machine shop and general office and 
chauffeur's room, all heated from a hot air furnace; the heat being distributed 
by a fan and air duct system. 

Toronto Service Building 

During the year a watchman's patrol system has been instalecl. Fire ex- 
tinguishing apparatus has been provided and arrangements have been made for 
the erection of two stand-pipes connected to hose on each floor of the building. 



310 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



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ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



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316 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



Table No. 2 

STATION TRANSFORMERS ORDERED FOR MUNICIPALITIES AND COMMISSION 
DURING FISCAL YEAR ENDING OCTOBER 31st, 1918 



Station 


Cycles 


Voltage 


Mfr. 


No. 


Kv-a. 

each 


Total 
Kv-a. 


Niagara Falls Transformer St'n . 


25 


12,000-26,400 


C.W.Co. 


3 


3,500 


10,500* 






12,000- 550 


C.W.Co. 


3 


75 


225* 


Dundas Transformer Station . . 


25 


63,500-13,200 


G.E.Co. 


7 


2,500 


17,500* 




25 


13,200- 550 


P.E.Co. 


3 


75 


225* 


Guelph Transformer Station. . . 


25 


63,500-13,200 


C.G.E.Co. 


4 


1,250 


5,000* 


Essex Transformer Station — 














Can. Salt Co.'s Dist. Station. 


25 


26,400- 176 ' M.E.Co. 


3 


750 


2,250 


Leamington " 


25 


26,400- 2,300 C.C.W.Co. 


3 


75 


225 


Essex 


25 


26,400- 2,300 


M.E.Co. 


1 


75 


75 


Harrow 


25 


26,400- 2,300 


M.E.Co. 


1 


75 


75 


Amherstburg 


25 


26,400- 2,300 


P.E.Co. 


3 


100 


300 


Cottam 


25 


26,400- 230 


M.E.Co. 


1 


25 


25 


Canard River 


25 


26,400- 230 


M.E.Co. 


1 


25 


25 


Kingsville 


25 


26,400- 2,300 


C.W.Co. 


3 


75 


225* 


Big Chute Generating Station. . 


60 


2,300-22,000 


C.W..Co. 


1 


600 


600 


Collingwood Dist. Station 


60 


22,000- 2,300 C.G.E.Co. 


3 


400 


1,200 


Midland Municipal Station.. 


60 


22,000- 2,300 


C.GE..Co. 


3 


300 


900 


Beeton Dist. Station 


60 


22,000- 4,000 


M.E.Co. 


1 


75 


75 


Thornton Disf. Station 


60 


22,000- 4,000 ! M.E.Co. 


1 


25 


25 


Tottenham Dist. Station 


60 


22,000- 4,000 


M.E.Co. 


1 


75 


75 


Cookstown " " 


60 


22,000- 4,000 


C.G.E.Co. 


1 


75 


75 


Bradford 


60 


22,000- 575 


M.E.Co. 


3 


100 


300 




60 


2,300- 575 


C.G.E.Co. 


3 


15 


345 


Eugenia Falls Generating St'n. 


60 


4,000-22,000 


C.W.Co. 


3 


900 


2,700 


St. Lawrence System — 














Brockville Dist. Station 


60 


25,400- 2,400 


C.G.E.Co. 


2 


750 


1,500 


Cornwall Transformer Station 


60 


(63,500-26,400 
(26,400- 2,300 


C.G.E.Co. 
C.G.E.Co. 


4 
3 


1,250 
100 


5,000 
300 


Central Ontario System — 














Fenelon Falls Gen. Station. . . , 


60 


24,000-44,000 


C.G.E.Co. 


1 


750 


750 


Wellington Dist. Station. . . . 


60 


44,000- 4,160 


C.G.KCo. 


1 


300 


300 


Picton " " 


60 


44,000- 2,400 C.G.E.Co. 


1 


300 


300 


Rideau System — 












Perth Dist. Station 


60 


26,400- 2,300 


C.G.E.Co. 


3 


200 


600* 


Merrickville Municipal St'n.. 


60 


25,400- 600 


C.G.E.Co. 


1 


750 
Total kv-a 


750* 




52,145 



transformers transferred from other stations. 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



317 



INDEX 



A. 

PAGE 

Acts 1 

Agreements 9 

Alliston — Municipal Work 248 

Almonte — Municipal Work 273 

Amherstburg — Municipal Work 278 

Approval Laboratory 302 

Athens — Municipal Work 269 

Aylmer — Municipal Work 232 

B. 

Barrie — Municipal Work 248 

Beachville— Municipal Work 232 

Beaverton — Municipal Work 258 

Beeton — Municipal Work 249 

Belleville — Municipal Work 260 

Big Chute Generating Station 247 

Bloomfield— Municipal Work 260 

Bolton — Municipal Work 233 

Bradford — Municipal Work 249 

Brant Transformer Station 229 

Brantford^Municipal Work 233 

Brantford Township — Municipal Work 233 

Brechin — Municipal Work 258 

Brigden — Municipal Work 233 

Brock Township — Municipal Work.. 258 

Brockville — Municipal Work 269 

Brooklin — Municipal Work 260 

Brussels — Municipal Work 233 

Burford— Municipal Work 233 

C. 

Callander — Municipal Work 275 

Canard River 279 

Capacities of Transformers Installed 
or Ordered for Commission's Sta- 
tions 310 

Carleton Place — Municipal Work . . . 273 
Central Ontario System — Operating 

Report 143 

Central Ontario System — Municipal 

Work 260 

Central Ontario System — Power Con- 
struction 258 

Chatham — Municipal Work 234 

Chesterville — Municipal Work 270 

Cobden — Municipal Work 296 

Cobourg — Municipal Work 261 

Collingwood — Municipal Work 250 

Cookstown — Municipal Work 251 

Cooksville Transformer Station .... 229 

Consecon — Municipal Work 261 

Construction Work of the Commission 191 

Cornwall — Municipal Work 270 

Cottam — Municipal Work 279 



D. 

PAGE 

Derby Township — Municipal Work . . 256 

Description of Lines 116 

Drayton — Municipal Work 234 

Dresden — Municipal Work 234 

Drumfbo — Municipal Work ... . 234 

Dundas Transformer Station 222 

Dunnville — Municipal Work 234 

Durham — Municipal Work 256 

Dutton — Municipal Work 234 



E. 



East Flamboro Township — Municipal 

Work 235 

Electrical Inspection 282 

Electric Railway Work 295 

Elmwood — Municipal Work 256 

Embro— Municipal Work 235 

Essex County System — Municipal 

Work 278 

Essex County System — Power Con- 
struction 277 

Essex — Municipal Work 279 

Essex Transformer Station 230 

Etobicoke Township — Municipal Work 235 
Eugenia System — Municipal Work... 255 
Eugenia System — Operating Report. . 140 
Eugenia System — Power Construction 254 
Extension to the Ontario Power Com- 
pany's Plant 191 



F. 



Financial Statements 146 

Fort William — Municipal Work 277 



G. 



Gait — Municipal Work 238 

General Activities of the Commission 282 

General Construction 309 

General Engineering — Material In- 
spected 297 

Goderieh^Municipal Work 238 

Grand Valley — Municipal Work .... 257 

Guelph— Municipal Work 238 

Guelph Transformer Station 226 

H. 

Haliburton — Municipal Work 296 

Hallowell Township — Municipal Work 261 

Hamilton — Municipal Work 239 

Hanover — Municipal Work 257 

Harrow — Municipal Work 280 



318 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE 



No. 49 



PAGE 

Hensall— Municipal Work 239 

Hespeler — Municipal Work 239 

High Tension and Electrical Testing 

Laboratory 299 

Highgate — Municipal Work 239 

Huntsville — Municipal Work 268 

I. 

Ingersoll — Municipal Work 239 

Iroquois — Municipal Work 271 

K. 

Kemptville — Municipal Work 273 

Kent Transformer Station 230 

Kingston — Municipal Work 261 

Kingsyille — Municipal Work 280 

Kitchener — Municipal Work 240 

Kitchener Transformer Station .... 228 

I 

Leamington — Municipal Work 281 

London — (Municipal Work 240 

London Transformer Station 226 

Low Tension Transmission Lines... 108 

M. 

Madoc — Municipal Work 264 

Markham — Municipal Work 240 

Meter and Standards Laboratory . . . 302 

Midland — Municipal Work 252 

Mitchell — Municipal Work 240 

Moorefield — Municipal Work 241 

Municipal and Rural Distribution . . 296 
Municipal Work — Miscellaneous .... 296 
Muskoka System — Municipal Work.. 268 
Muskoka System — Operating Report. 141 
Muskoka System — Power Construc- 
tion 268 

N. 

Napanee — Municipal Work 264 

Nepan Township — Municipal Work.. 272 

Neustadt — Municipal Work 257 

New Toronto — Municipal Work 241 

Niagara System — Construction Work 191 

Niagara System — Municipal Work . . 231 

Niagara System — Operating Report. . 134 

Niagara Falls — Municipal Work .... 241 

Niagara Falls Transformer Station.. 218 

Niagara Farms 294 

Nipissing System — Municipal Work. 275 
Nipissing System — Power Construc- 
tion 275 

North Bay — Municipal Work 276 

Norwich — Municipal Work 241 

O. 

Oil Springs — Municipal Work 242 

Omemee — Municipal Work 264 

Operation of the System 134 

Oshawa — Municipal Work 264 

Ottawa System — Municipal Work . . 272 

Ottawa System — Operating Report . . 144 

Ottawa— Municipal Work 272 



PAGE 

P. 

Palmerston — Municipal Work 242 

Paris — Municipal Work 242 

Parkhill-HMunicipal Work 242 

Parry Sound — Municipal Work 296 

Perth — Municipal Work 273 

Peterborough— Municipal Work 265 

Petersburg! — Municipal Work 242 

Photographic Laboratory 306 

Photometric Laboratory 306 

Pickering Township — Municipal Work 265 

Picton — Municipal Work 265 

Port Arthur System — Municipal Work 277 
Port Arthur System — Operating Re- 
port 145 

Port Arthur System — Power Con- 
struction 276 

Port McNicoll — Municipal Work ... 253 

Powassan — Municipal Work 276 

Preston — Municipal Work 242 

Preston Transformer Station 227 

Q. 

Queenston-Chippawa Power Develop- 
ment 203 

R. 

Rideau System — Municipal Work . . . 273 
Rideau System — Operating Report . . 145 
Rideau System — Power Construction 272 

Right-of-Way 106 

Rodney — Municipal Work 242 

Rural Power 287 

S. 

Sarnia — Municipal Work 242 

St. George — Municipal Work 243 

St. Jacob's — Municipal Work 243 

St. Lawrence System — Operating Re- 
port 142 

St. Lawrence System — Municipal 

Work 269 

St. Lawrence River Surveys 268 

St. (Mary's — Municipal Work 243 

St. Thomas — Municipal Work 243 

St. Thomas Transformer Station . . . 229 
Scarborough Township^Municipal 

Work 242 

Seaforth— Municipal Work 243 

Severn System — Municipal Work . . . 248 

Severn System — Operating Report. . . 139 

South River- — Municipal Work 296 

Smith's Falls— Municipal Work 274 

Stamford Township — Municipal Work 243 

Station Construction 218 

Station Transformers Ordered for 
Municipalities and Commission dur- 
ing Fiscal Year 316 

Stephenson Township — Municipal 

Work 268 

Stratford — Municipal Work 244 

Stratford Transformer Station 228 

Street Lighting 296 

Structural Materials Laboratory 308 

Sulphide — Municipal Work 266 

Sundridge — Municipal Work 296 



1919 



HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER COMMISSION 



319 



T. 


PAGE 


V. 


PAGE 


Tavistock — Municipal Work 


244 


Vaughan Township — Municipal Work 


245 


Testing in Research Laboratories . . 


297 


W. 




Thamesford — Municipal Work 


244 




Thorah Township — Municipal Work. 


258 


Walkerville — /Municipal Work 


24b 


Thorndale — Municipal Work 


244 


Wallaceburg — Municipal Work 


24b 


Thornton — Municipal Work 


253 


Wasdell's System — Municipal Work. 


258 


Tillsonburg — Municipal Work 


244 


Wasdell's System — Operating Report 


141 


Toronto Synchronous Condenser Sta 




Welland — Municipal Work 


24b 


tion 


225 


Wellington — Municipal Work 


26V 


Toronto Transformer Station 


224 


Whitby — Municipal Work 


267 


Transmission System 


108 


Whitby East and West Townships — 




Trenton — Municipal Work 


266 


Municipal Work 


267 


Tweed — Municipal Work 


266 


Winchester — Municipal Work 


271 






Windsor — Municipal Work 


246 






Woodbridge — Municipal Work 


246 


U. 




Woodstock Transformer Station 


228 


Unionville — Municipal Work 


245 


Y. 




Uxbridge — Municipal Work 


267 


York Transformer Station 


230